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Louisiana's 3rd congressional district

Louisiana's 3rd congressional district is a congressional district in the U.S. state of Louisiana. The district covers the southwestern and south central portion of the state, ranging from the Texas border to the Atchafalaya River.

Louisiana's 3rd congressional district
Louisiana US Congressional District 3 (since 2013).tif
Louisiana's 3rd congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Clay Higgins
RPort Barre
Distribution
  • 73.4[1]% urban
  • 26.6% rural
Population (2016)785,686[2]
Median income$47,741[3]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+20[4]

The district is currently represented by Republican Clay Higgins, a law enforcement officer from Lafayette Parish in the 5th district known for his controversial Crime Stoppers videos. He won the December 10th runoff against public service commissioner Scott Angelle to replace Charles Boustany.[5]

HistoryEdit

Louisiana gained its 2nd and 3rd Congressional Districts in 1823 as part of the 18th United States Congress. Since at least the 1870s, the district has been strongly influenced by southern Louisiana's Acadian culture.

Although the 3rd Congressional District had been Democratic through much of its history, it is the sole district in Louisiana to have been represented by three parties during the 20th century, in that Whitmell P. Martin represented the district as a "Bull Moose" Progressive from 1915 to 1919, when he switched to the Democratic Party. Since the turn of the 20th century, it had dominated Louisiana as a one-party state after the legislature passed a new constitution that effectively disenfranchised African Americans through the 1960s. Martin remained in office as a Democrat until his death in 1929.

The district became more competitive for the Republicans later in the 20th century, when conservative whites shifted into the Republican Party after passage of civil rights legislation by Congress. In 1966, Hall Lyons of Lafayette, polled 40 percent of the vote as a Republican candidate against veteran Democratic incumbent Edwin E. Willis. In 1972, the district elected David C. Treen as the first Republican U.S. representative from Louisiana since 1891.

The state legislature redistricted in the 1980s, pushing the district out of the fast-growing suburbs of Metairie and the city of Kenner, to help keep the seat in the hands of Treen's Democratic successor, Billy Tauzin. Tauzin eventually switched to the Republican Party in 1995, making the 3rd Congressional District unique in 20th-century Louisiana politics as the sole district to have two representatives who switched parties (Martin, who switched from the Progressives to the Democrats in 1918, and Tauzin, who switched from the Democrats to the Republicans in 1995). As a Republican, Tauzin continued to serve until retiring from Congress in 2005. Democrat Charlie Melançon won the seat in 2004 (seated in 2005), was reelected in 2006, and was unopposed in 2008.

For most of the time from 1823 to 2013, the district contained large portions of southeastern and south central Louisiana, including the River Parishes and East Acadiana, In its final configuration, it included many exurban and rural areas near New Orleans, Baton Rouge and Lafayette. It contained the cities of Chalmette, Gonzales, Houma, Thibodaux, Morgan City, and New Iberia.

However, when Louisiana lost a district after the 2010 census, the old 3rd was dismantled. The new 3rd included most of southwestern Louisiana, including Lafayette and Lake Charles. Most of this territory had been the 7th district before the 2010 census. The old 3rd's last congressman, freshman Republican Jeff Landry, had his home in New Iberia, along with much of the western portion of his district, drawn into the new 3rd. He opted to challenge the 7th District's four-term incumbent, fellow Republican Charles Boustany, in the GOP primary. However, Landry could not overcome the fact that he was running in a district in which more than 60 percent of his constituents were new to him. He lost to Boustany in the primary, ending his brief congressional career. The new 3rd, like both the old 3rd and 7th, has a rich Cajun culture.

Recent presidential electionsEdit

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
2000 President Bush 52 - 45%
2004 President Bush 58 - 41%
2008 President McCain 61 - 37%
2012 President Romney 66 - 32%
2016 President Trump 67 - 29%

List of members representing the districtEdit

Member Party Residence Years Cong
ress
Electoral history District location
District created March 4, 1823
William Leigh Brent Adams-Clay Democratic-Republican Saint Martinville, St. Martin Parish March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
18th
19th
20th
Elected in 1822.
Re-elected in 1824.
Re-elected in 1826.
Retired.
1823–1833
Avoyelles, Catahoula, Concordia, Natchitoches, Ouachita, Rapides, Saint Landry, Saint Martin, and Saint Mary parishes[6]
Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1829
Walter Hampden Overton Jacksonian Rapides Parish March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1831
21st [Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
 
Henry Adams Bullard
Anti-Jacksonian Natchitoches Parish March 4, 1831 –
January 4, 1834
22nd
23rd
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned to become judge of Supreme Court of Louisiana.
1833–1843
[Data unknown/missing.]
Vacant January 4, 1834 –
April 28, 1834
Rice Garland Anti-Jacksonian Opelousas, St. Landry Parish April 28, 1834 –
March 3, 1837
23rd
24th
25th
26th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned to become judge of Supreme Court of Louisiana.
Whig March 4, 1837 –
July 21, 1840
Vacant July 21, 1840 –
December 17, 1840
 
John Moore
Whig Franklin, St. Mary Parish December 17, 1840 –
March 3, 1843
26th
27th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
John Bennett Dawson
Democratic St. Francisville, West Feliciana Parish March 4, 1843 –
June 26, 1845
28th
29th
Redistricted from the 2nd district.
Died.
1843–1853
[Data unknown/missing.]
John Henry Harmanson Democratic Avoyelles Parish ????, 1845 –
October 24, 1850
29th
30th
31st
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Alexander Gordon Penn Democratic St. Tammany Parish December 30, 1850 –
March 3, 1853
31st
32nd
[Data unknown/missing.]
John Perkins Jr. Democratic Madison Parish March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
33rd [Data unknown/missing.] 1853–1863
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Thomas Green Davidson
Democratic Springfield, Livingston Parish March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1861
34th
35th
36th
Vacant March 3, 1861 –
July 18, 1868
Civil War and Reconstruction era
 
Joseph Parkinson Newsham
Republican Saint Francisville, West Feliciana Parish July 18, 1868 –
March 3, 1869
40th [Data unknown/missing.]
 
Chester Bidwell Darrall
Republican Morgan City, St. Mary Parish March 4, 1869 –
February 20, 1878
41st
42nd
43rd
44th
45th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost election contest.
 
Joseph H. Acklen
Democratic St. Mary Parish February 20, 1878 –
March 3, 1881
45th
46th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
 
Chester Bidwell Darrall
Republican Morgan City, St. Mary Parish March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1883
47th [Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
William Pitt Kellogg
Republican New Orleans March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1885
48th [Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
Edward James Gay
Democratic New Orleans March 4, 1885 –
May 30, 1889
49th
50th
51st
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant May 30, 1889 –
December 2, 1889
 
Andrew Price
Democratic Franklin, St. Mary Parish December 2, 1889 –
March 3, 1897
51st
52nd
53rd
54th
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Robert Foligny Broussard
Democratic New Iberia, Iberia Parish March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1915
55th
56th
57th
58th
59th
60th
61st
62nd
63rd
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
 
Whitmell P. Martin
Progressive Thibodaux, Lafourche Parish March 4, 1915 –
March 3, 1919
64th
65th
66th
67th
68th
69th
70th
71st
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Democratic March 4, 1919 –
April 6, 1929
Numa Francois Montet Democratic Thibodaux, Lafourche Parish August 6, 1929 –
January 3, 1937
71st
72nd
73rd
74th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost renomination.
 
Robert L. Mouton
Democratic Lafayette January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1941
75th
76th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost renomination.
 
James Domengeaux
Democratic Lafayette January 3, 1941 –
April 15, 1944
77th
78th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned to join the Armed Forces
Vacant April 15, 1944 –
November 7, 1944
 
James Domengeaux
Democratic Lafayette November 7, 1944 –
January 3, 1949
78th
79th
80th
Elected to finish his own term
Retired to run for U.S. Senator
 
Edwin E. Willis
Democratic Arnaudville, St. Landry Parish January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1969
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
88th
89th
90th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost renomination.
 
Patrick T. Caffery
Democratic New Iberia, Iberia Parish January 3, 1969 –
January 3, 1973
91st
92nd
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
 
Dave Treen
Republican Metairie, Jefferson Parish January 3, 1973 –
March 10, 1980
93rd
94th
95th
96th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned to become Governor of Louisiana.
Vacant March 10, 1980 –
May 22, 1980
 
Billy Tauzin
Democratic Chackbay, Lafourche Parish May 22, 1980 –
August 8, 1995
96th
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Republican August 8, 1995 –
January 3, 2005
2003–2013
 
 
Charlie Melançon
Democratic Napoleonville, Assumption Parish January 3, 2005 –
January 3, 2011
109th
110th
111th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
 
Jeff Landry
Republican New Iberia, Iberia Parish January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2013
112th [Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
Charles Boustany
Republican Lafayette January 3, 2013 –
January 3, 2017
113th
114th
Redistricted from the 7th district.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
2013–present
 
 
Clay Higgins
Republican Port Barre, St. Landry Parish January 3, 2017 –
present
115th
116th
Incumbent

Recent Election ResultsEdit

2002Edit

Louisiana's 3rd Congressional District Election (2002)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Billy Tauzin* 130,323 86.68
Libertarian William Beier 12,964 8.62
Independent David Iwancio 7,055 4.69
Total votes 150,342 100.00
Turnout   44.2
Republican hold

2004Edit

Louisiana's 3rd Congressional District Runoff Election (December 4, 2004)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Charlie Melançon 57,611 50.25
Republican Billy Tauzin III 57,042 49.75
Total votes 114,653 100.00
Turnout   27.8
Democratic gain from Republican

2006Edit

Louisiana's 3rd Congressional District Election (2006)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Charlie Melançon* 75,023 55.03
Republican Craig F. Romero 54,950 40.31
Democratic Olangee Breech 4,190 3.07
Libertarian James Lee Blake, Jr. 2,168 1.59
Total votes 136,331 100.00
Turnout   34.4
Democratic hold

2008Edit

Louisiana's 3rd Congressional District Election (2008)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Charlie Melançon* 100.00
Total votes 100.00
Turnout  
Democratic hold

2010Edit

Louisiana's 3rd Congressional District Election (2010)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Jeff Landry 108,963 63.77
Democratic Ravi Sangisetty 61,914 36.23
Total votes 170,877 100.00
Turnout   44.8
Republican gain from Democratic

2012Edit

Louisiana's 3rd Congressional District Election (2012)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Charles Boustany 58,820 60.90
Republican Jeff Landry 37,764 39.10
Total votes 96,584 100.00
Turnout   19.3
Republican hold

2014Edit

Louisiana's 3rd Congressional District Election (2014)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Charles Boustany 185,867 79
Republican Bryan Barrilleaux 22,059 9
No Party Russell Richard 28,342 12
Total votes 236,268 100.00
Turnout   51.1
Republican hold

2016Edit

Louisiana's 3rd Congressional district election, 2016
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Clay Higgins 77,671 56.1
Republican Scott Angelle 60,762 43.9
Total votes 138,433 100
Turnout   28.1
Republican hold

Living former MembersEdit

As of January 2017, there are four living former members. The most recent representative to die was Patrick T. Caffery (served 1969–1973) on December 17, 2013. The most recently serving representative to die was Dave Treen (served 1973–1980) on October 29, 2009.

Representative Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Billy Tauzin 1980–2005 (1943-06-14) June 14, 1943 (age 76)
Charlie Melancon 2005–2011 (1947-10-03) October 3, 1947 (age 72)
Jeff Landry 2011–2013 (1970-12-23) December 23, 1970 (age 48)
Charles Boustany 2013–2017 (1956-02-21) February 21, 1956 (age 63)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/cd_state.html
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=22&cd=03
  3. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=22&cd=03
  4. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  5. ^ "Republicans Angelle, Higgins Set for Runoff in Louisiana's 3rd District". Rollcall.com. 2016-11-08. Retrieved 2016-11-19.
  6. ^ https://elections.lib.tufts.edu/catalog/ht24wj958

SourcesEdit

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present, bioguide.congress.gov; accessed November 18, 2016.

External linksEdit