Spirit AeroSystems, Inc. ("Spirit"), based in Wichita, Kansas, is the world's largest first-tier aerostructures manufacturer. The company builds several important pieces of Boeing aircraft, including the fuselage of the 737, portions of the 787 fuselage, and the cockpit section of the fuselage (referred to as "Section 41" by Boeing) of nearly all of its airliners. Spirit also produces fuselage sections and front wing spars for the Airbus A350. Spirit's main competition comes from Triumph Aerostructures - Vought Aircraft Division, UTC Aerospace Systems, Leonardo, and Kawasaki Heavy Industries.
|Traded as||NYSE: SPR (Class A)|
Russell 1000 Component
|Industry||Aerospace and defense|
|Headquarters||Wichita, Kansas, United States|
|Tom Gentile, CEO|
Jose Garcia, CFO
Samantha Marnick, CAO
|Revenue||$6.8 billion (2016)|
Number of employees
Spirit was formed when Boeing Commercial Airplanes sold its Wichita division to investment firm Onex. Boeing Defense, Space & Security retained its military business in Wichita, which lay on neighboring land, until Boeing sold most of those properties to Air Capital Flight Line. The Wichita division was responsible for construction of many important aircraft in Boeing's history, including the B-29 Superfortress, B-47 Stratojet, and B-52 Stratofortress. Spirit can trace its legacy back even further to Stearman Aircraft, which was founded on the same site; Stearman later became part of Boeing. Spirit also includes North American Aviation's former Tulsa and McAlester facilities (both in Oklahoma), as well as additional facilities in Kinston, NC, Prestwick, Scotland, Saint-Nazaire, France, and Subang, Malaysia.
In June 2016, it was announced that Tom Gentile was named CEO, replacing Larry Lawson.
On January 31, 2006, BAE Systems announced it had agreed to sell its aerostructures business, based at Glasgow Prestwick Airport and Samlesbury Aerodrome, to Spirit. The BAE unit, which was renamed Spirit AeroSystems (Europe) Ltd., is a major supplier to Raytheon (5%), Airbus (80%), and Boeing (15%). The transaction was completed on April 1, 2006. Spirit paid GBP 80 million for the business.
On October 31, 2019, Spirit acquired Bombardier Aviation's aerostructures activities and aftermarket services operations in Northern Ireland and Morocco, and its aerostructures maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO) facility in Dallas. The deal is expected to close in the first half of 2020 subject to regulatory approval. The deal gives Spirit a bigger place in Airbus' supply chain, in particular with the wings for the Airbus A220 that are produced in the Belfast plant.
In 2010, 96% of Spirit's revenue came from its two largest customers: 85% of sales were from Boeing, 11% from Airbus. In 2009 these two customers represented 96% of sales for Spirit as well.
After planning to take Spirit public, at initial public offering on November 21, 2006, the firm's stock rose 10% on the first day. In November 2006, Onex owned 58% of Spirit, which resulted in 92% of voting power, as its shares conferred "supervoting" power. The chief architect of the Onex purchase of Spirit was Nigel S. Wright, who was later Chief of Staff for the Canadian Prime Minister until his resignation as part of an expense scandal. In August 2014 the Onex Group sold all of its remaining shares of Spirit. Over the course of the nine-year investment, the Onex Group received aggregate proceeds of approximately $3.2 billion on its initial $375 million investment.
- Wichita, Kansas (Headquarters, ex-Stearman/Boeing)
- McAlester, Oklahoma (ex-North American/Rockwell/Boeing)
- Tulsa, Oklahoma (ex-North American/Rockwell/Boeing)
- Samlesbury, England, United Kingdom (Small office on a BAE Systems site)
- Prestwick, Scotland, United Kingdom (ex-Scottish Aviation/BAe/BAE)
- Subang, Malaysia (Manufacturing Plant)
- Kinston, North Carolina (Manufacturing Plant, Global TransPark)
- Saint-Nazaire, France (Manufacturing Plant)
- Moscow, Russia (Joint Venture)
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- "History : Triumph Aerostructures - Vought Aircraft Division". Triumph Group, Inc. 2010. Archived from the original on 2011-01-14. Retrieved 2015-08-18.
- Johnsson, Julie. "Largest Boeing supplier selects a new CEO". The Salt Lake Tribune. The Salt Lake Tribune. Retrieved 10 June 2016.
- "Onex' Spirit AeroSystems To Acquire BAE Systems Aerostructures." Official press release.
- "Spirit AeroSystems Completes Purchase of BAE Systems Aerostructures Unit". Archived from the original on 2013-10-16.
- "Bombardier Announces Definitive Agreement to Sell Aerostructures Business to Spirit AeroSystems Holding, Inc. - Bombardier". www.bombardier.com (Press release). October 31, 2019.
- Campbell, John (October 31, 2019). "Bombardier NI operations sold to US firm". BBC News.
- "Spirit AeroSystems Planning Initial Public Offering." The Wall Street Journal. June 30, 2006.
- "UPDATE: Spirit Aero, AerCap Lift Off Post-IPO >SPR AER." The Wall Street Journal. November 21, 2006.
- "Onex Sells Remaining Stake in Spirit AeroSystems - Yahoo Finance". Retrieved 2016-02-03.
- "Richard A. Gephardt Joins Onex Team", Spirit Aero news release 2005-04-29 (PDF)
- "Spirit AeroSystems Holdings Inc (SPR) People". Retrieved 2016-02-03.