List of people who have held multiple United States Cabinet-level positions

The Cabinet of the United States has had numerous officers serving as secretaries of multiple United States federal executive departments or other Cabinet-level positions. The vice president historically is also part of the presidential cabinet, ready to assume the Presidency should the need arise. The president may additionally designate or remove heads of other agencies as Cabinet-rank members of the Cabinet.

Edmund Randolph (left) and Patricia Roberts Harris (right) are, respectively, the first person ever and the first woman to serve in a multiple Cabinet positions.

Unlike in many parliamentary cabinets, it is generally less common in the U.S. for a cabinet official to hold multiple cabinet-level positions over the years.

Edmund Randolph was the first person to serve multiple posts in the Cabinet; he was appointed attorney general in 1789 and secretary of state in 1794 by President George Washington. Randolph became the first person to hold two different Cabinet positions during a single administration. Samuel Dexter was the first person to serve multiple posts in the Cabinet under separate administrations. He was appointed by President John Adams as secretary of war in 1800 and secretary of the treasury in 1801, remaining in office briefly after Thomas Jefferson—Adams' successor assumed presidency. Patricia Roberts Harris was the first woman and first person of color to serve multiple posts in the Cabinet, as well as first female to hold two different Cabinet positions during a single administration. She was appointed by President Jimmy Carter as secretary of housing and urban development in 1977 and served as secretary of health, education, and welfare in 1979 before the department split; the position was renamed in 1980 as secretary of health and human services when its education functions were transferred under the supervision of the newly established secretary of education. Elizabeth Dole became the first woman who have served in two different Cabinet posts for two different administrations. She was appointed by President Ronald Reagan as secretary of transportation in 1983 and was secretary of labor in 1989 during the tenure of George H. W. Bush—Reagan's successor.

List of multiple cabinet-level officeholdersEdit

The following list includes people who have lead two or more different executive departments or other Cabinet-level posts. The table below is organized by date of second appointment or election to such a position.

Name Offices Year
Edmund Randolph Attorney General 1794
Secretary of State
Timothy Pickering Secretary of War 1795
Secretary of State
Samuel Dexter Secretary of War 1801
Secretary of the Treasury
Robert Smith Secretary of the Navy 1809
Secretary of State
James Monroe Secretary of State 1814
Secretary of War
William H. Crawford Secretary of War 1816
Secretary of the Treasury
Richard Rush Attorney General 1825
Secretary of the Treasury
Louis McLane Secretary of the Treasury 1833
Secretary of State
Roger B. Taney Attorney General 1833
Secretary of the Treasury
Levi Woodbury Secretary of the Navy 1834
Secretary of the Treasury
Abel P. Upshur Secretary of the Navy 1843
Secretary of State
John C. Calhoun Secretary of War 1844
Secretary of State
John Y. Mason Secretary of the Navy 1845
Attorney General
Thomas Ewing Secretary of the Treasury 1849
Secretary of the Interior
William L. Marcy Secretary of War 1853
Secretary of State
Lewis Cass Secretary of War 1857
Secretary of State
Isaac Toucey Attorney General 1857
Secretary of the Navy
Jeremiah S. Black Attorney General 1860
Secretary of State
Joseph Holt Postmaster General 1861
Secretary of War
Edwin Stanton Attorney General 1862
Secretary of War
Alphonso Taft Secretary of War 1876
Attorney General
William M. Evarts Attorney General 1877
Secretary of State
Walter Q. Gresham Postmaster General 1884
Secretary of the Treasury
Secretary of State
William Freeman Vilas Postmaster General 1888
Secretary of the Interior
Richard Olney Attorney General 1895
Secretary of State
John Sherman Secretary of the Treasury 1897
Secretary of State
William Henry Moody Secretary of the Navy 1904
Attorney General
Elihu Root Secretary of War 1905
Secretary of State
Charles Joseph Bonaparte Secretary of the Navy 1906
Attorney General
Victor H. Metcalf Secretary of Commerce and Labor 1906
Secretary of the Navy
George B. Cortelyou Secretary of Commerce and Labor 1907
Secretary of the Treasury
Philander C. Knox Attorney General 1909
Secretary of State
George von Lengerke Meyer Postmaster General 1909
Secretary of the Navy
David F. Houston Secretary of Agriculture 1920
Secretary of the Treasury
Hubert Work Postmaster General 1923
Secretary of the Interior
Henry L. Stimson Secretary of War 1929
Secretary of State
Henry A. Wallace Secretary of Agriculture 1941
Vice President
Secretary of Commerce
James Forrestal Secretary of the Navy 1947
Secretary of Defense
George Marshall Secretary of State 1950
Secretary of Defense
Arthur Goldberg Secretary of Labor 1965
Ambassador to the United Nations
Maurice Stans Director of the Bureau of the Budget 1969
Secretary of Commerce
William P. Rogers Attorney General 1969
Secretary of State
Robert Finch Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare 1970
Counselor to the President
George Shultz Secretary of Labor 1970
Director of the Management and Budget
Secretary of the Treasury
Secretary of State
Caspar Weinberger Director of the Management and Budget 1973
Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare
Secretary of Defense
Elliot Richardson Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare 1973
Secretary of Defense
Attorney General
Secretary of Commerce
Donald Rumsfeld Counselor to the President 1974
White House Chief of Staff
Secretary of Defense
James Thomas Lynn Secretary of Housing and Urban Development 1975
Director of the Management and Budget
Frederick B. Dent Secretary of Commerce 1975
Trade Representative
Rogers Morton Secretary of the Interior 1975
Secretary of Commerce
Counselor to the President
Daniel Patrick Moynihan Counselor to the President 1975
Ambassador to the United Nations
James R. Schlesinger Secretary of Defense 1977
Secretary of Energy
Patricia Roberts Harris Secretary of Housing and Urban Development 1979
Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare
(Renamed May 4, 1980 as Secretary of Health and Human Services)
George H. W. Bush Ambassador to the United Nations 1981
Vice President
Alexander Haig White House Chief of Staff 1981
Secretary of State
Donald P. Hodel Secretary of Energy 1985
Secretary of the Interior
Edwin Meese Counselor to the President 1985
Attorney General
Bill Brock Trade Representative 1985
Secretary of Labor
James Baker Secretary of the Treasury 1989
Secretary of State
White House Chief of Staff
Elizabeth Dole Secretary of Transportation 1989
Secretary of Labor
Carla Anderson Hills Secretary of Housing and Urban Development 1989
Trade Representative
Clayton Keith Yeutter Trade Representative 1989
Secretary of Agriculture
Counselor to the President
Dick Cheney White House Chief of Staff 1989
Secretary of Defense
Vice President
Leon Panetta Director of the Management and Budget 1994
White House Chief of Staff
Secretary of Defense
Mickey Kantor Trade Representative 1996
Secretary of Commerce
Erskine Bowles Administrator of the Small Business Administration 1997
White House Chief of Staff
Madeleine Albright Ambassador to the United Nations 1997
Secretary of State
Federico Peña Secretary of Transportation 1997
Secretary of Energy
Bill Richardson Ambassador to the United Nations 1998
Secretary of Energy
Andrew Card Secretary of Transportation 2001
White House Chief of Staff
Norman Mineta Secretary of Commerce 2001
Secretary of Transportation
Mike Leavitt Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency 2005
Secretary of Health and Human Services
Joshua Bolten Director of the Management and Budget 2006
White House Chief of Staff
Rob Portman Trade Representative 2006
Director of the Management and Budget
William M. Daley Secretary of Commerce 2011
White House Chief of Staff
Jack Lew Director of the Management and Budget 2012
White House Chief of Staff
Secretary of the Treasury
Sylvia Mathews Burwell Director of the Management and Budget 2014
Secretary of Health and Human Services
Shaun Donovan Secretary of Housing and Urban Development 2014
Director of the Management and Budget
Elaine Chao Secretary of Labor 2017
Secretary of Transportation
John F. Kelly Secretary of Homeland Security 2017
White House Chief of Staff
Mike Pompeo Director of the Central Intelligence Agency 2018
Secretary of State
Janet Yellen Chair of the Council of Economic Advisers 2021
Secretary of the Treasury
Denis McDonough White House Chief of Staff 2021
Secretary of Veterans Affairs

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit