Corona is a city in Riverside County, California, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 152,374, up from 124,966 at the 2000 census. The cities of Norco and Riverside lie to the northeast, Eastvale to the north, Chino Hills to the northwest, Yorba Linda, and the Cleveland National Forest and the Santa Ana Mountains to the southwest. Unincorporated areas of Riverside County line all of its other borders.
|General law city|
|City of Corona|
A view of Corona
|Nickname(s): Crown Town, The Circle City, Crown Colony, Queen Colony, Indianapolis of the West|
|Motto: "To Cherish Our Past, To Plan Our Future"|
Location of Corona in Riverside County, California.
|Incorporated||July 13, 1896|
|• Mayor||Dick Haley|
|• General law city||39.55 sq mi (102.45 km2)|
|• Land||39.47 sq mi (102.23 km2)|
|• Water||0.08 sq mi (0.21 km2) 0.27%|
|Elevation||679 ft (207 m)|
|• General law city||166,785|
|• Estimate (2016)||166,785|
|• Rank||3rd in Riverside County
33rd in California
154th in the United States
|• Density||4,225.29/sq mi (1,631.41/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature IDs||1652691, 2410232|
Corona, originally named South Riverside, was founded at the height of the Southern California citrus boom in 1886, and is advantageously situated at the upper end of the Santa Ana River Canyon, a significant pass through the Santa Ana Mountains. The town of Corona was once the "Lemon Capital of the World". A museum there presents the lemon's former role in the local economy. The city derived its name (and its nickname, "The Circle City") from the curious layout of its streets, with a standard grid enclosed by the circular Grand Boulevard, 2.75 miles (4.43 kilometers) in circumference. The street layout was designed by Hiram Clay Kellogg, a civil engineer from Anaheim who was an influential figure in the early development of Orange County.
Corona was established as a town by the South Riverside Land and Water Company. The company was incorporated in 1886; founding members included ex-Governor of Iowa Samuel Merrill, R.B. Taylor, George L. Joy, A.S. Garretson, and Adolph Rimpau. Originally a citrus growers' organization, it purchased the lands of Rancho La Sierra of Bernardo Yorba, and the Rancho Temescal grant and the colony of South Riverside was laid out. They also secured the water rights to Temescal Creek, its tributaries and Lee Lake. Dams and pipelines were built to carry the water to the colony. In 1889, the Temescal Water Company was incorporated, to supply water for the new colony. This company purchased all the water-bearing lands in the Temescal valley and began drilling artesian wells.
Originally located in San Bernardino County, the city was named "South Riverside" and received its post office in that name on August 11, 1887. In 1893, South Riverside became part of the new Riverside County. In 1896, the city was renamed "Corona" for its circular Grand Boulevard, where three international automobile races were held in 1913, 1914 and 1916.
The city of Corona has been popular among celebrities drawn to its upscale areas and relative privacy compared to Los Angeles. Desi Arnaz spent time at their ranch, located in north Corona, and played golf often at Cresta Verde Golf Course in the northeastern section of the city. After their divorce, Mr. Arnaz continued to live in Corona.
In recent years Corona has been known as the "Gateway to the Inland Empire". Prior to the 1980s, the city was largely an agricultural community, dominated by citrus orchards, ranches, and dairy farms. High real estate prices in Los Angeles and Orange counties made the area's land desirable to developers and industrialists, and by the late 1990s Corona was considered a major suburb of Los Angeles.
Corona has become a bedroom community for Orange County, Los Angeles, and the larger cities of the Inland Empire. The development of commerce and industry in the city has been accelerated by access to the area via the 91 Freeway, with many firms leaving northern Orange County to be closer to their employees' homes in Corona and Riverside. The construction of the nearby 71 Freeway has linked Corona to the Pomona and San Gabriel valleys.
In 2002, the city government considered an initiative to secede from Riverside County and form an autonomous Corona County because the city government and some residents were dissatisfied with how services were handled in nearby areas. The effort was also considered by areas in other cities in the western part of the county as far south as Murrieta. Whether nearby cities such as Norco would have been included in the new county are unknown. The proposed county would have been bordered by San Bernardino County to the northwest, and by Orange County to the west, but it never came to fruition.
|Name||Date placed||Description||Location||Placed by|
|Butterfield Stage Station||1934||First used 1858||20730 Temescal Canyon Road||Corona Woman's Improvement Club|
|Corona Founders||1936||Land purchase of May 4, 1886||Corona City Park||20-30 Club of Corona|
|Old Temescal Road||1959||Route of Luiseno and Gabrieleno Indians, and early white settlers||11 mi (18 km) south on old Highway 71||Corona Woman's Improvement Club and State Park Commission|
|Painted Rock||May 4, 1927||Indian pictograph||Old Temescal Canyon Road||Corona Woman's Improvement Club|
|Third Serrano Adobe||1981||Owned by Josefa Serrano, widow of Leandro||I-15 and Old Temescal Road||E Clampus Vitus, Hydro Conduit Corp., Phil Porretta family|
|Serrano Tanning Vats||1981||Built 1819||I-15 and Old Temescal Road||E Clampus Vitus, Hydro Conduit Corp., Phil Porretta family|
Geography and climateEdit
Corona is located in the Greater Los Angeles Area.
Corona is located at (33.8700, −117.5678).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 38.9 square miles (101 km2), of which, 38.8 square miles (100 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (0.27%) is water.
In recent years, there are talks to construct a proposed 10 mi (16 km) automobile and fast-speed train tunnel under Santiago Peak to connect Interstate 15 in Corona with Interstate 5 and the 55 Freeway of Orange County, to cut down on commuter traffic on the already crowded or high-traffic 91 Freeway.
Corona experiences a warm Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification CSa) and has mild winters and hot summers. Most of the rainfall (as in all of Southern California) occurs during winter and early spring. The winter low temperatures can get cold enough for frost, with rare snowfall seen on the local foothills. Winter days are pleasant, with the mercury staying around 65 degrees Fahrenheit (occasionally warming into the 70s). Summertime is hot, with highs averaging in the low 90s. During the hottest months, daytime temperatures in Corona often exceed 100 degrees.
|Climate data for Corona, California|
|Record high °F (°C)||93
|Average high °F (°C)||66
|Average low °F (°C)||40
|Record low °F (°C)||23
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||3.01
|Average precipitation days||6.9||7.0||5.5||3.7||1.2||0.3||0.7||1.0||1.2||2.2||4.1||6.2||40.1|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||195||215||260||310||305||300||380||365||290||250||210||205||3,285|
Some businesses headquartered in Corona:
- Monster Beverage, a worldwide manufacturer of soft drinks, including Hansen's beverages and the Monster Energy drink line.
- Saleen, manufacturer of specialty, high-performance sports cars.
- Lucas Oil Products, manufacturer of automotive additive products and owner of naming rights to Lucas Oil Stadium, home venue of the Indianapolis Colts of the NFL.
According to the City's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||Corona-Norco Unified School District||4,906|
|2||Corona Regional Medical Center||1,171|
|3||Watson Pharmaceuticals (bought by Allergan [now Actavis] in 2012)||1,045|
|4||City of Corona||894|
|6||Fender (Custom Shop location)||650|
|7||All American Asphalt||650|
The 2010 United States Census reported that Corona had a population of 152,374. The population density was 3,914.0 people per square mile (1,511.2/km²). The racial makeup of Corona was 90,925 (59.7%) White (40.1% Non-Hispanic White), 8,934 (5.9%) African American, 1,153 (0.8%) Native American, 16,205 (10.6%) Asian, 552 (0.4%) Pacific Islander, 28,003 (18.4%) from other races, and 7,759 (5.1%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 66,447 persons (41.9%).
The Census reported that 151,863 people (99.7% of the population) lived in households, 229 (0.2%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 282 (0.2%) were institutionalized.
There were 44,950 households, out of which 22,735 (50.6%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 27,357 (60.9%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 5,971 (13.3%) had a female householder with no husband present, 3,004 (6.7%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 2,690 (6.0%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 289 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 6,455 households (14.4%) were made up of individuals and 2,224 (4.9%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.38. There were 36,332 families (80.8% of all households); the average family size was 3.72.
The population was spread out with 45,674 people (30.0%) under the age of 18, 15,504 people (10.2%) aged 18 to 24, 44,215 people (29.0%) aged 25 to 44, 35,801 people (23.5%) aged 45 to 64, and 11,180 people (7.3%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32.5 years. For every 100 females there were 97.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.5 males.
There were 47,174 housing units at an average density of 1,211.8 per square mile (467.9/km²), of which 30,210 (67.2%) were owner-occupied, and 14,740 (32.8%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.3%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.3%. 103,170 people (67.7% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 48,693 people (32.0%) lived in rental housing units.
During 2009–2013, Corona had a median household income of $77,123, with 10.8% of the population living below the federal poverty line.
As of the census of 2000, there were 124,996 people, 37,839 households, and 30,384 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,555.5 people per square mile (1,372.7/km²). There were 39,271 housing units at an average density of 1,117.3 per square mile (431.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 75.0% White, 6.4% Black or African American, 0.9% Native American, 7.5% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 17.5% from other races, and 5.3% from two or more races. 25.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 37,839 households out of which 49.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.8% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.7% were non-families. 14.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.3 and the average family size was 3.6.
In the city, the population was spread out with 33.4% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 35.1% from 25 to 44, 16.8% from 45 to 64, and 5.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 98.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $98,615, and the median income for a family was $83,505 (these figures had risen to $88,620 and $95,450 respectively as of a 2007 estimate). Males had a median income of $44,752 versus $31,884 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,001. About 6.0% of families and 8.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.1% of those under age 18 and 7.3% of those age 65 or over.
The north part of the city of Corona borders the city of Norco. This area (north of CA 91) is primarily residential and commercial. The makeup is primarily middle and upper-middle income, with most housing being built after the late 1990s, and is known for being well maintained and very safe. This area is home to well rated schools as well as shopping including Costco, Home Depot, and others. Prominent areas include Corona Hills and Corona Ranch.
Most of the City's downtown area lies north of the 91 freeway, and is home to the former Fender Museum (now the new Corona Community Center). The area is prominently full of office and apartment buildings, with the newest one (Main Street Metro) under construction. Downtown is also the location of the North Main Corona Metrolink station, which is one of two Metrolink stations in the city.
The central city area includes the inner circle of Grand Avenue as well as all areas south of CA 91 and north of Ontario Avenue. This is the oldest area of the city by far, with most housing having been built around 1910. This part of the city has a mixed Hispanic and white population, and consists of many restored historic residences.
South Corona is the newest Part of corona, and is located south of Ontario Avenue. Most housing stock was built between the early 2000s to the present, and ranges from suburban neighborhoods. This area has the highest rated schools in the city (as well as some of the highest in the region).It is primarily middle class and normal income levels.
Sierra Del OroEdit
Sierra Del Oro is the western portion of Corona, comprising the neighborhoods situated along Green River Rd, extending all the way towards the 91 freeway and the Orange/Riverside county line. This area holds many apartment complexes geared towards commuters. The Corona Auto Center is located at the base of the foothills. In December 2016, construction of the Foothill Parkway expansion was completed, allowing a direct street link between Sierra Del Oro and South Corona.
Dos Lagos is located near the southern city limits of Corona, straddling Interstate 15. The area is mostly dominated by upscale apartment complexes, newer homes, a shopping center, and a large golf course.
Temescal Valley, California is an unincorporated but census-designated area in Riverside County at the southernmost end of Corona city limits, and is included in the city's sphere of influence. It includes the neighborhoods of Sycamore Creek, Trilogy, The Retreat and Horsethief Canyon Ranch. As of 2013, the City of Corona has applied for annexation of the area through the Riverside County Local Agency Formation Commission (LAFCO). On September 26, 2013, the Commission formally denied the City of Corona's request for annexation. The contract between Corona and the County to provide its emergency services to the northern-third of Temescal Valley persists.
Although the arguments of the opponents of annexation included the fear of being "Coronians" and losing the area's identity, Temescal Valley's ZIP Code remains associated with Corona, CA.
Home Gardens is a Census Designated place within the City of Corona's sphere of influence. The neighborhood is largely populated by Hispanic and Caucasian communities. Home Gardens is one of Corona's largest neighborhoods with a population estimate of approximately 12,000 residents. It is also one of the city's lowest income areas. The neighborhood is served by Magnolia Avenue, a major thoroughfare which leads into the City of Riverside. Bus service is served by the Riverside Transit Agency (RTA) and Corona Cruiser.
El Cerrito is located on the southeastern part of the city, just a few exits away on the I-15 N of the Dos Lagos Neighborhood. El Cerrito is mostly a rural/suburban area with many dirt roads in alleyways and no ranches. El Cerrito is home to El Cerrito Sports Park, a large park consisting of one baseball field and a popular destination for Little League Baseball and local school softball teams. El Cerrito is served by Ontario Ave./Temescal Canyon Rd.
Eagle Glen is a predominantly upper-middle-class neighborhood. It is located between South Corona and El Cerrito, and is the neighborhood around Wilson Elementary and Eagle Glen Park. This neighborhood is known for being very clean and well maintained, with very good schools.It is close to Wilson Elementary, El Cerrito Middle School, and Santiago High School, all of which are California distinguished schools. Many of the homes are valued anywhere from $400,000 to $650,000. Eagle Glen is also home to a golf course.
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The city is also linked with the 91 Line and Inland Empire–Orange County Line of the Metrolink commuter rail system, providing service to Los Angeles, Perris, San Bernardino, and Oceanside from North Main Corona Metrolink Station in the Downtown area and West Corona Metrolink Station in Corona's West Side.
The city's downtown area is circled by Grand Boulevard, which is very unusual for being perfectly circular. The street is approximately 1 mi (2 km) in diameter.
Corona's Public Transportation includes the following bus lines; RTA route 1 from West Corona to UC Riverside, RTA route 3 from Corona Regional Medical center to Swan Lake, RTA route 214 from Downtown Corona to The Village shopping center in Orange, CA, RTA route 206 from Downtown Corona to Temecula, CA, OCTA bus route from Anaheim to south Corona Walmart, Corona Criuser blue and red lines.
There's a proposal to erect a new four-lane freeway along/near Cajalco Road/Ramona Expressway to connect Interstate 15 with that of I-215. In addition, there is a possibly of constructing a 7.5 mi (12.1 km) tunnel under the Santiago Peak Mountains to the Eastern Transportation Corridor of the FastTrak toll-road company system in Orange in Orange County, due to increased freeway commute traffic on State Route 91, needs to be reduced by another freeway from the OC to Riverside.
Corona Municipal Airport (FAA designator: AJO) serves the city and has a 3,200-foot (980 m) runway. On January 20, 2008, two small passenger aircraft collided over Corona, killing all four men aboard the planes and another man on the ground. In the past ten years, there have been five fatal plane crashes around Corona.
Corona is served by the following three hospitals.
Kaiser Permanente Corona (no emergency services).
Corona Regional Rehabilitation Hospital.
There are eight high schools in Corona: Corona, Centennial, Lee V. Pollard (formerly Buena Vista), Orange Grove, Santiago, Norco, John F. Kennedy Middle College High School and Eleanor Roosevelt High School.
There are seven middle schools in Corona: Auburndale, Citrus Hills, Corona Fundamental, El Cerrito, Raney, Norco, and River Heights.
There are also 31 elementary schools in the city: John Adams, Susan B. Anthony, Clara Barton, Cesar Chavez, Corona Ranch, Coronita, Eastvale, Dwight Eisenhower, Foothill, Ben Franklin, Garretson, Harada, Highland, Home Gardens, Jefferson, Lincoln Alternative, William McKinley, Norco, Orange, Parkridge, Prado View, Promenade, Rosa Parks, Riverview, Ronald Reagan, Sierra Vista, Stallings, Temescal Valley, Dr. Bernice Todd, Vandermolen, Vicentia, Victress Bower, George Washington and Woodrow Wilson.
Private schools include St. Edwards Catholic School and Crossroads Christian School.
Southern California Edison services most of the electricity and a small part of the city is serviced by Corona Department of Water and Power. Waste Management Inc. provides waste disposal for the city.
Arts and cultureEdit
The Arts Alive Council is a non-profit organization created with the purpose to "foster, promote, and increase the public knowledge and appreciation of the arts and cultural activities in the greater Corona Area." Members include the Corona Symphony Orchestra, Circle City Chorale, Christian Arts and Theater, and Corona Dance Academy.
- Travis Barker – drummer for Blink-182, Boxcar Racer, The Transplants, and +44
- Vontaze Burfict – football linebacker for Cincinnati Bengals
- Richard Dornbush - figure skater 
- Heath Farwell – football linebacker
- Cirilo Flores - Roman Catholic bishop
- Troy Glaus – former baseball player Los Angeles Angels Of Anaheim
- Larissa Hodge – (Bootz) reality television participant, (Flavor of Love 2), (Flavor of Love Girls: Charm School)
- Tyler Hoechlin – actor, baseball player
- Candy Johnson – dancer and singer in 1960s AIP "beach" movies
- Matt Kalil – football offensive lineman for Carolina Panthers
- Ryan Kalil – football offensive lineman for Carolina Panthers
- Joe Kelly – Major League Baseball starting pitcher
- Kerry King – guitarist for Slayer
- Denny Lemaster - MLB pitcher
- Crystal Lewis – Christian music singer, TV actress
- Taylor Martinez – former quarterback for Nebraska Cornhuskers
- Taryne Mowatt – All-American softball pitcher for Arizona Wildcats and two-time ESPY Award winner
- Ricky Nolasco – Major League Baseball pitcher for Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim
- Michael Parks - actor, Kill Bill, Red State, The Happening and other films
- Lonie Paxton – former NFL player for New England Patriots and Denver Broncos
- Jenni Rivera – vocalist, songwriter of banda music
- Chance Sisco - baseball player for Baltimore Orioles
- D.J. Strawberry – professional basketball player
- Jodie Sweetin – actress known for her role as Stephanie Tanner on television sitcom Full House
- Gary Webb – investigative journalist
Missing time capsulesEdit
Corona has been referred to as the 'record holder in the fumbled time capsule category' with 17 time capsules buried – and lost.
- "City Council". City of Corona. Retrieved April 14, 2017.
- PE.com: Corona: Circle citys circle makes national register
- Corona, California: The city that doubled as a race course. Hemmings Daily. Retrieved 2013-11-05.
- "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
- "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 19, 2017.
- "Corona". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved October 23, 2014.
- "Corona (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 12, 2015.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "Corona: 'Circle City' to mark centennial of road races". The Press-Enterprise. August 16, 2013.
...Grand Boulevard seems a quaint oddity. A perfect circle, with a circumference just over 2.75 miles, it's the rationale for Corona's tagline as the 'Circle City'.
- Finding aid of South Riverside Land and Water Company records, Online Archive of California from oac.cdlib.org accessed April 26, 2015.
- Ellerbe, History of Temescal Valley, pp. 18–19
- Frickstad, Walter N., A Century of California Post Offices 1848-1954, Philatelic Research Society, Oakland, CA. 1955, pp.135-147
- Hoover, Mildred B.; Hero Rensch; Ethel Rensch; William N. Abeloe (1966). Historic Spots in California. Stanford University Press. ISBN 978-0-8047-4482-9.
- Santa Barbara News Press article on the county split proposal, with a brief mention of the proposed Corona County.
- Johnson, Marael (1995). Why Stop? A Guide to California Roadside Historical Markers. Houston, TX: Gulf Publishing Company. pp. 38–39. ISBN 978-0884159230. OCLC 32168093.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Corona weather averages". Weather. Retrieved May 29, 2011.
- City of Corona CAFR
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Corona city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
- http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0616350.html. Missing or empty
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Corona 2007 Income Estimates
- "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
- "California's 42nd Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC.
- California Department of Health Services Archived December 29, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Corona-Norco Unified School District". 2009. Retrieved October 23, 2009
- USGS Geographic Names Information System (GNIS)
- Corona Sunnyslope Cemetery Find A Grave
- Corona Sunnyslope Cemetery
- "International Skating Union Bio: Richard Dornbush". Retrieved 2014-04-02.
- "After Jeff Hanneman's Death, "We Had to Learn How to Be Slayer in a New Way"". LA Weekly. 2015-06-14. Retrieved 2017-03-18.
- "Autobiography: Crystal Lewis Official Website". www.crystallewis.com. Retrieved 2010-06-14.
- Dyball, Rennie. "Full House's Jodie Sweetin "I Can't Believe How Far I've Come" – Babies, Personal Success, Substance Abuse, Jodie Sweetin : People.com". www.people.com. Retrieved 2010-06-14.
- "Most Wanted Time Capsules". The Crypt of Civilization. Oglethorpe University. Archived from the original on June 2, 2010. Retrieved March 1, 2011.