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Colorado's 3rd congressional district

Colorado's 3rd congressional district is a congressional district in the U.S. state of Colorado. The district takes in most of the rural Western Slope in the state's western third, with a tendril in the south taking in the southern portions of the Eastern Plains. It includes the cities of Grand Junction, Durango and Pueblo.

Colorado's 3rd congressional district
Colorado US Congressional District 3 (since 2013).tif
Colorado's 3rd congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Scott Tipton
RCortez
Distribution
  • 64.75[1]% urban
  • 35.25% rural
Population (2016)738,119[2]
Median income$52,765[3]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+6[4]

The district is currently represented by Republican Scott R. Tipton, who defeated Democratic incumbent John Salazar in 2010.

The district is mainly rural and Republican (though not as much as the neighboring 4th district); however, there is some Democratic support in tourist counties and Pueblo, keeping the seat somewhat competitive.

Contents

HistoryEdit

1990sEdit

Following the 1990 U.S. Census and associated realignment of Colorado congressional districts, the 3rd Congressional district consisted of Alamosa, Archuleta, Chaffee, Conejos, Costilla, Custer, Delta, Dolores, Eagle, Garfield, Grand, Gunnison, Hinsdale, Huerfano, Jackson, Lake, La Plata, Mesa, Mineral, Moffat, Montezuma, Montrose, Ouray, Park, Pitkin, Pueblo, Rio Blanco, Rio Grande, Routt, Saguache, San Juan, San Miguel and Summit counties, as well as portions of Douglas, Fremont, and Jefferson counties.

2000sEdit

Following the 2000 U.S. Census and associated realignment of Colorado congressional districts, the 3rd Congressional district consisted of Alamosa, Archuleta, Conejos, Costilla, Custer, Delta, Dolores, Garfield, Gunnison, Hinsdale, Huerfano, Jackson, La Plata, Las Animas, Mesa, Mineral, Moffat, Montezuma, Montrose, Ouray, Pitkin, Pueblo, Rio Blanco, Rio Grande, Routt, Saguache, San Juan, and San Miguel counties and most of Otero County.

CharacteristicsEdit

The district has two major population centers in Grand Junction and Pueblo. The two cities and their surrounding rural areas provide a competitive arena for congressional races. Grand Junction, on the Western Slope, is a Republican stronghold while Pueblo, a town with a large Latino population and (by Colorado norms) a heavily unionized workforce, provides a base of support for Democrats. The district leaned heavily Republican in the 1990s, but in recent years has become more competitive.

George W. Bush received 55% of the vote in the district in 2004 while John McCain won the district in 2008 50%–47%.

VotingEdit

Election results from presidential races[5]

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
2000 President Bush 54 - 39%
2004 President Bush 55 - 44%
2008 President McCain 50 - 47%
2012 President Romney 52 - 46%
2016 President Trump 52 – 40%

List of representativesEdit

Representative Party Term Duration Cong
ress(es)
District Home Electoral history
District created March 4, 1915
Districts 3 and 4 were created from the former at-large district
  Edward Keating Democratic March 4, 1915 –
March 3, 1919
64th
65th
Pueblo First elected in 1912 (At-large district)

Lost re-election
  Guy Urban Hardy Republican March 4, 1919 –
March 3, 1933
66th
67th
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
Canon City First elected in 1918

Lost re-election
  John Andrew Martin Democratic March 4, 1933 –
December 23, 1939
73rd
74th
75th
76th
Pueblo First elected in 1932

Died
Vacant December 23, 1939 –
November 5, 1940
76th
  William Evans Burney Democratic November 5, 1940 –
January 3, 1941
76th Pueblo Won special election to finish remaining term

Did not run as a candidate for a full term
in the 1940 general election
  J. Edgar Chenoweth Republican January 3, 1941–
January 3, 1949
77th
78th
79th
80th
Trinidad First elected in 1940

Lost re-election
  John Henry Marsalis Democratic January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1951
81st Pueblo Elected in 1948

Lost re-election
  J. Edgar Chenoweth Republican January 3, 1951 –
January 3, 1965
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
88th
Trinidad Re-elected in 1950

Lost party re-nomination
  Frank Evans Democratic January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1979
89th
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
Beulah First elected in 1964

Retired
  Ray Kogovsek Democratic January 3, 1979 –
January 3, 1985
96th
97th
98th
Pueblo First elected in 1978

Retired
  Mike Strang Republican January 3, 1985 –
January 3, 1987
99th Carbondale Elected in 1984

Lost re-election
  Ben Nighthorse Campbell Democratic January 3, 1987 –
January 3, 1993
100th
101st
102nd
Ignacio First elected in 1986

Retired after being elected to the U.S. Senate
  Scott McInnis Republican January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2005
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
Glenwood Springs First elected in 1992

Retired
  John Salazar Democratic January 3, 2005 –
January 3, 2011
109th
110th
111th
Manassa First elected in 2004

Lost re-election
  Scott Tipton Republican January 3, 2011 –
present
112th
113th
114th
115th
116th
Cortez First elected in 2010

Election resultsEdit

19141916191819201922192419261928193019321934193619381940 (Special)194019421944194619481950195219541956195819601962196419661968197019721974197619781980198219841986198819901992199419961998200020022004200620082010201220142016

1914Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1914[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Edward Keating 37,191 53%
Republican Neil N. McLean 32,567 47%
Total votes 69,758 100%
Democratic win (new seat)

1916Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1916[7]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Edward Keating (incumbent) 40,183 54%
Republican George E. McClelland 31,137 42%
Socialist David McGrew 2,492 3%
Progressive William G. Francis 443 1%
Total votes 74,255 100%
Democratic hold

1918Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1918[8]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Guy U. Hardy 31,715 51%
Democratic Edward Keating (incumbent) 29,075 47%
Socialist Edith Halcomb 1,453 2%
Total votes 62,243 100%
Republican gain from Democratic

1920Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1920[9]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Guy U. Hardy (incumbent) 43,426 58%
Democratic Samuel J. Burris 31,896 42%
Total votes 75,322 100%
Republican hold

1922Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1922[10]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Guy U. Hardy (incumbent) 43,508 52%
Democratic Chester B. Horn 39,500 48%
Total votes 83,008 100%
Republican hold

1924Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1924[11]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Guy U. Hardy (incumbent) 53,877 59%
Democratic Charles B. Hughes 37,976 41%
Total votes 91,853 100%
Republican hold

1926Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1926[12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Guy U. Hardy (incumbent) 46,916 54%
Democratic Edmond I. Crockett 40,009 46%
Total votes 86,925 100%
Republican hold

1928Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1928[13]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Guy U. Hardy (incumbent) 64,116 65%
Democratic Harry A. McIntyre 34,670 35%
Total votes 98,786 100%
Republican hold

1930Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1930[14]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Guy U. Hardy (incumbent) 55,170 61%
Democratic Guy M. Weybright 35,744 39%
Total votes 90,914 100%
Democratic hold

1932Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1932[15]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John Andrew Martin 59,882 51%
Republican Guy U. Hardy (incumbent) 57,793 49%
Total votes 117,675 100%
Democratic gain from Republican

1934Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1934[16]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John Andrew Martin (incumbent) 73,281 64%
Republican W.O. Peterson 39,753 35%
Socialist Joseph T. Landis 1,199 1%
Total votes 114,233 100%
Democratic hold

1936Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1936[17]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John Andrew Martin (incumbent) 74,013 60%
Republican J. Arthur Phelps 48,871 40%
Total votes 122,884 100%
Democratic hold

1938Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1938[18]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John Andrew Martin (incumbent) 72,736 57%
Republican Henry Leonard 54,007 43%
Total votes 126,743 100%
Democratic hold

1940 (Special)Edit

Colorado's 3rd congressional district special election, 1940[19]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic William E. Burney 68,225 51%
Republican Henry Leonard 65,675 49%
Total votes 133,900 100%
Democratic hold

1940Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1940[20]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Chenoweth 70,842 52%
Democratic Byron G. Rogers 65,269 48%
Total votes 136,111 100%
Republican gain from Democratic

1942Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1942[21]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Chenoweth (incumbent) 55,838 63%
Democratic J.C. Jarrett 33,154 37%
Total votes 88,992 100%
Republican hold

1944Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1944[22]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Chenoweth (incumbent) 69,492 56%
Democratic Arthur M. Wimmell 53,904 44%
Total votes 123,396 100%
Republican hold

1946Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1946[23]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Chenoweth (incumbent) 45,043 55%
Democratic Walter Walford Johnson 37,496 45%
Total votes 82,539 100%
Republican hold

1948Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1948[24]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John H. Marsalis 65,114 51%
Republican John Chenoweth (incumbent) 63,312 49%
Total votes 128,426 100%
Democratic gain from Republican

1950Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1950[25]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Chenoweth 58,831 52%
Democratic John H. Marsalis (incumbent) 55,110 48%
Total votes 113,941 100%
Republican gain from Democratic

1952Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1952[26]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Chenoweth (incumbent) 84,739 58%
Democratic John H. Marsalis 62,025 42%
Total votes 146,764 100%
Republican hold

1954Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1954[27]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Chenoweth (incumbent) 62,884 53%
Democratic Alva B. Adams, Jr. 55,750 47%
Total votes 118,634 100%
Republican hold

1956Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1956[28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Chenoweth (incumbent) 74,196 50%
Democratic Alva B. Adams, Jr. 73,501 50%
Total votes 147,697 100%
Republican hold

1958Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1958[29]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Chenoweth (incumbent) 63,655 50%
Democratic Fred M. Betz 63,112 50%
Total votes 126,767 100%
Republican hold

1960Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1960[30]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Chenoweth (incumbent) 85,825 52%
Democratic Franklin R. Stewart 79,069 48%
Total votes 164,894 100%
Republican hold

1962Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1962[31]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Chenoweth (incumbent) 74,848 55%
Democratic Albert "Al" Tomsic 62,097 45%
Total votes 136,945 100%
Republican hold

1964Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1964[32]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Frank Evans 85,404 51%
Republican John Chenoweth (incumbent) 81,544 49%
Total votes 166,948 100%
Democratic gain from Republican

1966Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1966[33]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Frank Evans (incumbent) 76,270 52%
Republican David W. Enoch 71,213 48%
Total votes 147,483 100%
Democratic hold

1968Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1968[34]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Frank Evans (incumbent) 88,368 52%
Republican Paul Bradley 81,163 48%
Total votes 169,531 100%
Democratic hold

1970Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1970[35]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Frank Evans (incumbent) 87,000 64%
Republican John "Jack" Mitchell, Jr. 45,610 33%
Raza Unida Martin P. Serna 1,828 1%
Peace Independent Walter Cranson 1,598 1%
American Independent Henry John Olshaw 652 1%
Total votes 136,688 100%
Democratic hold

1972Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1972[36]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Frank Evans (incumbent) 107,511 66%
Republican Chuck Brady 54,556 34%
Total votes 162,067 100%
Democratic hold

1974Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1974[37]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Frank Evans (incumbent) 91,783 68%
Republican E. Keith Records 43,298 32%
Total votes 135,081 100%
Democratic hold

1976Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1976[38]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Frank Evans (incumbent) 89,302 51%
Republican Melvin Takaki 82,315 47%
Raza Unida Alfredo Archer 2,429 1%
American Independent Henry John Olshaw 1,186 1%
Total votes 175,232 100%
Democratic hold

1978Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1978[39]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Raymond P. Kogovsek 69,669 49%
Republican Harold L. McCormick 69,303 49%
American Independent Henry John Olshaw 2,475 2%
Total votes 141,447 100%
Democratic hold

1980Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1980[40]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Raymond P. Kogovsek (incumbent) 105,820 55%
Republican Harold L. McCormick 84,292 44%
Libertarian James S. Glennie 2,670 1%
Total votes 192,782 100%
Democratic hold

1982Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1982[41]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Raymond P. Kogovsek (incumbent) 92,384 53%
Republican Tom Wiena 77,409 45%
Libertarian Paul "Stormy" Mohn 2,439 1%
Independent Henry John Olshaw 656 1%
Total votes 172,888 100%
Democratic hold

1984Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1984[42]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Michael L. Strang 122,669 57%
Democratic W. Mitchell 90,963 42%
Libertarian Robert Jahelka 1,358 0.5%
Independent Henry John Olshaw 880 0.5%
Total votes 215,870 100%
Republican gain from Democratic

1986Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1986[43]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Ben Nighthorse Campbell 95,353 52%
Republican Michael L. Strang (incumbent) 88,508 48%
Total votes 183,861 100%
Democratic gain from Republican

1988Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1988[44]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Ben Nighthorse Campbell (incumbent) 169,284 78%
Republican Jim Zartman 47,625 22%
Total votes 216,909 100%
Democratic hold

1990Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1990[45]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Ben Nighthorse Campbell (incumbent) 124,487 70%
Republican Bob Ellis 49,961 28%
Populist ('84-'96) Howard E. Fields 2,859 2%
Total votes 177,307 100%
Democratic hold

1992Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1992[46]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Scott McInnis 143,293 55%
Democratic Mike Callihan 114,480 44%
Populist ('84-'96) Ki R. Nelson 4,189 1%
Total votes 261,962 100%
Republican gain from Democratic

1994Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1994[47]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Scott McInnis (incumbent) 145,365 70%
Democratic Linda Powers 63,427 30%
Total votes 208,792 100%
Republican hold

1996Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1996[48]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Scott McInnis (incumbent) 183,523 69%
Democratic Albert Gurule 82,953 31%
Total votes 266,476 100%
Republican hold

1998Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1998[49]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Scott McInnis (incumbent) 156,501 66%
Democratic Robert Reed Kelley 74,479 32%
Libertarian Barry Baggert 5,673 2%
Total votes 236,653 100%
Republican hold

2000Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 2000[50]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Scott McInnis (incumbent) 199,204 66%
Democratic Curtis Imrie 87,921 29%
Libertarian Drew Sakson 9,982 3%
Reform Victor A. Good 5,433 2%
Total votes 302,540 100%
Republican hold

2002Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 2002[51]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Scott McInnis (incumbent) 143,433 66%
Democratic Dennis Berckefeldt 68,160 31%
Libertarian J. Brent Shroyer 4,370 2%
Natural Law Gary W. Swing 1,903 0.5%
Write-in Jason Alessio 106 0.05
Total votes 217,972 100%
Republican hold

2004Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 2004[52]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John Salazar 153,500 51%
Republican Greg Walcher 141,376 47%
Unaffiliated Jim Krug 8,770 2%
Total votes 303,646 100%
Democratic gain from Republican

2006Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 2006[53]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John Salazar (incumbent) 146,488 62%
Republican Scott Tipton 86,930 37%
Libertarian Bert L. Sargent 4,417 0.5%
Green Bruce E. Lohmiller (as a write-in) 23 0.5%
Total votes 237,858 100%
Democratic hold

2008Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 2008[54]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John Salazar (incumbent) 203,457 62%
Republican Wayne Wolf 126,762 38%
Total votes 330,219 100%
Democratic hold

2010Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 2010[55]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Scott Tipton 129,257 50%
Democratic John Salazar (incumbent) 118,048 46%
Libertarian Gregory Gilman 5,678 2%
Independent Jake Segrest 4,982 2%
Write-in John W. Hargis, Sr. 23 0.00
Write-in Jim Fritz 11 0.00
Total votes 257,999 100%
Republican gain from Democratic

2012Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 2012[56]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Scott Tipton (incumbent) 185,291 53%
Democratic Sal Pace 142,619 41%
Independent Tisha Casida 11,125 3%
Libertarian Gregory Gilman 4,982 3%
Total votes 347,247 100%
Republican hold

2014Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 2014[57]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Scott Tipton (incumbent) 163,011 58%
Democratic Abel Tapia 100,364 36%
Independent Tisha Casida 11,294 4%
Libertarian Travis Mero 6,472 2%
Total votes 281,143 100%
Republican hold

2016Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 2016 [58]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Scott Tipton (Incumbent) 204,220 54.60%
Democratic Gail Schwartz 150,914 40.35%
Libertarian Gaylon Kent 18,903 5.05%
Total votes 374,037 100%
Republican hold

Living former MembersEdit

As of May 2017, there are three former members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Colorado's 3rd congressional district who are currently living at this time. The most recent representative to die was Ray Kogovsek (served 1979-1985) on April 30, 2017.

Representative Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Ben Nighthorse Campbell 1987–1993 (1933-04-13) April 13, 1933 (age 86)
Scott McInnis 1993–2005 (1953-05-09) May 9, 1953 (age 66)
John Salazar 2005–2011 (1953-07-21) July 21, 1953 (age 65)

Historical district boundariesEdit

 
2003 - 2013

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/cd_state.html
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=08&cd=03
  3. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=08&cd=03
  4. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  5. ^ Presidential Election Results, by district, swingstateproject.com
  6. ^ 1914 Election Results
  7. ^ 1916 Election Results
  8. ^ 1918 Election Results
  9. ^ 1920 Election Results
  10. ^ 1922 Election Results
  11. ^ 1924 Election Results
  12. ^ 1926 Election Results
  13. ^ 1928 Election Results
  14. ^ 1930 Election Results
  15. ^ 1932 Election Results
  16. ^ 1934 Election Results
  17. ^ 1936 Election Results
  18. ^ 1938 Election Results
  19. ^ 1940 Special Election Results
  20. ^ 1940 Election Results
  21. ^ 1942 Election Results
  22. ^ 1944 Election Results
  23. ^ 1946 Election Results
  24. ^ 1948 Election Results
  25. ^ 1950 Election Results
  26. ^ 1952 Election Results
  27. ^ 1954 Election Results
  28. ^ 1956 Election Results
  29. ^ 1958 Election Results
  30. ^ 1960 Election Results
  31. ^ 1962 Election Results
  32. ^ 1964 Election Results
  33. ^ 1966 Election Results
  34. ^ 1968 Election Results
  35. ^ 1970 Election Results
  36. ^ 1972 Election Results
  37. ^ 1974 Election Results
  38. ^ 1976 Election Results
  39. ^ 1978 Election Results
  40. ^ 1980 Election Results
  41. ^ 1982 Election Results
  42. ^ 1984 Election Results
  43. ^ 1986 Election Results
  44. ^ 1988 Election Results
  45. ^ 1990 Election Results
  46. ^ 1992 Election Results
  47. ^ 1994 Election Results
  48. ^ 1996 Election Results
  49. ^ 1998 Election Results
  50. ^ 2000 Election Results
  51. ^ 2002 Election Results
  52. ^ 2004 Election Results
  53. ^ 2006 Election Results
  54. ^ 2008 Election Results
  55. ^ 2010 Election Results
  56. ^ 2012 Election Results
  57. ^ 2014 Election Results
  58. ^ 2016 Election Results

Coordinates: 38°44′36″N 107°20′42″W / 38.74333°N 107.34500°W / 38.74333; -107.34500