U.S. Route 491 (US 491) is a north–south U.S. Highway serving the Four Corners region of the United States. One of the newest designations in the U.S. Highway System, it was created in 2003 as a renumbering of U.S. Route 666 (US 666). With the 666 designation, this road was nicknamed the "Devil's Highway" because of the significance of the number 666 to many Christian denominations, which is the Number of the Beast. This Satanic connotation, combined with a high fatality rate along the New Mexico portion, convinced some people the highway was cursed. The problem was compounded by persistent sign theft. These factors led to two efforts to renumber the highway, first by officials in Arizona, later in New Mexico. There have been safety improvement projects in recent years, and fatality rates have subsequently decreased.
The highway, now a spur route of US 91
via its connection to US 191
, runs through Colorado
, New Mexico, and Utah
, as well as the tribal nations of the Navajo Nation
and Ute Mountain Ute Tribe
. The highway passes by two mountains considered sacred by Native Americans: Ute Mountain
and an extinct volcanic core named Shiprock
. Other features along the route include Mesa Verde National Park
and Dove Creek
, Colorado, the self-proclaimed pinto-bean capital of the world. (Full article...
Minoru Yasui (安井稔, Yasui Minoru, October 19, 1916 – November 12, 1986) was an American lawyer from Oregon. Born in Hood River, Oregon, he earned both an undergraduate degree and his law degree at the University of Oregon. He was one of the few Japanese Americans after the bombing of Pearl Harbor who fought laws that directly targeted Japanese Americans or Japanese immigrants. His case was the first case to test the constitutionality of the curfews targeted at minority groups.
His case would make its way to the United States Supreme Court
, where his conviction for breaking curfew was affirmed. After internment during most of World War II
, he moved to Denver, Colorado
in 1944. In Denver, Yasui married and became a local leader in civic affairs, including leadership positions in the Japanese American Citizens League
. In 1986, his criminal conviction was overturned by the federal court. (Full article...
Henry Moore Teller
Henry Moore Teller
(May 23, 1830 – February 23, 1914) was an American politician from Colorado, serving as a US senator between 1876–1882 and 1885–1909, also serving as Secretary of the Interior
between 1882 and 1885. He strongly opposed the Dawes Act
, intended to break up communal Native American lands and force assimilation of the people, accurately stating that it was directed at forcing the Indians to give up their land so that it could be sold to white settlers. Among his most prominent achievements was authoring the Teller Amendment
which definitively stated that, following the Spanish–American War
, the U.S. would not annex Cuba, rather that the purpose of their involvement would be to help it gain independence from Spain. (Full article...
) (Full article...