Open main menu

Connecticut's 5th congressional district

Connecticut's 5th Congressional District is a congressional district in the U.S. state of Connecticut. Located in the northwestern part of the state, the district runs from Meriden and New Britain in central Connecticut, westward to Danbury and the surrounding Housatonic Valley, encompassing the Farmington Valley, Upper Naugatuck River Valley, and the Litchfield Hills. The district also includes most of Waterbury.[3]

Connecticut's 5th congressional district
Connecticut US Congressional District 5 (since 2013).tif
Connecticut's 5th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
U.S. Representative
  Jahana Hayes
DWolcott
Area1,282 sq mi (3,320 km2)
Distribution
  • 85.9% urban
  • 14.1% rural
Population (2015)712,568
Median income$71,995[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+2[2]

The district is currently represented by Democrat Jahana Hayes.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Historically Republican, the Fifth Congressional District has been trending Democratic since 2004. John Kerry carried the district with 49.3% of the vote, a margin of 1,112 votes in the 2004 presidential election. Obama carried the district in 2008 with 56.3% of the vote and in 2012 with 53.5% of the vote.

The current 5th Congressional District was created in 2002 due to reapportionment following the 2000 U.S. Census. Due to slow population growth, Connecticut lost a seat and the old Waterbury-based 5th district was merged with the New Britain-based 6th District. However, the merged district contained more of the old 6th's territory.

From 1964 to 1990 the 5th Congressional District included many towns in Fairfield County which are now located in the 4th Congressional District, such as Wilton, Monroe, Ridgefield, and Shelton. It also included the lower Naugatuck River Valley towns of Ansonia, Derby, Seymour, and Naugatuck which are now in the 3rd Congressional District.

In the early 20th century the 5th Congressional District included Waterbury, Litchfield County, and the Naugatuck Valley. It did not include any portion of Fairfield or Hartford counties and did not include the City of Meriden.

Towns in the districtEdit

The district includes the following towns:

Fairfield County - Bethel, Brookfield, Danbury, New Fairfield, Newtown, and Sherman.

Hartford County - Avon, Burlington, Canton, Farmington, New Britain, Plainville, and Simsbury.

Litchfield County - Bethlehem, Bridgewater, Canaan, Cornwall, Goshen, Harwinton, Kent, Litchfield, Morris, New Milford, Norfolk, North Canaan, Plymouth, Roxbury, Salisbury, Sharon, Thomaston, Torrington (part), Warren, Washington, Watertown, and Woodbury.

New Haven County - Cheshire, Meriden, Middlebury, Southbury, Waterbury (part), and Wolcott.

Voter registrationEdit

Voter registration and party enrollment as of October 30, 2012[4]
Party Active voters Inactive voters Total voters Percentage
Democratic 108,601 4,720 113,321 29.96%
Republican 89,242 3,554 92,796 24.53%
Minor parties 3,728 152 3,880 1.03%
Unaffiliated 159,433 8,782 168,215 44.48%
Total 361,004 17,208 378,212 100%

Recent presidential electionsEdit

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
2000 President Gore 52 - 43%
2004 President Kerry 49.3 - 49%
2008 President Obama 56 - 42%
2012 President Obama 54 - 45%
2016 President Clinton 50 - 46%

Recent electionsEdit

Connecticut's 5th Congressional District Election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Chris Murphy 122,980 56%
Republican Nancy Johnson (incumbent) 94,824 44%
Democratic gain from Republican Swing
Turnout 217,804 100%
Connecticut's 5th Congressional District Election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Chris Murphy (incumbent) 178,377 59%
Republican David Cappiello 117,585 39%
Independent Thomas Winn 3,066 1%
Democratic hold Swing
Turnout 301,345 100%
Connecticut's 5th Congressional District Election, 2010
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Chris Murphy (incumbent) 122,879 54%
Republican Sam Caligiuri 104,402 46%
Democratic hold Swing
Turnout 227,281 100%
Connecticut's 5th Congressional District Election, 2012
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Elizabeth Esty 142,201 52%
Republican Andrew Roraback 133,256 48%
Democratic hold Swing
Turnout 275,457 100%
Connecticut's 5th Congressional District Election, 2014
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Elizabeth Esty (incumbent) 113,564 53%
Republican Mark Greenberg 97,767 46%
Independent John Pistone 1,970 1%
Democratic hold Swing
Turnout 213,301 100%
Connecticut's 5th Congressional District Election, 2016
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Elizabeth Esty (incumbent) 179,252 58%
Republican Clay Cope 129,801 42%
Democratic hold Swing
Turnout 309,053 100%
Connecticut's 5th congressional district, 2018
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jahana Hayes 151,225 55.9
Republican Manny Santos 119,426 44.1
Independent John Pistone (write-in) 13 0.0
Total votes 270,664 100.0
Democratic hold

List of members representing the districtEdit

District organized from Connecticut's at-large congressional district in 1837.

Representative Party Service Cong
ress(es)
Electoral history
Lancelot Phelps Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
25th redistricted from the at-large district
Retired.
 
Truman Smith
Whig March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1843
26th
27th
Retired.
District eliminated after the 1840 Census
District organized from Connecticut's at-large congressional district in 1913
 
William Kennedy
Democratic March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1915
63rd Lost re-election.
 
James P. Glynn
Republican March 4, 1915 –
March 3, 1923
64th
65th
66th
67th
Lost re-election.
 
Patrick B. O'Sullivan
Democratic March 4, 1923 –
March 3, 1925
68th Lost re-election.
 
James P. Glynn
Republican March 4, 1925 –
March 6, 1930
69th
70th
71st
Died.
Vacant March 6, 1930 –
November 4, 1930
Edward W. Goss Republican November 4, 1930 –
January 3, 1935
71st
72nd
73rd
Lost re-election.
 
J. Joseph Smith
Democratic January 3, 1935 –
November 4, 1941
74th
75th
76th
77th
Resigned when appointed Judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals
Vacant November 4, 1941 –
January 20, 1942
 
Joseph E. Talbot
Republican January 20, 1942 –
January 3, 1947
77th
78th
79th
Retired to run for Governor of Connecticut.
 
James T. Patterson
Republican January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1959
80th
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
Lost re-election.
 
John S. Monagan
Democratic January 3, 1959 –
January 3, 1973
86th
87th
88th
89th
90th
91st
92nd
Lost re-election.
 
Ronald A. Sarasin
Republican January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1979
93rd
94th
95th
Retired to run for Governor of Connecticut.
 
William R. Ratchford
Democratic January 3, 1979 –
January 3, 1985
96th
97th
98th
Lost re-election.
 
John G. Rowland
Republican January 3, 1985 –
January 3, 1991
99th
100th
101st
Retired to run for Governor of Connecticut.
 
Gary Franks
Republican January 3, 1991 –
January 3, 1997
102nd
103rd
104th
Lost re-election.
 
James H. Maloney
Democratic January 3, 1997 –
January 3, 2003
105th
106th
107th
Lost re-election.
 
Nancy Johnson
Republican January 3, 2003 –
January 3, 2007
108th
109th
redistricted from the 6th district
Lost re-election.
 
Chris Murphy
Democratic January 3, 2007 –
January 3, 2013
110th
111th
112th
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
 
Elizabeth Esty
Democratic January 3, 2013 –
January 3, 2019
113th
114th
115th
Retired.
 
Jahana Hayes
Democratic January 3, 2019 –
Present
116th Elected in 2018.

Living former MembersEdit

As of January 2019, seven former members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Connecticut's 5th congressional district are alive. The most recent representative to die was William R. Ratchford (served 1979-1985) on January 2, 2011.

Representative Term in office Date of birth (and age)
Ronald A. Sarasin 1973-1979 (1934-12-31) December 31, 1934 (age 84)
John G. Rowland 1985–1991 (1957-05-24) May 24, 1957 (age 61)
Gary Franks 1991–1997 (1953-02-09) February 9, 1953 (age 66)
James H. Maloney 1997–2003 (1948-09-17) September 17, 1948 (age 70)
Nancy Johnson 2003–2007 (1935-01-05) January 5, 1935 (age 84)
Chris Murphy 2007–2013 (1973-08-03) August 3, 1973 (age 45)
Elizabeth Esty 2013–2019 (1959-08-25) August 25, 1959 (age 59)

Historical district boundariesEdit

 
2003 - 2013

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=09&cd=05
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  3. ^ https://www.rep-am.com/topics/5th-congressional-district/
  4. ^ "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of October 30, 2012" (PDF). Connecticut Secretary of State. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-09-23. Retrieved 2012-10-30.


Preceded by
2010 elections
United States House elections in Connecticut
2012
Succeeded by
2014 elections

Coordinates: 41°41′40″N 73°12′36″W / 41.69444°N 73.21000°W / 41.69444; -73.21000