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California's 12th congressional district

California's 12th congressional district is a congressional district in California.

California's 12th congressional district
California US Congressional District 12 (since 2013).tif
California's 12th congressional district since 2013
Representative
  Nancy Pelosi
DSan Francisco
Distribution
  • 100.0% urban
  • 0.0% rural
Median income$111,717[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+37[3]

Speaker of the United States House of Representatives Nancy Pelosi, a Democrat, has represented the district since January 2013.

Currently, the 12th district is entirely within the city of San Francisco.[4] Prior to redistricting by the California Citizens Redistricting Commission of 2011, the 12th district consisted of portions of both San Mateo County and San Francisco. It is the smallest district by area outside New York City.

HistoryEdit

When the 12th Congressional District was created after the 1930 Census, it was located in Los Angeles County. As California's population grew, however, the district generally was moved northward, eventually to the San Francisco peninsula.[5])

Richard Nixon, who would subsequently serve as the 37th president of the United States, represented this district from 1947-1951. Nancy Pelosi, the former 52nd speaker of the House and current speaker of the House, is the current representative of this district, after previously serving California's 8th Congressional district between 1993-2013.

Recent election results from statewide racesEdit

Year Office
U.S. President U.S. Senator
(Class 1)
U.S. Senator
(Class 3)
Governor of California
1992 B. Clinton 58 - 27% Feinstein 70 - 26% Boxer 62 - 31%
1994 Feinstein 67 - 27% Brown 53 - 44%
1996 B. Clinton 70 - 21%
1998 Boxer 65 - 33%[6] Davis 71 - 26%[7]
2000 Gore 67 - 27%[8] Feinstein 68 - 25%[9]
2002 Davis 60 - 27%[10]
2003 Recall: No 66 - 34%[11]
Recall: Bustamante 47 - 32%[12]
2004 Kerry 72 - 27%[13] Boxer 73 - 24%[14]
2006 Feinstein 77 - 18%[15] Angelides 51 - 44%[16]
2008 Obama 74 - 24%[17]
2010 Boxer 68 - 28% Brown 68 - 29%
2012 Obama 84 - 13%[18] Feinstein 89 - 11% [19]
2014 Brown 89 - 11%[20]
2016 H. Clinton 86 - 9%[21] Harris 78 - 22%[22]
2018 Feinstein 64 - 36%[23] Newsom 87 - 13%[24]

List of members representing the districtEdit

Representative Party Dates Cong
ress(es)
Electoral history Counties[25][26][27]
District created March 4, 1933
 
John H. Hoeppel
Democratic March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1937
73rd
74th
Elected in 1932.
Re-elected in 1934.
Lost renomination.
Eastern Los Angeles (Pasadena, Pomona, Whittier)
 
Jerry Voorhis
Democratic January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1947
75th
76th
77th
78th
79th
Elected in 1936.
Re-elected in 1938.
Re-elected in 1940.
Re-elected in 1942.
Re-elected in 1944.
Lost re-election.
 
Richard Nixon
Republican January 3, 1947 –
November 30, 1950
80th
81st
Elected in 1946.
Re-elected in 1948.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
Resigned when elected U.S. Senator.
Vacant November 30, 1950 –
January 3, 1951
 
Patrick J. Hillings
Republican January 3, 1951 –
January 3, 1953
82nd Elected in 1950.
Redistricted to the 25th district.
 
Allan O. Hunter
Republican January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1955
83rd Redistricted from the 9th district and re-elected in 1952.
Lost re-election.
Fresno, Madera, Merced
 
B. F. Sisk
Democratic January 3, 1955 –
January 3, 1963
84th
85th
86th
87th
Elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1956.
Redistricted to the 16th district.
 
Burt Talcott
Republican January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1967
88th
89th
Elected in 1962.
Re-elected in 1964.
Re-elected in 1966.
Re-elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.
Re-elected in 1972.
Redistricted to the 16th district.
Monterey, San Benito, San Luis Obispo, Santa Cruz
January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1973
90th
91st
92nd
Kings, Monterey, San Luis Obispo, Santa Cruz
January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1975
93rd Monterey, San Benito, northwestern San Luis Obispo, southern Santa Clara, Santa Cruz
 
Pete McCloskey
Republican January 3, 1975 –
January 3, 1983
94th
95th
96th
97th
Redistricted from the 17th district and re-elected in 1974.
Re-elected in 1976.
Re-elected in 1978.
Re-elected in 1980.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
Southern San Mateo, northern Santa Clara
 
Ed Zschau
Republican January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1987
98th
99th
Elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
Southern San Mateo, Santa Clara, northern Santa Cruz
 
Ernie Konnyu
Republican January 3, 1987 –
January 3, 1989
100th Elected in 1986.
Lost renomination.
 
Tom Campbell
Republican January 3, 1989 –
January 3, 1993
101st
102nd
Elected in 1988.
Re-elected in 1990.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
 
Tom Lantos
Democratic January 3, 1993 –
February 11, 2008
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
Redistricted from the 11th district and re-elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Re-elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Died.
Southwestern San Francisco, northern San Mateo
Southwestern San Francisco, northern San Mateo
 
Vacant February 11, 2008 –
April 8, 2008
 
Jackie Speier
Democratic April 8, 2008 –
January 3, 2013
110th
111th
112th
Elected to finish Lantos's term.
Re-elected in 2008.
Re-elected in 2010.
Redistricted to the 14th district.
 
Nancy Pelosi
Democratic January 3, 2013 –
present
113th
114th
115th
116th
Redistricted from the 8th district and re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Re-elected in 2018.
Most of San Francisco

Election resultsEdit

19321934193619381940194219441946194819501952195419561958196019621964196619681970197219741976197819801982198419861988199019921994199619982000200220042006200820102012201420162018

1932Edit

1932 United States House of Representatives elections[28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John H. Hoeppel 43,122 45.8
Republican Frederick F. Houser 40,674 43.2
Prohibition Richard M. Cannon 10,308 11.0
Total votes 94,104 100.0
Turnout  
Democratic win (new seat)

1934Edit

1934 United States House of Representatives elections[29]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John H. Hoeppel (incumbent) 52,595 50.7
Republican Frederick F. Houser 51,216 49.3
Total votes 103,811 100.0
Turnout  
Democratic hold

1936Edit

1936 United States House of Representatives elections[30]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jerry Voorhis 62,034 53.7
Republican Frederick F. Houser 53,445 46.3
Total votes 115,479 100.0
Turnout  
Democratic hold

1938Edit

1938 United States House of Representatives elections[31]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jerry Voorhis (incumbent) 75,003 60.8
Republican Eugene W. Nixon 40,457 32.8
Townsend Russell R. Hand 7,903 6.4
Total votes 123,363 100.0
Turnout  
Democratic hold

1940Edit

1940 United States House of Representatives elections[32]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jerry Voorhis (incumbent) 99,494 64.0
Republican Eugene W. Nixon 54,731 35.2
Communist Albert Lewis 1,152 0.8
Total votes 155,377 100.0
Turnout  
Democratic hold

1942Edit

1942 United States House of Representatives elections[33]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jerry Voorhis (incumbent) 53,705 56.8
Republican Robert P. Shuler 40,780 43.2
Total votes 94,485 100.0
Turnout  
Democratic hold

1944Edit

1944 United States House of Representatives elections[34]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jerry Voorhis (incumbent) 77,385 55.3
Republican Roy P. McLaughlin 62,524 44.7
Total votes 139,909 100.0
Turnout  
Democratic hold

1946Edit

1946 United States House of Representatives elections[35]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Richard Nixon 65,586 56.0
Democratic Jerry Voorhis (incumbent) 49,994 42.7
Prohibition John Henry Hoeppel 1,476 1.3
Total votes 117,056 100.0
Turnout  
Republican gain from Democratic

1948Edit

1948 United States House of Representatives elections[36]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Richard Nixon (incumbent) 141,509 87.8
Progressive Una W. Rice 19,631 12.2
Total votes 161,140 100.0
Turnout  
Republican hold

1950Edit

1950 United States House of Representatives elections[37]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Patrick J. Hillings 107,933 60.1
Democratic Steve Zetterberg 71,682 39.9
Total votes 179,615 100.0
Turnout  
Republican hold

1952Edit

1952 United States House of Representatives elections[38]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Allan O. Hunter (incumbent) 103,587 100.0
Turnout
Republican hold

1954Edit

1954 United States House of Representatives elections[39]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic B. F. Sisk 63,911 53.8
Republican Allan O. Hunter (incumbent) 54,903 46.2
Total votes 118,814 100.0
Turnout  
Democratic gain from Republican

1956Edit

1956 United States House of Representatives elections[40]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic B. F. Sisk (incumbent) 109,920 73
Republican Robert B. Moore 40,663 27
Total votes 150,583 100
Turnout  
Democratic hold

1958Edit

1958 United States House of Representatives elections[41]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic B. F. Sisk (incumbent) 112,702 81.1
Republican Daniel K. Halpin 26,228 18.9
Total votes 138,930 100
Turnout  
Democratic hold

1960Edit

1960 United States House of Representatives elections[42]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic B. F. Sisk (incumbent) 141,974 100.0
Turnout  
Democratic hold

1962Edit

1962 United States House of Representatives elections[43]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Burt Talcott (incumbent) 75,424 61.3
Democratic William K. Steward 47,576 38.7
Total votes 123,000 100.0
Turnout
Republican win (new seat)

1964Edit

1964 United States House of Representatives elections[44]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Burt Talcott (incumbent) 93,112 61.9
Democratic William K. Steward 57,242 38.1
Total votes 150,354 100.0
Turnout  
Republican hold

1966Edit

1966 United States House of Representatives elections[45]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Burt Talcott (incumbent) 108,070 77.3
Democratic Gerald V. Barron 31,787 22.7
Total votes 139,857 100.0
Turnout  
Republican hold

1968Edit

1968 United States House of Representatives elections[46]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Burt Talcott (incumbent) 140,713 94.9
American Independent Ann J. Holliday 7,593 5.1
Total votes 148,308 100.0
Turnout  
Republican hold

1970Edit

1970 United States House of Representatives elections[47]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Burt Talcott (incumbent) 95,549 63.6
Democratic O'Brien Riordan 50,942 33.9
Peace and Freedom Herbert H. Foster, Jr. 3,682 2.5
Total votes 150,173 100.0
Turnout  
Republican hold

1972Edit

1972 United States House of Representatives elections[48]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Burt Talcott (incumbent) 105,555 54.0
Democratic Julian Camacho 84,268 43.1
American Independent Stanley K. Monteith 5,753 2.9
Total votes 195,576 100.0
Turnout  
Republican hold

1974Edit

1974 United States House of Representatives elections[49]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Pete McCloskey (incumbent) 103,228 69.1
Democratic Gary G. Gillmor 46,197 30.9
Total votes 149,425 100.0
Turnout
Republican hold

1976Edit

1976 United States House of Representatives elections[50]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Pete McCloskey (incumbent) 130,332 66.2
Democratic David T. Harris 61,526 31.3
American Independent Joseph David "Joss" Cooney 4,999 2.5
Total votes 196,857 100.0
Turnout  
Republican hold

1978Edit

1978 United States House of Representatives elections[51]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Pete McCloskey (incumbent) 116,982 73.1
Democratic Kirsten Olsen 34,472 21.5
American Independent Harold R. Boylan 5,609 3.5
Peace and Freedom Adele Fumino 3,022 1.9
Total votes 160,085 100.0
Turnout  
Republican hold

1980Edit

1980 United States House of Representatives elections[52]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Pete McCloskey (incumbent) 143,817 72.2
Democratic Kirsten Olsen 37,009 18.6
Libertarian Bill Evers 15,073 7.6
Peace and Freedom Adele Fumino 3,184 1.6
Total votes 199,083 100.0
Turnout  
Republican hold

1982Edit

1982 United States House of Representatives elections[53]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ed Zschau 115,365 63.0
Democratic Emmett Lynch 61,372 33.5
Libertarian William C. "Bill" White 6,471 3.5
Total votes 183,208 100.0
Turnout  
Republican hold

1984Edit

1984 United States House of Representatives elections[54]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ed Zschau (incumbent) 155,795 61.7
Democratic Martin Carnoy 91,026 36.0
Libertarian William C. "Bill" White 5,872 2.3
Total votes 252,963 100.0
Turnout  
Republican hold

1986Edit

1986 United States House of Representatives elections[55]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ernie Konnyu 111,252 59.5
Democratic Lance T. Weil 69,564 37.2
Libertarian William C. "Bill" White 6,227 3.3
Total votes 187,043 100.0
Turnout  
Republican hold

1988Edit

1988 United States House of Representatives elections[56]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Campbell 136,384 51.7
Democratic Anna Eshoo 121,523 46.0
Libertarian Tom Grey 6,023 2.3
Total votes 263,930 100.0
Turnout  
Republican hold

1990Edit

1990 United States House of Representatives elections[57]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Campbell (incumbent) 125,157 60.8
Democratic Bob Palmer 69,270 33.7
Libertarian Chuck Olson 11,271 5.5
Total votes 205,698 100.0
Turnout  
Republican hold

1992Edit

1992 United States House of Representatives elections[58]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Tom Lantos (incumbent) 157,205 68.8
Republican Jim R. Tomlin 53,278 23.3
Peace and Freedom Mary Weldon 10,142 4.4
Libertarian George L. O'Brien 7,782 3.4
Total votes 228,407 100.0
Turnout  
Democratic hold

1994Edit

1994 United States House of Representatives elections[59]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Tom Lantos (incumbent) 118,408 67.42
Republican Deborah Wilder 57,228 32.58
Total votes 175,636 100.0
Turnout  
Democratic hold

1996Edit

1996 United States House of Representatives elections[60]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Tom Lantos (incumbent) 149,052 71.7
Republican Storm Jenkins 49,278 23.8
Libertarian Christopher Schmidt 6,111 2.9
Natural Law Richard Bong 3,472 1.6
Total votes 207,913 100.0
Turnout  
Democratic hold

1998Edit

1998 United States House of Representatives elections[61]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Tom Lantos (incumbent) 128,135 73.98
Republican Robert H. Evans, Jr. 36,562 21.11
Libertarian Michael J. Moloney 8,515 4.92
Total votes 173,212 100.0
Turnout  
Democratic hold

2000Edit

2000 United States House of Representatives elections[62]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Tom Lantos (incumbent) 158,404 74.6
Republican Mike Garza 44,162 20.8
Libertarian Barbara J. Less 6,431 3.0
Natural Law Rifkin Young 3,559 1.6
Total votes 212,556 100.0
Turnout  
Democratic hold

2002Edit

2002 United States House of Representatives elections[63]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Tom Lantos (incumbent) 105,597 68.1
Republican Michael J. Moloney 38,381 24.8
Libertarian Maad Abu-Ghazalah 11,006 7.1
Total votes 185,216 100.0
Turnout  
Democratic hold

2004Edit

2004 United States House of Representatives elections[64]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Tom Lantos (incumbent) 171,852 68.1
Republican Mike Garza 52,593 20.8
Green Pat Green 23,038 9.1
Libertarian Harland Harrison 5,116 2.0
Total votes 252,599 100.0
Turnout  
Democratic hold

2006Edit

2006 United States House of Representatives elections[65]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Tom Lantos (incumbent) 138,650 76.1
Republican Mike Moloney 43,674 23.9
Total votes 182,324 100.0
Turnout  
Democratic hold

2008 (Special)Edit

2008 special election[66]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jackie Speier 66,279 76.90
Republican Greg Conlon 7,990 9.27
Democratic Michelle McMurry 4,546 5.27
Republican Mike Moloney 4,517 5.24
Green Barry Hermanson 1,947 2.26
Libertarian Kevin Peterson (write-in) 2 0.00
Invalid or blank votes 903 1.05
Total votes 86,184 100.00
Turnout   25.69
Democratic hold

2008Edit

2008 United States House of Representatives elections[67]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jackie Speier (incumbent) 200,442 75.2
Republican Greg Conlon 49,258 18.5
Peace and Freedom Nathalie Hrizi 5,793 2.2
Green Barry Hermanson 5,776 2.1
Libertarian Kevin Dempsey Peterson 5,584 2.0
Total votes 266,853 100
Turnout  
Democratic hold

2010Edit

2010 United States House of Representatives elections[68]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jackie Speier (incumbent) 152,044 75.6
Republican Mike Moloney 44,475 22.2
Libertarian Mark Paul Williams 4,611 2.2
Independent Joseph Michael Harding (write-in) 32 0.0
Total votes 201,162 100
Turnout  
Democratic hold

2012Edit

2012 United States House of Representatives elections[69]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Nancy Pelosi (incumbent) 253,709 85.1
Republican John Dennis 44,478 14.9
Total votes 298,187 100.0
Democratic hold

2014Edit

2014 United States House of Representatives elections[70]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Nancy Pelosi (incumbent) 160,067 83.3
Republican John Dennis 32,197 16.7
Total votes 192,264 100.0
Democratic hold

2016Edit

2016 United States House of Representatives elections
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Nancy Pelosi (incumbent) 274,035 80.9
No party preference Preston Picus 64,810 19.1
Total votes 338,845 100%
Democratic hold

2018Edit

2018 United States House of Representatives elections
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Nancy Pelosi (incumbent) 275,292 86.8
Republican Lisa Remmer 41,780 13.2
Total votes 317,072 100%
Democratic hold

Living former membersEdit

As of September 2019, there were five living former members of the House of Representatives from this district. The most recent representative to die was Burt Talcott (served 1963-1975) on July 29, 2016. The most recently serving representative to die was Tom Lantos (served 1993-2008), who died in office on February 11, 2008.

Representative Term in office Date of birth (and age)
Pete McCloskey 1975 - 1983 (1927-09-29) September 29, 1927 (age 92)
Ed Zschau 1983 - 1987 (1940-01-06) January 6, 1940 (age 79)
Ernie Konnyu 1987 - 1989 (1937-05-17) May 17, 1937 (age 82)
Tom Campbell 1989 - 1993 (1952-08-14) August 14, 1952 (age 67)
Jackie Speier 2008 - 2013 (1950-05-14) May 14, 1950 (age 69)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=06&cd=12
  2. ^ "California election results - 2012 election". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 24, 2013.
  3. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  4. ^ "Maps: Final Congressional Districts". Citizens Redistricting Commission. Archived from the original on March 10, 2013. Retrieved February 24, 2013.
  5. ^ California Constitution, Article 21, Section 1(c) (congressional districts), Section 2(f) (state government districts).
  6. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20110929224732/http://www.sos.ca.gov/elections/sov/1998-general/ssov/sen-cd.pdf
  7. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20110929224728/http://www.sos.ca.gov/elections/sov/1998-general/ssov/gov-cd.pdf#
  8. ^ "Statement of Vote (2000 President)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on June 11, 2007. Retrieved September 17, 2008.
  9. ^ "Statement of Vote (2000 Senator)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on June 11, 2007. Retrieved September 17, 2008.
  10. ^ "Statement of Vote (2002 Governor)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on November 11, 2010.
  11. ^ "Statement of Vote (2003 Recall Question)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on May 20, 2011. Retrieved October 8, 2007.
  12. ^ "Statement of Vote (2003 Governor)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on May 20, 2011. Retrieved October 8, 2007.
  13. ^ "Statement of Vote (2004 President)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 1, 2010. Retrieved August 8, 2007.
  14. ^ "Statement of Vote (2004 Senator)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 10, 2011.
  15. ^ "Statement of Vote (2006 Senator)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 10, 2011.
  16. ^ "Statement of Vote (2006 Governor)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 10, 2011.
  17. ^ "(2008 President)". Archived from the original on February 11, 2009. Retrieved March 5, 2009.
  18. ^ "Daily Kos Elections' presidential results by congressional district for the 2016 and 2012 elections".
  19. ^ [1]
  20. ^ [2]
  21. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-11-11. Retrieved 2016-11-10.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  22. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-11-11. Retrieved 2016-11-10.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  23. ^ [3]
  24. ^ [4]
  25. ^ Martis, Kenneth C., The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts, 1789-1983. New York: Macmillan Publishing, 1982.
  26. ^ Martis, Kenneth C., The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress, 1789-1989. New York: Macmillan Publishing, 1989.
  27. ^ "Congressional Directory: Browse 105th Congress". Archived from the original on February 17, 2011.
  28. ^ "1932 election results" (PDF).
  29. ^ "1934 election results" (PDF).
  30. ^ "1936 election results" (PDF).
  31. ^ "1938 election results" (PDF).
  32. ^ "1940 election results" (PDF).
  33. ^ "1942 election results" (PDF).
  34. ^ "1944 election results" (PDF).
  35. ^ "1946 election results" (PDF).
  36. ^ "1948 election results" (PDF).
  37. ^ "1950 election results" (PDF).
  38. ^ "1952 election results" (PDF).
  39. ^ "1954 election results" (PDF).
  40. ^ "1956 election results" (PDF).
  41. ^ "1958 election results" (PDF).
  42. ^ "1960 election results" (PDF).
  43. ^ "1962 election results" (PDF).
  44. ^ "1964 election results" (PDF).
  45. ^ "1966 election results" (PDF).
  46. ^ "1968 election results" (PDF).
  47. ^ "1970 election results" (PDF).
  48. ^ "1972 election results" (PDF).
  49. ^ "1974 election results" (PDF).
  50. ^ "1976 election results" (PDF).
  51. ^ "1978 election results" (PDF).
  52. ^ "1980 election results" (PDF).
  53. ^ "1982 election results" (PDF).
  54. ^ "1984 election results" (PDF).
  55. ^ "1986 election results" (PDF).
  56. ^ "1988 election results" (PDF).
  57. ^ "1990 election results" (PDF).
  58. ^ "1992 election results" (PDF).
  59. ^ "1994 election results" (PDF).
  60. ^ "1996 election results" (PDF).
  61. ^ "1998 election results" (PDF).
  62. ^ "2000 election results" (PDF).
  63. ^ 2002 general election results Archived February 3, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  64. ^ "2004 general election results" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 21, 2008.
  65. ^ 2006 general election results Archived November 27, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  66. ^ "2008 special election results" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on July 3, 2008. Retrieved July 4, 2008.
  67. ^ 2008 general election results Archived December 21, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  68. ^ "2010 general election results" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on May 20, 2011. Retrieved February 21, 2011.
  69. ^ 2012 general election results Archived October 19, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  70. ^ "2014 general election results". Archived from the original on December 21, 2014. Retrieved December 21, 2014.

External linksEdit