Route 3 is a major state highway in the northeastern part of New Jersey. The route runs 10.84 miles (17.45 km) from U.S. Route 46 (US 46) in Clifton, Passaic County to US 1/9 in North Bergen, Hudson County. The route is a divided highway for its entire length, and intersects many major roads, including US 46, which takes travelers to Interstate 80 (I-80) west for commuting out of the city-area, Garden State Parkway and Route 21 in Clifton, Route 17 and the Western Spur of the New Jersey Turnpike (I-95) in East Rutherford, the Eastern Spur of the New Jersey Turnpike (also I-95) in Secaucus, and Route 495 in North Bergen, for traffic going to the Lincoln Tunnel into New York City. Route 3 serves as the main artery to the Lincoln Tunnel from I-80, in conjunction with a portion of US 46 and Route 495. Portions of the route are not up to interstate highway or freeway standards; with businesses, bus stops, and narrow lanes. Despite this, many construction projects over the years have been underway to alleviate this issue. Route 3 also provided access to Hoffmann La Roche's former American headquarters in Nutley, the Meadowlands Sports Complex and American Dream Meadowlands in East Rutherford. The road inspired a story in The New Yorker in 2004 by Ian Frazier due to its views of the Manhattan skyline. Route 3 was originally the Lincoln Tunnel Approach and ended at the state line in the Hudson River, though it was scaled back following the construction of I-495; which is now Route 495 due to also not meeting interstate highway standards.
|Maintained by NJDOT|
|Length||10.84 mi (17.45 km)|
|West end||US 46 in Clifton|
|East end||Route 495 / US 1-9 in North Bergen|
|Counties||Passaic, Bergen, Hudson|
Route 3 was originally established in 1927 to run from the New York state border on the west shore of Greenwood Lake to Secaucus. In 1929, the western terminus was cut back to Paterson when the alignment west of there was planned to become part of Route S4B. Route 3 originally followed present-day Route 20 through Paterson and ran along local streets to East Rutherford, where it followed present-day Route 120 and the Paterson Plank Road to Secaucus. It was extended east to the Lincoln Tunnel in 1939. The freeway section of Route 3 between US 46 in Clifton and East Rutherford was completed in the 1940s as Route S3 as well as the Secaucus Bypass, which was designated a bypass of Route 3. Route 3 was moved to the Route S3 freeway and the Secaucus Bypass in 1953 and was truncated to US 1/9 in North Bergen in 1959 when the Lincoln Tunnel approach was designated as I-495. The Route 3 freeway has seen many improvements over the years such as widening and interchange reconstructions. It underwent a major reconstruction, completed in 2016, to modern highway standards with bridge replacements, including a new Passaic River bridge between Clifton and Route 17 in Rutherford.
Route 3 heads to the southeast, from an interchange with US 46 and County Route 621 (CR 621, Valley Road) as a six-lane divided highway with a Jersey barrier. It is not up to freeway standards, as it contains a few businesses with right-in/right-out access. The route interchanges with CR 623 (Grove Street) and CR 509 (Broad Street), then the Garden State Parkway, where it passes south of the Allwood Road Park & Ride serving NJ Transit buses. All interchange movements are present between Route 3 and the Garden State Parkway, except from the southbound Garden State Parkway to westbound Route 3 and from eastbound Route 3 to the northbound Garden State Parkway.
Past the Garden State Parkway, Route 3 eventually turns into a six-lane freeway that is not designed to Interstate Highway standards. It interchanges with CR 622 (Bloomfield Avenue), before it passes over Norfolk Southern's Newark Industrial Track line and intersects CR 603 (Passaic Avenue), which heads south into Nutley to become Route 7. The next interchange is for CR 601 (Main Avenue). Past that interchange, Route 3 passes over NJ Transit's Main Line and comes to an interchange with the Route 21 freeway before passing over the route.
Route 3 crosses the Passaic River on a fixed bridge, which replaced a double-leaf trunnion bascule bridge in 2013, into Rutherford, Bergen County. Just after crossing the river, the route interchanges with CR 507 (Riverside Avenue). The freeway continues through a residential area and comes to an exit that provides access to southbound Route 17. Past this interchange, Route 3 is closely paralleled by Route 17 to the south until Route 3 interchanges again with Route 17, which continues to the north of Route 3.
The route widens to eight lanes and enters the New Jersey Meadowlands, crossing into East Rutherford and then passing over NJ Transit's Bergen County Line and Berrys Creek. Route 3 passes to the south of the Meadowlands Sports Complex, containing MetLife Stadium (the home stadium of the New York Giants and New York Jets of the National Football League), and the Meadowlands Racetrack. The route narrows back to six lanes and comes to a ramp which provides access to the Western Spur of the New Jersey Turnpike (I-95). Route 3 interchanges with Route 120 and the carriageways separate. The route passes under the Western Spur of the New Jersey Turnpike and becomes eight lanes again.
Route 3 crosses the Hackensack River into Secaucus, Hudson County. It interchanges with the Meadowlands Parkway and continues southeast into a residential area with the carriageways joining back together. At the interchange with CR 681 (Paterson Plank Road), Route 3 widens into a local-express lane configuration with three express lanes and local lanes each in the eastbound direction and two express lanes and three local lanes in the westbound direction. The route passes by the Mill Creek Mall and crosses under the Eastern Spur of the New Jersey Turnpike (I-95). Route 3 comes to an eastbound exit and entrance with Harmon Meadow Boulevard and features a cloverleaf interchange with Paterson Plank Road. The route crosses the Penhorn Creek into North Bergen. In North Bergen, the route comes to a truck-restricted eastbound ramp for eastbound Route 495. Route 3 then interchanges with Route 495, which provides access to the New Jersey Turnpike and the Lincoln Tunnel. Past this interchange, the local-express lane configuration ends and Route 3 heads southeast as a four-lane highway. The route meets a westbound exit and entrance for the North Bergen Park & Ride, a park and ride lot serving NJ Transit buses, and passes over New York, Susquehanna and Western Railway's New Jersey Subdivision line and Conrail Shared Assets Operations' Northern Branch line before it comes to its terminus at a traffic light with US 1/9 south, with no direct access from Route 3 east to US 1/9 north.
Route 3 roughly follows the course of the Paterson and New York Plank Road (more commonly known as the Paterson Plank Road) legislated in 1851 to run from Paterson to a ferry at Hoboken. The portion of this road running east from Passaic was legislated as an unnumbered state route in 1926. In the 1927 New Jersey state highway renumbering, Route 3 was legislated to run from the New York border on the west shore of Greenwood Lake to Route 1 (now US 1/9) in Secaucus. In 1929, the route west of Paterson was designated to become part of Route S4B, a spur of Route 4, and Route 3 was modified to end at Route S4B north of Paterson. Route S4B was never built west of Paterson while the portion that was built became Route 208 in 1953.
Following the 1929 amendments, Route 3 ran from Paterson along today's Route 20, through Clifton, Passaic, Wallington, Carlstadt, and East Rutherford along local streets, and finally down Paterson Plank Road (part of which is today's Route 120) to Secaucus. Before 1938, a bypass around the original Paterson Plank Road bridge over the Hackensack River was built, parts of which were later incorporated into today's Route 120. As of this point, plans were in place to bypass the Plank Road to the north, going north of Wood Ridge and Wallington and replacing River Road up to Route 6, where it would rejoin the old alignment. In 1939, Route 3 was extended east along present-day Route 495 to the Lincoln Tunnel into Manhattan.
The section of what is now Route 3 from US 46 in Clifton to Route 120 in East Rutherford was planned to be built as a freeway in the mid-1930s designated as Route S3, a spur of Route 3. Construction started in 1940, but it was interrupted by World War II. It would resume, with the first section of freeway opening between Route 17 to Route 3 (now Route 120) in 1942. The freeway was completed by 1949, including a bypass of Secaucus that was designated as a bypass of Route 3. The freeway had cost a total of $10 million to build and cut commuting times between Northern New Jersey and Manhattan. Before the freeway was completed, Route S3 was designated to follow Allwood Road between Hepburn Road and Bloomfield Avenue in Clifton; the road was later returned to Passaic County and is currently CR 602. In 1942, a spur of Route S3 in Clifton was commissioned; this became Route S3 Spur in 1948 and Route 161 in 1953.
In the 1953 New Jersey state highway renumbering, Route 3 was realigned to follow the entire length of the Route S3 freeway. In addition, Route 3 in Secaucus was shifted off the Paterson Plank Road to the newly built Secaucus Bypass. The original alignment of Route 3 through Secaucus (partly now known as Flanagan Way) became Route 153; the entire route was eliminated by the late 1980s. The remaining sections under state maintenance were designated as Route 20, still under the assumption that they would be joined in the future. In the mid-1950s, Route 3 was planned as one of the original routes of the Interstate Highway System; however, the New Jersey State Highway Department had deemed it too expensive to bring it up to Interstate Highway standards and I-280 was favored instead. In 1959, the Lincoln Tunnel approach was designated as Interstate 495 and Route 3 was truncated back to US 1/9 in North Bergen.
Many improvements have been made to the Route 3 freeway. In the 1970s, the interchanges with Route 17, the New Jersey Turnpike western spur, and Route 120 were improved with the construction of the Meadowlands Sports Complex in the area. The bridge over the Berrys Creek, originally built in 1948, was reconstructed in the mid-1990s and Route 3 was widened to eight lanes in the area near the bridge. In 2003, the interchange with Route 495 and the intersection with US 1/9 was improved at a cost of $16 million.
Plans were made to improve Route 3 near the Meadowlands Sports Complex with the construction of the American Dream shopping and entertainment complex. An overpass between eastbound Route 3 and northbound Route 120 was completed in May 2009 at a cost of $38.1 million, a flyover from southbound Route 120 to eastbound Route 3 was completed in early 2010 at a cost of $13 million, and improvements to the New Jersey Turnpike interchange was completed in the later part of 2010 at a cost of $49 million.
Route 3 underwent a major reconstruction to modern highway standards with noise walls installed and bridge replacements, including the new Passaic River bridge that is now functional, between Main Avenue in Clifton and Route 17 in Rutherford. All work was completed by 2016. In a separate project, the roadway was resurfaced in 2013 from just west of the Route 17 north interchange to US 1/9 in North Bergen.
The NJDOT is rebuilding the interchange at US 46 and Valley Road in Clifton. This project will reconfigure ramps, bring bridges up to standard, and will provide for three-lane connections between Route 3 and US 46. It is projected to cost more than $250 million. Construction on the first contract began in December 2015 with completion by October 2019. Construction on the second contract began in February 2020.
In popular cultureEdit
Route 3 was the inspiration for a story in The New Yorker in 2004 by Ian Frazier, for its iconic views of the Manhattan skyline. In this story, Frazier describes a bus journey along the route, mentioning scenes along the road such as traffic congestion, the Meadowlands Sports Complex, and the Tick Tock Diner off Route 3 in Clifton. He also described a walking journey he once took into New York City along Route 3, encountering heavy, noisy traffic speeding by and debris along the side of the road.
In a Saturday Night Live sketch featuring Horatio Sanz and Derek Jeter, the fictional business "Derek Jeter's Taco Hole" is on Route 3 in Nutley, New Jersey between Kinko's and "El Duque's Shoe Repair". (Route 3 does not actually pass through Nutley.)
All exits are unnumbered.
|Passaic||Clifton||0.00||0.00||US 46 west||Interchange; access to westbound US 46 and access from eastbound US 46; western terminus of Route 3|
|Valley Road (CR 621) – Montclair, Paterson||Westbound exit and eastbound entrance|
|0.51||0.82||Grove Street (CR 623) – Montclair, Paterson|
|1.26||2.03||Broad Street (CR 509) – Bloomfield, Paterson|
G.S. Parkway south
|Exit 153 on G.S. Parkway|
G.S. Parkway north
|Westbound exit and eastbound entrance; exit 153 on G.S. Parkway|
|2.64||4.25||Bloomfield Avenue (CR 622) – Bloomfield, Passaic|
|3.41||5.49||Route 7 (Passaic Avenue / CR 603) – Nutley, Passaic|
|3.82||6.15||Main Avenue (CR 601) – Nutley, Passaic|
|4.70||7.56||Route 21 – Newark, Passaic||Western end of freeway section; Route 21 exit 9|
To CR 507 – Rutherford, Lyndhurst
|Eastbound exit and westbound entrance|
Ridge Road (Route 17 south) / Park Avenue (CR 30) to Riverside Avenue (CR 507) – Rutherford, Lyndhurst
|No eastbound exit|
|Route 17 / Service Road – Lyndhurst, Rutherford|
|East Rutherford||7.21||11.60|| |
To Route 120 north – East Rutherford, Sports Complex, American Dream
|No westbound exit|
I-95 Toll / N.J. Turnpike – George Washington Bridge, Newark
|Exit 16W of the Western Spur|
|Route 120 north – East Rutherford, Sports Complex, American Dream||No eastbound exit|
Paterson Plank Road (CR 681) to I-95 south / N.J. Turnpike south – Secaucus
|Eastbound exit and westbound entrance|
|9.89||15.92||Harmon Meadow Boulevard||Westbound exit is via Route 495|
|10.04||16.16||Paterson Plank Road (CR 681) – North Bergen, Secaucus||Westbound exit is via Route 495|
|North Bergen||10.33||16.62||Route 495 east – Lincoln Tunnel||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance|
|10.46||16.83||I-95 / N.J. Turnpike||Access to the Eastern Spur via Route 495|
|10.50||16.90||Route 495 east / Kennedy Boulevard (CR 501) – Lincoln Tunnel, New York City||Eastbound exit only|
|10.70||17.22||Route 495 east – Park and Ride||Westbound exit and entrance|
|10.84||17.45||US 1-9 – Jersey City||At-grade intersection; eastern terminus of Route 3; no eastbound access to US 1-9 north|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
- "Route 3 straight line diagram" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved March 17, 2020.
- Google (December 1, 2008). "overview of New Jersey Route 3" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved December 1, 2008.
- Anderson, Steve. "NJ 3 Freeway". Eastern Roads. Retrieved November 17, 2008.
- Greenberg, Adam (February 15, 2013). "Route 3 project will be completed spring 2014". Clifton Journal. nj.com. Retrieved October 10, 2013.
- State of New Jersey, Laws of 1927, Chapter 319.
- 1927 New Jersey Road Map (Map). State of New Jersey. Archived from the original on October 31, 2007. Retrieved October 8, 2008.
- State of New Jersey, Laws of 1929, Chapter 126.
- "1953 renumbering". New Jersey Department of Highways. Archived from the original on June 28, 2011. Retrieved July 31, 2009. Cite journal requires
- Map of Passaic County N.J. (Map). Rutgers University Cartography Services. 1936. Retrieved March 28, 2009.
- Map of Bergen County New Jersey (Map). Rutgers University Cartography Services. 1949. Retrieved March 30, 2009.
- McClave, Roscoe Parke (January 1938). Map of Bergen County, N.J. (Map).
- "Approach to Open for Lincoln Tube: New Jersey's Latest Highway Which Will be Opened Today". The New York Times. June 30, 1939. p. 6. Retrieved October 11, 2013. (subscription required)
- Mathieu, George M. (August 10, 1941). "To Aid Users of Tunnel: Road Work in New Jersey Also Will Cut Time to the Bridge". The New York Times. p. XX5. Retrieved October 11, 2013. (subscription required)
- "Secaucus Road To Open: Jersey's New By-Pass Will Cut Commuting Time of Thousands". The New York Times. July 31, 1949. p. 17. Retrieved October 11, 2013. (subscription required)
- State of New Jersey, Laws of 1942, Chapter 77.
- State of New Jersey, Laws of 1948, Chapter 221.
- State Farm Road Atlas (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally. State Farm Insurance. 1983.
- "New Jersey Roads - NJ State Highways - 151-170". www.alpsroads.net. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
- FAI 105 Interstate Highway Corridor: Recommendation Report. New Jersey State Highway Department. 1957.
- Wright, George Cable (September 19, 1958). "New Roads with New Numbers Will Parallel Old U.S. Routes". The New York Times. p. 29. Retrieved October 11, 2013. (subscription required)
- "Route 495 Straight Line Diagram" (PDF). Internet Archives WayBack Machine. New Jersey Department of Transportation. 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 21, 2006. Retrieved May 11, 2013.
- "Route 3 Passaic River Crossing Project – Construction Updates". New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved April 2, 2012.
- Route 3: Passaic River Crossing. New Jersey Department of Transportation. 2001.
- Brennan, John (May 1, 2009). "Newstracker: Road, rail improvements on track for Xanadu project". The Record. Highbeam Research. Archived from the original on October 13, 2013. Retrieved October 11, 2013. (subscription required)
- Brennan, John (November 17, 2008). "Finally on Track: Sports complex rail, roads racing to the finish line". The Record. vLex. Archived from the original on October 13, 2013. Retrieved October 11, 2013. (subscription required)
- "Route 3 Passaic River Crossing". New Jersey Department of Transportation. Archived from the original on December 23, 2007. Retrieved November 17, 2008.
- Stein, Ron (March 18, 2013). "Feds announce $8.6 million project to resurface four miles of Route 3 in Secaucus, North Bergen". The Jersey Journal. Retrieved October 10, 2013.
- "Route 46/Route 3/Valley Road and Notch Road Interchanges". New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved November 17, 2008.
- "Route 46/Route 3/Valley Road and Notch Road Interchanges - Frequently Asked Questions". New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved October 31, 2020.
- Frazier, Ian (February 16, 2004). "Route 3: What I saw on the road through New Jersey". The New Yorker. Retrieved October 11, 2013.
- "Derek Jeters Taco Hole Saturday Night Live Lyrics". MetroLyrics. Retrieved May 18, 2010.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to New Jersey Route 3.|
- An enlarged view of road jurisdiction at the confluence of NJ 3 and NJ 46 in Clifton
- An enlarged view of road jurisdiction at the confluence of NJ 3 and NJ 17 in Rutherford
- An enlarged view of road jurisdiction at the confluence of NJ 3, NJ 120 and I 95 in East Rutherford
- An enlarged view of road jurisdiction at the confluence of NJ 3, NJ 495, I 95 / NJ Turnpike, US 1 in Secaucus and North Bergen
- New Jersey Roads: Route 3
- Police Scanner Frequencies for Route 3
- Speed Limits for State Roads