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California's 44th congressional district

California's 44th congressional district is a congressional district in the U.S. state of California. The district is centered in South Los Angeles and the Los Angeles Harbor Region. It is currently represented by Democrat Nanette Barragán.

California's 44th congressional district
California US Congressional District 44 (since 2013).tif
California's 44th congressional district since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Nanette Barragán
DSan Pedro
Area105.2 sq mi (272 km2)
Distribution
  • 100% urban
  • 0% rural
Population (2015)712,204
Median income$50,346[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+35

The 44th district is composed of the following cities and communities:

The congressional district is located in the southern portion of the state and includes part of Los Angeles County.[3] The district's current borders are delineated by the 110 freeway in its western border. Takes an inward right following the 105 Freeway. Following S. Central Avenue north and then zig-zags its way to Florence Ave at its apex. Its eastern border runs mostly along the 710 Freeway until reaching the Pacific Ocean.

Education The following school districts serve the area: Los Angeles Unified School District, Compton Unified School District, Lynwood Unified School District, Long Beach Unified School District, and Paramount Unified School District.

California State University Dominguez Hills and Compton Community College are the only institutions of higher education in the district.

Current borders

The high school graduation rate is 63.9%[4] and bachelor's degree or higher 13.4%

CompetitivenessEdit

In statewide racesEdit

Election results from statewide races
Year Office Results
1990 Governor[5] Wilson 46.6% - 46.1%
1992 President[6] Clinton 40.6% - 35.7%
Senator[7] Herschensohn 50.4% - 39.6%
Senator (Special)[8] Feinstein 46.5% - 44.1%
1994 Governor[9] Wilson 64.2% - 31.5%
Senator[10] Huffington 55.4% – 35.6%
1996 President[11] Dole 44.6% - 44.1%
1998 Governor[12] Davis 52.2% - 44.9%
Senator[13] Fong 49.2% – 46.7%
2000 President[14] Bush 49.4% - 46.9%
Senator[15] Feinstein 51.0% - 42.7%
2002 Governor[16] Simon 55.4% - 37.0%
2003 Recall[17][18]   Yes 72.2% - 27.8%
Schwarzenegger 62.6% - 19.3%
2004 President[19] Bush 59.0% - 39.9%
Senator[20] Jones 50.5% - 44.9%
2006 Governor[21] Schwarzenegger 66.8% - 28.4%
Senator[22] Mountjoy 48.3% - 46.4%
2008 President[23] Obama 49.5% - 48.6%
2010 Governor[24] Whitman 52.9% - 40.8%
Senator[25] Fiorina 55.4% - 38.6%
2012 President[26] Obama 84.7% - 13.6%
Senator[27] Feinstein 84.7% - 15.3%
2014 Governor[28] Brown 79.9% – 20.1%
2016 President[29] Clinton 83.0% - 12.3%
Senator[30] Harris 54.6% - 45.4%
2018 Governor[31] Newsom 81.4% – 18.6%
Senator[32] Feinstein 57.2% – 42.8%

List of members representing the districtEdit

District created January 3, 1983.

Member Party Dates Cong
ress(es)
Electoral history Counties
 
Jim Bates
Democratic January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1991
98th
99th
100th
101st
Elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Lost re-election.
1983–1993
San Diego (San Diego)
 
Duke Cunningham
Republican January 3, 1991 –
January 3, 1993
102nd Elected in 1990.
Redistricted to the 51st district.
 
Al McCandless
Republican January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 1995
103rd Redistricted from the 37th district and re-elected in 1992.
Retired.
1993–2003
Riverside
 
Sonny Bono
Republican January 3, 1995 –
January 5, 1998
104th
105th
Elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Died.
Vacant January 5, 1998 –
April 7, 1998
Special election held April 7, 1998
 
Mary Bono
Republican April 7, 1998 –
January 3, 2003
105th
106th
107th
Elected to finish Bono's term.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Redistricted to the 45th district.
 
Ken Calvert
Republican January 3, 2003 –
January 3, 2013
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
Redistricted from the 43rd district and re-elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Re-elected in 2010.
Redistricted to the 42nd district.
2003–2013
Orange (San Clemente), Riverside (Corona, Riverside)
 
 
Janice Hahn
Democratic January 3, 2013 –
December 4, 2016
113th
114th
Redistricted from the 36th district and re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Retired to run for, and then resigned after being elected to, the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors.
2013–Present
Los Angeles (Carson, Compton, and San Pedro)
 
Vacant December 4, 2016 –
January 3, 2017
 
Nanette Barragán
Democratic January 3, 2017 –
Present
115th
116th
Elected in 2016.
Re-elected in 2018.

Election resultsEdit

198219841986198819901992199419961998 (Special)19982000200220042006200820102012201420162018

1982Edit

1982 United States House of Representatives elections in California[33]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jim Bates 78,474 64.9
Republican Shirley M. Gissendanner 38,447 31.8
Libertarian Jim Conole 3,904 3.3
Total votes 120,825 100.0
Democratic win (new seat)

1984Edit

1984 United States House of Representatives elections in California[34]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jim Bates (Incumbent) 99,378 69.7
Republican Neill Campbell 39,977 28.1
Libertarian Jim Conole 3,206 2.2
Total votes 142,561 100.0
Democratic hold

1986Edit

1986 United States House of Representatives elections in California[35]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jim Bates (Incumbent) 70,557 64.2
Republican Bill Mitchell 36,359 33.2
Peace and Freedom Shirley Rachel Issacson 1,676 1.5
Libertarian Dennis Thompson 1,244 1.1
Total votes 109,836 100.0
Democratic hold

1988Edit

1988 United States House of Representatives elections in California[36]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jim Bates (Incumbent) 90,796 59.7
Republican Rob Butterfield 55,511 36.5
Libertarian Dennis Thompson 5,782 3.8
Total votes 152,089 100.0
Democratic hold

1990Edit

1990 United States House of Representatives elections in California[37]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Duke Cunningham 50,377 46.3
Democratic Jim Bates (Incumbent) 48,712 44.8
Peace and Freedom Donna White 5,237 4.9
Libertarian John Wallner 4,385 4.0
Total votes 108,711 100.0
Republican gain from Democratic

1992Edit

1992 United States House of Representatives elections in California[38]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Al McCandless (Incumbent) 110,333 54.2
Democratic Georgia Smith 81,693 40.1
Libertarian Phil Turner 11,515 5.7
Total votes 203,541 100.0
Republican hold

1994Edit

1994 United States House of Representatives elections in California[39]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Sonny Bono 95,521 55.6
Democratic Steve Clute 65,370 38.1
American Independent Donald Cochran 10,885 6.3
Total votes 171,776 100.0
Republican hold

1996Edit

1996 United States House of Representatives elections in California[40]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Sonny Bono (Incumbent) 110,643 57.8
Democratic Anita Rufus 73,844 38.6
American Independent Donald Cochran 3,888 2.0
Natural Law Karen Wilkinson 3,143 1.6
Republican Colleen Cummings (write-in) 110 0.0
Total votes 191,628 100.0
Republican hold

1998 (Special)Edit

1998 California's 44th congressional district special election[41][42]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mary Bono 53,755 64.0
Democratic Ralph Waite 24,228 28.8
Democratic Anna Nevenich 2,415 2.9
Democratic John W. J. Overman 1,435 1.7
Republican Tom Hamey 1,235 1.5
Republican Bud Mathewson 946 1.1
Total votes 84,014 100.0
Turnout   31.1
Republican hold

1998Edit

1998 United States House of Representatives elections in California[43]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mary Bono (Incumbent) 97,013 60.1
Democratic Ralph Waite 57,697 35.7
Natural Law Jim J. Meuer 6,818 4.2
Total votes 161,528 100.0
Republican hold

2000Edit

2000 United States House of Representatives elections in California[44]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mary Bono (Incumbent) 123,738 59.2
Democratic Ron Oden 79,302 38.0
Reform Gene Smith 4,135 1.9
Natural Law Jim Meuer 2,012 0.9
Total votes 209,187 100.0
Republican hold

2002Edit

2002 United States House of Representatives elections in California[45]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ken Calvert (Incumbent) 76,686 63.7
Democratic Louis Vandenberg 38,021 31.6
Green Phill Courtney 5,756 4.7
Total votes 120,463 100.0
Republican hold

2004Edit

2004 United States House of Representatives elections in California[46]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ken Calvert (Incumbent) 138,768 61.7
Democratic Louis Vandenberg 78,796 35.0
Peace and Freedom Kevin Akin 7,559 3.3
Total votes 225,123 100.0
Republican hold

2006Edit

2006 United States House of Representatives elections in California[47]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ken Calvert (Incumbent) 89,555 60.0
Democratic Louis Vandenberg 55,275 37.0
Peace and Freedom Kevin Akin 4,486 3.0
Total votes 149,316 100.0
Republican hold

2008Edit

2008 United States House of Representatives elections in California[48]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ken Calvert (Incumbent) 129,937 51.2
Democratic Bill Hedrick 123,890 48.8
Total votes 253,827 100.0
Republican hold

2010Edit

2010 United States House of Representatives elections in California[49]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ken Calvert (Incumbent) 107,482 55.7
Democratic Bill Hedrick 85,784 44.3
Total votes 193,266 100.0
Republican hold

2012Edit

2012 United States House of Representatives elections in California[50]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Janice Hahn (Incumbent) 99,909 60.2
Democratic Laura Richardson (Incumbent) 65,989 39.8
Total votes 165,898 100.0
Democratic hold

2014Edit

2014 United States House of Representatives elections in California[51]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Janice Hahn (Incumbent) 59,670 86.7
Peace and Freedom Adam Shbeita 9,192 13.3
Total votes 68,862 100.0
Democratic hold

2016Edit

2016 United States House of Representatives elections in California[52]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Nanette Barragán 93,124 52.2
Democratic Isadore Hall 85,289 47.8
Total votes 178,413 100.0
Democratic hold

2018Edit

2018 United States House of Representatives elections in California[53]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Nanette Barragán (Incumbent) 97,944 68.3
Democratic Isadore Hall 45,378 31.7
Total votes 143,322 100.0
Democratic hold

Living former representativesEdit

As of January 2019, there are five former members of the U.S. House of Representatives from California's 44th congressional district that are currently living. The most recent representative to die was Al McCandless (served 1993–1995) on August 9, 2017. the most recently serving representative to die was Sonny Bono (served 1995-1998) on January 5, 1998.

Representative Term in office Date of birth (and age)
Jim Bates 1983 - 1991 (1941-07-21) July 21, 1941 (age 78)
Duke Cunningham 1991 - 1993 (1941-12-08) December 8, 1941 (age 77)
Mary Bono 1998 - 2003 (1961-10-24) October 24, 1961 (age 57)
Ken Calvert 2003 - 2013 (1953-06-08) June 8, 1953 (age 66)
Janice Hahn 2013 - 2016 (1952-03-30) March 30, 1952 (age 67)

Historical district boundariesEdit

What was once the 44th Congressional District is now California's 50th Congressional District.

In the 1980s, the 44th District was one of four that divided San Diego. It covered some of the northern and eastern parts of San Diego County. The district had been held for eight years by Democrat Jim Bates and was considered the most Democratic district in the San Diego area. However, Bates was bogged down in a scandal involving charges of sexual harassment. Randy "Duke" Cunningham won the Republican nomination and hammered Bates about the scandal. He won by just a point, meaning that the San Diego area was represented entirely by Republicans for only the second time since the city was split into three districts after the 1960 U.S. Census.

In the 1990 U.S. Census, the district was renumbered the 51st Congressional District, and much of its share of San Diego was moved to the new 50th Congressional District.

Between 2003 and 2013, the 44th district covered an area of Southern California from San Clemente in Orange County on the coast, north-by-northeast inland to Riverside County, including the cities of Corona, Norco, Rubidoux, and Riverside.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ US Census
  2. ^ LA Times
  3. ^ "California's 44th Congressional District - Ballotpedia". Retrieved September 9, 2017.
  4. ^ Graduation Rate
  5. ^ Statement of Vote (1990 Governor)
  6. ^ Statement of Vote (1992 President)
  7. ^ Statement of Vote (1992 Senate)
  8. ^ Statement of Vote (1992 Senate)
  9. ^ Statement of Vote (1994 Governor)
  10. ^ Statement of Vote (1994 Senate)
  11. ^ Statement of Vote (1996 President)
  12. ^ Statement of Vote (1998 Governor) Archived September 29, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ Statement of Vote (1998 Senate) Archived September 29, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ Statement of Vote (2000 President)
  15. ^ Statement of Vote (2000 Senator)
  16. ^ Statement of Vote (2002 Governor)
  17. ^ Statement of Vote (2003 Recall Question)
  18. ^ Statement of Vote (2003 Governor)
  19. ^ Statement of Vote (2004 President)
  20. ^ Statement of Vote (2004 Senator)
  21. ^ Statement of Vote (2006 Governor)
  22. ^ Statement of Vote (2006 Senator)
  23. ^ Statement of Vote (2008 President)
  24. ^ Statement of Vote (2010 Governor)
  25. ^ Statement of Vote (2010 Senator)
  26. ^ Statement of Vote (2012 President)
  27. ^ Statement of Vote (2012 Senator)
  28. ^ Statement of Vote (2014 Governor)
  29. ^ Statement of Vote (2016 President)
  30. ^ Statement of Vote (2016 Senate)
  31. ^ Statement of Vote (2018 Governor)
  32. ^ Statement of Vote (2018 Senator)
  33. ^ 1982 election results
  34. ^ 1984 election results
  35. ^ 1986 election results
  36. ^ 1988 election results
  37. ^ 1990 election results
  38. ^ 1992 election results
  39. ^ 1994 election results
  40. ^ 1996 election results
  41. ^ 1998 special election results
  42. ^ 1998 special election results
  43. ^ 1998 election results
  44. ^ 2000 election results
  45. ^ 2002 election results
  46. ^ 2004 election results
  47. ^ 2006 election results
  48. ^ 2008 election results
  49. ^ 2010 election results
  50. ^ 2012 election results
  51. ^ 2014 election results
  52. ^ 2016 election results
  53. ^ 2018 election results

External linksEdit