Ada is a city in and the county seat of Pontotoc County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 16,810 at the 2010 census, an increase of 7.1 percent from 15,691 at the 2000 census. The city was named for Ada Reed, the daughter of an early settler, and was incorporated in 1901. Ada is home to East Central University, and is the headquarters of the Chickasaw Nation.
Pontotoc County Courthouse in Ada
Location in the state of Oklahoma
|• Type||City Council|
|• Mayor||Barbara Young|
|• Total||15.8 sq mi (40.8 km2)|
|• Land||15.7 sq mi (40.7 km2)|
|• Water||.1 sq mi (.2 km2) 0%|
|Elevation||1,010 ft (308 m)|
|• Density||1,077.2/sq mi (417.1/km2)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|FIPS code||40-00200 |
|GNIS feature ID||1089523 |
In the late 1880s, the Daggs family (by way of Texas) became the first white family to settle what is now known as Ada, which was formerly known as Daggs Prairie. In April 1889, Jeff Reed (a native Texan, and relative of the Daggs family) was appointed to carry the mail from Stonewall to Center (which was later combined with Pickett), two small communities in then Indian Territory. With his family and his stock, he sought a place for a home on a prairie midway between the two points, where he constructed a log house and started Reed's Store. Other settlers soon built homes nearby. In 1891, a post office was established and named after Reed's oldest daughter, Ada. Ada incorporated as a city in 1901 and grew rapidly with the arrival of the St. Louis and San Francisco Railway line. Within a decade the Santa Fe Railroad and the Oklahoma Central Railway also served the town.
On April 19, 1909, an organized mob hanged four men set to be tried for the murder of a former U.S. marshal and member of the local freemason lodge. The town had a population of about 5,000 at the time, and 38 murders a year at the time of the lynching. The Daily Ardmoreite reported that the four lynched men were "one of the bloodiest band of murderers in the state of Oklahoma and an organization of professional assassins, that for a record of blood crimes, probably has no equal in the annals of criminal history in the entire southwest."
The first manufacturing company in Ada, the Portland Cement Company, installed the first cement clinker in Oklahoma in 1910. American Glass Casket Company began manufacturing glass caskets in 1916, but the business failed. Hazel Atlas Glass bought the plant in 1928 and produced glass products until 1991.
National Register of Historic PlacesEdit
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.8 square miles (40.9 km2), of which 15.7 square miles (40.7 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km2) (0.44%) is water.
|Climate data for Ada, Oklahoma|
|Record high °F (°C)||84
|Average high °F (°C)||51
|Average low °F (°C)||30
|Record low °F (°C)||−10
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||2.1
|Average snowfall inches (cm)||2.7
As of the 2010 census, Ada's 16,810 residents consisted of 6,697 households and 3,803 families. The population density was 999.3 people per square mile (385.9/km²). The 7,862 housing units were dispersed at an average density of 475.9 per square mile (183.8/km²). Ada's 2006 racial makeup was 73.81% White, 3.54% African American, 15.10% Native American, 0.83% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.89% from other races, and 5.81% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 2.89% of the population.
Of Ada's 6,697 households, 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.6% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.2% were non-families. The 15.8% of those 65 years or older living alone made up a substantial portion of the 37.1% single-person households. Average household size was 2.20 persons; average family size was 2.91.
The age breakdown in 2006 was 22.3% under the age of 18, 17.5% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 18.9% from 45 to 64, and 17.0% aged 65 or older. The median age was 33 years. The disparity between the number of males and the number of females seems to be decreasing: for every 100 females aged 18 or over, there were only 84.5 males, but when all females and males were taken into account, there were 100 females for every 88.4 males.
Median household income was $22,977, while median family income was $31,805. Males had a median income of $25,223 versus $17,688 for females. Ada's per capita income was $14,666. Some 14.8% of families and 21.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.8% of those under 18 and 11.4% of those 65 or over.
The economy of Ada is diversified. In the mid and late 20th century, the town was a manufacturing center, producing products such as Wrangler jeans, auto parts, cement and concrete, plasticware, and other products. Since the start of the 21st century, however, most large manufacturing centers have left or have downsized considerably.
In 1975, the Chickasaw Nation opened its headquarters in Ada. Revenues for the Nation were over 12 billion dollars in 2011, most of which is funneled through Ada. The Robert S. Kerr Environmental Research Center, a large water research lab staffed by the Environmental Protection Agency, opened in 1966. LegalShield, a multi-level marketing provider of pre-paid legal services, is headquartered in the city. Oil and natural gas are still very much a part of the regional economy, but no large companies that provide significant employment exist in the city.
The largest employers in the region are the following:
- Ada City Schools
- Chickasaw Nation
- East Central University
- IQor (Call Center for T-Mobile)
- Pontotoc County Technology Center
- Dart (formerly Solo Cup)
- Flex-N-Gate (Auto Parts Manufacturing)
- Holcim Inc. (Portland Cement)
- Power Lift Foundation Repair
- State of Oklahoma
- Kerr Lab
- Mercy Hospital Ada
- City of Ada
East Central University, located in Ada, is a public four-year institution that has been in operation since 1909. ECU serves roughly 4,500 students and is perhaps best known internationally for its cartography program, as only a few such programs exist. ECU is also home to an Environmental Health Science Program, one of only 30 programs nationally accredited by the National Environmental Health Science and Protection Accreditation Council (http://www.ehacoffice.org/).
Primary and secondaryEdit
Ada Public Schools has six primary and secondary schools.
- Glenwood Early Childhood Center
- Hayes Grade Center
- Washington Grade Center
- Willard Grade Center
- Ada Junior High School
- Ada High School
Pontotoc Technology Center (formerly Pontotoc Area Vo-Tech) is located in Ada.
- Bill Anoatubby - Governor of the Chickasaw Nation since 1987
- Vaughn Ary - Staff Judge Advocate to the Commandant of the United States Marine Corps
- Nick Blackburn – former Minnesota Twins starting pitcher
- Harry Brecheen - former Major League Baseball All Star pitcher; graduated from Ada High School; buried at Ada's Rosedale Cemetery
- Jeff Carpenter, musician and songwriter with the all Native American orchestral rock band Injunuity
- Dan Cody – Baltimore Ravens linebacker; born in Ada
- Johnson T. Crawford - Nuremberg trial judge
- Taylor "Tae" Dye - member of country duo Maddie and Tae
- Douglas Edwards – first television network anchor
- Josh Fields - former Major League Baseball infielder; born in Ada
- Mark Gastineau – National Football League star, ECU graduate
- Monte Hale – Western-genre film star; born in Ada
- Johny Hendricks - UFC Welterweight Champion
- Anthony Armstrong Jones – country music singer
- David Keirsey - psychologist; born in Ada
- Robert S. Kerr – former Oklahoma Governor and long-time U.S. Senator; born in Ada
- Don Owen - Louisiana news anchor and politician, worked in radio in Ada early in his career
- Louise S. Robbins – Wisconsin Librarian of the Year (2001); named one of Oklahoma's 100 Library Legends; director of the School of Library and Information Studies at University of Wisconsin–Madison; author of two award-winning books; longtime resident of Ada and first woman city council member and mayor
- Oral Roberts – evangelist, founder of Oral Roberts University; born near Ada.
- Blaine Saunders - actress, The Middle
- Blake Shelton – country music singer with many #1 hits, star of television's The Voice
- Jeremy Shockey – former NFL tight end; born and grew up in Ada
- Leon Polk Smith – abstract artist known for his work with geometric painting; graduate of East Central University
- Taylor Treat – Miss Oklahoma 2009
- Ron Williamson - minor league baseball player wrongly convicted and sentenced to death in 1988 in Ada for rape and murder but eventually exonerated. Subject of The Innocent Man by John Grisham.
In popular cultureEdit
Due to its short, palindromic spelling with frequently used letters, Ada is a very common crossword puzzle answer. Associated clues often include "Oklahoma city", "Oklahoma palindrome", and "Sooner State city."
In 2006, a true crime book by author John Grisham brought Ada into the national spotlight by relating various false convictions and imprisonments resulting from two unconnected murder trials. Two men had been tried and convicted of the murder of Debra Sue "Debbie" Carter. After twelve years on death row, DNA evidence proved the men's innocence and established the guilt of the prosecution's main witness. Similar problems surrounded the trials of the two men convicted for the murder of Denice Haraway. Two of the books examining these cases are The Dreams of Ada (1987) by Robert Mayer and The Innocent Man, Grisham's first non-fiction book. Accounts from both books suggest major flaws, irregularities, and outright miscarriages of justice including forced and made-up confessions by the police and prosecutors. Prosecutor Bill Peterson has self-published his disagreements with Grisham's version of events.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- CensusViewer:Ada, Oklahoma Population
- About Ada, City of Ada, OK (accessed February 23, 2007).
- City of Ada, OK (accessed February 23, 2007).
- Floyd, Billie Fathree and Alberta Johnson Blackburn. "Ada". Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History & Culture. Retrieved 2009-10-7.
- "Ada, Oklahoma Lynching, 1909" at Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon (accessed April 1, 2010)
- The Daily Ardmoreite. Ardmore, Oklahoma. Monday, 19 April 1909 www.oklahomahistory.net (accessed January 1, 2008).
- Pontotoc County, Oklahoma
- "Historical Weather for Ada, Oklahoma, United States".
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Number of Inhabitants: Oklahoma" (PDF). 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.[permanent dead link]
- "Oklahoma: Population and Housing Unit Counts" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
- "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 17 June 2013. Retrieved 25 November 2013.
- Robins Hunter, Phoebe. "Language Extinction and the Status of North American Indian Languages".
- "Brad Pistotnik Law: Hire the Real Brad". Pistotnik. Retrieved 2017-11-02.
- "Financial Reports of the Chickasaw". Retrieved 28 September 2012.
- Oklahoma Department of Commerce (April 2011). "Southern WIA Economic Profile" (PDF).
- 2011 Oklahoma Indian Nations Pocket Pictorial Directory. Archived 2012-05-12 at the Wayback Machine. Oklahoma Indian Affairs Commission. 2011: 8. (accessed July 26, 2013)
- "Major General Vaughn A. Ary". Headquarters, United States Marine Corps. Archived from the original on 2013-08-02. Retrieved 14 Oct 2013.
- "Nick Blackburn Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved December 10, 2012.
- "Harry Brecheen Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved December 10, 2012.
- Dan Cody - Baltimore Ravens, Yahoo! Sports (accessed May 21, 2007).
- Douglas Edwards Chronology Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine., The Douglas Edwards Archives at St. Bonaventure University (accessed July 26, 2013)
- Josh Fields Stats, Baseball Almanac (accessed July 26, 2013)
- Mark Gastineau, Pro Football Reference. (accessed July 26, 2013)
- Johny Hendrick, Ufc.com. (accessed July 26, 2013)
- Biography on Chartrecords.net
- David Keirsey
- Congressional biography of Robert S. Kerr (accessed July 26, 2013)
- "Carolyn Roy, "Longtime KSLA anchor and news director Don Owen passes away"". KSLA-TV. Retrieved July 2, 2012.
- Louise S. Robbins - Oklahoma Library Legends Archived 2013-07-07 at the Wayback Machine., Oklahoma State University. (accessed July 26, 2013)
- Oral Roberts, Tulsa World Special Projects Page (accessed July 26, 2013)
- Blake Shelton, Allmusic.com. (accessed July 26, 2013)
- Leon Polk Smith Scholarship, Art Department Scholarships, East Central University. (accessed July 26, 2013)
- Dwyer, Jim. "Ronald Williamson, Freed From Death Row, Dies at 51," New York Times, December 9, 2004. (accessed July 26, 2013)
- Frontline: burden of innocence (accessed November 13, 2008)
- The Innocence Project Archived 2008-09-19 at the Library of Congress (accessed November 13, 2008).
- Grisham's Folly (accessed November 13, 2008).
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Ada (Oklahoma).|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ada, Oklahoma.|