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St. Mary Parish (French: Paroisse de Sainte-Marie) is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 54,650.[1] The parish seat is Franklin.[2] The parish was created in 1811.[3]

Saint Mary Parish
Main street in Franklin.
Main street in Franklin.
Map of Louisiana highlighting Saint Mary Parish
Location within the U.S. state of Louisiana
Map of the United States highlighting Louisiana
Louisiana's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 29°38′N 91°28′W / 29.64°N 91.47°W / 29.64; -91.47
Country United States
State Louisiana
Founded1811
Named forSaint Mary
SeatFranklin
Largest cityMorgan City
Area
 • Total1,119 sq mi (2,900 km2)
 • Land555 sq mi (1,440 km2)
 • Water564 sq mi (1,460 km2)  50%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2015)
52,810
 • Density98/sq mi (38/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district3rd
Websitewww.stmaryparishla.gov

St. Mary Parish comprises the Morgan City, LA Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Lafayette-Opelousas-Morgan City, LA Combined Statistical Area.

GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the parish has a total area of 1,119 square miles (2,900 km2), of which 555 square miles (1,440 km2) is land and 564 square miles (1,460 km2) (50%) is water.[4] Cypremort Point State Park is located in the parish on Vermilion Bay.

Major highwaysEdit

Adjacent parishesEdit

Protected areasEdit

The parish has both national and state protected areas within its borders.

National protected areaEdit

State protected areasEdit

Part of the Attakapas Wildlife Management Area is located within St. Mary Parish as well as in St. Martin and Iberia Parishes.[5]

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
18306,442
18408,95038.9%
185013,69753.0%
186016,81622.8%
187013,860−17.6%
188019,89143.5%
189022,41612.7%
190034,14552.3%
191039,36815.3%
192030,754−21.9%
193029,397−4.4%
194031,4587.0%
195035,84814.0%
196048,83336.2%
197060,75224.4%
198064,2535.8%
199058,086−9.6%
200053,500−7.9%
201054,6502.1%
Est. 201652,093[6]−4.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 53,500 people, 19,317 households, and 14,082 families residing in the parish. The population density was 87 people per square mile (34/km²). There were 21,650 housing units at an average density of 35 per square mile (14/km²). The racial makeup of the parish was 62.79% White, 31.79% Black or African American, 1.39% Native American, 1.64% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.88% from other races, and 1.50% from two or more races. 2.15% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 5.43% reported speaking French or Cajun French at home, while 2.45% speak Spanish and 1.59% Vietnamese.[1]

There were 19,317 households out of which 36.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.00% were married couples living together, 16.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.10% were non-families. 23.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.23.

In the parish the population was spread out with 29.70% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 28.70% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and 11.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 95.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.20 males.

The median income for a household in the parish was $28,072, and the median income for a family was $33,064. Males had a median income of $31,570 versus $18,341 for females. The per capita income for the parish was $13,399. About 20.60% of families and 23.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.30% of those under age 18 and 19.00% of those age 65 or over.

EducationEdit

St. Mary Parish School Board operates local public schools.

The Bureau of Indian Affairs has the Chitimacha Day School in the Charenton community of unincorporated St. Mary Parish.[12]

MediaEdit

St. Mary Parish has two daily newspapers, the Morgan City Daily Review (circulation under 6,000) and the Franklin Banner-Tribune in Franklin (circulation 3,350).

National GuardEdit

B Company 2-156TH Infantry Battalion of the 256TH IBCT resides in Franklin, Louisiana. This unit has deployed to Iraq twice, 2004-5 and 2010.

CommunitiesEdit

 
Map of St. Mary Parish, Louisiana With Municipal Labels

CitiesEdit

TownsEdit

Census-designated placesEdit

Other unincorporated areasEdit

PoliticsEdit

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 62.8% 14,359 35.2% 8,050 2.0% 468
2012 58.7% 13,885 40.0% 9,450 1.3% 305
2008 57.6% 13,183 40.8% 9,345 1.6% 375
2004 56.7% 12,877 42.1% 9,547 1.2% 270
2000 51.9% 11,325 45.2% 9,851 2.9% 634
1996 35.5% 8,018 55.0% 12,402 9.5% 2,149
1992 37.5% 8,792 45.4% 10,648 17.1% 4,000
1988 51.7% 11,540 46.4% 10,364 1.9% 414
1984 61.2% 15,275 37.7% 9,411 1.2% 288
1980 48.0% 10,378 48.6% 10,506 3.3% 722
1976 47.7% 8,919 50.3% 9,401 2.1% 388
1972 68.4% 11,117 27.3% 4,435 4.3% 691
1968 27.5% 4,586 31.9% 5,312 40.6% 6,761
1964 43.0% 5,530 57.0% 7,327
1960 27.6% 2,992 61.6% 6,671 10.8% 1,169
1956 61.5% 4,097 35.9% 2,395 2.6% 171
1952 51.0% 4,417 49.0% 4,249
1948 23.5% 824 26.2% 918 50.3% 1,761
1944 13.0% 538 87.0% 3,591
1940 16.7% 739 83.3% 3,686
1936 20.1% 487 80.0% 1,942
1932 18.6% 473 81.4% 2,072
1928 25.7% 605 74.4% 1,754
1924 48.7% 633 49.2% 639 2.2% 28
1920 59.4% 788 40.6% 539
1916 11.4% 162 46.0% 652 42.6% 605
1912 13.9% 147 61.6% 652 24.5% 259

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 18, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ "St. Mary Parish". Center for Cultural and Eco-Tourism. Retrieved September 6, 2014.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved September 1, 2014.
  5. ^ Attakapas WMA- Retrieved 2017-02-19
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 1, 2014.
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 1, 2014.
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 1, 2014.
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 1, 2014.
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-09-04. Retrieved 2008-09-03.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-06.
  14. ^ Marks, Jason. Around the World in 72 Days: The race between Pulitzer's Nellie Bly and Cosmopolitan's Elizabeth Bisland (Gemittarius Press 1993) (ISBN 978-0963369628)
  15. ^ "Clarke, Lewis Strong". Louisiana Historical Association, A Dictionary of Louisiana Biography (lahistory.com). Archived from the original on February 25, 2012. Retrieved December 21, 2010. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
  16. ^ "Dr. Sally Clausen" (PDF). regents.ohio.gov. Retrieved October 7, 2013.
  17. ^ "Senate Concurrent Resolution No. 32, 2002" (PDF). lanewsbureau.com. Retrieved October 7, 2013.

External linksEdit