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Cory Scott Gardner[1] (born August 22, 1974) is an American politician serving as the junior United States Senator from Colorado since 2015. A Republican, he was the U.S. Representative for Colorado's 4th congressional district from 2011 to 2015 and a member of the Colorado House of Representatives from 2005 to 2011.

Cory Gardner
Cory Gardner official Senate portrait.jpeg
United States Senator
from Colorado
Assumed office
January 3, 2015
Serving with Michael Bennet
Preceded byMark Udall
Chair of the National Republican Senatorial Committee
In office
January 3, 2017 – January 3, 2019
LeaderMitch McConnell
Preceded byRoger Wicker
Succeeded byTodd Young
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Colorado's 4th district
In office
January 3, 2011 – January 3, 2015
Preceded byBetsy Markey
Succeeded byKen Buck
Member of the Colorado House of Representatives
from the 63rd district
In office
June 23, 2005 – January 2, 2011
Preceded byGreg Brophy
Succeeded byJon Becker
Personal details
Born
Cory Scott Gardner

(1974-08-22) August 22, 1974 (age 44)
Yuma, Colorado, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Jaime Gardner
Children3
EducationColorado State University (BA)
University of Colorado, Boulder (JD)
WebsiteSenate website

Gardner announced his candidacy for the U.S. Senate in March 2014, quickly clearing the Republican primary field,[2] and defeated Democratic incumbent Mark Udall in the November 2014 race.[3] Since 2017, Gardner has been chairman of the National Republican Senatorial Committee, ranking him sixth in the Senate Republican leadership. He is currently one of only two Republicans holding statewide elected office in Colorado.[4]

Contents

Early life, education, and early political careerEdit

Gardner was born on August 22, 1974 in Yuma, Colorado,[5] the son of Cindy L. (née Pagel) and John W. Gardner. He is of Irish, German, Austrian, and English descent.[6] He graduated summa cum laude from Colorado State University with a Bachelor of Arts in political science in 1997.[7]

In college, Gardner switched from the Democratic Party to the Republican Party[8] and interned at the Colorado State Capitol.[9] He went to law school at the University of Colorado to earn his Juris Doctor in 2001.[7] Gardner served as General Counsel and Legislative Director for former U.S. Senator Wayne Allard of Colorado from 2002-05.[7][10]

Colorado House of RepresentativesEdit

ElectionsEdit

Gardner was appointed to the Colorado House of Representatives in 2005 and elected to a full term in 2006. He represented District 63 in the Colorado House of Representatives from 2005 through 2011.[10]

TenureEdit

Gardner proposed legislation in 2006 that would set aside money in a rainy-day fund that would help protect the state from future economic downturns. His proposal relied on Referendum C money[clarification needed] for future budget emergencies.[11] He staunchly opposed any tax increases. He helped create the Colorado Clean Energy Development Authority, which issued bonds to finance projects that involve the production, transportation and storage of clean energy until it was repealed in 2012.[12][13]

In June 2006, he called on Republican Governor Bill Owens to call a special session addressing the issue of illegal immigration.[14]

In 2006, Gardner opposed legislation to allow pharmacists to prescribe emergency contraception,[15] and offered an amendment to the budget to prohibit the state Medicaid plan from purchasing Plan B emergency contraception.[16]

In 2007, Gardner voted against a bill requiring hospitals to inform survivors of a sexual assault of the availability of emergency contraception.[17][18]

The Denver Post hailed Gardner as "the GOP Idea Man". He was named one of the Top 40 young Republican lawmakers by the magazine Rising Tide. He became House Minority Whip in January 2007.[19]

Committee assignmentsEdit

  • House Education Committee[20][21]
  • House Agriculture and Natural Resources Committee
  • Legislative Council[22]

U.S. House of RepresentativesEdit

 
Gardner's 112th Congressional session official photo

Bills supportedEdit

S.3595Edit

Student Loan Repayment Acceleration Act[23]

S.3591Edit

Never Forget the Heroes: Permanent Authorization of the September 11th Victim Compensation Fund Act [23]

S.3569Edit

APEX Act[23]

S.3549Edit

Palestinian Partnership Fund Act of 2018[23]

S.3502Edit

AI in Government Act of 2018[23]

ElectionsEdit

2010

Gardner won the Republican primary in the 4th Congressional District to challenge Democratic incumbent Betsy Markey. Also running were American Constitution Party nominee Doug Aden and Independent Ken "Wasko" Waszkiewicz. In an early September poll, Gardner was up 50% to 39% over Markey.[24]

Gardner was named one of the GOP Young Guns. He was endorsed by former U.S. Congressman Tom Tancredo.[25] On November 2, 2010, Gardner defeated Markey, 52%–41%.

2012

Gardner ran unopposed in the Republican primary before going on to defeat Democratic nominee Brandon Shaffer 59%–37% in the general election.[26] He was helped by the 2010 redistricting, which cut Fort Collins and Larimer County out of the district. Fort Collins had long been the 4th's largest city. For years, Larimer and the district's second-largest county, Weld County, home to Greeley, accounted for 85 percent of the district's population even though they only took up 15 percent of its land.

TenureEdit

Energy and environmental issuesEdit

Shortly after taking office, Gardner introduced legislation that would speed up clean-air permits for companies engaged in offshore drilling in Alaska, which he says would create jobs and reduce dependence on foreign oil.[27] The House passed Gardner's bill by a vote of 253 to 166 on June 22, 2011.[28]

On June 6, 2013, Gardner introduced the Reducing Excessive Deadline Obligations Act of 2013 (H.R. 2279; 113th Congress), a bill that would amend the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 and the Solid Waste Disposal Act.[29] The bill would change the frequency of reports from the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) about solid waste regulations.[30] Rather than automatically reviewing the regulations every three years, the EPA would be able to review them on an as needed basis.[31] It would also grant precedence to state requirements for solid waste disposal when creating new federal requirements.[30]

On March 6, 2014, Gardner introduced the Domestic Prosperity and Global Freedom Act (H.R. 6; 113th Congress), a bill that would direct the United States Department of Energy (DOE) to issue a decision on an application for authorization to export natural gas within 90 days after the later of: (1) the end of the comment period for that decision as set forth in the Federal Register, or (2) the date of enactment of this Act.[32]

Economic issuesEdit

In March 2011, Gardner introduced bipartisan legislation that would require congressional committees to hold hearings on programs that are deemed duplicative by a U.S. Government Accountability Office report. Gardner has said he believes such a measure would reduce waste in government.[33][34]

Gardner voted for the Ryan budget plan.[35][36]

On July 10, 2014, Gardner introduced legislation to reform the Earned Income Tax Credit program. The legislation seeks to reduce fraud in the program and dedicate the savings to increasing the credit for working families.[37]

In August 2014, Gardner broke ranks with the Republican Party and voted against a bill that would have dismantled the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals.[38] Gardner has stated that he supports immigration reform in the form of a guest worker program and increased border security.[39]

Health careEdit

In 2011, he voted in support of the "Respect for Rights of Conscience Act", which states that "nothing in the Affordable Care Act shall be construed to authorize a health plan to require a provider to provide, participate in, or refer for a specific item or service contrary to the provider's religious beliefs or moral convictions."[40]

At the end of 2013, Gardner announced that he would introduce a bill to prohibit executives of state healthcare exchanges from getting bonuses.[41]

Social issuesEdit

In 2012, Gardner was one of 33 Republicans to vote for the Senate version of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (VAWA), which re-authorized the bill and expanded protections for Native Americans, immigrants, and gays.[42]

In 2012-13, Gardner co-sponsored personhood legislation titled the "Life Begins at Conception Act".[43] Gardner later said that he changed his mind on personhood, after listening to voters.[44] According to The Denver Post, "Gardner conceded that with his new position on personhood, he might be accused of flip-flopping simply to make himself more palatable to statewide voters."[45] The nonpartisan Factcheck.org said "It would be clearer to say that Gardner supports efforts to ban abortion that could also ban some forms of birth control. As for his change of position, voters in Colorado should know Gardner still supports a federal bill that would prompt the same concerns over birth control as the state measure he says he rejects on the same grounds."[46]

In June 2014, Gardner called for over-the-counter access to oral contraceptives and said the birth control pill would be safer and cheaper if it was available over the counter.[47]

Committee assignmentsEdit

U.S. SenateEdit

Committee assignmentsEdit

 
U.S. Secretary of Defense Ash Carter and Senators Joni Ernst, Daniel Sullivan, John McCain, Tom Cotton, Lindsey Graham, and Cory Gardner attending the 2016 International Institute for Strategic Studies Asia Security Summit in Singapore

Caucus membershipsEdit

ElectionsEdit

2014

Gardner was the Republican nominee for Senate, and defeated incumbent Senator Mark Udall in the general election, 49% to 46%, receiving 965,974 votes to Udall's 916,245.[3][49]

In October 2014, the Denver Post endorsed Gardner, writing that "he has emphasized economic and energy issues (and was, for example, an early supporter among Republicans of renewable energy). ... "his past views on same-sex marriage are becoming irrelevant now that the Supreme Court has let appeals court rulings stand and marriage equality appears unstoppable. And contrary to Udall's tedious refrain, Gardner's election would pose no threat to abortion rights."[50] Former Denver Broncos quarterback John Elway endorsed Gardner.[51]

No Labels performed independent get-out-the-vote efforts on behalf of its Problem Solvers, including Gardner.[52]

TenureEdit

Gardner was ranked the 8th most bipartisan Senator in the first session of the 115th United States Congress by the Bipartisan Index, a metric created by The Lugar Center and Georgetown's McCourt School of Public Policy to assess Congressional bipartisanship.[53] GovTrack noted that of the 157 bills Gardner cosponsored in 2017, 41% were introduced by legislators that were not Republican.[54]

Political positionsEdit

Gun lawEdit

In 2014, the National Rifle Association (NRA) endorsed Gardner and gave him an "A" rating for being "the only candidate in this race who will support the rights of Colorado's law-abiding gun owners and sportsmen," according to the NRA-Political Victory Fund's Chris W. Cox.[55] As of 2017, Gardner has received $3,879,064 in donations from the NRA.[56]

In 2016, Gardner voted against the Feinstein Amendment, which sought to ban gun sales to anyone known or suspected of being a terrorist. He also opposed an amendment making it necessary for background checks to take place for guns bought at gun shows and online.[57]

In response to the 2017 Las Vegas Strip shooting, Gardner requested that the shooting not be "politicized" and offered thoughts and prayers to the victims.[58][59]

EnergyEdit

In December 2018, Gardner and Sen. Michael Bennet introduced several bills to improve security of the country's electric grids. The bills would create a $90 million fund that would be distributed to states to develop energy security plans. The legislation would also require the U.S. Energy Department to identify any vulnerabilities to cyberattacks in the nation’s electrical power grid.[60]

Health careEdit

Gardner was part of the group of 13 Republican Senators drafting the Senate version of the American Health Care Act, which is the GOP legislation to repeal-and-replace the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare).[61] He voted in favor of all variations of AHCA that came up for a vote in the Senate.[62] The New York Times reported that in September 2017, when the GOP made another attempt to pass legislation to repeal the Affordable Care Act, Gardner warned Republican legislators at a closed luncheon that failure to pass any repeal legislation would lead to a backlash by big donors to the Republican, as well as the grassroots.[63]

Immigration and refugeesEdit

Gardner criticized President Donald Trump's 2017 executive order to impose a ban on travel to the U.S. by citizens of seven Muslim-majority countries, saying: "While I am supportive of strengthening our screening processes and securing our borders, a blanket travel ban goes too far. I also believe that lawful residents of the United States should be permitted to enter the country. I urge the Administration to take the appropriate steps to fix this overly broad executive order."[64]

In June 2018, Gardner was one of thirteen Republican senators to sign a letter to Attorney General Jeff Sessions requesting a moratorium on the Trump administration family separation policy while Congress drafted legislation.[65]

Energy and environmental issuesEdit

Gardner has stated that he believes climate change is occurring, but he is unsure whether humans are causing it.[66][67][68] Gardner supports construction of the Keystone Pipeline. He is pro-fracking.[69]

Economic issuesEdit

Gardner signed the Americans for Tax Reform's Taxpayer Protection Pledge.[70] He supports legislation which would require that the US Federal Reserve be audited.[71]

Same-sex marriageEdit

In response to the October 2014 announcement from the U.S. Supreme Court allowing same-sex marriage to become the law in 30 states including Colorado, Gardner reaffirmed his position that marriage should only be between a man and a woman but stated, "This issue is in the hands of the courts and we must honor their legal decisions."[72]

Net neutralityEdit

Gardner is an opponent of the Obama-era FCC policies on net neutrality, referring to the regulations as "brazen abuse of power and overreach".[73] On May 16, Gardner voted against The Congressional Review Act bill to reinstate net neutrality.[74][75]

CannabisEdit

Gardner cosponsored with Massachusetts Senator Elizabeth Warren the bipartisan STATES Act proposed in the 115th U.S. Congress that would exempt individuals or corporations in compliance with state cannabis laws from federal enforcement of the Controlled Substances Act.[76]

Foreign policyEdit

In April 2018, Gardner was one of eight Republican senators to sign a letter to United States Secretary of the Treasury Steve Mnuchin and acting Secretary of State John Sullivan expressing "deep concern" over a United Nations report that exposed "North Korean sanctions evasion involving Russia and China", asserting that the findings "demonstrate an elaborate and alarming military-venture between rogue, tyrannical states to avoid United States and international sanctions and inflict terror and death upon thousands of innocent people", and calling it "imperative that the United States provides a swift and appropriate response to the continued use of chemical weapons used by President Assad and his forces, and works to address the shortcomings in sanctions enforcement."[77]

In September 2018, Gardner was one of five senators to sign a letter to United States Secretary of State Mike Pompeo urging him to employ more multifactor authentication measures to secure the State Department's information systems and seeking answers on how the department would boost its security following the Office of Management and Budget's designation of the department's cyber-readiness as "high risk", what the department would do to address the lack of multifactor authentication required by law, and statistics on the department's cyber incidents over the last three years.[78]

In January 2019, Gardner joined Marco Rubio, Jim Risch, and Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell in introducing legislation that would impose sanctions on the government of President of Syria Bashar al-Assad and bolster American cooperation with Israel and Jordan.[79]

In January 2019, Gardner was one of 11 Republican senators to vote to advance legislation intended to prevent President Trump from lifting sanctions against three Russian companies.[80]

TradeEdit

In January 2018, Gardner spearheaded a letter signed by himself and 35 fellow Republican senators to President Trump requesting he preserve the North American Free Trade Agreement by modernizing it for the economy of the 21st century and offering their assistance.[81]

Electoral historyEdit

Colorado District 63 election, 2006[82]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Cory Gardner 15,736 73%
Democratic Pauline Artery 5,732 27%
Colorado District 63 election, 2008[83]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Cory Gardner*
Colorado's 4th Congressional District election, 2010
Party Candidate Votes % +%
Republican Cory Gardner 138,634 52%
Democratic Betsy Markey* 109,249 41%
Constitution Doug Aden 12,312 5%
Independent Ken "Wasko" Waskiewicz 3,986 2%
Colorado's 4th Congressional District election, 2012
Party Candidate Votes % +%
Republican Cory Gardner* 200,006 58%
Democratic Brandon Shaffer 125,800 37%
Libertarian Josh Gilliland 10,682 3%
Constitution Doug Aden 5,848 2%
U.S. Senate election in Colorado, 2014
Party Candidate Votes % +%
Republican Cory Gardner 983,891 48%
Democratic Mark Udall* 944,203 46%
Libertarian Gaylon Kent 52,876 3%
Independent Steve Shogan 29,472 1%
Independent Raul Acosta 24,151 1%
Unity Bill Hammons 6,427 0%
Independent (Write-in) Willoughby 21 0%
Republican (Write-in) Kathleen Cunningham 17 0%

ReferencesEdit

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  63. ^ Hulse, Carl (September 22, 2017). "Behind New Obamacare Repeal Vote: 'Furious' G.O.P. Donors". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 23, 2017.
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  69. ^ Restuccia, Andrew. "Keystone and the Udall-Gardner race". Politico. Retrieved September 5, 2014.
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  72. ^ Stokols, Eli. Gardner: 'My views on marriage have long been clear’, kdvr.com; retrieved October 7, 2014.
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External linksEdit

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Betsy Markey
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Colorado's 4th congressional district

2011–2015
Succeeded by
Ken Buck
Party political offices
Preceded by
Bob Schaffer
Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Colorado
(Class 2)

2014
Most recent
Preceded by
Roger Wicker
Chair of the National Republican Senatorial Committee
2017–2019
Succeeded by
Todd Young
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Mark Udall
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Colorado
2015–present
Served alongside: Michael Bennet
Incumbent
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Bill Cassidy
United States Senators by seniority
72nd
Succeeded by
James Lankford