Open main menu

Maryland's 2nd congressional district

Maryland's 2nd congressional district elects a representative to the United States House of Representatives every two years. The district comprises parts of Howard, Harford, Baltimore, and Anne Arundel Counties, as well as small portions of the City of Baltimore. The seat is currently represented by Dutch Ruppersberger (D).

Maryland's 2nd congressional district
Maryland US Congressional District 2 (since 2013).tif
Maryland's 2nd congressional district - since January 3, 2013
Representative
  Dutch Ruppersberger
DCockeysville
Area359 sq mi (930 km2)
Distribution
  • 98.3% urban
  • 1.7% rural
Population (2013)745,135
Median income$68,204[1]
Ethnicity
Occupation
Cook PVID+11[2]

Contents

Historical boundariesEdit

When it was first organized in the late 1780s the Maryland 2nd Congressional district consisted of the northern portion of the eastern shore of Maryland and the area where the Susquehanna River empties into the Chesapeake Bay. It had a population of 55,008 in 1790.[3]

After the 1790 census Maryland gained two seats in the house. The new 2nd district essentially consisted of Howard County, Prince George's County and Anne Arundel County. The boundary ran on a line heading north-east from the north-west corner of the District of Columbia so that a small portion of Montgomery County was also in the 2nd district.[4]

This remained the boundaries of the district until the post-1830 census redistricting. At this time the 2nd district was moved back to the eastern shore region where it had been at first. The only change between the district's boundaries in 1790 and those in 1834 was that in the latter year Caroline County was part of the 2nd district.[5]

In the 1842 redistricting, which involved a decrease in the total number of representatives, Maryland went back to having only six members of the house. The second district was moved again and now composed the Maryland Panhandle, that is all of Maryland starting with Frederick County and going west.[6]

The post-1850 census redistricting caused another drastic redrawing of Maryland's congressional districts. The second district was moved back to the East side of the state. However this time it only had the eastern shore as far south as Kent County. However going westward it had Harford County, northern and western Baltimore County and the western and most southerly portions of Baltimore. It also took in Carroll County.[7]

In the 1862 redistricting process Maryland was reduced to having only five congressional districts. The second was cut down in size though to only having Harford County, eastern and northern Baltimore County including some areas now within the city boundaries on Baltimore.[8]

In the 1872 redistricting Maryland rose to six districts. However the area of the 2nd district increased. This was partly because it lost some of its area on the east side of Baltimore to the third district. It now also consisted of virtually all of Baltimore county, and the northern reaches of Baltimore. Cecil County was returned to its area, but Kent County remained in the first district. Carroll County was also put back in the second district. Thus the second district in 1873 was closer to that of 1853 than of 1871 in terms of the area within its boundaries.[9]

In 1890 there was a small portion of the city of Baltimore that was moved from the 4th district and placed in the 7th district. It appears this was in the general area where Freemont meets Fulton and then a little further south along Freemont.[10] These boundaries remained until the 1898 elections. In that year a few more north-west Baltimore neighborhoods were transferred from the 4th to the 2nd district, as well as a few north-central Baltimore neighborhoods.[11]

In 1902 another change was done to congressional district boundaries in Maryland. With the northward growth of population in Baltimore the 4th and 3rd districts boundaries were moved into areas previously in the 2nd district. however areas in north-west Baltimore that were closer to down-town were shifted into the 2nd district. Cecil County was moved to the first district. The arm of Baltimore County around Arbutus had long been in the 5th District but at this point it was transferred into the 2nd district.[12] These remained the boundaries of the 2nd district for the next 50 years.

In 1952 Maryland redrew its congressional districts because it had gained another seat in Congress. The 2nd district lost all of its area within the city of Baltimore, so it now consisted of Baltimore, Carroll and Harford Counties.[13]

In 1966 Maryland redrew its congressional districts to follow the rule of "One man, one vote". This was especially necessary since the state had been electing one of its congressmen at large in the previous two elections. A portion of Baltimore County along Baltimore's north-east border was removed from the 2nd district. The Arbutus section of Baltimore county was also removed from the district along with a slightly further north portion of the county reaching to about Garrison. Most of Carroll County was moved to the Maryland panhandle based 6th district.[14]

In 1972 Harford County was moved to the First District. The remaining portion of Carroll County was moved to the 6th district. However the Garrison area of Baltimore County, all of Baltimore county east of Baltimore and even a very small part of Baltimore itself were moved back into the second district.[14]

In 1982 some of the areas that had been in the 2nd district just north and west of Baltimore were moved into the Maryland Congressional 3rd District. Also at this time a part of Harford County was moved back into the 2nd congressional district.[15]

In 2012 the district was found to be the eleventh least compact congressional district in the United States.[16]

Recent election results in statewide racesEdit

Year Office Results
2000 President Gore 57%–41%
2004 President Kerry 54%–45%
2008 President Obama 60%–38%
2012 President Obama 62.9%–35.1%
2016 President Clinton 60.2%–35.6%

Recent electionsEdit

List of members representing the districtEdit

Member Years Party Electoral history
1  
Joshua Seney
March 4, 1789 –
December 6, 1792
Anti-Administration Elected in 1789.
Re-elected in 1790.
Resigned to become Chief Justice of Maryland's 3rd Judicial District.
Vacant December 6, 1792 –
January 30, 1793
2  
William Hindman
January 30, 1793 –
March 3, 1793
Pro-Administration Elected January 7, 1793 to finish Seney's term and seated January 30, 1793 having already been elected in the 7th district.
3  
John Francis Mercer
March 4, 1793 –
April 13, 1794
Anti-Administration Redistricted from the 3rd district and re-elected in 1792.
Resigned.
Vacant April 13, 1794 –
November 11, 1794
4  
Gabriel Duvall
November 11, 1794 –
March 3, 1795
Anti-Administration Elected May 5, 1794 to finish Mercer's term.
Elected in 1794.
Resigned to become Chief Justice of General Court of Maryland.
March 4, 1795 –
March 28, 1796
Democratic-Republican
Vacant March 28, 1796 –
May 5, 1796
5 Richard Sprigg Jr. May 5, 1796 –
March 3, 1799
Democratic-Republican Elected to finish Duvall's term.
Re-elected in 1796.
Lost re-election.
6  
John Chew Thomas
March 4, 1799 –
March 3, 1801
Federalist Elected in 1798.
Lost re-election.
7 Richard Sprigg Jr. March 4, 1801 –
February 11, 1802
Democratic-Republican Elected in 1801.
Resigned.
Vacant February 11, 1802 –
March 24, 1802
8 Walter Bowie March 24, 1802 –
March 3, 1805
Democratic-Republican Elected March 2, 1802 to finish Sprigg's term.
Re-elected in 1803.
Retired.
9 Leonard Covington March 4, 1805 –
March 3, 1807
Democratic-Republican Elected in 1804.
Lost re-election.
10 Archibald Van Horne March 4, 1807 –
March 3, 1811
Democratic-Republican Elected in 1806.
Re-elected in 1808.
Retired.
11  
Joseph Kent
March 4, 1811 –
March 3, 1815
Democratic-Republican Elected in 1810.
Re-elected in 1812.
Lost re-election.
12  
John Carlyle Herbert
March 4, 1815 –
March 3, 1819
Federalist Elected in 1814.
Re-elected in 1816.
Retired.
13  
Joseph Kent
March 4, 1819 –
March 3, 1823
Democratic-Republican Elected in 1818.
Re-elected in 1820.
Re-elected in 1822.
Re-elected in 1824.
Resigned to become Governor of Maryland.
March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Adams Democratic-Republican
March 4, 1825 –
January 6, 1826
Anti-Jackson
Vacant January 6, 1826 –
February 1, 1826
14 John Crompton Weems February 1, 1826 –
March 3, 1829
Jackson [Data unknown/missing.]
15 Benedict Joseph Semmes March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1833
Anti-Jackson [Data unknown/missing.]
16  
Richard Bennett Carmichael
March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1835
Jackson [Data unknown/missing.]
17  
James Alfred Pearce
March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1839
Whig [Data unknown/missing.]
18  
Philip Francis Thomas
March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1841
Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
19  
James Alfred Pearce
March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
Whig [Data unknown/missing.]
20 Francis Brengle March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
Whig [Data unknown/missing.]
21 Thomas Johns Perry March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1847
Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
22  
James Dixon Roman
March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1849
Whig [Data unknown/missing.]
23  
William Thomas Hamilton
March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1853
Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 5th district.
24 Jacob Shower March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
25  
James Barroll Ricaud
March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1859
Know Nothing [Data unknown/missing.]
26  
Edwin Hanson Webster
March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
Know Nothing [Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
Unionist [Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1863 –
July 1865
Unconditional Unionist [Data unknown/missing.]
Vacant July 1865 –
December 4, 1865
27  
John Lewis Thomas Jr.
December 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1867
Unconditional Unionist [Data unknown/missing.]
28  
Stevenson Archer
March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1875
Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
29  
Charles Boyle Roberts
March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1879
Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
30  
Joshua Frederick Cockey Talbott
March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1885
Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
31 Frank Thomas Shaw March 4, 1885 –
March 3, 1889
Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
32  
Herman Stump
March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1893
Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
33  
Joshua Frederick Cockey Talbott
March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1895
Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
34 William Benjamin Baker March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1901
Republican [Data unknown/missing.]
35  
Albert Alexander Blakeney
March 4, 1901 –
March 3, 1903
Republican [Data unknown/missing.]
36  
Joshua Frederick Cockey Talbott
March 4, 1903 –
October 5, 1918
Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant October 5, 1918 –
November 5, 1918
37  
Carville Dickinson Benson
November 5, 1918 –
March 3, 1921
Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
38  
Albert Alexander Blakeney
March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1923
Republican [Data unknown/missing.]
39  
Millard Evelyn Tydings
March 4, 1923 –
March 3, 1927
Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
40 William Purington Cole Jr. March 4, 1927 –
March 3, 1929
Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
41 Linwood Leon Clark March 4, 1929 –
March 3, 1931
Republican [Data unknown/missing.]
42 William Purington Cole Jr. March 4, 1931 –
October 26, 1942
Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned to become judge of US Customs Court
Vacant October 26, 1942 –
January 3, 1943
43 Harry Streett Baldwin January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1947
Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
44 Hugh Allen Meade January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1949
Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
45 William P. Bolton January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1951
Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
46  
James Patrick Sinnott Devereux
January 3, 1951 –
January 3, 1959
Republican [Data unknown/missing.]
47  
Daniel Baugh Brewster
January 3, 1959 –
January 3, 1963
Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
48  
Clarence Dickinson Long
January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1985
Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
49  
Helen Delich Bentley
January 3, 1985 –
January 3, 1995
Republican [Data unknown/missing.]
50  
Robert Leroy Ehrlich
January 3, 1995 –
January 3, 2003
Republican [Data unknown/missing.]
51  
Dutch Ruppersberger
January 3, 2003 –
Present
Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]

Historical district boundariesEdit

 
2003–2013

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=24&cd=02
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  3. ^ Parsons, Stanley B., William W. Beach and Dan Hermann. United States Congressional Districts 1788-1841 (Westport: Greenwood Press, 1978) p. 9
  4. ^ Martis, Kenneth C. Historical Atlas of Political Parties in Congress. (New York: Macmillan, 1989) p. 76
  5. ^ Martis. Historical Atlas. p. 93
  6. ^ Martis. Historical Atlas. p. 97
  7. ^ Martis. Historical Atlas. p. 107
  8. ^ Martis. Historical Atlas. p. 117
  9. ^ Martis. Historical Atlas. p. 127.
  10. ^ Historical Maps of Maryland
  11. ^ Martis. Historical Atlas. p. 155
  12. ^ Martis. Historical Atlas, p. 157.
  13. ^ Martis. Historical Atlas. p. 215
  14. ^ a b Martis. Historical Atlas. p. 217.
  15. ^ Martis. Historical Atlas. p. 237
  16. ^ Lazarick, Len (3 October 2012). "Maryland has least compact congressional districts in nation". MarylandReporter.com. Retrieved 7 October 2012.

Coordinates: 39°18′N 76°30′W / 39.3°N 76.5°W / 39.3; -76.5