Michael Richard Pompeo (//; born December 30, 1963) is an American politician and attorney who, since April 2018, has served as the 70th United States secretary of state. He is a former United States Army officer and was director of the Central Intelligence Agency from January 2017 until April 2018.
|70th United States Secretary of State|
|Assumed office |
April 26, 2018
|Preceded by||Rex Tillerson|
|6th Director of the Central Intelligence Agency|
January 23, 2017 – April 26, 2018
|Preceded by||John O. Brennan|
|Succeeded by||Gina Haspel|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Kansas's 4th district
January 3, 2011 – January 23, 2017
|Preceded by||Todd Tiahrt|
|Succeeded by||Ron Estes|
Michael Richard Pompeo
December 30, 1963
Orange, California, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Leslie Libert (divorced)|
|Education||U.S. Military Academy (BS)|
Harvard University (JD)
|Net worth||$345,000 (2014)|
|Branch/service||United States Army|
|Years of service||1986–1991|
Pompeo was a member of the United States House of Representatives from 2011 to 2017, representing Kansas's 4th congressional district. He was a Kansas representative on the Republican National Committee and member of the Italian American Congressional Delegation. Pompeo is also a member of the Tea Party movement within the Republican Party.
President Donald Trump nominated Pompeo as secretary of state in March 2018, with Pompeo succeeding Rex Tillerson after his dismissal. Pompeo was confirmed by the Senate on April 26, 2018, in a 57–42 vote and was sworn in the same day.
- 1 Education and early career
- 2 Business career
- 3 U.S. House of Representatives (2011–2017)
- 4 CIA Director (2017–2018)
- 5 Secretary of State (2018–present)
- 6 Potential 2020 U.S. Senate bid
- 7 Political positions
- 8 Personal life
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Education and early career
Pompeo was born in Orange, California, the son of Dorothy (née Mercer) and Wayne Pompeo. His father is of Italian ancestry; his paternal great-grandparents, Carlo Pompeo and Adelina Tollis were born in Pacentro, Abruzzo, and emigrated to the United States in 1899 & 1900 respectively. In 1982, Pompeo graduated from Los Amigos High School in Fountain Valley, California, where he played forward on the basketball team. In 1986, Pompeo graduated first in his class from the United States Military Academy at West Point, where he majored in engineering management.
From 1986 to 1991, Pompeo served in the U.S. Army as an armor officer with the West Germany-based 2nd Squadron, 7th Cavalry in the 4th Infantry Division. He served as a tank platoon leader before becoming a cavalry troop executive officer and then the squadron maintenance officer. Pompeo left the U.S. Army at the rank of captain.
In 1994, Pompeo received a Juris Doctor degree from Harvard Law School, where he served as one of 78 editors of the Harvard Journal of Law & Public Policy, and on the 81-member board of editors of the Harvard Law Review. After graduating, he worked as a lawyer for the law firm Williams & Connolly in Washington.
In 1998, Pompeo moved to Wichita, Kansas, where he and three other West Point friends, Brian Bulatao, Ulrich Brechbuhl, and Michael Stradinger, acquired three aircraft-part manufacturers there (Aero Machine, Precision Profiling, B&B Machine) and in St. Louis (Advance Tool & Die), renaming the entity Thayer Aerospace after West Point superintendent Sylvanus Thayer. Venture funding for the private organization included a 2% investment from Koch Industries as well as Dallas-based Cardinal Investment, and Bain & Company (Brechbuhl worked for Bain at the time). Brechbuhl and Stradinger left the company shortly after it was founded, but Pompeo and Bulatao continued.
In 2006, he sold his interest in Nex-Tech Aerospace (formerly known as Thayer Aerospace) to Highland Capital Management, which had clients including Lockheed Martin, Gulfstream Aerospace, Cessna Aircraft, Boeing, Spirit AeroSystems and Raytheon Aircraft. Pompeo then became president of Sentry International, an oilfield equipment manufacturer that was also a partner of Koch Industries.
U.S. House of Representatives (2011–2017)
Pompeo won the 2010 Kansas Republican primary for the 4th District congressional seat with 39% of the vote, defeating state senator Jean Schodorf (who received 24%), Wichita businessman Wink Hartman (who received 23%), and small business owner Jim Anderson (who received 13%). State senator Dick Kelsey also ran for the nomination, but ended his campaign before the August primary and endorsed Pompeo. Late in the primary, Schodorf began to surge in the polls, prompting two outside groups—Common Sense Issues and Americans for Prosperity—to spend tens of thousands of dollars in the campaign's final days to attack Schodorf and support Pompeo.
In the general election, Pompeo defeated Democratic nominee Raj Goyle, a member of the Kansas House of Representatives. Pompeo received 59% of the vote (117,171 votes) to 36% for Goyle (71,866). During Pompeo's campaign, its affiliated Twitter account shared, then deleted, a link to an article calling Rep Raj Goyle, his Cleveland, Ohio-born, Indian-American opponent a "turban topper" who "could be a muslim, a hindu, a buddhist etc who knows". The tweet, recommending the piece as a "good read", led to an apology from Pompeo. Pompeo received $80,000 in donations during the campaign from Koch Industries and its employees.
Pompeo won the general election, defeating Democrat Perry Schuckman with 66.7% of the vote.
Pompeo beat Democrat Daniel B. Giroux in the general election with 60.6% of the vote.
Pompeo served on the United States House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence and United States House Committee on Energy and Commerce and on the following three subcommittees: the United States House Energy Subcommittee on Digital Commerce and Consumer Protection, the United States House Energy Subcommittee on Energy, and the United States House Intelligence Subcommittee on the CIA. He was also on the United States House Select Committee on Benghazi.
CIA Director (2017–2018)
On November 18, 2016, President-elect Donald Trump announced that he would nominate Pompeo to be the director of the Central Intelligence Agency. He was confirmed by the Senate on January 23, 2017, with a vote of 66–32, and sworn in later that day.
In February 2017, Pompeo traveled to Turkey and Saudi Arabia. He met with Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdoğan to discuss policy on Syria and ISIL. Pompeo honored the then–crown prince of Saudi Arabia Muhammad bin Nayef with the CIA's "George Tenet" Medal. It was the first reaffirmation of Saudi Arabia–United States relations since Trump took office in January 2017. In March 2017, Pompeo formally invoked state secrets privilege to prevent CIA officers, including Gina Haspel and James Cotsana, from being compelled to testify in the trial of Bruce Jessen and James Elmer Mitchell.
In August 2017, Pompeo took direct command of the Counterintelligence Mission Center, the department which helped to launch an investigation into possible links between Trump associates and Russian officials. Former CIA directors[who?] expressed concern since Pompeo is known to be an ally of Trump.
Pompeo usually personally delivered the president's daily brief in the Oval Office. At Trump's request, Pompeo met with former NSA official William E. Binney to discuss his doubts of Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections.
On April 15, 2019, Pompeo participated in a Q&A discussion at Texas A&M University, where he admitted: "I was the CIA director. We lied, we cheated, we stole. It was like we had entire training courses."
Secretary of State (2018–present)
Nomination and confirmation
On April 23, the Senate Foreign Relations Committee voted 11-9 in favor of sending Pompeo's nomination to the full Senate, with Senator Chris Coons voting "present" and Johnny Isakson, who was absent that day, voting "yes by proxy". In the interest of saving the committee's time, Coons decided to vote "present", as the vote would have been tied if he had voted no on the nomination with Isakson absent, a situation that would have nullified his vote. The Senate floor vote took place on April 26 and Pompeo was confirmed by the full Senate by a 57–42 vote, with several Democratic senators running for reelection in 2018 in states that Trump won in 2016, voting to confirm Pompeo.
|Voting body||Vote date||Vote results|
|Senate Committee on Foreign Relations||April 12, 2018||11–9|
|Full Senate||April 23, 2018||57–42|
Pompeo played a major part in the negotiations leading to the 2018 North Korea–United States Summit, and attended the summit at Singapore on June 12, 2018. Following the summit he led the US party in further negotiations between the sides leading to the return of the remains of US soldiers from Korea and has held several meetings with high ranking North Koreans including the North Korean leader Kim Jong-un in Pyongyang.
In August 2018, Pompeo thanked Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman "for Saudi Arabia's support for northeast Syria's urgent stabilization needs". Pompeo and Crown Prince also discussed the situation in war-torn Yemen.
Pompeo condemned the military crackdown by the Myanmar Army and police on Rohingya Muslims. In July 2018, Pompeo raised the issue of Xinjiang re-education camps and human rights abuses against the Uyghur Muslim minority in China. Pompeo criticized Iran’s supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei for his refusal to condemn the Chinese government’s repressions against the Uyghurs.
On October 10, 2018, Pompeo said that Israel "is everything we want the entire Middle East to look like going forward" and that the Israel–United States relations are "stronger than ever". In March 2019, when questioned regarding Israel's conflicts with Iran and following a visit to the Western Wall with Israeli prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu, Pompeo spoke to "the work that our administration's done to make sure that this democracy in the Middle East, that this Jewish state, remains...I am confident that the Lord is at work here."
On November 16, 2018, a CIA assessment was leaked to the media that with "high confidence" Saudi Arabia's crown prince Mohammad bin Salman ordered the assassination of Washington Post columnist Jamal Khashoggi. Under mounting pressure from lawmakers who wanted action against Saudi Arabia, Pompeo disputed the CIA's conclusion and declared there was no direct evidence linking the Crown Prince to the Khashoggi's assassination.
On January 7, 2019, Pompeo began a diplomatic tour of the middle east to assure regional U.S. partners that, amid the sudden withdrawal of U.S. troops from Syria, the U.S. mission to degrade and destroy the Islamic State and to counter Iranian influence in the region had not changed. The trip included stops in Jordan, Iraq, Egypt, and the Gulf nations. During the tour the secretary upheld America's alliance with the Arab States and Israel, commended the successful fight against ISIS and radical Islamic terrorists and countered Iranian influence in the region.
Pompeo announced on January 23, 2019, that Juan Guaidó would be recognized by the U.S. as the legitimate interim president of Venezuela, and that American diplomats in Caracas would remain at their posts, even as Nicolás Maduro gave them 3 days to evacuate the country upon Guaidó proclaiming himself President. After protests for over "homophobic, racist and misogynist remarks" by Brazilian president Jair Bolsonaro, a ceremony hosted by the Brazilian-American Chamber of Commerce was cancelled. It was set to award Pompeo and Bolsonaro for "fostering closer commercial and diplomatic ties between Brazil and the United States".
In rejecting a claimed double standard in recognizing Israel's annexation of the Golan Heights but placing sanctions on Russia for annexing Crimea in 2014, Pompeo said "What the President did with the Golan Heights is recognize the reality on the ground and the security situation necessary for the protection of the Israeli state."
In May 2019, Pompeo met Russian president Vladimir Putin and warned Russia not to interfere in the 2020 United States presidential election.
Pompeo and Ukraine controversy
U.S. officials said Pompeo was present on the controversial call made by President Trump on July 25, 2019, to Ukraine's President Volodymyr Zelenskiy, in which the president solicited assistance in investigating the son of former Vice President and presidential candidate Joseph Biden. The Wall Street Journal had reported on September 30, 2019, that Pompeo, though he had claimed to have little knowledge of Trump's call with Zelenskiy prior to the disclosure of his own presence on the call, said at the time that he had not yet read the transcript of the call.
Pompeo informed the chairmen of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, the House Intelligence Committee, and the House Oversight Committee that their subpoenas for documents regarding President Trump's communications with the government of Ukraine, "can be understood only as an attempt to 'intimidate, bully, and treat improperly, the distinguished professionals of the Department of State'." “Any effort to intimidate witnesses or prevent them from talking with Congress – including State Department employees – is illegal and will constitute evidence of obstruction of the impeachment inquiry," the three chairmen said in a statement on October 1, 2019.
Potential 2020 U.S. Senate bid
Following an announcement that U.S. Senator Pat Roberts, a four-term Republican, would not seek re-election in 2020, there was speculation that Pompeo would run for U.S. Senate from Kansas. He still had almost one million dollars in his congressional campaign account as of June 2019, which could be used in a senate bid. In March 2019, Pompeo stated that he had ruled out a 2020 Senate run. However, he implied an openness to seeking statewide office in the future. In July 2019, Pompeo "appeared to re-open the door to a Kansas Senate run, telling a Kansas City radio station that he will 'always leave open the possibility that something will change'". Senate majority leader Mitch McConnell has expressed a desire for Pompeo to enter the race. On July 29, Pompeo indicated that a 2020 Senate run was "off the table". Nevertheless, speculation continued to swirl in August 2019 regarding a potential Senate run. The speculation was driven by concern that Kris Kobach, who lost the 2018 Kansas gubernatorial race, could become the GOP candidate for U.S. Senate if Pompeo does not run. Specifically, some Republicans feared that Kobach would "again tap a conservative base, emerge from a crowded primary, alienate moderate voters and lose an otherwise safe seat that Republicans likely need to maintain their narrow Senate majority". Several other Republican candidates, including state senate president Susan Wagle, Congressman Roger Marshall, and former Trump, Pompeo, and Koch network staffer Alan Cobb, in 2019 the CEO and President of the Kansas Chamber of Commerce, have stated that they would step aside if Pompeo entered the race.
Pompeo and the Heritage Foundation
In a talk at The Heritage Foundation on May 21, 2018, entitled, "After the Deal: The New Iran Strategy", Pompeo said: "First as a private citizen and then as a member of Congress, and even today, the Heritage Foundation has shaped my thinking on matters of the world and public policy issues".
Military and national security
Military positions: 2013–2015
In a 2013 speech on the House floor, Pompeo said Muslim leaders who fail to denounce acts of terrorism done in the name of Islam are "potentially complicit" in the attacks. The Council on American–Islamic Relations called on him to revise his remarks, calling them "false and irresponsible". In 2016, ACT! for America gave Pompeo a "national security eagle award" for his comments on Islam. Pompeo has been a frequent guest on Frank Gaffney's radio show for the Center for Security Policy. As a congressman, he cosponsored legislation to add the Muslim Brotherhood to the United States State Department list of Foreign Terrorist Organizations.
Pompeo opposes closing Guantanamo Bay detention camp. After a 2013 visit to the prison, he said, of the prisoners who were on hunger strike, "It looked to me like a lot of them had put on weight." He criticized the Obama administration's decision to end secret prisons and its requirement that all interrogators adhere to anti-torture laws.
In March 2014, he denounced the inclusion of a telecast by Edward Snowden at the South by Southwest conference in Austin, Texas, and asked that it be canceled, predicting that it would encourage "lawless behavior" among attendees. In February 2016, Pompeo said Snowden "should be brought back from Russia and given due process, and I think the proper outcome would be that he would be given a death sentence". But he has spoken in favor of reforming the Federal Records Act, one of the laws under which Snowden was charged, saying, "I'm not sure there's a whole lot of change that needs to happen to the Espionage Act. The Federal Records Act clearly needs updating to reflect the different ways information is communicated and stored. Given the move in technology and communication methods, I think it's probably due for an update."
On July 21, 2015, Pompeo and Senator Tom Cotton alleged the existence of secret side agreements between Iran and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) on procedures for inspection and verification of Iran's nuclear activities under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action. Obama administration officials acknowledged the existence of agreements between Iran and the IAEA governing the inspection of sensitive military sites but denied that they were "secret side deals", calling them standard practice in crafting arms-control pacts and saying the administration had provided information about them to Congress.
In November 2015, Pompeo visited Israel and said that "Prime Minister [Benjamin] Netanyahu is a true partner of the American people" and that "Netanyahu's efforts to prevent Iran from obtaining nuclear weapons are incredibly admirable and deeply appreciated". He also said, "In the fight against terrorism, cooperation between Israel and the United States has never been more important", and "[w]e must stand with our ally Israel and put a stop to terrorism. Ongoing attacks by the Palestinians serve only to distance the prospect of peace". He supported Trump's 2017 decision to move America's embassy in Israel to Jerusalem.
Military positions: 2016 to present
In 2016 Pompeo stated, "Congress should pass a law re-establishing collection of all metadata, and combining it with publicly available financial and lifestyle information into a comprehensive, searchable database. Legal and bureaucratic impediments to surveillance should be removed. That includes Presidential Policy Directive-28, which bestows privacy rights on foreigners and imposes burdensome requirements to justify data collection."
On March 5, 2016, at the Republican caucus in Wichita Pompeo addressed the issue of an authoritarian president who ignored the constitution and noted that military personnel take an oath to defend the constitution rather than swearing allegiance to a president.
In 2017, Pompeo worked to undermine the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action nuclear deal with Iran that was negotiated by the Obama administration, saying, "I look forward to rolling back this disastrous deal with the world's largest state sponsor of terrorism." He also said that a better option than negotiating with Iran would be to use "under 2,000 sorties to destroy the Iranian nuclear capacity. This is not an insurmountable task for the coalition forces."
In 2017, it was reported that Pompeo expressed desire for regime change in North Korea. In July 2017, he said "It would be a great thing to denuclearize the peninsula, to get those weapons off of that, but the thing that is most dangerous about it is the character who holds the control over them today."
In an April 2017 speech addressing the Center for Strategic and International Studies, Pompeo called WikiLeaks "a non-state hostile intelligence service" and described the organization's founder Julian Assange as a "narcissist", as well as "a fraud — a coward hiding behind a screen".
During his confirmation hearing, Pompeo said that Russia "has reasserted itself aggressively, invading and occupying Ukraine, threatening Europe, and doing nearly nothing to aid in the destruction and defeat of ISIS".
In September 2018, Pompeo "backed continued U.S. military support for Saudi Arabia's war in Yemen over the objections of staff members after being warned that a cutoff could jeopardize $2 billion in weapons sales to America's Gulf allies, according to a classified memo and people familiar with the decision".
In November 2018, Pompeo blamed Iran for the humanitarian crisis in Yemen, saying that "Iran causes death and destruction inside of Yemen and does nothing to prevent the starvation," while Saudi Arabia "have provided millions and millions of dollars of humanitarian relief" for Yemen.
Energy and environment
Speaking about climate change in 2013, Pompeo said: "There are scientists who think lots of different things about climate change. There's some who think we're warming, there's some who think we're cooling, there's some who think that the last 16 years have shown a pretty stable climate environment." He has said, "Federal policy should be about the American family, not worshipping a radical environmental agenda." In 2009 Pompeo signed the No Climate Tax pledge of Americans for Prosperity. He called the Obama administration's environment and climate change plans "damaging" and "radical". In 2012 he called for the permanent elimination of wind power production tax credits, calling them an "enormous government handout".
In 2015, Pompeo opposed the regulation of greenhouse gas emissions by the United States and supported eliminating the United States federal register of greenhouse gas emissions. As a member of the United States House Committee on Energy and Commerce, he voted for two resolutions disapproving of the Clean Power Plan implemented by the United States Environmental Protection Agency during the Obama administration.
In May 2019, Pompeo acted against environmental protection at the Arctic Council. He refused to sign on to a joint statement addressing the need for protection of the Arctic region from the threat of rapidly melting ice unless all mentions of climate change were removed from the document. He stated "climate change is actually good for the Arctic, since melting ice caps are 'opening up new shipping routes' and thus making it more economically viable to expand oil drilling in the region."
Pompeo has stated that life begins at conception and believes that abortions should be allowed only when necessary to save the life of the mother, with no exceptions for rape. In 2011, he voted for the No Taxpayer Funding for Abortion Act, which would have banned federal health coverage that includes abortion. On May 31, 2011, he voted for H.R.2059 11-HR2059, which eliminated funding for the United Nations Population Fund.
Pompeo supported the United States federal government shutdown of 2013, blaming President Obama. He said that he believed the shutdown was necessary to avoid an "American financial collapse 10 years from now".
Pompeo opposes requiring food suppliers to label food made with genetically modified organisms. He introduced the Safe and Accurate Food Labeling Act of 2015 to block states from requiring mandatory GMO food labeling.
In 2014, Pompeo told a church group that Christians needed to "know that Jesus Christ as our savior is truly the only solution for our world". In 2015 in a talk at a church, Pompeo said that "politics is a never-ending struggle ... until the Rapture."
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- Highlights of the Speech of Secretary of State Mike Pompeo on Iran at the Heritage Foundation plus Index and Transcript
- Lefler, Dion (November 4, 2013). "NSA is doing 'important work', Pompeo tells Wichita State students". The Wichita Eagle. Archived from the original on April 13, 2014.
- Kasperowicz, Pete (June 11, 2013). "GOP lawmaker: US Muslim leaders 'complicit' in terrorist attacks". The Hill.
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- H.R. 3892, 114th Cong. (2015).
- "Senate debates Guantánamo in first hearing on closing prison since 2009". The Guardian. London, England: Guardian Media Group. Associated Press. July 24, 2014.
- "GOP Rep: 'No crisis' at Gitmo, detainees 'have put on weight'". MSNBC. May 26, 2013.
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- Kasperowicz, Pete (February 11, 2016). "Lawmaker: 'Traitor' Snowden deserves death penalty". Washington Examiner.
- Takala, Rudy (June 20, 2016). "Hillary Clinton's tech failings could ripple through records rules". Washington Examiner.
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- Pompeo, Mike; Rivkin Jr., David B. (January 3, 2016). "Time for a Rigorous National Debate About Surveillance". The Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660.(subscription required)
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- Watkins, Eli (July 21, 2017). "CIA chief signals desire for regime change in North Korea". CNN.
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- "Director Pompeo Delivers Remarks at CSIS". CIA. April 13, 2017. Retrieved April 13, 2019.
- "Trump's CIA Pick: Russia 'Threatening Europe,' Failing To Destroy Islamic State". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Retrieved March 13, 2018.
- "Pompeo Calls On Russia To Free Hunger-Striking Sentsov". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. August 23, 2018.
- Nissenbaum, Dion (September 20, 2018). "Top U.S. Diplomat Backed Continuing Support for Saudi War in Yemen Over Objections of Staff". The Wall Street Journal.
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- "Pledge Takers". NoClimateTax.com. Americans for Prosperity.
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- Levitz, Eric. "Trump Thwarts GOP Plot to Pretend His Climate Agenda Isn't Idiotic". New York Intelligencer. Retrieved June 3, 2019.
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- Fang, Lee (October 15, 2013). "GOP Congressman Explains Why He Wants to Defund a Health Program He Supports". The Nation.
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- Prohibiting forced abortions by UN Population Fund On the issues. Retrieved October 6, 2019.
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- "Eastminster church decides to break from denomination". kansas. Retrieved March 13, 2018.
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mike Pompeo.|
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|Wikisource has original works written by or about:|
Michael Richard Pompeo
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Maplight Campaign Contributions
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Kansas's 4th congressional district
John O. Brennan
| Director of the Central Intelligence Agency
| United States Secretary of State
|U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)|
Ambassadors from the United States to international organizations
| Order of precedence of the United States
as Secretary of State
Ambassador to the United States
|U.S. presidential line of succession|
as President pro tempore of the U.S. Senate
| United States presidential succession
4th in line
as Secretary of State
as Secretary of the Treasury