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Michigan's 1st congressional district

Michigan's 1st congressional district is a United States Congressional district containing the entire Upper Peninsula of Michigan and 16 counties of Northern Michigan in the Lower Peninsula. The district is currently represented by Republican Jack Bergman.

Michigan's 1st congressional district
MI 1Michigan US Congressional District 1 (since 2013).tif
Michigan's 1st congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Jack Bergman
RWatersmeet
Area24,875[1] sq mi (64,430 km2)
Distribution
  • 36.58[2]% urban
  • 63.42% rural
Population (2016)699,621[3]
Median income$48,416[4]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+9[5]

Contents

GeographyEdit

The district is the second-largest congressional district east of the Mississippi River by land area, behind Maine's 2nd congressional district. Its boundaries contain much of the northeastern part of the Lower Peninsula in addition to the entire Upper Peninsula. Altogether, the district makes up about 44% of the land area of the state of Michigan. It contains the second-longest shoreline of any district in the United States, behind Alaska's At-large congressional district.

Of the 83 counties in Michigan, 31 lie fully within the district, and it contains a portion of another, Mason County.

HistoryEdit

Prior to 1992 the 1st Congressional District was a Detroit-based congressional district. From the election of Republican John B. Sosnowski in 1925 until 1964 the former 1st district was represented by only one non-Polish-American politician, Robert H. Clancy. Along with Sosnowski, 6 Polish-Americans served as the 1st district's representatives elected 7 times, since 1925. The other strong Polish Michigan congressional districts were the 15th district (where half of the elected were Polish-American) and the dissolved 16th district (where all three elected representatives were of Polish descent). In 1964 the 1st Congressional district was drawn as a new, African-American majority district reflecting the changing demographics of Detroit, while enough of the old 1st district was moved to the 14th district that that district retained the 1st's old congressman. John Conyers was elected to congress from the 1st district, a position he would hold until the 1st was removed from Detroit.

After 1992, the 1st district covered land in the UP and Northern Michigan. Most of this territory had been in the 11th District from 1892 to 1992. The 1st from 1992–2002 was similar to the present district, except that it did not extend nearly as far south along Lake Michigan, while it took in Traverse City and some surrounding areas on the west side of the state.

VotingEdit

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
1992 President Clinton 41 - 35%
1996 President Clinton 47 - 40%
2000 President Bush 52 - 45%
2004 President Bush 53 - 46%
2008 President Obama 50 - 48%
2012 President Romney 54 - 45%
2016 President Trump 58 - 37%

Major cities in the districtEdit

List of representativesEdit

Representative Party Years Congress Electoral history
District created March 4, 1843
  Robert McClelland Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1849
28
29
30
[Data unknown/missing.]
  Alexander W. Buel Democratic March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1851
31 [Data unknown/missing.]
  Ebenezer J. Penniman Whig March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
32 [Data unknown/missing.]
  David Stuart Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
33 [Data unknown/missing.]
  William A. Howard Republican March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1859
34
35
[Data unknown/missing.]
  George B. Cooper Democratic March 4, 1859 –
May 15, 1860
36 Election challenged
  William A. Howard Republican May 15, 1860 –
March 3, 1861
36 Successfully challenged predecessor's election
  Bradley F. Granger Republican March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
37 [Data unknown/missing.]
  Fernando C. Beaman Republican March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1871
38
39
40
41
Redistricted from the 2nd district
  Henry Waldron Republican March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
42 Redistricted to the 2nd district
  Moses W. Field Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
43 [Data unknown/missing.]
  Alpheus S. Williams Democratic March 4, 1875 –
December 21, 1878
44
45
Died
Vacant December 21, 1878 –
March 4, 1879
45 [Data unknown/missing.]
  John S. Newberry Republican March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1881
46 [Data unknown/missing.]
  Henry W. Lord Republican March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1883
47 [Data unknown/missing.]
  William C. Maybury Democratic[6] March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1887
48
49
[Data unknown/missing.]
  John L. Chipman Democratic March 4, 1887 –
August 17, 1893
50
51
52
53
Died
Vacant August 17, 1893 –
November 7, 1893
53 [Data unknown/missing.]
  Levi T. Griffin Democratic December 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1895
53 [Data unknown/missing.]
  John B. Corliss Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1903
54
55
56
57
[Data unknown/missing.]
  Alfred Lucking Democratic March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1905
58 [Data unknown/missing.]
  Edwin C. Denby Republican March 4, 1905 –
March 3, 1911
59
60
61
[Data unknown/missing.]
  Frank E. Doremus Democratic March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1921
62
63
64
65
66
[Data unknown/missing.]
  George P. Codd Republican March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1923
67 [Data unknown/missing.]
  Robert H. Clancy Democratic March 4, 1923 –
March 3, 1925
68 [Data unknown/missing.]
  John B. Sosnowski Republican March 4, 1925 –
March 3, 1927
69 Lost renomination
  Robert H. Clancy Republican March 4, 1927 –
March 3, 1933
70
71
72
[Data unknown/missing.]
  George G. Sadowski Democratic March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1939
73
74
75
[Data unknown/missing.]
  Rudolph G. Tenerowicz Democratic[7] January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1943
76
77
[Data unknown/missing.]
  George G. Sadowski Democratic January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1951
78
79
80
81
[Data unknown/missing.]
  Thaddeus M. Machrowicz Democratic January 3, 1951 –
September 18, 1961
82
83
84
85
86
87
Resigned to become U.S. District Judge
Vacant September 18, 1961 –
November 7, 1961
87 [Data unknown/missing.]
  Lucien N. Nedzi Democratic November 7, 1961 –
January 3, 1965
87
88
Redistricted to the 14th district
  John Conyers Democratic January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1993
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
Redistricted to the 14th district
  Bart Stupak Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2011
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
Retired
  Dan Benishek Republican January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2017
112
113
114
Retired
  Jack Bergman Republican January 3, 2017 –
present
115
116
Incumbent

ElectionsEdit

Historical district boundariesEdit

 
1993 - 2003
 
2003 - 2013

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "Congressional Districts by Urban/Rural Population & Land Area (109th Congress)" (PDF). 2000 United States Census. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 January 2007.
  2. ^ https://www2.census.gov/geo/relfiles/cdsld13/26/ur_cd_26.txt
  3. ^ Bureau, Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
  4. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=26&cd=01
  5. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  6. ^ William C. Maybury was elected as a fusion candidate, but was seated in Congress with the Democratic Party.
  7. ^ Rudolph G. Tenerowicz campaigned as a Republican in 1946, 1948, 1950, 1952, and 1954.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit