Franklin, Louisiana

Franklin is a small city in, and the parish seat of, St. Mary Parish, Louisiana, United States.[3] The population was 7,660 at the 2010 census.[4] The city is located on Bayou Teche, southeast of the cities of Lafayette, (47 miles (76 km)) and New Iberia (28 miles (45 km)) and 22 miles (35 km)) northwest of Morgan City. It is part of the Morgan City Micropolitan Statistical Area and the larger Lafayette-Acadiana combined statistical area.

Franklin, Louisiana
City of Franklin
Historic lampposts lining Franklin's Main Street
Historic lampposts lining Franklin's Main Street
Location of Franklin in St. Mary Parish, Louisiana.
Location of Franklin in St. Mary Parish, Louisiana.
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Coordinates: 29°47′30″N 91°30′30″W / 29.79167°N 91.50833°W / 29.79167; -91.50833Coordinates: 29°47′30″N 91°30′30″W / 29.79167°N 91.50833°W / 29.79167; -91.50833
CountryUnited States
StateLouisiana
ParishSt. Mary
Incorporated1820
Government
 • MayorEugene P. Foulcard (Democrat)
Area
 • Total10.49 sq mi (27.17 km2)
 • Land9.92 sq mi (25.70 km2)
 • Water0.57 sq mi (1.48 km2)
Elevation
10 ft (3 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total7,660
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
6,709
 • Density676.17/sq mi (261.08/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
70538
Area code(s)337
FIPS code22-27155
Websitewww.franklin-la.com

HistoryEdit

Franklin, named for Benjamin Franklin, was founded in 1808 as Carlin's Settlement by French-born pioneer Joseph Carlin and his family. It became the parish seat in 1811 and the town was incorporated in 1820.[5] Though early settlers included French, Acadian, German, Danish and Irish, the town's culture and architecture is heavily influenced by the unusually large numbers of English that chose to settle there after the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. Numerous large sugar plantations arose in the area, and with the development of steamboating, Franklin became an interior sugar port. Franklin's First United Methodist Church was established in 1806, making it the first Protestant church established in the state of Louisiana.

Sugar plantationsEdit

By the 1830s, Bayou Teche was the main street of Acadiana, with one plantation after another. The area's sugar cane planters were among the South's wealthiest agriculturists. This is reflected in the grand plantation homes and mansions they built in Franklin and the surrounding countryside. Most of these magnificent structures are still standing and well preserved, giving Franklin its unique architectural flavor. Franklin's Historic District is listed in the National Register of Historic Places and encompasses over 420 notable structures.[6]

Civil WarEdit

During the Civil War, the Battle of Irish Bend, also known as Nerson's Woods, was fought near Franklin on April 14, 1863. Though eventually forced to retreat, the badly outnumbered Confederate forces commanded by General Richard Taylor cost the Union troops, under General Cuvier Grover, significant losses. Four hundred men were killed or wounded in the confrontation, including Confederate Colonel James Reily, a factor in halting the Union drive to invade Texas.[6][7]

GeographyEdit

Franklin is located at 29°47′30″N 91°30′30″W / 29.79167°N 91.50833°W / 29.79167; -91.50833 (29.791759, -91.508253)[8] and has an elevation of 10 feet (3.0 m).[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.5 square miles (27.2 km2), of which 9.9 square miles (25.7 km2) is land and 0.58 square miles (1.5 km2), or 5.44%, is water.[4]

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Franklin 3 NW, Louisiana (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1893–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 87
(31)
90
(32)
94
(34)
95
(35)
99
(37)
104
(40)
100
(38)
102
(39)
100
(38)
98
(37)
89
(32)
87
(31)
104
(40)
Average high °F (°C) 62.7
(17.1)
66.7
(19.3)
72.4
(22.4)
77.9
(25.5)
83.9
(28.8)
88.4
(31.3)
89.8
(32.1)
90.2
(32.3)
87.3
(30.7)
80.4
(26.9)
71.5
(21.9)
65.0
(18.3)
78.0
(25.6)
Daily mean °F (°C) 53.2
(11.8)
57.1
(13.9)
62.6
(17.0)
68.4
(20.2)
75.4
(24.1)
80.4
(26.9)
82.0
(27.8)
82.0
(27.8)
78.6
(25.9)
70.3
(21.3)
60.8
(16.0)
55.2
(12.9)
68.8
(20.4)
Average low °F (°C) 43.7
(6.5)
47.5
(8.6)
52.8
(11.6)
59.0
(15.0)
66.8
(19.3)
72.4
(22.4)
74.2
(23.4)
73.9
(23.3)
70.0
(21.1)
60.2
(15.7)
50.1
(10.1)
45.5
(7.5)
59.7
(15.4)
Record low °F (°C) 12
(−11)
8
(−13)
22
(−6)
33
(1)
43
(6)
54
(12)
60
(16)
59
(15)
44
(7)
31
(−1)
23
(−5)
10
(−12)
8
(−13)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 5.63
(143)
4.00
(102)
4.02
(102)
4.67
(119)
4.68
(119)
7.63
(194)
8.01
(203)
7.62
(194)
5.59
(142)
4.26
(108)
4.22
(107)
4.94
(125)
65.27
(1,658)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 9.1 8.4 7.1 6.6 7.5 12.3 14.1 13.5 10.6 6.8 7.0 8.6 111.6
Source: NOAA[10][11]

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850891
18701,265
18801,70234.5%
18902,12725.0%
19002,69226.6%
19103,85743.3%
19203,504−9.2%
19303,271−6.6%
19404,27430.7%
19506,14443.8%
19608,67341.2%
19709,3257.5%
19809,5842.8%
19909,004−6.1%
20008,354−7.2%
20107,660−8.3%
2019 (est.)6,709[2]−12.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 8,354 people, 3,026 households, and 2,181 families residing in the city. The population density was 806.5 people per square mile (311.3/km2). There were 3,352 housing units at an average density of 323.6 per square mile (124.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 47.47% White, 50.00% African American, 0.63% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.30% from other races, and 1.28% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.79% of the population.

There were 3,026 households, out of which 36.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.5% were married couples living together, 22.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.9% were non-families. 25.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.26.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 30.4% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years, more than a year older than the statewide median age of 34.0 years. For every 100 females, there were 81.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $24,844, and the median income for a family was $30,625. Males had a median income of $32,188 versus $16,935 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,943. About 24.5% of families and 27.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 41.6% of those under age 18 and 15.6% of those age 65 or over.

EducationEdit

St. Mary Parish School Board operates public schools:

Elementary schools:

  • W. P. Foster Elementary School
  • LaGrange Elementary School

Secondary schools:

Not Operated by St. Mary Parish School Board:

Private schools:

  • St. John Elementary School
  • Hanson Memorial High School

Notable peopleEdit

ActorsEdit

Politicians and civil serviceEdit

SportsEdit

  • Wallace Francis, football player, wide receiver for the Buffalo Bills and the Atlanta Falcons
  • Ernie Ladd, football player for Grambling University under Eddie Robinson, professional career San Diego Chargers, Houston Oilers and Super Bowl Champion Kansas City Chiefs (1970); professional wrestler known as "The Big Cat"
  • Leonard Marshall, football player for the New York Giants
  • Warren Wells, Pro football player for the Detroit Lions and Oakland Raiders

TheatreEdit

Teche Theater (founded 1939 as a cinema and revamped for live theatre in 1993)[citation needed]

FilmographyEdit

Movies filmed in Franklin, Louisiana include:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  4. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Franklin city, Louisiana". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved March 29, 2013.
  5. ^ Louisiana Department of Culture, Recreation and Tourism. "Franklin Historical Marker".
  6. ^ a b www.franklin-la.org "Welcome to the City of Franklin"
  7. ^ John D. Winters, The Civil War in Louisiana, Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1963, ISBN 0-8071-0834-0, p. 229
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  9. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  10. ^ "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved August 27, 2021.
  11. ^ "Station: Franklin 3 NW, LA". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved August 27, 2021.
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  13. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  14. ^ Berumen, Frank Javier Garcia (2019-11-20). American Indian Image Makers of Hollywood. McFarland. p. 169. ISBN 978-1-4766-7813-9.
  15. ^ "A real shoot 'em up". EuniceToday Archive, The Eunice News. 2014-09-07. Retrieved 2020-10-21.
  16. ^ "'Bikers on the Bayou' celebrates Easy Rider 50th anniversary". St. Mary Now. 2019-03-31. Retrieved 2020-10-21.
  17. ^ "The Drowning Pool (1975)". American Film Institute (AFI) catalog. Retrieved 2020-10-21.
  18. ^ Dodge, Victoria. "Here's your chance to own a slice of Cajun country and a piece of American history". The Daily Advertiser. Retrieved 2020-10-21.

External linksEdit