Marquette County, Michigan
Marquette County is a county located in the Upper Peninsula of the US state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 67,077. The county seat is Marquette. The county is named for Father Marquette, a Jesuit missionary. It was set off in 1843 and organized in 1851. Marquette County is the largest county in land area in Michigan, and the most populous county in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan.
Marquette County Courthouse in Marquette
Location within the U.S. state of Michigan
Michigan's location within the U.S.
|Founded||March 9, 1843, organized 1851|
|Named for||Jacques Marquette|
|• Total||3,425 sq mi (8,870 km2)|
|• Land||1,808 sq mi (4,680 km2)|
|• Water||1,616 sq mi (4,190 km2) 47%%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||37/sq mi (14/km2)|
Marquette County comprises the Marquette, MI Micropolitan Statistical Area.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Transportation
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Government
- 5 Education
- 6 Historical markers
- 7 Communities
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
According to the United States Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,425 square miles (8,870 km2), of which 1,808 square miles (4,680 km2) is land and 1,616 square miles (4,190 km2) (47%) is water. It is the largest county in Michigan by land area and fourth-largest by total area.
National protected areasEdit
- Sawyer International Airport, a county-owned public-use facility, 20 miles (32 km) south of Marquette
In addition to the 169.42 miles (272.66 km) of state highways in the county, the Marquette County Road Commission maintains 283.85 miles (456.81 km) of primary county roads which include County Road 492 (CR 492), and 988.25 miles (1,590.43 km) of secondary county roads. The road commission provides maintenance such as snow removal under contract with the Michigan Department of Transportation for the state trunklines. In 2010, the commission planned to build CR 595. The project was canceled after the permit was denied by the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality and the project funding was diverted.
|US Decennial Census|
The 2010 United States Census, indicates Marquette County had a population of 67,077. This increase of 2,443 people from 2000 represents a growth of 3.8%. In 2010 there were 27,538 households and 16,664 families in the county. The population density was 37 people per square mile (16/km²). There were 34,330 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile (8/km²). 93.8% of the population were White, 1.7% Native American, 1.7% Black or African American, 0.6% Asian, 0.2% of some other race and 2.0% of two or more races. 1.1% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 18.8% were of Finnish, 13.3% German, 10.5% French, French Canadian or Cajun, 9.3% English, 6.8% Italian, 6.2% Irish and 5.8% Swedish ancestry.
There were 27,538 households out of which 23.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.8% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.5% were non-families. 20.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.81.
The county population contained 18.7% were under the age of 18, 14.8% from 18 to 24, 23.0% from 25 to 44, 28.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.4 years. The population is 50.5% male and 49.5% female.
The median income for a household in the county was $46,875, and the median income for a family was $52,083. The per capita income for the county was $22,170. About 6.4% of families and 12.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.3% of those under age 18 and 12.5% of those age 65 or over.
Marquette County was reliably Republican following the American Civil War; its voters went Republican (or Republican-splinter) in every election from 1876 through 1932. However, that shifted in 1936; since then the Republican nominee has carried the county in only 5 out of 21 elections (through 2016).
The county government operates Sawyer International Airport, the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, records deeds, mortgages, and vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget and has limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions—police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc.—are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.
Northern Michigan University is a four-year university in Marquette. It was established in 1899.
There are ten historical markers in the County:
- Beaver Grove
- Brookton Corners
- Dukes (originally named Lehtola)
- Eagle Mills
- Empire Iron Mine
- Green Garden
- Greenwood (originally named Greenwood Furnace)
- Huron Mountain
- Little Lake (originally named Cheshire Junction then Forsyth (1877-1966)
- Maple Grove
- Midway Location
- National Mine
- North Lake
- Sand River
- South Greenwood
- South Republic
- Suomi Location
- Witch Lake
- Champion Township
- Chocolay Charter Township
- Ely Township
- Ewing Township
- Forsyth Township
- Humboldt Township
- Ishpeming Township
- Marquette Township
- Michigamme Township
- Negaunee Township
- Powell Township
- Republic Township
- Richmond Township
- Sands Township
- Skandia Township
- Tilden Township
- Turin Township
- Wells Township
- West Branch Township
- The L'Anse Indian Reservation, which is primarily based in Baraga County to the west, has a small portion within Chocolay Township.
- The Sault Tribe of Chippewa Indians, which is headquartered in Sault Ste. Marie in Chippewa County, occupies a very small piece of property within the city limits of Marquette.
- Clarke Historical Library. "Bibliography on Marquette County". Central Michigan University. Archived from the original on October 30, 2014. Retrieved January 20, 2013.
- United States Census Bureau. "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 12, 2011. Retrieved August 28, 2013.
- National Association of Counties. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- United States Census Bureau (August 22, 2012). "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on November 13, 2013. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
- Marquette County Road Commission (2009). "Welcome to the Marquette County Road Commission". Marquette County Road Commission. Archived from the original on March 27, 2012. Retrieved April 15, 2012.
- McLaren, Noël (October 18, 2010). "County Road 595 Approved for Planning". Upper Michigan's Source. Negaunee, MI: WLUC-TV. Archived from the original on December 27, 2014. Retrieved April 15, 2012.
- Pepin, John (January 4, 2013). "CR 595 Project Killed". The Mining Journal. Marquette, MI. pp. 1A, 8A. ISSN 0898-4964. Archived from the original on April 29, 2014. Retrieved January 4, 2013.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 9, 2019.
- United States Census Bureau. "US Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
- University of Virginia Library. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Archived from the original on August 11, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
- United States Census Bureau. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 15, 2015. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
- United States Census Bureau. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 18, 2014. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
- United States Census Bureau. "Census 2010 American Fact Finder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 1, 2012. Retrieved June 15, 2013.
- Data Access and Dissemination Systems (DADS). "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 1, 2012.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Archived from the original on March 23, 2018. Retrieved May 6, 2018.
- County of Marquette (n.d.). "Linda Talsma, County Clerk". County of Marquette. Archived from the original on September 2, 2018. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
- County of Marquette (n.d.). "Marquette County Treasurer". County of Marquette. Archived from the original on September 2, 2018. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
- County of Marquette (n.d.). "Marquette County Drain Commissioner: P. Michael Farrell". County of Marquette. Archived from the original on September 2, 2018. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
- County of Marquette (n.d.). "Marquette County Mine Inspector". County of Marquette. Archived from the original on September 2, 2018. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
- County of Marquette (n.d.). "Prosecutor's Office". County of Marquette. Archived from the original on September 2, 2018. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
- County of Marquette (n.d.). "Carla L'Huillier, Register of Deeds". County of Marquette. Archived from the original on September 2, 2018. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
- County of Marquette (n.d.). "Welcome to the Sheriff's Office". County of Marquette. Archived from the original on September 2, 2018. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
- "Michigan Historical Markers". michmarkers.com. Archived from the original on March 15, 2010. Retrieved April 3, 2008.