List of governors of Mississippi

(Redirected from Governor of Mississippi)

The governor of Mississippi is the head of state and head of government of Mississippi[2] and the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces.[2] The Governor has a duty to enforce state laws,[3] and the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the Mississippi Legislature,[4] to convene the legislature at any time,[5] and, except in cases of treason or impeachment, to grant pardons and reprieves.[6]

Governor of Mississippi
Seal of Mississippi.svg
Tate Reeves 2019 (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Tate Reeves

since January 14, 2020
Style
Status
ResidenceMississippi Governor's Mansion
Term lengthFour years, renewable once
Inaugural holderDavid Holmes
FormationConstitution of Mississippi
SuccessionEvery four years, unless reelected
DeputyLieutenant Governor of Mississippi
Salary$122,160 (2013)[1]
WebsiteOfficial website

To be elected governor, a person must be at least 30 years old, and must have been a citizen of the United States for twenty years and a resident of Mississippi for at least five years at the time of inauguration.[7] The Constitution of Mississippi, ratified in 1890, calls for a four-year term for the governor, elected via the two-round system since a 2020 referendum. Prior to this, the governor was elected by an electoral college composed of the districts represented in the Mississippi House of Representatives, with a contingent election held in the House in the event no candidate received a majority of district electors. The governor may be reelected once (prior to a 1987 amendment to the state Constitution, governors were limited to one term).[2][8] The original Constitution of 1817 had only a two-year term for governor; this was expanded to four years in the 1868 Constitution.[9] The lieutenant governor is elected at the same time as the governor and serves as president of the Mississippi Senate.[10] When the office of governor becomes vacant for any reason, the lieutenant governor becomes governor for the remainder of the term.[11]

The governor of Mississippi also appoints the members of the Institutions of Higher Learning Board of Trustees.

HistoryEdit

Since Mississippi became a U.S. state, it has had 54 governors serving 64 distinct terms, including 50 Democrats, 7 Republicans and 7 from other parties. Democrats dominated after retaking control of the state legislature; they passed a Constitution in 1890 that disfranchised most African Americans, excluding them from the political system for nearly 70 years, effectively making it a one-party state. The state's longest-serving governor was John M. Stone, who served two terms over ten years (his second term was extended to six years by a transitional provision in the 1890 Constitution).[12] The shortest-serving governor was James Whitfield, who served 1+12 months from 1851 to 1852. 10 governors (David Holmes, Gerard Brandon, Charles Lynch, John A. Quitman, John J. Pettus, Adelbert Ames, John Marshall Stone, Theodore G. Bilbo, Dennis Murphree, and Hugh L. White) have served non-consecutive terms. The current governor is Republican Tate Reeves, who took office January 14, 2020.

Governors of the Territory of Mississippi (1798–1817)Edit

Political parties

  Democratic-Republican   Federalist

No. Governor Term in office Party
1     Winthrop Sargent
May 1, 1753 – June 3, 1820
(aged 67)
May 7, 1798

May 25, 1801
Federalist
2     William C. C. Claiborne
1773 or 1775 – December 18, 1817
(aged 42 or 44)
May 25, 1801

March 1, 1805
Democratic-Republican
3     Robert Williams
1770 – January 25, 1836
(aged 65 or 66)
March 1, 1805

March 7, 1809
Democratic-Republican
4     David Holmes
March 10, 1769 – August 20, 1832
(aged 63)
March 7, 1809

December 10, 1817
Democratic-Republican

Governors of the U.S. state of MississippiEdit

Political parties

  No party/Provisional   Democratic-Republican   Democratic   Republican   Union Democratic   Whig

No. Governor Term in office Party Election Lt. Governor Notes
1     David Holmes
March 10, 1769 – August 20, 1832
(aged 63)
December 10, 1817

January 5, 1820
Democratic-Republican 1817   Duncan Stewart [N 1]
2     George Poindexter
April 19, 1779 – September 5, 1853
(aged 74)
January 5, 1820

January 7, 1822
Democratic-Republican 1819   James Patton
3     Walter Leake
May 20, 1762 – November 6, 1825
(aged 63)
January 7, 1822

November 17, 1825
Democratic-Republican 1821   David Dickson [N 2]
1823   Gerard Brandon
4     Gerard Brandon
September 15, 1788 – March 28, 1850
(aged 61)
November 17, 1825

January 7, 1826
Democratic [N 3]
5     David Holmes
March 10, 1769 – August 20, 1832
(aged 63)
January 7, 1826

July 25, 1826
Democratic 1825   Gerard Brandon [N 4]
6     Gerard Brandon
September 15, 1788 – March 28, 1850
(aged 61)
July 25, 1826

January 9, 1832
Democratic
1827   Abram M. Scott
1829
7     Abram M. Scott
March 13, 1785 – June 12, 1833
(aged 48)
January 9, 1832

July 12, 1833
National Republican 1831 Fountain Winston[N 5] [N 2]
8     Charles Lynch
August 8, 1783 – February 9, 1853
(aged 69)
July 12, 1833

November 20, 1833
National Republican [N 6]
9     Hiram Runnels
December 15, 1796 – December 17, 1857
(aged 61)
November 20, 1833

November 20, 1835
Democratic 1833
10     John A. Quitman
September 1, 1798 – July 17, 1858
(aged 59)
December 3, 1835

January 7, 1836
Whig [N 6]
11     Charles Lynch
August 8, 1783 – February 9, 1853
(aged 69)
January 7, 1836

January 8, 1838
Whig 1835
12     Alexander G. McNutt
January 3, 1802 – October 22, 1848
(aged 46)
January 8, 1838

January 10, 1842
Democratic 1837
1839
13     Tilghman Tucker
February 5, 1802 – April 3, 1859
(aged 57)
January 10, 1842

January 10, 1844
Democratic 1841
14     Albert G. Brown
May 31, 1813 – June 12, 1880
(aged 67)
January 10, 1844

January 10, 1848
Democratic 1843
1845
15     Joseph W. Matthews
1812 – August 27, 1862
(aged 49 or 50)
January 10, 1848

January 10, 1850
Democratic 1847
16     John A. Quitman
September 1, 1798 – July 17, 1858
(aged 59)
January 10, 1850

February 3, 1851
Democratic 1849 [N 7]
17     John Isaac Guion
November 18, 1802 – June 6, 1855
(aged 52)
February 3, 1851

November 4, 1851
Democratic [N 8]
18     James Whitfield
December 15, 1791 – June 25, 1875
(aged 83)
November 24, 1851

January 10, 1852
Democratic [N 9]
19     Henry S. Foote
February 28, 1804 – May 19, 1880
(aged 76)
January 10, 1852

January 5, 1854
Union Democratic 1851 [N 10]
20     John J. Pettus
October 9, 1813 – January 25, 1867
(aged 53)
January 5, 1854

January 10, 1854
Democratic [N 9]
21     John J. McRae
January 10, 1815 – May 31, 1868
(aged 53)
January 10, 1854

November 16, 1857
Democratic 1853 [N 11]
1855
22     William McWillie
November 17, 1795 – March 3, 1869
(aged 73)
November 16, 1857

November 21, 1859
Democratic 1857
23     John J. Pettus
October 9, 1813 – January 25, 1867
(aged 53)
November 21, 1859

November 16, 1863
Democratic 1859
1861
24     Charles Clark
May 24, 1811 – December 18, 1877
(aged 66)
November 16, 1863

May 22, 1865
Democratic 1863 [N 12]
25     William L. Sharkey
July 12, 1798 – March 30, 1873
(aged 74)
June 13, 1865

October 16, 1865
Provisional [N 13][N 14]
26     Benjamin G. Humphreys
August 26, 1808 – December 20, 1882
(aged 74)
October 16, 1865

June 15, 1868
Democratic 1865 [N 15]
27     Adelbert Ames
October 31, 1835 – April 13, 1933
(aged 97)
June 15, 1868

March 10, 1870
Military [N 13][N 16]
28     James L. Alcorn
November 4, 1816 – December 19, 1894
(aged 78)
March 10, 1870

November 30, 1871
Republican 1869   Ridgley C. Powers [N 17]
29     Ridgley C. Powers
December 24, 1836 – November 11, 1912
(aged 75)
November 30, 1871

January 4, 1874
Republican   Alexander K. Davis[N 18] [N 19]
30     Adelbert Ames
October 31, 1835 – April 13, 1933
(aged 97)
January 4, 1874

March 29, 1876
Republican 1873 [N 20]
31     John Marshall Stone
April 30, 1830 – March 26, 1900
(aged 69)
March 29, 1876

January 29, 1882
Democratic [N 21]
1877   William H. Sims
32     Robert Lowry
March 10, 1829 – January 19, 1910
(aged 80)
January 2, 1882

January 13, 1890
Democratic 1881   G. D. Shands
1885
33     John Marshall Stone
April 30, 1830 – March 26, 1900
(aged 69)
January 13, 1890

January 20, 1896
Democratic 1889   M. M. Evans [N 22]
34     Anselm J. McLaurin
March 26, 1848 – December 22, 1909
(aged 61)
January 20, 1896

January 16, 1900
Democratic 1895   J. H. Jones
35     Andrew H. Longino
May 16, 1854 – February 24, 1942
(aged 87)
January 16, 1900

January 19, 1904
Democratic 1899   James T. Harrison
36     James K. Vardaman
July 26, 1861 – June 25, 1930
(aged 68)
January 19, 1904

January 21, 1908
Democratic 1903   John Prentiss Carter
37     Edmond Noel
March 4, 1856 – July 30, 1927
(aged 71)
January 21, 1908

January 16, 1912
Democratic 1907   Luther Manship
38     Earl L. Brewer
August 11, 1869 – March 10, 1942
(aged 72)
January 16, 1912

January 18, 1916
Democratic 1911   Theodore G. Bilbo
39     Theodore G. Bilbo
October 13, 1877 – August 21, 1947
(aged 69)
January 18, 1916

January 18, 1920
Democratic 1915   Lee M. Russell
40     Lee M. Russell
November 16, 1875 – May 16, 1943
(aged 67)
January 18, 1920

January 18, 1924
Democratic 1919   Homer H. Casteel
41     Henry L. Whitfield
June 20, 1868 – March 18, 1927
(aged 58)
January 22, 1924

March 18, 1927
Democratic 1923   Dennis Murphree [N 2]
42     Dennis Murphree
January 6, 1886 – February 9, 1949
(aged 63)
March 18, 1927

January 16, 1928
Democratic [N 19]
43     Theodore G. Bilbo
October 13, 1877 – August 21, 1947
(aged 69)
January 16, 1928

January 19, 1932
Democratic 1927   Cayton B. Adam
44     Martin Sennet Conner
August 31, 1891 – September 16, 1950
(aged 59)
January 19, 1932

January 21, 1936
Democratic 1931   Dennis Murphree
45     Hugh L. White
August 19, 1881 – September 20, 1965
(aged 84)
January 21, 1936

January 16, 1940
Democratic 1935   Jacob Buehler Snider
46     Paul B. Johnson Sr.
March 23, 1880 – December 26, 1943
(aged 63)
January 16, 1940

December 26, 1943
Democratic 1939   Dennis Murphree [N 2]
47     Dennis Murphree
January 6, 1886 – February 9, 1949
(aged 63)
December 26, 1943

January 18, 1944
Democratic [N 19]
48     Thomas L. Bailey
January 6, 1888 – November 2, 1946
(aged 58)
January 18, 1944

November 2, 1946
Democratic 1943   Fielding L. Wright [N 2]
49/50[N 23]     Fielding L. Wright
May 16, 1895 – May 4, 1956
(aged 60)
November 2, 1946

January 22, 1952
Democratic   [N 24]
1947 Sam Lumpkin
51     Hugh L. White
August 19, 1881 – September 20, 1965
(aged 84)
January 22, 1952

January 17, 1956
Democratic 1951   Carroll Gartin
52     James P. Coleman
January 9, 1914 – September 28, 1991
(aged 77)
January 17, 1956

January 19, 1960
Democratic 1955
53     Ross Barnett
January 22, 1898 – November 6, 1987
(aged 89)
January 19, 1960

January 21, 1964
Democratic 1959   Paul B. Johnson, Jr.
54     Paul B. Johnson Jr.
January 23, 1916 – October 14, 1985
(aged 69)
January 21, 1964

January 16, 1968
Democratic 1963   Carroll Gartin
55     John Bell Williams
December 4, 1918 – March 25, 1983
(aged 64)
January 16, 1968

January 18, 1972
Democratic 1967   Charles L. Sullivan
56     Bill Waller
October 21, 1926 – November 30, 2011
(aged 85)
January 18, 1972

January 20, 1976
Democratic 1971   William F. Winter
57     Cliff Finch
April 4, 1927 – April 22, 1986
(aged 59)
January 20, 1976

January 22, 1980
Democratic 1975   Evelyn Gandy
58     William Winter
February 21, 1923 – December 18, 2020
(aged 97)
January 22, 1980

January 10, 1984
Democratic 1979   Brad Dye
59     William Allain
February 14, 1928 – December 2, 2013
(aged 85)
January 10, 1984

January 12, 1988
Democratic 1983
60     Ray Mabus
    (1948-10-11) October 11, 1948 (age 73)
January 12, 1988

January 14, 1992
Democratic 1987
61     Kirk Fordice
February 10, 1934 – September 7, 2004
(aged 70)
January 14, 1992

January 11, 2000
Republican 1991   Eddie Briggs
1995   Ronnie Musgrove
62     Ronnie Musgrove
    (1956-07-29) July 29, 1956 (age 66)
January 11, 2000

January 13, 2004
Democratic 1999   Amy Tuck[N 25]
63     Haley Barbour
    (1947-10-22) October 22, 1947 (age 74)
January 13, 2004

January 10, 2012
Republican 2003  
2007   Phil Bryant
64     Phil Bryant
    (1954-12-09) December 9, 1954 (age 67)
January 10, 2012

January 14, 2020
Republican 2011   Tate Reeves
2015
65     Tate Reeves
    (1974-06-05) June 5, 1974 (age 48)
January 14, 2020

Incumbent[N 26]
Republican 2019   Delbert Hosemann

SuccessionEdit

Other high offices heldEdit

This is a table of congressional, confederate, other governorships, and other federal offices held by governors. All representatives and senators mentioned represented Mississippi except where noted. * denotes those offices which the governor resigned to take.

Governor Gubernatorial term U.S. Congress Other offices held
House Senate
William C. C. Claiborne 1801–1805 (territorial) U.S. Representative from Tennessee, U.S. Senator from Louisiana, Governor of Orleans Territory, Governor of Louisiana
Robert Williams 1805–1809 (territorial) U.S. Representative from North Carolina
David Holmes (politician) 1809–1820
1826
S U.S. Representative from Virginia
George Poindexter 1820–1822 H S Territorial Delegate, President pro tempore of the Senate
Walter Leake 1822–1825 S
John A. Quitman 1835–1836
1850–1851
H
Tilghman Tucker 1842–1844 H
Albert G. Brown 1844–1848 H S Confederate Senator
Henry S. Foote 1852–1854 S Confederate Representative from Tennessee
John J. McRae 1854–1857 H S Confederate Representative
William McWillie 1857–1859 H
Adelbert Ames 1868–1870
1874–1876
S
James L. Alcorn 1870–1871 S*
Anselm J. McLaurin 1896–1900 S
James K. Vardaman 1904–1908 S
Theodore G. Bilbo 1916–1920
1928–1932
S
Paul B. Johnson, Sr. 1940–1943 H
James P. Coleman 1956–1960 Fifth Circuit Court Judge
John Bell Williams 1968–1972 H
Ray Mabus 1988–1992 Ambassador to Saudi Arabia, United States Secretary of the Navy

Living former governors of MississippiEdit

As of December 2020, there are four living former Mississippi governors, the oldest Governor of Mississippi being Haley Barbour (served 2004–2012, born 1947). The most recent Governor of Mississippi to die was William Winter (served 1980–1984, born 1923) on December 18, 2020. The most recently serving governor of Mississippi to die was Kirk Fordice (served 1992–2000) on September 7, 2004.

Governor Gubernatorial term Date of birth (and age)
Ray Mabus 1988–1992 (1948-10-11) October 11, 1948 (age 73)
Ronnie Musgrove 2000–2004 (1956-07-29) July 29, 1956 (age 66)
Haley Barbour 2004–2012 (1947-10-22) October 22, 1947 (age 74)
Phil Bryant 2012–2020 (1954-12-09) December 9, 1954 (age 67)

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ David Holmes was inaugurated as the first state governor on October 7, 1817, but Mississippi did not officially become a state until December 10, 1817.
  2. ^ a b c d e Died in office.
  3. ^ As lieutenant governor, filled term until next election.[citation needed]
  4. ^ Resigned due to illness.
  5. ^ The 1832 constitution abolished the office of lieutenant governor; the office was reinstated in 1868.
  6. ^ a b As president of the state senate, filled term until next election.
  7. ^ Resigned following an arrest for violating neutrality laws by assisting with the liberation of Cuba. He was found not guilty, but the political fallout led to his resignation.
  8. ^ As president of the senate, filled term until his senate term expired.
  9. ^ a b As president of the senate, filled unexpired term.
  10. ^ Resigned due to political tension over secession.
  11. ^ A constitutional amendment passed during McRae's second term moved the gubernatorial inauguration date from January to the prior November, shortening his term by two months. The date was restored to January in the 1868 constitution.[13]
  12. ^ Charles Clark's term effective ended when he was arrested by Union forces.
  13. ^ a b Appointed by President Andrew Johnson following the end of the American Civil War.
  14. ^ Resigned.
  15. ^ Forced to resign and physically removed from office by federal forces[citation needed] after his government failed to comply with Reconstruction.
  16. ^ Left office as Reconstruction ended.
  17. ^ Resigned to take an elected seat in the United States Senate; Alcorn's senate term began March 4, 1871, but he delayed taking it, preferring to continue as governor.
  18. ^ Impeached and removed from office.
  19. ^ a b c As lieutenant governor, filled unexpired term.
  20. ^ Impeached; made a deal with the legislature to resign, and all charges were dropped.
  21. ^ As president of the senate, filled unexpired term, and was later elected in his own right; since both the governor and lieutenant governor had been impeached, with the governor resigning and lieutenant governor being removed from office, Stone was next in line for governor.
  22. ^ The 1890 electoral term was extended to six years under the 1890 constitution in order to facilitate changes in the executive department.[12]
  23. ^ Mississippi numbers Wright as the 49th governor, 1946–48 (His predecessor Thomas L. Bailey's term, which Wright completed) and the 50th governor, 1948–52 (Wright's elected term)
  24. ^ As lieutenant governor, filled unexpired term, and was later elected in his own right.
  25. ^ Changed parties in 2002.
  26. ^ Reeves' first term expires on January 9, 2024.

ReferencesEdit

General
Constitutions
Specific
  1. ^ "CSG Releases 2013 Governor Salaries". The Council of State Governments. June 25, 2013. Retrieved November 23, 2014.
  2. ^ a b c MS Const. art. V, § 116.
  3. ^ MS Const. art. V, § 123.
  4. ^ MS Const. art. IV, § 72.
  5. ^ MS Const. art. V, § 121.
  6. ^ MS Const. art. V, § 140-141.
  7. ^ MS Const. art. V, § 117.
  8. ^ "Haley Barbour: Sixty-fourth and Sixty-fifth Governor of Mississippi: 2004-2008; 2008-2012 | Mississippi History Now". www.mshistorynow.mdah.ms.gov. Archived from the original on 2016-12-30.
  9. ^ MS Const. (1817) art. IV, § 1; MS Const. (1832) art. V, § 1; MS Const. (1868) art. V, § 1.
  10. ^ MS Const. art. V, § 128–129.
  11. ^ MS Const. art. V, § 131.
  12. ^ a b "John Marshall Stone Archived 2010-10-09 at the Wayback Machine." Mississippi History Now. Mississippi Historical Society. Retrieved September 5, 2009.
  13. ^ "John J. McRae Archived 2010-10-09 at the Wayback Machine." Mississippi History Now. Mississippi Historical Society. Retrieved September 5, 2009.