Southern California Edison (SCE), the largest subsidiary of Edison International, is the primary electric utility company for much of Southern California. It provides 15 million people with electricity across a service territory of approximately 50,000 square miles. However, the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power, San Diego Gas & Electric (SDG&E), Imperial Irrigation District, and some smaller municipal utilities serve substantial portions of the southern California territory. The northern part of the state is generally served by the Pacific Gas & Electric Company of San Francisco. Other investor-owned utilities (IOUs) in California include SDG&E, PacifiCorp, Bear Valley Electric, and Liberty Utilities.
|Headquarters||2244 Walnut Grove Ave.,|
Rosemead, CA 91770
|Central, Coastal & Southern California|
|Steven Powell |
Electric power transmission
Electric power distribution
Number of employees
This article needs to be updated.(July 2023)
Southern California Edison (SCE) still owns all of its electrical transmission facilities and equipment, but the deregulation of California's electricity market in the late 1990s forced the company to sell many of its power plants, though some were probably sold by choice. In California, SCE retained only its hydroelectric plants, totaling about 1,200 MW, and its 75% share of the 2,150-MW San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station, which has been shut down since January 2012; in June 2013 the company announced its intention to permanently close and decommission the nuclear plant. The utility lost all of its natural gas-fired plants, which provided most of its electrical generation. The large, aging plants were bought by out-of-state companies such as Mirant and Reliant Energy, which allegedly used them to manipulate the California energy market.
Southern California Edison's power grid is linked to PG&E's by the Path 26 wires that generally follow Interstate 5 over Tejon Pass. The interconnection takes place at a large substation at Buttonwillow. PG&E's and WAPA's Path 15 and Path 66, respectively, from Buttonwillow north eventually connect to BPA's grid in the Pacific Northwest. There are several other interconnections with local and out-of-state utilities, such as Path 46.
In addition, SCE operates a regulated gas and water utility. SCE is the sole commercial provider of natural gas and fresh water service to Santa Catalina Island, including the city of Avalon, California. SCE operates the utilities under the names of Catalina Island Gas Company and Catalina Island Water Company.
The origins of the company lie with the grand scheme of business magnate Henry E. Huntington and hydraulic engineer John S. Eastwood, developed around 1908, for a vast complex of reservoirs to be constructed in the Sierra Nevada Mountains of central California. Huntington founded Pacific Light and Power, one of the roughly two dozen companies he controlled at the time, to execute what would eventually become one of the largest hydropower systems in the United States, the Big Creek Hydroelectric Project. Pacific Light and Power was one of the predecessor companies to SCE, along with Edison Electric, Mt. Whitney Power & Electric Co., California Electric Power Co., Southern California Power Co., and others.
Settlement for blackout edit
On December 16, 2011, a shooting occurred when an employee of Southern California Edison opened fire at an office building in Irwindale. The employee killed two co-workers and seriously wounded two others before committing suicide.
COVID-19 pandemic edit
In March 2020, during the COVID-19 pandemic, 8,000 of the 13,000 employees were shifted to remote work. The US Department of Homeland Security has named utilities like SCE part of the 16 sectors designated “critical infrastructure sectors. The group of remote workers was set up so the company can operate if it faces workforce disruptions or shortages if employees become stricken or quarantined because of COVID-19.
The company also ceased power disconnections for non-payment.
Renewable energy edit
Southern California Edison allows its customer to obtain their electricity entirely from renewable sources by subscribing to a "green rate".
In 2006, Southern California Edison planned to secure 1,500 megawatts or more of power generated from new projects to be built in the Tehachapi Pass Wind Farm area. The contract, which more than doubles SCE's wind energy portfolio, envisions more than 50 square miles (130 km2) of wind parks in the Tehachapi region, which is triple the size of any existing U.S. wind farm.
In March 2008, Southern California Edison announced a $875 million project to build a network of 250 megawatts of photovoltaic solar power generation, making it the biggest solar cell project in the nation. The photovoltaic cells will cover 65,000,000 square feet (6,000,000 m2) of rooftops in southern California and will generate enough power to serve 162,000 homes.
In 2009, Southern California Edison entered into a contract with Solar Millennium to purchase solar thermal power up to 726 MW. Southern California Edison also entered into a contract with Stirling Energy Systems to buy electricity from a 500 megawatt, 4,600 acre (19 km2), solar power plant which was due to open in 2009. The purchase was canceled in late 2010, as changes in technology reduced the cost of photovoltaic-based solar power to below that of solar Stirling generated power. This would have been the first commercial application of the dish stirling system. A different technology from the more familiar solar panel, the dish concentrates solar energy by the use of reflective surfaces and by the use of the Stirling heat engine to convert the heat into electricity.
In 2014, Southern California Edison installed the Tehachapi Energy Storage Project, which is composed of more than 600,000 lithium-ion battery cells at Monolith Substation in Tehachapi, California in order to test storing power generated from an area that currently has 5,000 wind turbines.
Natural gas and energy storage edit
In 2017, the company opened two new hybrid electric gas turbine (EGT) units called peaker plants, that combine gas turbines and storage batteries at the same site. Each plant delivers around 50-megawatts; the batteries can provide 10-megawatts and four megawatt-hours of power. Both the turbines and the batteries are designed and manufactured by General Electric’s Power Division.
The plant runs the battery first in a series of short bursts, saving gas usage for longer power demand. The combination of a 30-minute duration battery improves the environmental impact of the gas turbine. The SCE setup (the first of its kind) cut greenhouse gas emissions by 60%, reduced annual water usage by 2 million gallons and lowered the number of gas starts by 50%.
Electric vehicles edit
Southern California Edison has a number of resources and a rate designed specifically for electric vehicle users.
As of July 2018, Southern California Edison plans to add thousands of new charging stations for passenger electric vehicles (EV). This addition is a component of the company's "Charge Ready" program, a pilot program with the aim of increasing the availability of charging ports for EVs. Since 2016, Southern California Edison has installed 1,000 charging stations throughout their Southern and Central California service area.
The company also runs a rebate program for electric vehicle purchases. Southern California Edison gives people in its service area who purchase a new or used, or lease, an electric vehicle a $450 rebate. The program will run until 2020.
Energy research and policy edit
Southern California Edison has a long history of research in the energy arena. Often this includes working with other companies and government entities. One example is the SOLARII feasibility generator, which was a solar-powered energy plant that could produce electricity 24 hours a day. This was done by heating molten salts that would hold the heat during the day and would be used to generate power at night.
Dr. John Jurewitz served as Director of Regulatory Policy for Southern California Edison for 15 years until his retirement in July 2007. His major areas of research are in oil, gas, and electricity policy and greenhouse gas regulation. He has testified and participated in government-sponsored proceedings addressing electric industry restructuring and energy policy at the state, federal, and international levels.
In November, 2014, SCE announced a partnership with Ice Energy to provide more efficient energy storage by freezing water at night when electricity is cheaper. (Ice Energy filed for Chapter 7 bankruptcy in December 2019.)
Labor practice controversy edit
In April 2015, Southern California Edison laid off about 400 IT employees, with an additional 100 IT workers leaving voluntarily. Meanwhile, the utility company hired immigrants from India through Infosys, based in Bangalore, and Tata Consultancy Services in Mumbai, which are among the largest users of H-1B visas. About 70% of the work to be done by Tata and Infosys will be completed offshore, according to SCE. The company claimed it had to lay off US-based employees to stay competitive. The layoffs were questioned by members of the United States Senate. SCE was subsequently investigated by the US Department of Labor for potential H1-B visa abuse. In October, Department of Labor concluded Infosys did not abuse the H1-B program in the dealings with SCE, while Tata's case remained open.
See also edit
- "Form 10K, Southern California Edison Company". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. Archived from the original on September 17, 2021. Retrieved July 5, 2023.
- "Electric Utilities in California". ww2.energy.ca.gov. Archived from the original on February 14, 2020. Retrieved February 14, 2020.
- "Southern California Edison Announces Plans to Retire San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station". Edison International press release. June 7, 2013. Archived from the original on June 12, 2013. Retrieved June 10, 2013.
- "Summary of FERC documentation relating to the Western Energy Crisis 2000-2001". Retrieved June 10, 2013.
- Frank, Myra L.; Hatheway, Roger G. (October 1980). "Edison Building" (PDF). Historic American Buildings Survey. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress. p. 1. Retrieved January 28, 2023.
- http://www.huntington.org/uploadedFiles/Files/PDFs/pr_hugabouthenry.pdf[bare URL PDF]
- Staff, "Historic Redlands Lighting System Today 50 Years Old - Street Illumination Proved Feasibility Of World's First Long Transmission Line", The San Bernardino Daily Sun, San Bernardino, California, Friday 6 August 1943, Volume 49, page 12.
- "Southern California Edison Photographs and Negatives". hdl.huntington.org. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
- "FERC Approves Third Settlement in 2011 Southwest Blackout Case". FERC.[permanent dead link]
- Southern California Edison, FERC and NERC Reach Settlement Agreement[permanent dead link] NERC
- "Edison office shooting victims, killer identified". Los Angeles Times. December 17, 2011. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved July 11, 2019.
- St. John, Jeff (March 17, 2020). "Keeping the Lights On: US Utility Sector Braces for Coronavirus Impact". Green Tech Media. Boston MA.
- "Green Rate - Standard Residential Rate Plan". www.sce.com.
- "Southern California Edison Signs Largest Wind Energy Contract in U.S. Renewable Industry History". edison.com. Archived from the original on January 1, 2007. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
- "Southern California Edison Launches Nation's Largest Solar Panel Installation". Edison International. March 27, 2008. Retrieved March 8, 2011.[permanent dead link]
- "Solar Millennium and Southern California Edison signed power purchase agreements". Solar Millennium. July 17, 2009. Retrieved March 8, 2011.
- Sterling D. Allan (August 11, 2005). "World's largest solar installation to use Stirling engine technology". Pure Energy Systems. Archived from the original on March 15, 2006. Retrieved March 8, 2011.
- Michael Kanellos (March 12, 2007). "Full steam ahead for Nevada solar project". ZDNet. Retrieved March 8, 2011.
- Michael Kanellos (December 23, 2010). "More Bad News for Stirling: So. Cal. Edison Cancels Power Purchase Agreement". GreenTech.
- McFerron, Whitney (October 13, 2014). "Giant Battery Unit Aims at Wind Storage Holy Grail: Commodities". BloombergBusiness.
- Biennial RPS Program Update Archived 2016-05-09 at the Wayback Machine Section 913.6 Report | January 2016 | Page 5. California Public Utilities Commission
- Tarantola, Andrew (December 20, 2017). "California is set to hit its green-energy goals a decade early". Engadget. Retrieved December 27, 2017.
- St. John, Jeff (April 18, 2017). "Inside GE and SoCal Edison's First-of-a-Kind Hybrid Peaker Plant With Batteries and Gas Turbines". Greentech Media. Boston MA: Wood Mackenzie.
- Spector, Julian (December 12, 2019). "One More Time, With Feeling: GE's Latest Approach to Energy Storage". Greentech Media. Boston MA: Wood Mackenzie.
- "Electric Vehicles". www.sce.com.
- Brandt, Jaclyn (July 2, 2018). "Southern California Edison pushes for major expansion of EV charging station infrastructure". Daily Energy Insider. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
- "Southern California Edison offers $1000 credit to any EV/PHEV drivers". Electrek. May 22, 2017. Retrieved November 28, 2018.
- Lutz Mez, Mycle Schneider and Steve Thomas (Eds.) (2009). International Perspectives of Energy Policy and the Role of Nuclear Power, Multi-Science Publishing Co. Ltd, p. 591.
- California's Climate Change Policy
- Faruqui, Ahmad; Eakin, Kelly (September 30, 2002). Electricity Pricing in Transition. Springer Science & Business Media. ISBN 9780792376002. Retrieved April 10, 2018 – via Google Books.
- Richardson, Jake (November 22, 2014). "25 MW Of Ice Energy Storage For Southern California Edison". CleanTechnica. Sustainable Enterprises Media, Inc. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
- "Ice Energy Holdings, Inc. Bankruptcy (8:19-bk-14865), California Central Bankruptcy Court". www.pacermonitor.com. Retrieved December 30, 2019.
- "Edison's plans to cut jobs, hire foreign workers is assailed". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 14, 2015.
- Li, Shan; Morrison, Matt (February 10, 2015). "Edison's plans to cut jobs, hire foreign workers is assailed". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 3, 2015.
- "Southern California Edison IT workers 'beyond furious' over H-1B replacements". ComputerWorld. ComputerWorld. Retrieved December 14, 2015.
- Kopetman, Roxana (March 17, 2015). "Senators question Southern California Edison's layoffs, replacement with Indian workers". Orange County Register. Retrieved April 3, 2015.
- "Feds investigating Southern California Edison contractors after allegations of work visa abuse". scpr.org. Retrieved December 14, 2015.
- "Feds find no wrongdoing by firm that provided foreign workers to Edison". scpr.org. Retrieved December 14, 2015.
- Southern California Edison website
- SCE Launches 250-MW Solar Project
- Southern California Edison’s Electric Vehicle (EV) Technical Center in Pomona, California
- Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. CA-2151, "Edison Building, 601 West Fifth Street, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA", 4 photos, 8 data pages, 1 photo caption page
- Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) No. CA-2314, "Southern California Edison, Katella Substation, 410 East Katella Avenue, Anaheim, Orange County, CA", 18 photos, 5 data pages, 2 photo caption pages
- HAER No. CA-2318, "Southern California Edison Company Substations, Monumental Type, 2244 Walnut Grove Avenue, Rosemead, Los Angeles County, CA", 20 photos, 36 data pages, 2 photo caption pages
- HAER No. CA-2340, "Southern California Edison Company, Capistrano Substation, 31050 Camino Capistrano, San Juan Capistrano, Orange County, CA", 40 photos, 37 data pages, 5 photo caption pages