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Oklahoma's 3rd congressional district

Oklahoma's Third Congressional District is the largest congressional district in the state, covering an area of 34,088.49 square miles, over 48 percent the state's land mass. The district is bordered by New Mexico, Colorado, Kansas, and the Texas panhandle. Altogether, the district includes (in whole or in part) a total of 32 counties, and covers more territory than the state's other four districts combined. It is one of the largest districts in the nation that does not cover an entire state.

Oklahoma's 3rd congressional district
Oklahoma US Congressional District 3 (since 2013).tif
Oklahoma's 3rd congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Frank Lucas
RCheyenne
Distribution
  • 50.71% urban
  • 49.29% rural
Population (2000)690,131
Median income$50,089[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+27[2]

As of 2015, the district is represented by Republican Frank Lucas.

Prior to 2003, most of the territory now in the 3rd district was in the 6th district. Meanwhile, from 1915 to 2003, the 3rd district was located in southeastern Oklahoma, an area known as Little Dixie. It had a dramatically different voting history from the current 3rd; only one Republican ever won it. It was the district of Carl Albert, Speaker of the House from 1971 to 1977.

GeographyEdit

The district borders New Mexico to the west, Colorado and Kansas to the north, and the Texas panhandle to the south. To the far west, the district includes the three counties of the Oklahoma Panhandle (Cimarron, Texas, Beaver), and also Harper, Ellis, Woodward, Woods, Major, Alfalfa, Grant, Garfield, Kay, Noble, Osage, Pawnee, Creek, Payne, Lincoln, Logan, Kingfisher, Blaine, Canadian, Dewey, Custer, Rogers Mills, Beckham, Washita, Caddo, Kiowa, Greer, Harmon, and Jackson.

Some of the principal cities in the district include Guymon, Ponca City, Cheyenne, Enid, Stillwater, Yukon, Guthrie, Sapulpa and Altus. It also includes portions of Oklahoma City and Tulsa.

DemographicsEdit

Half of the district's inhabitants are urban and 3 percent of adults working in the district use public transportation, ride a bike, or walk.[3] The district's population is 5 percent Latino and 3 percent foreign-born.[3]

Results from recent statewide electionsEdit

Year Office Results
2000 President Bush 66% - 34%
2004 President Bush 72% - 28%
2008 President McCain 73% - 27%
2012 President Romney 74% - 26%
2016 President Trump 74% - 21%

PoliticsEdit

The political success of the Republican party in the region is tied to the state's settlement patterns. Northwest Oklahoma was settled out of Kansas while southeast was settled by Southerners that brought with them Democratic traditions.[4]

The Great Depression hurt the GOP,[4] but it has since regained its place in the state, and the growing social conservative bent in the state has allowed it to overtake the Democrats. It is now one of the most Republican districts in the nation.

George W. Bush received 72 percent of the district's vote in 2004.

List of members representing the districtEdit

Name Party Years Cong
ess
Electoral history
District created November 16, 1907
 
James S. Davenport
Democratic November 16, 1907 –
March 3, 1909
60th Elected in 1907.
Lost re-election.
 
Charles E. Creager
Republican March 4, 1909 –
March 3, 1911
61st Elected in 1908.
Lost re-election.
 
James S. Davenport
Democratic March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1915
62nd
63rd
Elected in 1910.
Re-elected in 1912.
Redistricted to the 1st district.
 
Charles D. Carter
Democratic March 4, 1915 –
March 3, 1927
64th
65th
66th
67th
68th
69th
Redistricted from the 4th district.
Re-elected in 1916.
Re-elected in 1918.
Re-elected in 1920.
Re-elected in 1922.
Re-elected in 1924.
Lost renomination.
 
Wilburn Cartwright
Democratic March 4, 1927 –
January 3, 1943
70th
71st
72nd
73rd
74th
75th
76th
77th
Elected in 1926.
Re-elected in 1928.
Re-elected in 1930.
Re-elected in 1932.
Re-elected in 1934.
Re-elected in 1936.
Re-elected in 1938.
Re-elected in 1940.
Lost renomination.
 
Paul Stewart
Democratic January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1947
78th
79th
Elected in 1942.
Re-elected in 1944.
Retired.
 
Carl Albert
Democratic January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1977
80th
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
88th
89th
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
Elected in 1946.
Re-elected in 1948.
Re-elected in 1950.
Re-elected in 1952.
Re-elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1956.
Re-elected in 1958.
Re-elected in 1960.
Re-elected in 1962.
Re-elected in 1964.
Re-elected in 1966.
Re-elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.
Re-elected in 1972.
Re-elected in 1974.
Retired.
 
Wes Watkins
Democratic January 3, 1977 –
January 3, 1991
95th
96th
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
Elected in 1976.
Re-elected in 1978.
Re-elected in 1980.
Re-elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Retired to run for Oklahoma Governor.
 
Bill Brewster
Democratic January 3, 1991 –
January 3, 1997
102nd
103rd
104th
Elected in 1990.
Re-elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Retired.
 
Wes Watkins
Republican[1] January 3, 1997 –
January 3, 2003
105th
106th
107th
Elected again in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Retired.
 
Frank Lucas
Republican January 3, 2003 –
present
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
113th
114th
115th
116th
Redistricted from the 6th district.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Re-elected in 2010.
Re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Re-elected in 2018.

Living former membersEdit

As of January 2019, there are two living former members. The most recent representative to die was Carl Albert (served 1947–1977) on February 4, 2000.

Representative Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Wes Watkins 1977–1991
1997–2003
(1938-12-15) December 15, 1938 (age 80)
William K. Brewster 1991–1997 (1941-11-08) November 8, 1941 (age 78)

Historical district boundariesEdit

 
2003 - 2013

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=40&cd=03
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  3. ^ a b Representative Frank Lucas, That's My Congress (accessed June 1, 2010).
  4. ^ a b Gaddie, Ronald Keith. Republican Party, Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture (accessed February 11, 2010).
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Massachusetts's 9th congressional district
Home district of the Speaker of the House
January 21, 1971 – January 3, 1977
Succeeded by
Massachusetts's 8th congressional district

Coordinates: 36°00′N 98°30′W / 36.0°N 98.5°W / 36.0; -98.5