California Institution for Women

California Institution for Women (CIW) is a women's state prison located in the city of Chino,[1] San Bernardino County, California, east of Los Angeles, although the mailing address states "Corona," which is in Riverside County, California.

California Institution for Women (CIW)
Seal of the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation.png
Aerial View
LocationChino, California[1]
Coordinates33°57′00″N 117°38′06″W / 33.950°N 117.635°W / 33.950; -117.635Coordinates: 33°57′00″N 117°38′06″W / 33.950°N 117.635°W / 33.950; -117.635
StatusOperational
Security classMinimum to medium
Capacity1,398
Population940 (67.2% capacity) (as of July 31, 2022[2])
Opened1952
Managed byCalifornia Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation
WardenMona Houston [3]
Aerial view

FacilitiesEdit

Although the official California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation documents give a "Corona, California" mailing address for CIW in Riverside County,[4] the prison has been physically located in the city of Chino since 2003 following an annexation of land in previously-unincorporated San Bernardino County.[5][6][7]

CIW has 120 acres (49 ha). Its facilities include Level I ("Open dormitories without a secure perimeter") housing, Level II ("Open dormitories with secure perimeter fences and armed coverage") housing, and Level III ("Individual cells, fenced perimeters and armed coverage") housing.[8] In addition, a Reception Center "provides short term housing to process, classify and evaluate incoming inmates."[8]

As of Fiscal Year 2008/2009, CIW had 977 staff and an annual budget of $75 million Institutional and $2.6 million Education.[9] As of October 31, 2013, it had a design capacity of 1,398 but a total institution population of 2,155, for an occupancy rate of 154.1 percent.[10]

As of April 30, 2020, CIW was incarcerating people at 111.1% of its design capacity, with 2,640 occupants.[11]

CIW is located east of Downtown Los Angeles, and it takes about one hour to travel to the prison from Downtown LA.[12]

HistoryEdit

The original California Institution for Women was dedicated in Tehachapi in 1932; however, after the 1952 Kern County earthquake, the female inmates were transferred to the just-opened CIW in Chino, and the Tehachapi facility was rebuilt as the male-only California Correctional Institution.[13] CIW was originally called "California Institution for Women at Corona," but "Corona residents objected to the use of their city in the prison's name and it was changed March 1, 1962, to Frontera, a feminine derivative of the word frontier, symbolic for a new beginning."[14] It housed the location of the death row for women in the state.[15] CIW was the only women's prison in California until 1987, when the Northern California Women's Facility opened.[16]

In the early years of CIW, convicted women wore Sunday dresses while walking and working at the campus-like setting until the 1980s when three towers were added with officers atop armed with shotguns.[14] Among other programs for inmates at CIW is "Voices from Within" in which inmates read books on tapes for "high school students in remedial classes," "college students with reading disabilities," and the blind.[17]

In 2007, the state of California proposed building 45 new units for mentally ill inmates at CIW and 975 at the nearby California Institution for Men; local officials opposed such plans.[18]

From 2006 to 2013 one woman at CIW committed suicide. From January 1, 2013 to July 2016 six women committed suicide at CIW, and there had been an increase in suicide attempts.[12]

Notable inmatesEdit

  • Renee Alway, a former inmate, is a noted American model and a former contestant of America's Next Top Model and Modelville runner-up. She was sentenced to a 12-year sentence for four felony burglary counts and one count each of vehicular theft and being a felon in possession of a firearm, and was released in 2018 after serving 5 years. She was arrested again in 2019 for domestic violence.[19]
  • Betty Broderick, a current inmate, was a San Diego socialite who was convicted of the 1989 murder of her ex-husband, Dan Broderick, and his new wife, Linda Kolkena Broderick. She was convicted in 1991 and was sentenced to 32-years-to-life in prison. She has failed her first three opportunities for parole, in 2010, 2011, and 2017, respectively, due to an apparent “lack of remorse” and “denial of any wrongdoing.”
  • Julia Rodriquez Diaz (First female inmate to receive 15 years parole denial under Proposition 9 (Marsy's Law) Convicted in July 1979 of the murder of seven-year-old boy Javier Angel. Story told in September 2013 on Investigation Discovery's Deadly Women "Heartless Souls" (Was recently moved to California Institution for Women (CIW) in 2014.)[20][21]
  • Barbara Graham, murderer, and subject of the 1958 film I Want to Live!. Graham was subsequently executed at San Quentin State Prison on June 3, 1955.
  • Claudia Haro, ex-wife of actor Joe Pesci. Pleaded no contest to attempted murder for hiring a hitman to kill her now ex-husband and Hollywood stunt-man, Garrett Warren. She served 7 years out of 12-year sentence from 2012-2019.
  • Theresa Knorr (née Cross) - Was charged and found guilty of two counts of murder, two counts of conspiracy to commit murder, and two special circumstances charges: multiple murder and murder by torture. Was sentenced to two consecutive life sentences.
  • Patricia Krenwinkel and Leslie Van Houten, of Charles Manson's "Family", are current inmates.[22][23] Susan Atkins, another Manson Family member, was transferred to Central California Women's Facility in May 2008. Susan Atkins died September 24, 2009.
  • Stephanie Lazarus, a former LAPD detective convicted in 2012 of the 1986 murder of a former boyfriend's wife, is currently in CIW.[24]
  • Dorothea Puente, a convicted serial killer, "did two years and six months [at CIW] for a forgery conviction" beginning in 1984.[22]
  • Cathy Evelyn Smith was in CIW between December 1986 and March 1988 for involuntary manslaughter and drug charges related to the death of John Belushi.[22][25]
  • Brenda Ann Spencer, a current inmate, was convicted of killing two people and wounding nine at a school in San Diego in 1979.
  • Lucille Miller, served 7 years, from 1965 until being paroled in 1972, of a life sentence for the first-degree murder of her husband in what prosecutors alleged was a real-life case of Double Indemnity. Miller's case was the subject of an essay by Joan Didion in the writer's 1968 book Slouching Towards Bethlehem.[26]
  • Shirley Wolf, one of the murderers of Anna Brackett.[27]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "2020 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP: Chino city, CA" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. p. 4 (PDF p. 5/5). Retrieved 2022-08-13. California Institution for Women
  2. ^ "California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation: Monthly Report of Population As of Midnight July 31, 2022" (PDF). California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, Division of Internal Oversight and Research. July 31, 2022. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 5, 2022. Retrieved September 5, 2022.
  3. ^ "California Institution for Women (CIW)".
  4. ^ California Institution for Women (CIW) (2009). "Mission Statement". California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation. Archived from the original on August 6, 2009. Retrieved 2009-08-20.
  5. ^ Welsh, John. Plan would resolve confusion: Prison: Chino proposes to annex acreage that includes the California Institution for Women. Press-Enterprise (Riverside, CA), December 10, 2002.
  6. ^ City of Chino. Annexation of Agricultural Preserve Approved. Undated but c.2003. Accessed 03 Dec 2007.
  7. ^ Mayor Takes a Stand on Prison Population. City of Chino, 14 August 2006. Accessed 03 Dec 2007. "In addition to CIM, the California Institute for Women [...] also fall within the borders of the City of Chino. "
  8. ^ a b California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation. California's Correctional Facilities. Archived 2007-12-14 at the Wayback Machine 15 Oct 2007.
  9. ^ "CDCR - California Institution for Women (CIW) - Institution Statistics". Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2013-05-19.
  10. ^ California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation
  11. ^ "California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation: Monthly Report of Population As of Midnight April 30, 2020" (PDF). California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, Division of Internal Oversight and Research. April 30, 2020. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 3, 2020. Retrieved May 2, 2020.
  12. ^ a b Aron, Hillel (2016-07-20). "Why Are So Many Inmates Attempting Suicide at the California Institution for Women?". LA Weekly. Retrieved 2016-11-18.
  13. ^ California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation. California Correctional Center (CCI). Archived 2007-12-16 at the Wayback Machine Accessed 29 Nov 2007.
  14. ^ a b Welsh, John. Hope is the theme: On 50th anniversary of California Institution for Women near Chino, prison inmates are encouraged to look toward their futures. Press-Enterprise (Riverside, CA), August 20, 2002.
  15. ^ "Court Ruling Won't Mean Bloodbath On Death Row." Associated Press at the Tuscaloosa News. Tuesday February 15, 1972. p. 10. Retrieved on Google News (6/15) on March 27, 2013. "There are five women under a sentence of death. Three of Manson's convicted accomplices, Susan Atkins, Leslie Houten, and Patricia Krenwinkel, are in a special women's section of the row built at the California Institute for Women at Frontera."
  16. ^ Mecoy, Laura. New Women's Prison Unfinished But Open. Sacramento Bee, July 28, 1987.
  17. ^ Vitucci, Claire. Lending their voices: Women inmates record books on tape for the blind and children with learning disabilities. Press-Enterprise (Riverside, CA), January 4, 2000.
  18. ^ DeRobertis, Shelli. Prisons' role to grow. The Sun (San Bernardino, CA), February 1, 2007.
  19. ^ "'ANTM' ALUM RENEE ALWAY ARRESTED FOR DOMESTIC VIOLENCE Year After Prison Release". 15 September 2019.
  20. ^ "KEY Assignment: Javier Angel Murder". KEYT. Jul 11, 2011. Archived from the original on 2011-09-30. Retrieved 9 September 2011.
  21. ^ "KEY Assignment: Parole Denied for Julia Diaz". KEYT. Jul 14, 2011. Archived from the original on 2011-09-30. Retrieved 9 September 2011.
  22. ^ a b c Wares, Donna. Convicts: State's most infamous women live here. Orange County Register, September 3, 1989.
  23. ^ Bugliosi, Vincent. Helter Skelter: The True Story of the Manson Murders. New York: Norton, 2001. ISBN 0-393-32223-8
  24. ^ State of California Innate Locator - CDCR
  25. ^ Associated Press. Cathy Smith Ends Prison Term for Belushi Death. Daily News of Los Angeles, March 17, 1988.
  26. ^ "A Mother's Crime". Los Angeles Times. 2 April 2006.
  27. ^ https://www.sacbee.com/news/local/crime/article216754395.html[bare URL]

External linksEdit