Infosys Limited (formerly Infosys Technologies Limited) is an Indian multinational corporation that provides business consulting, information technology and outsourcing services. It has its headquarters in Bengaluru, India.
|Traded as||BSE: 500209
BSE SENSEX Constituent
CNX Nifty Constituent
|Industry||IT services, IT consulting|
|Founded||7 July 1981|
|Founder||N.R. Narayana Murthy
|Headquarters||Electronic City, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India|
|UB Pravin Rao (CEO & MD)|
|Services||IT, business consulting and outsourcing services|
|Revenue||US$10.208 billion (2017)|
|US$2.520 billion (2017)|
|Profit||US$2.140 billion (2017)|
|Total assets||US$12.854 billion (2017)|
|Total equity||US$10.637 billion (2017)|
Number of employees
|200,364 (March 2017)|
|Divisions||Infosys BPO Limited
Lodestone Management Consultants
Name Change: The company changed its name to Infosys Technologies Private Limited in April 1992 and to Infosys Technologies Limited when it became a public limited company in June 1992. It was later renamed to Infosys Limited in June 2011.
An initial public offer (IPO) in February 1993 with an offer price of ₹95 (equivalent to ₹480 or US$7.50 in 2016) per share against book value of ₹20 (equivalent to ₹100 or US$1.60 in 2016) per share. The Infosys IPO was under subscribed but it was "bailed out" by US investment bank Morgan Stanley which picked up 1 28% of equity at the offer price. Its shares were listed in stock exchanges in June 1993 with trading opening at ₹145 (equivalent to ₹740 or US$11 in 2016) per share.
In October 1994, it made a private placement of 5,50,000 shares at ₹450 (equivalent to ₹2,100 or US$32 in 2016) each against book value of ₹10 (equivalent to ₹46 or 72¢ US in 2016) per share to Foreign Institutional Investors (FIIs), Financial Institutions (FIs) and Corporates.
In March 1999, it issued 2,070,000 ADSs (equivalent to 1,035,000 equity shares of par value of ₹10 (equivalent to ₹30 or 47¢ US in 2016) each) at US$34 (equivalent to $48.88 in 2016) per ADS under the American Depositary Shares Program and the same were listed on the NASDAQ National Market in US. The total issue amount was US$70.38 million.
The share price surged to ₹8,100 (equivalent to ₹24,000 or US$380 in 2016) by 1999 making it the costliest share on the market at the time. At that time, Infosys was among the 20 biggest companies by market capitalization on the NASDAQ.
During July 2003, June 2005 and November 2006, it made secondary ADS issues of US$294 (equivalent to $382.76 in 2016) million, US$1.07 (equivalent to $1.31 in 2016) billion and US$1.605 (equivalent to $1.91 in 2016) billion respectively.
In July 2014, Infosys started a product subsidiary called, EdgeVerve Systems., focusing on enterprise software products for business operations, customer service, procurement and commerce network domains.
The credit rating of the company is A- (given by Standard & Poor's on 13-Dec-2013). In February 2015, Infosys announced it would acquire the US automation technology company Panaya for around $200 million.
Infosys has a global footprint with offices and development centres across the world.
In 2012, Infosys announced a new office in Milwaukee, Wisconsin to service Harley-Davidson, being the 18th international office in the United States. Infosys hired 1,200 United States employees in 2011, and expanded the workforce by an additional 2,000 employees in 2012.
Products and servicesEdit
It provides software development, maintenance and independent validation services to companies in banking, finance, insurance, manufacturing and other domains.
Its key products are:
- In December 2003, Infosys had acquired Australia-based IT service provider Expert Information Services for $23 million.
- In December 2009, Infosys BPO acquired Atlanta-based McCamish Systems for about $38 million.
- In January 2012, Infosys BPO acquired Australia-based Portland Group, provider of strategic sourcing and category management services, for about AUD 37 million.
- In September 2012, Infosys acquired Switzerland-based Lodestone Management Consultants for about $345 million.
- In March 2015, Infosys acquired Panaya, Inc., a leading provider of automation technology for large scale enterprise software management.
- In June 2015, Infosys acquired Skava, a leading provider of digital experience solutions, including mobile commerce and in-store shopping experiences to large retail clients. The acquisition of Skava is part of Infosys’ strategy to help clients bring new digital experiences to their customers through IP-led technology offerings, new automation tools and unparalleled skill and expertise in these new emerging areas.
- In November 2015, Infosys acquired Noah-Consulting, a provider of information management consulting services for the oil and gas industry, based out of Houston, Texas, USA. Infosys acquired Noah-Consulting for $70 million USD (about Rs 453.5 crore) in an all-cash deal.
|Shareholders (as on 31-Mar-2014)||Shareholding|
|Foreign Institutional Investors (FII)|
|Banks, Financial Institutions and Insurance Companies||09.08%|
In 1996, Infosys established the Infosys Foundation, to support the underprivileged sections of society. At the outset, the Infosys Foundation implemented many programs in Karnataka. It subsequently covered Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, and Punjab in a phased manner. A team at the Foundation identifies all the programs in the areas of Healthcare, Education, Culture, Destitute Care and Rural Development.
Infosys' Global Academic Relations team forges Academic Entente (AcE)[clarification needed] with academic and partner institutions. It explores co-creation opportunities between Infosys and academia through case studies, student trips and speaking engagements. They also collaborate on technology, emerging economies, globalization, and research. Some initiatives include research collaborations, publications, conferences and speaking sessions, campus visits and campus hiring.
Infosys Labs is organized as a global network of research labs and innovation hubs.
Infosys Labs collaborates with leading national and international universities such as the University of Southern California Viterbi School of Engineering, University of Cambridge, Queens University of Belfast, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, IITB-Monash Research Academy, Indraprastha Institute of Information Technology, Delhi, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Purdue University, Indian Institute of Information Technology, Bangalore.
The Infosys Prize is an annual award given to scientists, researchers, engineers and social scientists connected to India. It is given by the Infosys Science Foundation, a non-profit trust which was set up in February 2009 by Infosys and some members of its Board. The prize is given under six categories. Each category includes a gold medallion, a citation certificate, and prize money of ₹6.5 million (US$100,000).
Infosys has a total of 193,383 employees as of 15 January 2016, of which 35% were women. Its workforce consists of employees representing 122 nationalities working from 32 countries (37 countries as per the base location). Out of its total workforce, 93.8% are software professionals, 17% are working in its BPO arm and remaining 6% work for support and sales. The attrition rate of Infosys Ltd., excluding its subsidiaries, for 12 months ending 30 September 2015, was 14.2%. And following the annual hike for employees during 2015-16, the attrition rate is likely to increase.
During FY 2014-15, Infosys received 1,519,678 applications from prospective employees and had a gross addition of 53,386 employees, a 4% hiring rate.
Training centre in MysuruEdit
As the world's largest corporate university, the Infosys global education centre in the 337 acre campus has 400 instructors and 200 classrooms, with international benchmarks at its core. Established in 2002, it had trained around 125,000 engineering graduates by June 2015. It can train 14,000 employees at a given point of time on various technologies.
In addition, Infosys Training Center in Mysuru also provides number of extra curricular facilities like Tennis, Badminton, Basketball, Swimming pool, Gym etc.,
List of CEOsEdit
UB Pravin Rao is the interim CEO and MD of Infosys. Prior to joining Infosys, Dr. Sikka was a member of the Executive Board of SAP AG and the Global Managing Board, leading all SAP products and innovation globally. He took over from S.D. Shibulal, one of the founders, on 1 August 2014. He was inducted as a whole-time director of the Board and CEO & MD (Designate) of Infosys on 14 June. He receives $11 million as annual compensation.
|Narayan Murthy||1981 to March 2002|
|Nandan Nilekani||March 2002 to April 2007|
|S Gopalakrishnan||April 2007 to August 2011|
|S D Shibulal||August 2011 to July 2014|
|Vishal Sikka||August 2014 to August 2017|
|U B Pravin Rao||August 2017 to till date |
Accusation of visa fraudEdit
In 2011, Infosys was accused of committing visa fraud by using B-1 (visitor) visas for work requiring H-1B (work) visas. The allegations were initially made by an American employee of Infosys in an internal complaint. He subsequently sued the company, claiming that he was harassed and sidelined after speaking out. Although that case was dismissed, it along with another similar case, brought the allegations to the notice of the US authorities — and the U.S. Department of Homeland Security and a federal grand jury started investigating.
In October 2013, Infosys agreed to settle the civil suit with US authorities by paying US$34 million. Infosys refused to admit guilt and stressed that it only agreed to pay the fine to avoid the nuisance of 'prolonged litigation'. In its statement the company said "As reflected in the settlement, Infosys denies and disputes any claims of systemic visa fraud, misuse of visas for competitive advantage, or immigration abuse. Those claims are assertions that remain unproven".
Displacement of American workers at Southern California Edison and DisneyEdit
In 2015, the Department of Labor began an investigation of Infosys after claims were made that the company used workers with H-1B visas to replace workers at Disney and Southern California Edison. Florida Sen. Bill Nelson also asked the Department of Homeland Security to investigate reports of layoffs at Disney.The investigation did not find any wrongdoing.
- House of Fraser, a British-based department store opted for Infosys as strategic partner to transform its business channel, IT infrastructure and to expand its global footprint. This multiyear deal is signed in the presence of Mr. Yuan Yafei, Chairman, Sanpower Group and Dr. Vishal Sikka, Chief Executive Officer, Infosys.
- Infosys signed up multi year agreement with Deutsche Bank for supporting in development, application maintenance, digital and mobility, package implementation and testing services.
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- "Infosys to buy Australian firm Expert for $22.9 m". The Hindu. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
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- "Infosys BPO signs definitive agreement to acquire Portland Group Pty Ltd in Australia". The Business Journals. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
- "Infosys acquires Swiss firm Lodestone for Rs. 1,925 crore". The Hindu. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
- "Infosys buys automation technology startup Panaya, deal valued at Rs 1200 crore". The Economic Times.
- "Infosys Completes Acquisition of Skava". Infosys Limited.
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- "Academic Entente (AcE)". 13 March 2012. Retrieved 29 October 2012.
- "Academic Entente". Retrieved 3 July 2013.
- "Infosys Ltd". The Times of India.
- "USC — Infosys CAST". Viterbi School of Engineering. Retrieved 29 October 2012.
- "Infosys — Queen's University Strategic Partnership — Cyber Security Threats & Consulting". 16 April 2013. Retrieved 21 May 2014.
- "Infosys, Israel sign pact for industrial R&D". MoneyControl.com. Retrieved 3 July 2013.
- "Global Academic Relations". Infosys. Retrieved 29 October 2012.
- "Infosys Prize — Securing India's scientific future". Infosys Science Foundation. Retrieved 7 Jun 2014.
- "7 scientists, academics bag Infosys Prize". The Hindu. Retrieved 7 Jun 2014.
- "Investor Sheet". Infosys.com. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
- "Annual Report 2012-13" (PDF). Infosys. 17 April 2013. Retrieved 8 September 2013.
- "Infosys campus reflects commitment to a greener world". Infosys. Retrieved 9 September 2013.
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- "Infosys builds world's biggest training centre in Mysore". Mysore Samachar. September 9, 2013. Retrieved September 8, 2013.
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- "Infosys Names Vishal Sikka First External CEO; Chairman Murthy to Step Down". NDTV Gadgets. Retrieved 2 July 2015.
- Infosys Limited. "Infosys to appoint Dr. Vishal Sikka as Chief Executive Officer & Managing Director". Retrieved 2 July 2015.
- "Infosys to pay its CEO Vishal Sikka Rs. 30 Crores annually". news.biharprabha.com. Indo-Asian News Service. Retrieved 3 July 2014.
- "vishal-sikka-resigns-as-md-ceo-of-infosys". Retrieved 17 August 2017.
- Preston, Julia (20 August 2012). "Judge dismisses Infosys suit". The New York Times. Retrieved 29 October 2012.
- "Former Employee Sues Infosys", 9 August 2012, The Wall Street Journal
- "‘Infosys slashed 80% of my portfolio’", Shayan Ghosh, 14 August 2012, Deccan Herald
- "Infosys says settles whistleblower...", 14 Dec 2012, The Indian Express
- Thibodeau, Patrick. "Whistleblower to continue helping U.S. Infosys probe". Computerworld. Retrieved 2012-09-27.
- "Infosys to pay $34m fine within 10 days. settlement not to affect future visas". The Times of India. 31 October 2013. Retrieved 2 November 2013.
- "Infosys doesn’t admit to guilt, but will pay $34 mn US visa fine". First Post. 31 October 2013. Retrieved 2 November 2013.
- "Infosys settles visa fraud investigation, pays $34m". The Times of India. 30 October 2013. Retrieved 2 November 2013.
- "Department Of Labor Launches Investigation Into H-1B Visa Program". Daily Caller. Retrieved 28 February 2016.
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- "House of Fraser selects Infosys to deliver strategic Retail Transformation Program".
- "Infosys signs multi-year agreement with Deutsche Bank". The Financial Express. 8 July 2015.