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Florida's 3rd congressional district

The Third Congressional District of Florida is an electoral district of the United States House of Representatives located in the U.S. state of Florida. It presently comprises a large section of northernmost Florida, including the entire counties of Alachua, Clay, Putnam, Bradford and Union, along with the majority of Marion county. The cities of Gainesville and Palatka are in the district as well as part of Ocala (its northern suburbs). Some Jacksonville suburbs such as Middleburg, Green Cove Springs, and Orange Park are also in the district.

Florida's 3rd congressional district
FL03 115.png
Florida's 3rd congressional district - since January 3, 2017.
Representative
  Ted Yoho
RGainesville
Area3,844[1] sq mi (9,960 km2)
Distribution
  • 71.27[2]% urban
  • 28.73% rural
Population (2016)732,088[3]
Median income$47,611[3]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+9[4]

Redistricting in Florida, effective for the 2012 federal elections, radically altered the nature of the 3rd District. From 1993 through 2012 the district called the 3rd District comprised an entirely different territory, roughly similar to the 5th District as of 2013. Likewise the present territory of the new 3rd District, as of the 2012 elections, is made up of parts of the former 2nd, 4th, 5th, and 6th districts, though it is geographically similar to the pre-2013 6th district. The former 3rd District was (and present 5th District is) an intentionally gerrymandered territory designed to unite disparate areas of northeastern Florida with significant African-American populations into a black-majority district, and was overwhelmingly Democratic in voting patterns.

The new 3rd District has a majority white population, largely in rural areas and small towns. The only cities of any size in the district are Gainesville and Ocala. The district has been represented by Republican Ted Yoho since 2013. Yoho is not running for re-election in 2020.[5]

The old 3rd District was represented from 1993 through 2012 by Corrine Brown, who was elected to the similar new 5th District in the November 2012 elections.

The 1993–2012 black majority districtEdit

The old 3rd district was a gerrymandered congressional district. The district included portions of Alachua, Clay, Duval, Lake, Marion, Orange, Putnam, Seminole, and Volusia counties.

HistoryEdit

While Florida has had at least three congressional districts since the 1900 U.S. Census, the 1993–2012 3rd Congressional District dates to reapportionment done by the Florida Legislature after the 1990 U.S. Census. Because Florida has a large population of African Americans, but not a large enough concentration anywhere in the state to easily configure a congressional district with a majority, there were several attempts to create a few gerrymandered districts which were certain to elect an African American candidate. This created an odd coalition of black Democrats and Republicans who supported such districts (since this not only created black-majority districts, but also made "safer" Republican districts elsewhere). This effort was opposed by many white Democrats, but eventually this idea won the support of the state legislature and this district was created as a result.[6]

The 1993–2012 3rd Congressional District was geographically diverse. Starting from the southern part of the district, it included the Pine Hills area of the Orlando-Kissimmee Metropolitan Area with small pockets of African-American neighborhoods in the cities of Sanford, Gainesville, Palatka, and finally the larger African American communities of Jacksonville. Connecting these areas were regions which are sparsely populated—either expansive rural areas or narrow strips which are only a few miles wide. Barack Obama received 73% of the vote in this district in the 2008 Presidential election.

General history of the district in its varying territoriesEdit

VotingEdit

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
1992 President Clinton 52–34%
1996 President Clinton 61–33%
2000 President Gore 60–38%
2004 President Kerry 65–35%
2008 President Obama 73–26%
2012 President Romney 56-40%
2016 President Trump 56-41%

Voter registrationEdit

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of 18 October 2016
Party Voters Percentage
Republican 198,055 40.92%
Democratic 178,562 36.90%
No Party Affiliation 95,276 19.69%

List of members representing the districtEdit

Member Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
District created March 4, 1903
 
William B. Lamar
Democratic March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1909
58th
59th
60th
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Dannite H. Mays
Democratic March 4, 1909 –
March 3, 1913
61st
62nd
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Emmett Wilson
Democratic March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1917
63rd
64th
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Walter Kehoe
Democratic March 4, 1917 –
March 3, 1919
65th [Data unknown/missing.]
 
John H. Smithwick
Democratic March 4, 1919 –
March 3, 1927
66th
67th
68th
69th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Tom Yon Democratic March 4, 1927 –
March 3, 1933
70th
71st
72nd
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Millard Caldwell
Democratic March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1941
73rd
74th
75th
76th
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Bob Sikes
Democratic January 3, 1941 –
October 19, 1944
77th
78th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned to enter the U.S. Army.
Vacant October 19, 1944 –
January 3, 1945
 
Bob Sikes
Democratic January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1963
79th
80th
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
President Roosevelt ordered ordered all legislators on active duty to return to Washington, so Sikes was re-elected in November 1944.
Re-elected in 1946.
Re-elected in 1948.
Re-elected in 1950.
Re-elected in 1952.
Re-elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1956.
Re-elected in 1958.
Re-elected in 1960.
Redistricted to the 1st district.
 
Claude Pepper
Democratic January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1967
88th
89th
Elected in 1962.
Re-elected in 1964.
Redistricted to the 11th district.
 
Charles E. Bennett
Democratic January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1993
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
96th
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
Redistricted from the 2nd district and re-elected in 1966.
Re-elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.
Re-elected in 1972.
Re-elected in 1974.
Re-elected in 1976.
Re-elected in 1978.
Re-elected in 1980.
Re-elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Re-elected in 1990.
Redistricted to the 4th district and retired.
 
Corrine Brown
Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2013
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
Elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Re-elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Re-elected in 2010.
Redistricted to the 5th district.
 
Ted Yoho
Republican January 3, 2013 –
present
113th
114th
115th
116th
Elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Re-elected in 2018.
Retiring in 2020.

Recent election resultsEdit

2002Edit

Florida's 3rd Congressional District Election (2002)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Corrine Brown (Incumbent) 88,462 59.29
Republican Jennifer Carroll 60,747 40.71
Total votes 149,209 100.00
Turnout  
Democratic hold

2004Edit

Florida's 3rd Congressional District Election (2004)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Corrine Brown (Incumbent) 172,833 99.24
No party Others 1,323 0.76
Total votes 174,156 100.00
Turnout  
Democratic hold

2006Edit

Florida's 3rd Congressional District Election (2006)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Corrine Brown (Incumbent) 100.00
Total votes 100.00
Turnout  
Democratic hold

2008Edit

Florida's 3rd Congressional District Election (2008)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Corrine Brown (Incumbent) 100.00
Total votes 100.00
Turnout  
Democratic hold

2010Edit

Florida's 3rd Congressional District Election (2010)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Corrine Brown (Incumbent) 94,744 63.04
Republican Mike Yost 50,932 33.89
Independent Terry Martin-Back 4,625 3.08
Total votes 150,301 100.00
Turnout  
Democratic hold

2012Edit

Florida's 3rd Congressional District Election (2012)[7]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ted Yoho 204,331 64.7
Democratic Jacques Rene Gaillot Jr. 102,468 32.5
Independent Philip Dodds 8,870 2.8
Independent Michael Ricks 0 0
Total votes 315,669 100.00
Turnout  
Republican gain from Democratic

2014Edit

Florida's 3rd Congressional District Election (2014)[8]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ted Yoho (Incumbent) 148,691 65.0
Democratic Marihelen Wheeler 73,910 32.3
Independent Howard Lawson 6,208 2.7
Total votes 228,809 100.00
Turnout  
Republican hold

2016Edit

Florida's 3rd Congressional District Election (2016)[9]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ted Yoho (Incumbent) 193,843 56.6
Democratic Kenneth McGurn 136,338 39.8
Independent Tom Wells 12,519 3.7
Total votes 342,700 100.00
Turnout  
Republican hold

2018Edit

Florida's 3rd Congressional District Election (2018)[10]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ted Yoho (Incumbent) 176,616 57.6
Democratic Yvonne Hayes Hinson 129,880 42.4
Total votes 306,496 100.00
Turnout  
Republican hold

Historical district boundariesEdit

Living former representativesEdit

As of January 2017, there is one former member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Florida's 3rd congressional district who is currently living at this time. The most recent representative to die was Charles E. Bennett (served 1967–1993) on September 6, 2003.

Representative Term in office Date of birth (and age)
Corrine Brown 1993–2013 (1946-11-11) November 11, 1946 (age 73)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Congressional Plan--SC14-1905 (Ordered by The Florida Supreme Court, 2-December-2015)" (PDF). Florida Senate Committee on Reapportionment. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
  2. ^ Bureau, US Census. "Geography Program". The United States Census Bureau.
  3. ^ a b Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census Bureau. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov.
  4. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  5. ^ Akin, Stephanie (December 10, 2019). "Florida Republican Ted Yoho announces he won't seek a fifth term". Roll Call. Washington, D.C. Retrieved December 10, 2019.
  6. ^ Leary, Alex (14 May 2011). "Democrat U.S. Rep. Corrine Brown again aligns with GOP in Florida redistricting battle". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved 5 August 2014.
  7. ^ "Florida's 3rd Congressional District elections, 2012". Ballotpedia.
  8. ^ "Florida's 3rd Congressional District elections, 2014". Ballotpedia.
  9. ^ "Florida's 3rd Congressional District election, 2016". Ballotpedia.
  10. ^ "Florida's 3rd Congressional District election, 2018". Ballotpedia.

External linksEdit