Lawrence Joseph Hogan Jr. (born May 25, 1956) is an American politician serving as the 62nd Governor of Maryland since 2015. A member of the Republican Party, he previously served as Secretary of Appointments under Governor Bob Ehrlich from 2003 to 2007.
|62nd Governor of Maryland|
|Assumed office |
January 21, 2015
|Preceded by||Martin O'Malley|
|Chair of the National Governors Association|
|Assumed office |
July 26, 2019
|Preceded by||Steve Bullock|
|Vice Chair of National Governors Association|
July 21, 2018 – July 26, 2019
|Preceded by||Steve Bullock|
|Succeeded by||Andrew Cuomo|
|Secretary of Appointments of Maryland|
January 15, 2003 – January 17, 2007
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||Jeanne Hitchcock|
Lawrence Joseph Hogan Jr.
May 25, 1956
Washington, D.C., U.S.
Yumi Kim (m. 2004)
|Relatives||Lawrence Hogan (father)|
Patrick N. Hogan (brother)
|Education||Florida State University (BA)|
- 1 Early life, education, and business career
- 2 Civic and political career, 1981–2014
- 3 Gubernatorial races
- 4 Governor of Maryland, 2015–present
- 4.1 BDS lawsuit
- 4.2 Education
- 4.3 Environmental issues
- 4.4 Facebook page controversies
- 4.5 Gun control
- 4.6 Immigration
- 4.7 Police and incarceration
- 4.8 Sick-leave legislation
- 4.9 Social issues
- 4.10 Supreme Court nominations
- 4.11 Transportation
- 4.12 Voting rights
- 5 National politics
- 6 Personal life
- 7 Electoral history
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Early life, education, and business careerEdit
Hogan was born in 1956 in Washington, D.C. and grew up in Landover, Maryland, attending Saint Ambrose Catholic School and DeMatha Catholic High School. He moved to Florida with his mother after his parents divorced in 1972 and graduated from Father Lopez Catholic High School in 1974. Hogan is the son of Nora (Maguire) and Lawrence Hogan Sr., who served as a U.S. Congressman from Maryland's 5th Congressional District from 1969 to 1975 and as Prince George's County Executive from 1978 to 1982. Hogan Sr. was famous for being the first Republican member of the U.S. House Judiciary Committee to call for the impeachment of Richard Nixon. His parents were both of Irish descent.
Hogan attended Florida State University from 1974 to 1978 and earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in government and political science. While in college, Hogan worked in the Florida State Legislature and upon graduation, worked on Capitol Hill. Hogan helped his father run a successful campaign in 1978 for Prince George's County Executive and later worked for his father as a low-paid 'intergovernmental liaison'.
In 1985, Hogan founded Hogan Companies, which is engaged in brokerage, consulting, investment and development of land, commercial and residential properties. He spent the next 18 years in the private sector.[better source needed]
Civic and political career, 1981–2014Edit
As the son of a U.S. Congressman, Hogan was exposed to politics at a young age and worked in many aspects of politics including political campaigns and citizen referendums.
1981 congressional campaignEdit
In 1981, at the age of 24, Hogan first ran for office in the special election to fill the vacancy in Maryland's 5th congressional district left by Gladys Noon Spellman. Spellman had succeeded Hogan's father in the congressional seat. Hogan finished 2nd out of 12 candidates in the Republican primary with 22.38% of the votes, behind Audrey Scott who received 63.26%.
1992 congressional campaignEdit
In the 1992 election cycle, Hogan was the Republican nominee for Maryland's 5th Congressional District, running against Democratic incumbent Steny Hoyer. The race was the closest in Hoyer's tenure, with Hogan winning four out of the district's five counties and taking 45% of the vote to Hoyer's 55%. No other challenger has come as close to unseating Hoyer since.
Secretary of Appointments, 2003-2007Edit
Hogan took a four-year leave of absence from his business to serve as Maryland's Secretary of Appointments in the administration of Bob Ehrlich from 2003 to 2007. In this capacity, Hogan appointed over 7,000 individuals to positions in the Maryland government.
In 2011, Hogan founded Change Maryland, a non-partisan grassroots organization. The organization was a frequent critic of tax increases in Maryland during the tenure of Governor Martin O'Malley and a platform for Hogan's gubernatorial run.
2014 gubernatorial campaignEdit
Hogan announced his campaign for Governor of Maryland on January 21, 2014. On January 29, 2014, Hogan announced his running mate, former Maryland Secretary of General Services Boyd Rutherford. On June 24, 2014, Hogan and Rutherford won the Republican primary, receiving 43% of the vote. They defeated Anthony G. Brown, the Democratic nominee and incumbent Lieutenant Governor, in an election on November 4, 2014. He is the first governor to be elected from Anne Arundel County, Maryland in over 100 years.
2018 gubernatorial campaignEdit
In the 2018 gubernatorial election, Hogan ran against Democratic nominee Ben Jealous, a former NAACP president. Hogan enjoyed significant polling and fundraising leads over Jealous throughout the campaign. Hogan ultimately defeated Jealous, 55% to 43%, becoming only the second Republican governor in Maryland history to be reelected, and the first since Theodore McKeldin in 1954. Hogan won the most votes of any governor in Maryland history.
Governor of Maryland, 2015–presentEdit
Hogan was described by The New York Times and others as a moderate Republican, has been deemed a "pragmatist", and in 2018 polled well among Maryland Democrats, according to The Baltimore Sun. The Washington Post's editorial board wrote in 2015 that he was "true to his promise to govern from the center in the first legislative session of his term." On the Issues, a non-profit and non-partisan organization which tracks politicians' positions, considers Hogan to be a centrist.
Days after announcing he would not run for president in 2020, the possibility of which he had raised months earlier, Hogan gave a "combative" speech in June 2019. He addressed a right-wing business group, the Maryland Free Enterprise Foundation, "skewering Democrats who control the state legislature and vowing to spend the remainder of his term in 'battle' with them."
Hogan has enjoyed good approval ratings. A March 2016 Gonzales Poll showed Hogan held a 71% approval rating. A Washington Post-University of Maryland poll in April 2016 showed Hogan with a 66% approval rating. Hogan's numbers were attributed to the improving economy in the state and Hogan's decision to govern "focusing on taxes and other pocketbook issues while avoiding polarizing social topics such as abortion or religious-objection laws." By November 2017, Hogan had one of the highest approval ratings of any governor in the country. A June 2018 poll showed that Hogan had a 60% approval rating among Democrats.
In January 2019, a former member of the Maryland House of Delegates filed a lawsuit against the governor alleging violation of constitutional First and Fourteenth Amendment rights. The governor had issued an executive order in October 2017 forbidding Marylanders who participate in the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) campaign against Israel from bidding on state contracts.
In early 2017, Hogan proposed a budget that cut funding for community revitalization programs, extended library hours, and public schools in Baltimore City. Under the proposed budget, Baltimore City Public Schools would receive $42 million less than the prior year, further exacerbating the current $129 million budget gap. In February 2017, in response to the funding crisis, citizens rallied in Annapolis. Hogan has criticized the school system for the mismanagement of funds, and has deemed the system's finances an "absolute disaster".
In May 2018, Hogan signed a bill appropriating $15 million in need-based scholarships for low- and middle-income students, allowing them to attend community college tuition-free, and also appropriating an additional $2 million over a five-year period for older "near-completer" college students who are close to finishing degrees at community colleges or four-year colleges.
In 2013, a bi-partisan commission studied whether to move the start of the school year to after Labor Day and voted 12–3 to recommend such a measure to then Governor Martin O'Malley. In August 2016, Hogan issued an executive order to set the public schools start date after the Labor Day holiday. The measure was opposed by the state teachers' union, the Maryland State Education Association (MSEA).
Hogan was criticized in 2018 for taking a large donation from a poultry company.
In April 2017, Hogan signed a law banning hydraulic fracturing in Maryland. However, he did support pipelines in Maryland that transport natural gas obtained by hydraulic fracturing in other states.
Paris Agreement and renewable portfolio standardEdit
In June 2017, Hogan maintained support for the Paris Agreement and opposed the United States withdrawal from the Paris Agreement. In January 2018, Hogan said Maryland would join the United States Climate Alliance formed by California, New York, and Washington.
In 2016, Hogan signed legislation to reauthorize greenhouse gas reduction targets and mandate a 40% reduction in statewide carbon pollution by 2030. In 2017, however, Hogan vetoed legislation that had been passed by the Maryland General Assembly to increase the use of renewable energy by setting a renewable portfolio standard to require that 25% of the state's electricity come from renewable sources (such as solar, wind, and hydroelectricity) by 2020. Hogan and the Maryland Republican Party led an unsuccessful campaign to sustain the veto, but the Democratic-controlled General Assembly overrode the veto in a party-line vote.
In February 2015, Hogan announced proposed regulatory changes on phosphorus nutrient pollution in the Chesapeake Bay and the Eastern Shore of Maryland. The water was being polluted as a result of agricultural runoff of chicken manure, which is used as a fertilizer by farmers and is cheap and plentiful in Maryland. Hogan proposed extending the time for about 80% of farmers to fully comply with regulations to 2022, while at the same time imposing a ban on additional phosphorus use by the largest farmers, and providing for indefinite delays if there was no other use for the manure. In March 2015, Hogan reached a compromise with Democrats in the General Assembly under which a hard date of 2022 was established, subject to a delay only to 2024 if no alternate uses for the manure can be found. The compromise "received tentative praise from both the agricultural community and environmentalists."
Facebook page controversiesEdit
Between taking office and February 2017, Hogan's Facebook page blocked over 450 people. One spokesman said about half had used "hateful or racist" language, while the rest were part of a "coordinated attack". Affected Marylanders said they had reached out to the governor via Facebook following the 2015 Baltimore protests as well as Donald Trump's Executive Order 13769 in January 2017, which banned travelers from 7 predominantly Muslim countries.
In March 2017, it was discovered that Hogan staffers altered headlines of Baltimore Sun and DelmarvaNow articles posted in the governor's Facebook page to falsely imply General Assembly support for the Governor's so-called "Road Kill Bill"; after the Sun contacted the governor's office about the doctored headlines, the governor's office rectified the problem.
In October 2018, a law tightening gun control regulations that was signed by Hogan went into effect. The law banned bump stocks and banned gun ownership by convicted domestic abusers. Hogan was endorsed by the National Rifle Association (NRA) in 2014, but in July 2018, Hogan said he would decline an endorsement and funds from the NRA if they were offered. In September 2018, the NRA downgraded its rating of Hogan to "C" and declined to endorse him.
On May 24, 2019, Hogan vetoed a bill to replace the state Handgun Permit Review Board with a panel of judges. The Handgun Review Board hears appeals from Marylanders whose applications for handgun permits were denied by the Maryland State Police. Critics accused it of being too lenient in granting appeals. Hogan condemned the bill as a "solution in search of a problem."
Hogan opposed President Trump's decision to end the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program. He recalled Maryland National Guard forces from the U.S.-Mexico border to protest the Trump administration's family separation policy.
Police and incarcerationEdit
In July 2015, Hogan announced the "immediate" closure of the decrepit Baltimore City Detention Center, which had a long record of poor conditions and dysfunction. Hogan did not notify Baltimore City mayor Stephanie Rawlings-Blake or leaders of the state general assembly about the plan. Hogan's move was supported by civil liberties and reform groups such as the American Civil Liberties Union, Public Justice Center, and Justice Policy Institute. The closure was viewed as orderly and successful by most, with the last prisoners being moved out of the jail in late August 2015.
In 2016, Hogan re-opened the Maryland State Police Barrack in Annapolis, which had previously been closed in 2008 as a cost-savings measure.
The April 2015 death of Freddie Gray, a 25-year-old African American resident of Baltimore, Maryland, led to the 2015 Baltimore protests. To address the growing unrest, Hogan declared a state of emergency and activated the Maryland National Guard. Major General Linda L. Singh of the Maryland National Guard commented that there would be a "massive number" of soldiers in Maryland on the night of April 27, and that up to 5,000 soldiers were eventually deployed. Maryland State Police activated 500 officers for duty in Baltimore, and requested additional state police officers from other states.
In December 2016, Hogan proposed state legislation to require companies with 50 or more employees to provide 5 days per year of paid sick leave. Hogan's bill was less expansive than legislation passed by the Democratic-controlled Maryland House of Delegates; it also would have preempted local legislation that was more generous to employees, such as mandated paid sick leave required by Montgomery County, Maryland. In the legislature, Hogan's proposal failed to advance out of committee, and the House of Delegates passed more expansive legislation that requires companies with 15 employees or more to provide 7 paid sick-leave days a year, requires companies with fewer than 15 employees to provide 5 days of unpaid sick leave, and affords benefits for part-time employees. Hogan vetoed the more generous sick leave bill, but his veto was overridden.
Hogan personally opposes abortion but has said "he will not try to change Maryland's laws protecting women's rights to the procedure nor to limit access to contraception." Although he made some pro-life comments in the early 1980s, he said in the 1990s that abortion should remain legal. In 2016, Hogan signed a law making birth control cheaper. In 2017, the legislature passed a bill to reimburse Planned Parenthood in the event that the federal government withdraws funding, and Hogan allowed the bill to become a law without his signature. He characterized as unnecessary a 2018 initiative put forward by Democratic state lawmakers to protect abortion in the Maryland constitution but declined to oppose it and added that he supported allowing Marylanders to vote on it, which would automatically happen if the General Assembly were to approve it. "Our laws in Maryland already guarantee a woman's right to choose," he said. "We have some very strong laws and any change in the Supreme Court would not affect Maryland, so I don't think that a constitutional amendment is required, but if that's what they want to do, I'm all for that. Let the voters decide."
In 2014, Hogan opposed a transgender rights law signed by Governor O'Malley. As a gubernatorial candidate, he said that he was "originally for civil unions" but that he has evolved to support the decision to legalize same-sex marriage.
In 2016, Hogan vetoed legislation to decriminalize possession of marijuana paraphernalia in Maryland, making it a civil infraction rather than a crime. The Democratic-controlled General Assembly overrode the veto.
Supreme Court nominationsEdit
In July 2018, Hogan was one of four Republican governors from Democratic-leaning states who chose not to sign a letter endorsing the confirmation of Brett Kavanaugh to the U.S. Supreme Court. After allegations of sexual misconduct were made against Kavanaugh, Hogan joined three other Republican governors in signing a letter opposing Kavanaugh's confirmation without an independent investigation. After the investigation was concluded, Hogan declined to say whether or not he supported Kavanaugh's confirmation.
During his time in office, Hogan has cancelled major transit projects such as the Baltimore Red Line light rail, and advocated for vehicle-intensive highway construction.
Cancellation of Baltimore Red Line light rail projectEdit
In June 2015, Hogan canceled the federally funded Baltimore Red Line project, instead choosing to reallocate money to road construction across Maryland, fulfilling a campaign promise to voters who elected him in 2014. Maryland Transportation Secretary Pete Rahn described the Red Line proposal as "fatally flawed" and argued that the light rail line would not connect with other public transportation hubs in Baltimore and would require the construction of a $1 billion tunnel through the heart of the city. However, plans detailed the Red Line would connect to the MARC Train at the West Baltimore station and planned Bayview station, the Baltimore Metro Subway at Charles Center station via a pedestrian tunnel, and with the Baltimore Light Rail at the University Center/Baltimore Street station at street level. The cancellation of the project was criticized by Baltimore Mayor Stephanie Rawlings-Blake.
Hogan conditionally approved funding for the Purple Line in Maryland's Washington, D.C. suburbs, subject to increased contributions from Montgomery County and Prince George's County. This 2017 decision closed down popular bike paths in Montgomery County for what the state Department of Transportation estimates will be five years (ending in 2022), triggering residents' anger and protests.
In 2016, the Maryland General Assembly introduced HB 1013, the Maryland Open Transportation Investment Decision Act of 2016, which aimed to establish statewide transportation goals through a transparent scoring process by the Maryland Department of Transportation. Inspired by Hogan's decision to cancel the Baltimore Red Line and shift funding to rural areas of the state, the legislation would require the Transportation Department to develop a project-based scoring system and promulgate regulations for the public.
In April 2016, Hogan vetoed the bill, saying that it was politically motivated and would increase the cancellation risk for major transportation projects throughout the state. Hogan said that the bill would force him to cancel 66 transportation projects and relabeled it the "Road Kill Bill". The General Assembly overrode Hogan's veto on April 8, 2016. Hogan deemed repealing the legislation to be his top priority, but gridlock and tension between the governor and the legislature prevented an alternative solution from being reached.
In May 2019, The Baltimore Sun reported that transit advocates had accused the Hogan administration of using a biased scoring process in which administration-supported projects (such as the Beltway expansion plan) receive high scores and disfavored (such as the Baltimore Red Line) receive low ones. One critic cited in the piece noted, "The General Assembly passed this law in an attempt to be more open and transparent...MDOT has complied with the law to the minimum extent possible...Projects they want to fund get perfect scores and projects they don't want to fund get low scores. It doesn't pass the smell test that they're faithfully executing this law."
Toll lane construction on I-495 Beltway and I-270Edit
During his second term in office, Hogan made efforts to expand the Maryland sections of the Capital Beltway (Interstate 495) and Interstate 270 by proposing a plan to add up to two high-occupancy toll lanes (referred to critically as "Lexus lanes") on each highway in each direction, arguing that the project would reduce traffic congestion. The proposal was highly controversial, and was opposed by a number of planners and officials, including the Prince George's County Council, Montgomery County Executive Marc Elrich, and by local citizens' organizations such as Citizens Against Beltway Expansion. The only poll on the subject of the Beltway expansion plan showed that in principle, 61% support the toll road; however, 73% of people were very or somewhat concerned about the loss of homes, 69% of people very or somewhat concerned that the road would be too expensive to use, and 68% of people were very or somewhat concerned that the new highway would not reduce congestion.
Opponents criticized the plan, arguing that it would require the destruction of parkland and seizure of private property; that it unduly promoted transportation by car, rather than public transit; that it would lead to the destruction of historic churches; that it would contribute to environmental problems such as storm water pollution and noise pollution; that it would hurt home prices in surrounding neighborhoods; and that the plans were rushed through without adequate public discussion or proper consideration of alternatives. The cost of the plan also has risen from $9 billion to $11 billion since it was first made public, an amount that the Hogan administration says will be paid for entirely by private contractors.
On May 5, 2019, several hundred citizens gathered to discuss the governor's Beltway expansion plan. Montgomery County councilmembers Tom Hucker and Sidney A. Katz said respectively, "This project has been managed like a runaway bus in the movie, Speed", and, "we need to do things in a smart way, not a quick way." Hogan did not attend the meeting, but sent tweets in response, accusing those who opposed his plan of being "pro-traffic activists" who offer "no real ideas to solve" the crisis, and writing that the plans had advanced "through public hearings, workshops, [and] meetings".
On May 8, 2019, the Prince George's County Council voted unanimously for a proposal requiring Hogan to undertake further environmental reviews before proceeding with the plan. On May 9, 2019, all nine members of the Montgomery County Council signed onto a letter to the Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission (M-NCPPC), which controls most parkland in the Maryland suburbs, asking the Commission not to cooperate with the state's plans to widen the Capital Beltway and Interstate 270 unless the Maryland Department of Transportation completes additional reviews of the project's fiscal risks and environmental impacts and the County Council gives a go-ahead vote.[relevant? ] On May 22, 2019, one day prior to a public meeting on the planned expansion, Congressman and former lieutenant governor Anthony G. Brown argued that Hogan's plan would increase traffic congestion.
On June 5, the State Board of Public Works (composed of Hogan, State Comptroller Peter Franchot, and State Treasurer Nancy Kopp) voted to approve the proposal. Hogan and Franchot voted in favor of the proposal, while Kopp opposed it.
Hogan vetoed legislation passed by the Maryland General Assembly in 2015 to restore the voting rights of persons convicted of felonies following their completion of prison sentences. The General Assembly overrode the veto. The law applies to about 44,000 former prisoners.
2016 presidential electionEdit
On July 15, 2015, Hogan endorsed New Jersey Governor Chris Christie in his campaign for the Republican nomination for the presidency. In June 2016, despite the fact that Trump was endorsed by Christie at that time, Hogan stated that he had no plans to support Donald Trump, the Republican Party's presumptive nominee.
Hogan instead wrote in his own father, Lawrence Hogan (a former congressman and county executive of Prince George's County, Maryland) for president. Hogan did, however, attend Trump's inauguration.
Potential 2020 presidential candidacyEdit
During his January 16, 2019 inaugural address, Hogan indicated he was considering launching a primary challenge against President Donald Trump in the 2020 presidential election. In March 2019, Hogan said he was listening to many who were encouraging him to challenge President Donald Trump in a 2020 Republican presidential primary, and had not yet given it much individual thought, but would not rule it out. On April 23, 2019, at an event in New Hampshire, Hogan said he owed it to advisors to give "serious consideration" to launching a challenge against President Donald Trump in the 2020 Republican Party presidential primaries. Polls conducted in April and May suggested Hogan would receive the votes of only 24% of Republican voters against 68% for President Donald Trump in the Maryland Republican primary.
On June 1, Hogan announced that he would not challenge Trump in the 2020 Republican primary in order to focus on governing Maryland and chairing the National Governors Association. Shortly afterward, Hogan commented that he had no interest in running for the U.S. Senate in 2022, but left open the possibility of running for president in 2024.
Hogan resides in Government House in Annapolis with his wife, Yumi Hogan, a Korean-American artist and adjunct instructor at Maryland Institute College of Art. The couple met in 2001 and married in 2004. Hogan is the stepfather of Yumi's three adult daughters from her first marriage: Kim Velez, Jaymi Sterling, and Julie Kim. Hogan's brother, Patrick N. Hogan, represented a district in Frederick County, Maryland in the Maryland House of Delegates from 2003 to 2007 and 2011 to 2015.
In June 2015, Hogan announced that he had been diagnosed with stage three non-Hodgkins lymphoma and was undergoing treatment. He completed 18 weeks of intensive chemotherapy and announced in November 2015 that the cancer was in remission. He underwent his last chemotherapy treatment in October 2016 and was deemed to be cancer-free.
|Maryland's 5th Congressional District Special Republican Primary Election, 1981|
|Republican||Jon William Robinson||101||0.73|
|Republican||Irvin Henson Jr.||40||0.29|
|Republican||Robert Byron Brickell||24||0.17|
|Maryland's 5th Congressional District Republican Primary Election, 1992|
|Republican||John Douglas Parran||4,020||15|
|Republican||John Michael Fleig||633||2|
|Maryland's 5th Congressional District Election, 1992|
|Democratic||Steny Hoyer (inc.)||118,312||53|
|Republican||Larry Hogan/Boyd Rutherford||92,376||42.98|
|Republican||David R. Craig/Jeannie Haddaway||62,639||29.14|
|Republican||Charles Lollar/Kenneth Timmerman||33,292||15.49|
|Republican||Ron George/Shelley Aloi||26,628||12.39|
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- Davis, Phil (February 25, 2015). "Gov. Hogan rolls out new phosphorus management plan". The Daily Times.
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- Khan, Saliqa A. (September 5, 2017). "Maryland leaders weigh in on decision to rescind DACA". WBAL-TV.
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- Cook, Chase (April 6, 2016). "Annapolis State Police barrack to take two years to reach full strength". Capital Gazette.
- Shapiro, Emily (April 27, 2015). "Maryland Gov. Declares State of Emergency After Violent Clashes in Baltimore". ABC News.
- "Governor Larry Hogan Signs Executive Order Declaring State Of Emergency, Activating National Guard" (PDF). Government of Maryland. April 27, 2015.
- Laughland, Oliver; Lewis, Paul; Jacobs, Ben; Swaine, Jon (April 27, 2015). "Baltimore state of emergency declared as Freddie Gray protesters clash with police – live". The Guardian.
- @matthewhaybrown (April 27, 2015). "Maryland State Police activating 500 officers for Baltimore; requesting up to 5,000 from neighboring states" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- Wiggins, Ovetta; Hicks, Josh (December 7, 2016). "Hogan proposes 5 days paid sick leave for Md. businesses with at least 50 workers". The Washington Post.
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- Shaw, Maureen (April 26, 2017). "Maryland Governor Takes Atypical GOP Approach to Reproductive Rights". Rewire.News.
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- Shaw, Maureen (April 26, 2017). "Maryland Governor Takes Atypical GOP Approach to Reproductive Rights". Rewire.News. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
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- "Md. Gov. one of 4 GOP governors declining to sign letter backing Kavanaugh". KDBC-TV. Associated Press. July 25, 2018.
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- Gerr, Melissa (September 26, 2015). "Seeing Red". Baltimore Style.
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- "Maryland Open Transportation Investment Decision Act of 2016 – Summary". Maryland General Assembly.
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- Hogan, Lawrence J., Jr (April 1, 2016). "Veto letter for House Bill 1013" (PDF). Maryland General Assembly.
- "Road Kill Bill Kills 66 Transportation Projects". Office of Governor Larry Hogan. December 14, 2016.
- "Maryland Open Transportation Investment Decision Act of 2016 – Senate Vote Record". Maryland General Assembly. April 8, 2016.
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- DePuyt, Bruce (May 22, 2019). "Ahead of Town Hall Meeting on Thursday, Brown Questions Governor's Highway Plan". Maryland Matters. Retrieved May 23, 2019.
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- Wiggins, Ovetta (June 15, 2016). "Gov. Larry Hogan says he doesn't plan to vote for Donald Trump". The Washington Post.
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- Isenstadt, Alex (January 18, 2019). "Larry Hogan stokes speculation he'll primary Trump in 2020". Politico. Retrieved March 5, 2019.
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- Stracqualursi, Veronica (June 1, 2019). "Maryland Republican Gov. Larry Hogan says he won't challenge Trump in 2020". CNN. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
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- "Bio". YUMI HOGAN.
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- Ruark, Steve (January 21, 2014). "Larry Hogan, Kim Velez, Daniella Velez, Yumi Hogan, Jaymie Sterling, Julie Kim". The Baltimore Sun. Associated Press.
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- "Patrick N. Hogan". Maryland State Archives. February 18, 2015.
- Wiggins, Ovetta (June 22, 2015). "Md. Gov. Hogan announces he has 'advanced' cancer". The Washington Post.
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- Dresser, Michael (June 25, 2015). "Hogan begins chemo treatment for Stage 3 cancer". The Baltimore Sun.
- Cox, Erin (October 14, 2015). "Gov. Larry Hogan completes cancer treatment". The Baltimore Sun.
- Hicks, Josh (November 16, 2015). "Gov. Hogan's cancer is in remission, 30 days after he completed chemo". The Washington Post.
- Khan, Saliqa (October 4, 2016). "Gov. Larry Hogan undergoes last chemo treatment". WBAL-TV.
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- "Official 2014 Gubernatorial Republican Primary Election results for Governor / Lt. Governor". Maryland State Board of Elections. December 2, 2014.
- "Official 2014 Gubernatorial General Election results for Governor / Lt. Governor". Maryland State Board of Elections. December 2, 2014.
- "Official 2018 Gubernatorial General Election results for Governor / Lt. Governor". Maryland State Board of Elections. December 11, 2018.
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|Party political offices|
| Republican nominee for Governor of Maryland
| Governor of Maryland
| Chair of the National Governors Association|
|U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)|
as Vice President
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Mayor of city
in which event is held
Otherwise Nancy Pelosi
as Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
as Governor of Massachusetts
| United States order of precedence
as Governor of South Carolina