Petoskey (// pe-TAH-skee) is a city and coastal resort community in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was estimated at 5,670 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Emmet County, located at the northern end of the Lower Peninsula.
|City of Petoskey|
|• Mayor||John Murphy|
|• Manager||Robert Straebel|
|• Total||5.34 sq mi (13.82 km2)|
|• Land||5.13 sq mi (13.29 km2)|
|• Water||0.20 sq mi (0.52 km2)|
|Elevation||666 ft (202 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||1,121.37/sq mi (433.01/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0634731|
The Little Traverse Bay area was long inhabited by indigenous peoples, including the Odawa people. The name "Petoskey" is said to mean "where the light shines through the clouds" in the language of the Odawa. After the 1836 Treaty of Washington, Odawa Chief Ignatius Petosega (1787–1885) took the opportunity to purchase lands near the Bear River. Petosega's father was Antoine Carre, a French Canadian fur trader and his mother was Odawa.
Early Presbyterian missionsEdit
By the 1850s, several religious groups had established missions near the Little Traverse Bay. A Mormon offshoot had been based at Beaver Island, the Jesuit missionaries had been based at L'arbor Croche and Michilimackinac, with a Catholic presence in Harbor Springs, then known as "Little Traverse". Andrew Porter, a Presbyterian missionary, arrived at the village of Bear River (as it was then called) in 1852.
Pioneer commercial interestsEdit
Amos Fox and Hirem Obed Rose were pioneer entrepreneurs who had made money during both the California Gold Rush and at Northport selling lumber and goods to passing ships. Originally based at Northport, in the 1850s Rose and Fox (or Fox & Rose) expanded their business interests to Charlevoix and Petoskey. Rose also earned income as part of a business partnership that extended the railroad from Walton Junction to Traverse City. H.O. Rose, along with Archibald Buttars, established a general merchandise business in Petoskey.
After the partnership split, Rose relocated to Petoskey and in 1873 built the first dock in the town. When the Grand Rapids and Indiana Railroad was about to be extended into the Bay View area, Rose purchased much land in that area, as well as trolley cars, to enable transport between Petoskey and Bay View. Rose also developed the first general store, extensive lime quarries (Michigan Limestone Company, aka Petoskey Lime Company;), building the Arlington Hotel, and lumbering enterprises, and harbor improvements in 1893. He served as first president of the village and officiated at early commemorative public events. Rose's influence on the city was also commemorated by the naming of the H. O. Rose room at the Perry Hotel.
In the late 19th century, Petoskey was in the region of Northern Michigan where 50,000 passenger pigeon birds were killed daily in massive hunts, leading to their complete extinction in the early 20th century. A state historical marker memorializes these events, including the last great nesting of the passenger pigeons at Crooked Lake in 1878. One hunter was reputed to have personally killed "a million birds" and earned $60,000, the equivalent of $1 million today.
This city was the northern terminus of the Chicago and West Michigan Railway.
With members descended from the numerous bands in northern Michigan, the Little Traverse Bay Band is a federally recognized tribe that has its headquarters at nearby Harbor Springs, Michigan. It also owns and operates a gaming casino in Petoskey.
Part of Northern Michigan, Petoskey is on the southeast shore of the Little Traverse Bay of Lake Michigan at the mouth of the Bear River. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.29 square miles (13.70 km2), of which 5.09 square miles (13.18 km2) is land and 0.20 square miles (0.52 km2) is water.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 5,670 people, 2,538 households, and 1,319 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,113.9 inhabitants per square mile (430.1/km2). There were 3,359 housing units at an average density of 659.9 per square mile (254.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 91.7% White, 0.7% African American, 4.7% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.9% of the population.
There were 2,538 households, of which 24.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.7% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 48.0% were non-families. 39.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.10 and the average family size was 2.81.
The median age in the city was 39.8 years. 19.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 11.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.5% were from 25 to 44; 28.1% were from 45 to 64; and 16.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.3% male and 52.7% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 6,080 people, 2,700 households, and 1,447 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,210.9 per square mile (467.6/km2). There were 3,342 housing units at an average density of 665.6 per square mile (257.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.18% White, 0.33% African American, 3.17% Native American, 0.81% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.20% from other races, and 1.30% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.17% of the population.
There were 2,700 households, out of which 27.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.8% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.4% were non-families. 39.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.89.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 23.0% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 17.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $33,657, and the median income for a family was $48,168. Males had a median income of $35,875 versus $25,114 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,259. About 6.6% of families and 12.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.6% of those under age 18 and 8.4% of those age 65 or over.
- The nearest airports with scheduled passenger service are in Pellston Regional Airport and Traverse City Cherry Capital Airport.
- Indian Trails provides daily intercity bus service between St. Ignace and East Lansing, Michigan and between Grand Rapids, Michigan and Petoskey. Transfer between the two lines is possible in Petoskey.
- The EMGO/SRR bus service runs Monday through Friday, from Petoskey, Mackinaw City, Harbor Springs, and to multiple locations in Emmet County with flexible routes within many communities along the way.
- Freight rail service to Petoskey is limited and provided by the Tuscola and Saginaw Bay Railway (TSBY); however, the tracks are owned by the state of Michigan in order to preserve rail service in northern Michigan. Freight traffic includes plastic pellets delivered to a rail/truck transload facility for Petoskey Plastics. Occasional passenger/special excursion trains to Petoskey occur every now and then.
Historically, the Pennsylvania Railroad's Northern Arrow, the Pere Marquette Railway's Resort Special and other trains provided passenger traffic to Petoskey and Bay View, Michigan from as far as Chicago, St. Louis, Cincinnati and Detroit but these were discontinued in the late 20th century. The Pere Marquette trains (and later the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway) used its station, and the Pennsylvania Railroad its own separate station. The last Chesapeake and Ohio (successor to the Pere Marquette) trains were discontinued by 1963, thus ending scheduled passenger train service to Petoskey.
- The City of Petoskey Department of Parks and Recreation operates a 144-slip marina located in Bayfront Park. The marina offers seasonal and transient slips, gasoline, diesel fuel, boat launch, wireless internet, 30/50 AMP power, water, pump-out, restroom/showers, playground and adjacent park grounds. The Gaslight District is connected to Bayfront Park via a pedestrian tunnel. The marina received initial designation as a "Michigan Clean Marina" in May 2007 and was recertified in 2010.
- US 31 is a major highway running through the heart of the city. It continues southerly toward Charlevoix, Traverse City and Muskegon and northerly to a terminus near Mackinaw City.
- US 131 has its northern terminus in the city and continues southerly toward Cadillac and Grand Rapids.
- M-119, accessible off US 31 east of the city and Bay View, continues around the north side of Little Traverse Bay to Harbor Springs and then to Cross Village.
- C-58 begins at C-81 just east of the city and continues to Wolverine.
- C-81 is a north–south route passing just to the east of the city.
Among the many colleges in Michigan includes North Central Michigan College, located in Petoskey. The public school system consists of a high school, a middle school, and four elementary schools. Additionally, Petoskey Public Schools has a Montessori education building.
- Megan Boone, actress, star of NBC series The Blacklist
- Katie Brown, television host
- Bruce Catton, U.S. Civil War historian
- Grace Chandler, photographer based in Petoskey
- Forest Evashevski, successful college football player and coach including national championship at University of Iowa football
- Mark Farner, lead singer, lead guitarist of Grand Funk Railroad
- Alan Hewitt, musician and keyboardist for the Moody Blues, formerly worked with Earth, Wind and Fire
- David Malpass, economist, government official, president of the World Bank Group
- Herb Orvis, NFL defensive tackle 1972–81, member of College Football Hall of Fame
- Claude Shannon, father of information theory
- Hal Smith, voice actor, Otis Campbell on The Andy Griffith Show
- Sufjan Stevens, singer-songwriter
- Famous Last Words (band), modern post hardcore band
- Traverse, is published monthly with a focus on regional interests.
- Local AM radio
- WLDR (750) - country; simulcast of WLDR-FM Traverse City
- WJML (1110) - Talk
- WMKT (1270) - News/Talk (licensed to Charlevoix, studios in Petoskey)
- WMBN (1340) - Sports Talk Radio
- Local FM radio
- WTLI (89.3) - contemporary Christian "Smile FM"
- WTCK (90.9) - Catholic religious (Charlevoix)
- WJOG (91.3) - contemporary Christian "Smile FM"
- WBCM (93.5) - country; simulcast of WTCM-FM Traverse City
- W237DA (95.3) - translator of WFDX-FM Atlanta (classic hits)
- WLXT (96.3) - adult contemporary
- WKLZ (98.9) - classic rock; simulcast of WKLT-FM Kalkaska
- W259AH (99.7) - translator of WPHN-FM Gaylord (religious)
- WICV (100.9) - classical (East Jordan); simulcast of WIAA-FM Interlochen
- WCMW (103.9) - CMU Public Radio (Harbor Springs)
- WKHQ (105.9) - CHR/top 40 (licensed to Charlevoix, studios in Petoskey)
- WLJD (107.9) - Christian (Charlevoix); simulcast of WLJN-FM
This climatic region has large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Petoskey has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps. Because of its proximity to Lake Michigan it has incredible seasonal lag, with August as the warmest month and February as the coldest month.
|Climate data for Petoskey, Michigan (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1891–present)|
|Record high °F (°C)||56
|Average high °F (°C)||27.4
|Daily mean °F (°C)||21.2
|Average low °F (°C)||15.0
|Record low °F (°C)||−27
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||2.40
|Average snowfall inches (cm)||39.3
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||18.2||13.9||10.8||11.8||12.3||10.6||10.1||10.5||12.2||16.7||16.8||17.3||161.2|
|Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)||14.4||11.3||5.4||1.9||0.1||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.3||4.7||12.3||50.4|
In popular cultureEdit
Petoskey and the surrounding area are notable in 20th-century U.S. literature as the setting of several of the Nick Adams stories by Ernest Hemingway, who spent his childhood summers on nearby Walloon Lake. They are the setting for certain events in Jeffrey Eugenides' 2002 novel Middlesex, which also features Detroit and its suburban areas.
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- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
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- "History of St. Francis". petoskeysfx.org.
The first Catholic Church was built in Petoskey around 1859 by Father Sifferath, who was stationed in Harbor Springs
- Hellmann, Paul T. (2005). Historical Gazetteer of the United States. New York: Routledge (Taylor & Francis Books). p. 555. ISBN 0-415-93948-8. Retrieved May 3, 2016.
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Petoskey, named for Chief Pe-to-se-ga of the Bear River Band was first settled in 1852 by Andrew Porter, a Presbyterian missionary.
- Sprague, Elvin L.; Smith, Mrs George N. (1903). Sprague's History of Grand Traverse and Leelanaw Counties, Michigan: Embracing a Concise Review of Their Early Settlement, Industrial Development and Present Conditions, Together with Interesting Reminiscences. B.F. Bowen. p. 345.
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- Federspiel, Michael (2014). Little Traverse Bay, Past and Present. Wayne State University Press. p. 5. ISBN 978-0-8143-3820-9.
- United States Congressional serial set. 1895. p. 2911.
- United States Congressional Serial Set. U.S. Government Printing Office. 1897. p. 2944.
- Kilborn, Harriet (1960). "The History of Petoskey Area". deemamafred.tripod.com.
Welcoming the first train to Petoskey on November 25, 1873, "H. 0. Rose was on hand to do the official "welcoming" honors."
- The Traverse Region, Historical and Descriptive: With Illustrations. Chicago: H. R. Page & Co. 1884. pp. 154–155, 160. Retrieved February 3, 2017.
The Traverse Region, historical and descriptive.
- "H.O. Rose Dining Room, Perry Hotel Restaurant, Petoskey". Staffords.com. Archived from the original on May 8, 2016. Retrieved May 3, 2016.
- Department of Vertebrate Zoology, National Museum of Natural History in cooperation with the Public Inquiry Mail Service (March 2001). "The Passenger Pigeon". Smithsonian Institution. Archived from the original on March 13, 2012. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
- "Last Great Gathering of Passenger Pigeons, Crooked Lake Nesting Colony". Petoskey, Michigan: Michigan state historical marker. Retrieved February 29, 2012.
- "Was Martha the last "Pigean de passage"? lifeofbirds.com". Life of Birds website. January 6, 2007. Archived from the original on October 9, 2007. Retrieved February 29, 2012. at Wayback Machine
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 12, 2012. Retrieved November 25, 2012.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Pellston Regional Airport Serving Northern Michigan Emmet County". Pellstonairport.com. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
- "EAST LANSING-PETOSKEY-ST. IGNACE" (PDF). Indian Trails. January 15, 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 29, 2014. Retrieved February 27, 2013.
- "GRAND RAPIDS-CADILLAC-TRAVERSE CITY-PETOSKEY" (PDF). Indian Trails. January 15, 2013. Retrieved February 28, 2013.[permanent dead link]
- "Pennsylvania Railroad, Tables 190, 193". Official Guide of the Railways. National Railway Publication Company. 74 (1). June 1941.
- "Pere Marquette, Table 6". Official Guide of the Railways. National Railway Publication Company. 74 (1). June 1941.
- "Index of Railroad Stations, 1452". Official Guide of the Railways. National Railway Publication Company. 71 (3). August 1938.
- "Chesapeake and Ohio Railway, Tables 10, 13". Official Guide of the Railways. National Railway Publication Company. 96 (1). June 1963.
- "Certified Michigan Clean Marinas". Michigan Sea Grant. Archived from the original on April 12, 2013. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
- "Clean Marina Program". Petoskey.us. Retrieved December 20, 2021.
- "Public Schools of Petoskey". moodle.petoskeyschools.org.
- Coates, Rick (September 26, 2010). "Petoskey's Rocker: Mark Farner". The Northern Express. Retrieved February 21, 2020.
- "Music". alanhewitt.com.
- Sutton, Rene (April 2013). "Alan Hewitt — Featured Smooth Jazz Artist Archives Alan Hewitt – The Musical Force of Nature". The Smooth Jazz Ride. Archived from the original on January 4, 2015. Retrieved January 4, 2015.
- "Herb Orvis Career stats". NFL.com, National Football League.
- "Petoskey, Michigan Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
- "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved August 28, 2021.
- "Station: Petoskey, MI". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved August 28, 2021.
- Cappel, Constance, Hemingway in Michigan, 1999, Petoskey, MI: Little Traverse Historical Society
- Cappel, Constance, ed., 2006 Odawa Language and Legends, Philadelphia, PA: Xlibris[self-published source]
- Cappel, Constance, 2007, The Smallpox Genocide of the Odawa Tribe at L'Arbre Croche, 1763: A History of a Native American People, Lewiston, NY: Ediwin Mellen Press.
- Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University, Bibliography on Emmet County.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Petoskey, Michigan.|
- Petoskey travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Petoskey Area Visitors Bureau
- City of Petoskey Web Site - information, news, and events
- "Home | Central Michigan University". Clarke.cmich.edu. October 7, 2010. Retrieved November 25, 2013.