The City of Orange is a township in Essex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 30,134, reflecting a decline of 2,734 (−8.3%) from the 32,868 counted in 2000, which had in turn increased by 2,943 (+9.8%) from the 29,925 counted in the 1990 Census.
Orange, New Jersey
|City of Orange Township|
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||November 27, 1806 (as township)|
|Reincorporated||April 3, 1872 (as city)|
|• Type||Faulkner Act Mayor-Council|
|• Body||City Council|
|• Mayor||Dwayne D. Warren (term ends June 30, 2024)|
|• Administrator||Christopher Hartwyk|
|• Deputy Clerk||Joyce L. Lanier|
|• Total||2.22 sq mi (5.74 km2)|
|• Land||2.21 sq mi (5.73 km2)|
|• Water||<0.01 sq mi (0.01 km2) 0.09%|
|• Rank||392nd of 565 in state|
19th of 22 in county
|Elevation||197 ft (60 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Rank||75th of 566 in state|
8th of 22 in county
|• Density||13,705.7/sq mi (5,291.8/km2)|
|• Rank||17th of 566 in state|
3rd of 22 in county
|Time zone||UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))|
|GNIS feature ID||1729742|
Orange was originally incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on November 27, 1806, from portions of Newark Township. Portions of the township were taken on April 14, 1834, to form the now-defunct Clinton Township. On January 31, 1860, Orange was reincorporated as a town. Portions of the town were taken to form South Orange Township (April 1, 1861, now known as Maplewood), Fairmount (March 11, 1862, now part of West Orange), East Orange Township (March 4, 1863) and West Orange Township (April 10, 1863). On April 3, 1872, Orange was reincorporated as a city. In 1982, the city was one of four Essex County municipalities to pass a referendum to become a township, joining 11 municipalities that had already made the change, of what would ultimately be more than a dozen Essex County municipalities to reclassify themselves as townships in order take advantage of federal revenue sharing policies that allocated townships a greater share of government aid to municipalities on a per capita basis. The city derives its name from William III of England or William IV, Prince of Orange.
The township had the 12th-highest property tax rate in New Jersey, with an equalized rate of 4.679% in 2020, compared to 2.824% in the county as a whole and a statewide average of 2.279%.
Orange had its origins in Connecticut's New Haven Colony. In 1666, a group of 30 of New Haven's families traveled by water to found "a town on the Passayak" River. They arrived on territory now encompassing Newark, the Oranges, and several other municipalities. The area was situated in the northeast portion of a land grant conveyed by King Charles II of England to his brother James, Duke of York. In 1664, James conveyed the land to two proprietors, Lord John Berkeley and Sir George Carteret. Since Carteret had been Royal Governor of the Isle of Jersey, the territory became known as "New Jersey."
Orange was initially a part of the city of Newark, but it was originally known as "Newark Mountains". On June 7, 1780, the townspeople of Newark Mountains officially voted to adopt the name Orange. At the time, there was a significant number of people in favor of secession from Newark. However, this would not occur until November 27, 1806, when the territory now encompassing all of the Oranges was finally detached. On April 13, 1807, the first government was elected, but not until March 13, 1860 was Orange officially incorporated as a city. Immediately, the new city began fragmenting into smaller communities, primarily because of local disputes about the costs of establishing paid police, fire, and street departments. South Orange was organized on January 26, 1861; Fairmount (later to become part of West Orange) on March 11, 1862; East Orange on March 4, 1863; and West Orange (including Fairmount) on March 14, 1863.
Orange is located on the Newark and Mount-Pleasant Turnpike, the main road from Newark to Morristown, and ultimately to Easton, Pennsylvania. The town became a busy thoroughfare for travelers, and hotels abounded. Initially, the stagecoach was the primary method of transportation. Omnibuses of the Eclipse and the Morris & Newark Lines serviced Orange. The Morris and Essex Railroad arrived in Orange in November 1836, its first cars drawn by horses. On October 2, 1837, the first steam locomotive appeared, and the horses were, with minor exception, relegated to pasture. The "M&E" later became a part of the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad (DL&W), which exists today as NJ Transit's Morristown Line. Trolley cars appeared much later, with the Orange and Newark Horse Car Railroad Company running its first car up Main Street in May 1862. The Orange Crosstown Line, eventually extending from Morris Street, Orange, to Bloomfield, was started in June 1888. (The first electric trolley in the State of New Jersey operated over a section of this line.) Eventually, all of the trolleys, and the buses that replaced them, became part of the sprawling Public Service Coordinated Transport System.
Orange became an industrial city early in its history, with the tanning industry expanding rapidly after settlers found growths of hemlock trees that would be a source for the tannic acid they needed, leading to the growth of many factories producing shoes and boots.https
Orange was once the hatmaking capital of the United States. The industry can be traced there to 1792. By 1892, 21 firms were engaged in that trade, employing over 3,700 people in plants that produced about 4.8 million hats, which had a combined value in excess of $1 million. Several brothers founded the "No-Name Hat Company" in Orange before one of them moved on to make fedoras in Philadelphia under the family name, "Stetson." By 1921, however, only five hatmaking firms were left, many having departed for places such as Norwalk and Danbury, Connecticut. By 1960, all had left.
Beer was a major industry in Orange beginning in the early 1900s, when the three Winter Brothers of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, arrived in the city and built the first brewery. The Orange Brewery was constructed in 1901 at a reported cost of $350,000. The production of beer ceased with prohibition in 1920, and after the repeal of the Volstead Act in 1933, the brewery was sold to John F. Trommers of Philadelphia. Trommers brewed beer under that label until 1950, when the concern was again sold to Liebmann Breweries, Incorporated, which bottled Rheingold Beer. Eventually, after several additional owners, the plant was closed permanently in 1977.
Other notable firms located in Orange were the Monroe Calculating Company, manufacturers of the patented adding machines of the same name, and the Bates Manufacturing Company, producers of office accessories such as staplers and stampers. The United States Radium Corporation was a notorious resident of Orange. This firm refined ore and extracted the radium used to make luminous paint for dials and hands of watches and other indicators. It was only years later that the terrible carcinogenic effects of this material became known, and the polluted site of the factory became a thorn in the side of the city.
Orange has produced such notables as baseball's Monte Irvin and heavyweight boxer Tony Galento. Actor William Bendix lived and worked here for a short while. Presidents, presidential candidates, and governors visited. Orange held major celebrations for its 100th anniversary, and another when it turned 150.
Once a multi-ethnic, economically diverse city, Orange suffered indirectly from the 1967 riots in Newark (even though Newark and Orange do not share a border) and directly from the construction of Interstate 280 through the heart of the downtown area, triggering middle-class "white flight" from aging industrial towns to the new automobile suburbs being built in western Essex County and elsewhere. By the end of the 1970s, Orange had many of the urban ills normally associated with larger cities. However, the city still features many tree-lined streets with well-maintained homes.
In 1982, citizens voted overwhelmingly to change the designation of Orange from a city to a township, thereby making it eligible for federal Revenue Sharing funds. In 1985, the State of New Jersey named Orange as a State Urban Enterprise Zone, creating tax breaks and investment incentives.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 2.22 square miles (5.74 km2), including 2.21 square miles (5.73 km2) of land and <0.01 square miles (0.01 km2) of water (0.09%).
|Population sources: 1810–1920|
1840–1900 1840 1850–1870
1850 1870 1880–1890
1930–1990 2000 2010 2020
* = Lost territory in previous decade.
The 2010 United States census counted 30,134 people, 11,202 households, and 6,878 families in the township. The population density was 13,705.7 per square mile (5,291.8/km2). There were 12,222 housing units at an average density of 5,558.9 per square mile (2,146.3/km2). The racial makeup was 12.80% (3,857) White, 71.83% (21,645) Black or African American, 0.57% (173) Native American, 1.51% (455) Asian, 0.02% (6) Pacific Islander, 9.95% (2,999) from other races, and 3.32% (999) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 21.67% (6,531) of the population.
Of the 11,202 households, 31.0% had children under the age of 18; 28.6% were married couples living together; 24.6% had a female householder with no husband present and 38.6% were non-families. Of all households, 32.7% were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.38.
25.0% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 23.6% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34.4 years. For every 100 females, the population had 89.0 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 84.1 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $40,818 (with a margin of error of +/- $1,616) and the median family income was $44,645 (+/- $4,033). Males had a median income of $34,986 (+/- $3,168) versus $36,210 (+/- $2,706) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $19,816 (+/- $1,027). About 16.2% of families and 18.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.6% of those under age 18 and 20.6% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 32,868 people, 11,885 households, and 7,642 families residing in the township. The population density was 14,903.7 people per square mile (5,742.3/km2). There were 12,665 housing units at an average density of 5,742.8 per square mile (2,212.7/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 13.20% White, 75.10% Black or African American, 0.34% Native American, 1.26% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 5.21% from other races, and 4.79% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.47% of the population.
There were 11,885 households, out of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 30.7% were married couples living together, 26.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.7% were non-families. 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.38.
In the township the population was spread out, with 27.7% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 32.2% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, and 10.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.1 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $35,759, and the median income for a family was $40,852. Males had a median income of $33,442 versus $29,520 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $16,861. About 15.4% of families and 18.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.6% of those under age 18 and 16.7% of those age 65 or over.
As part of the 2000 Census, 75.10% of Orange's residents identified themselves as being African American, one of the highest percentages of African American people in the United States, and the fourth-highest in New Jersey (behind Lawnside at 93.60%, East Orange at 89.46%, and Irvington at 81.66%) of all places with 1,000 or more residents identifying their ancestry.
Orange has a large Haitian American population, with 11.4% of residents identifying themselves as being of Haitian ancestry, the highest of any municipality in New Jersey and the eighth-highest in the United States.
Although still a small percentage of total residents, Orange and East Orange have the largest concentrations of Guyanese Americans in the country. In the 2000 Census, 2.9% of Orange residents identified as being of Guyanese ancestry. While Queens and Brooklyn had larger populations in terms of raw numbers, Orange and East Orange (with 2.5%) had the highest percentages of people of Guyanese ancestry as a portion of the total population of all places in the United States.
Orange is governed within the Faulkner Act, formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law, under the Mayor-Council form of municipal government. The city is one of 71 of 565 municipalities statewide that use this form of government. The governing body is comprised of the directly elected mayor and the seven-member City Council. There are four ward representatives on the city council and three at-large representatives. Councilmembers are elected to serve four-year terms of office in non-partisan elections on a staggered basis with the three at-large seats and the mayor up for election together and the four ward seats up together on an alternating cycle in even-numbered years as part of the May municipal election.
As of 2022[update], the Mayor of Orange is Dwayne D. Warren, whose term of office ends June 30, 2024. Members of the City Council are Council President Kerry J. Coley (East Ward, 2022), Council Vice President Tency A. Eason (North Ward, 2022), Harold Johnson Jr. (West Ward, 2022), Weldon M. Montague III (At-Large, 2024), Clifford Ross (At-Large, 2024), Jamie Summers-Johnson (South Ward, 2022) and Adrienne Wooten (At-Large, 2024).
Federal, state and county representationEdit
The City of Orange Township is located in the 10th Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 34th state legislative district. Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Orange had been in the 27th state legislative district.
For the 117th United States Congress, New Jersey's Tenth Congressional District is represented by Donald Payne Jr. (D, Newark). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2027) and Bob Menendez (Harrison, term ends 2025).
For the 2022–2023 session, the 34th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Nia Gill (D, Montclair) and in the General Assembly by Thomas P. Giblin (D, Montclair) and Britnee Timberlake (D, East Orange).
Essex County is governed by a directly-elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by the Board of County Commissioners. As of 2021[update], the County Executive is Joseph N. DiVincenzo Jr. (D, Roseland). The county's Board of County Commissioners consists of nine members, five of whom are elected from districts and four of whom are elected on an at-large basis. They are elected for three-year concurrent terms and may be re-elected to successive terms at the annual election in November. There is no limit to the number of terms they may serve.  The most recent election for the Essex County Board of County Commissioners was on November 3, 2020.
- Commissioner President Wayne L. Richardson (D, District 2 – Irvington, Maplewood and parts of Newark's South and West Wards; Newark),
- Commissioner Vice President Carlos M. Pomares (D, District 5 – Belleville, Bloomfield, Glen Ridge, Montclair and Nutley; Bloomfield)
- Patricia Sebold (D, at-large; Livingston).
- Rufus I. Johnson (D, at large; Newark),
- Romaine Graham (D, at large; Irvington),
- Brendan W. Gill (D, at large; Montclair),
- Robert Mercado (D, District 1 – Newark's North and East Wards, parts of Central, South, and West Wards; Newark),
- Tyshammie L. Cooper (D, District 3 - Newark: Part of West Ward; East Orange, Orange and South Orange; East Orange),
- Leonard M. Luciano (D, District 4 – Caldwell, Cedar Grove, Essex Fells, Fairfield, Livingston, Millburn, North Caldwell, Roseland, Verona, West Caldwell and West Orange; West Caldwell),
Constitutional officers elected countywide are:
- County Clerk Christopher J. Durkin (West Caldwell; D, 2020)[needs update]
- Sheriff Armando B. Fontoura (Fairfield; D, 2018)[needs update]
- Surrogate Alturrick Kenney (D).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 14,943 registered voters in Orange, of which 8,490 (56.8%) were registered as Democrats, 302 (2.0%) were registered as Republicans and 6,147 (41.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were no voters registered to other parties.
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 96.7% of the vote (9,828 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 2.9% (291 votes), and other candidates with 0.4% (42 votes), among the 10,230 ballots cast by the township's 16,243 registered voters (69 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 63.0%. In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 95.5% of the vote (10,001 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 3.8% (397 votes) and other candidates with 0.3% (27 votes), among the 10,476 ballots cast by the city's 15,388 registered voters, for a turnout of 68.1%. In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 89.6% of the vote (8,000 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 9.1% (811 votes) and other candidates with 0.5% (67 votes), among the 8,931 ballots cast by the city's 14,409 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 62.0.
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Democrat Barbara Buono received 85.0% of the vote (3,809 cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 14.4% (643 votes), and other candidates with 0.6% (27 votes), among the 4,560 ballots cast by the township's 16,607 registered voters (81 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 27.5%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 91.7% of the vote (4,993 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 5.5% (302 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 1.4% (74 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (31 votes), among the 5,442 ballots cast by the city's 14,891 registered voters, yielding a 36.5% turnout.
The City of Orange is served by the professional firefighters of the city of Orange Fire Department (OFD). Founded in 1872, the OFD operates out of two fire stations, located at 419 Central Avenue and 257 Washington Street. The firefighting apparatus consists of two fire engines, two quints and a ladder truck.
The Orange Board of Education serves public school students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. The district is one of 31 former Abbott districts statewide that were established pursuant to the decision by the New Jersey Supreme Court in Abbott v. Burke which are now referred to as "SDA Districts" based on the requirement for the state to cover all costs for school building and renovation projects in these districts under the supervision of the New Jersey Schools Development Authority.
As of the 2020–21 school year, the district, comprised of 12 schools, had an enrollment of 5,629 students and 507.5 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.1:1. Schools in the district (with 2020–21) enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Orange Early Childhood Center (188 students; in PreK), John Robert Lewis Early Childhood Center (NA; Pre-K), Central Elementary School (319; K-2), Cleveland Street School (303; K-7), Forest Street Community School (410; PreK-7), Heywood Avenue School (355; PreK-7), Lincoln Avenue School (708; K-7), Oakwood Avenue Community School (425; PreK-7), Park Avenue School (569; K-7), Rosa Parks Central Community School (999; Grades 3–7) formerly Main Street School and Central School), Scholars Academy (NA), Orange Preparatory Academy (679; 8–9, formerly Orange Middle School), Orange High School (840; 10–12) and STEM Innovation Academy of the Oranges (160; 9–12).
The Orange Public Library collection contains 200,000 volumes and circulates 43,000 items annually. Built as the Stickler Memorial Library, the imposing structure designed by McKim, Mead, and White opened in 1901.
Portions of the city are part of an Urban Enterprise Zone (UEZ), one of 32 zones covering 37 municipalities statewide. Orange was selected in 1983 as one of the initial group of 10 zones chosen to participate in the program. In addition to other benefits to encourage employment and investment within the Zone, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3.3125% sales tax rate (half of the 6+5⁄8% rate charged statewide) at eligible merchants. Established in November 1992, the city's Urban Enterprise Zone status expires in November 2023.
Roads and highwaysEdit
As of May 2010[update], the city had a total of 44.64 miles (71.84 km) of roadways, of which 39.14 miles (62.99 km) were maintained by the municipality, 4.43 miles (7.13 km) by Essex County and 1.07 miles (1.72 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
Interstate 280 is the most significant highway serving the city, traversing along an east-west alignment from the border with West Orange to the East Orange city line. The only other significant roadway serving Orange is County Route 508, which follows Central Avenue.
The Orange and Highland Avenue stations provide NJ Transit train service along the Morris & Essex Lines (formerly Erie Lackawanna Railway). Service is available via the Kearny Connection to Secaucus Junction and Penn Station in Midtown Manhattan and to Hoboken Terminal. Passengers can transfer at Newark Broad Street or Summit station to reach the other destination if necessary.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Orange include:
- Anthony Accetturo (born 1938), former caporegime and leader of the New Jersey faction of the Lucchese crime family, The Jersey Crew.
- Robert Adams (born 1937), photographer who has focused on the changing landscape of the American West.
- Stephanie Adams (1970–2018), model and author who was the November 1992 Playboy Playmate.
- Walter G. Alexander (1880–1953), first African American member of the New Jersey Legislature.
- Jay Alford (born 1983), defensive tackle for the Oakland Raiders drafted in the third round of the 2007 NFL Draft (81st overall).
- Peter Allgeier, served as U.S. Deputy Trade Representative from May 2001 until August 2009.
- George Armstrong (1924–1993), catcher who played eight MLB games in 1946 with the Philadelphia Athletics.
- Tom Auth (born 1968), rower who competed at the 1996 Summer Olympics and the 2000 Summer Olympics.
- Bobby Bandiera (born 1953), rock guitarist, singer and songwriter who was lead guitarist for Southside Johnny and the Asbury Jukes.
- James J. Barry Jr. (born 1946), politician who served in the New Jersey General Assembly and as Director of the New Jersey Division of Consumer Affairs.
- Dan Baum (1956–2020), journalist and author who wrote for The Wall Street Journal, The New Yorker, Rolling Stone, Wired, Playboy, and The New York Times Magazine, among other publications.
- Stephen J. Benkovic (born 1938), chemist.
- Douglas J. Bennet (1938–2018), political official who served as the fifteenth president of Wesleyan University.
- John L. Blake (1831–1899), represented New Jersey's 6th congressional district from 1879 to 1881.
- Ken Blanchard (born 1939), author, whose works include The One Minute Manager.
- Thomas Aloysius Boland (1896–1979), prelate of the Roman Catholic Church who was Archbishop of Newark from 1952 to 1974.
- Cory Boyd (born 1985), former starting tailback for the University of South Carolina. and drafted by the Tampa Bay Buccaneers in the 7th round (238th pick overall) of the 2008 NFL Draft.
- Sandra Boynton (born 1953), humorist, songwriter, director, music producer, children's author and illustrator.
- Garrett Brown Jr. (born 1943), former United States District Judge and later the Chief Judge of the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey.
- Lesley Bush (born 1947), diver who represented the United States at the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, where she received a gold medal in platform diving.
- Samuel P. Bush (1863–1948), industrialist and patriarch of the Bush political family.
- Bisa Butler (born c. 1975), fiber artist known for her quilted portraits and designs celebrating black life.
- Peter Cain (1959–1997), artist who is best known for his meticulously executed paintings and drawings of surreal and aberrant versions of automobiles.
- Ernest Trow Carter (1866–1953), organist and composer who won the Bispham Award.
- Herbert S. Carter (1869-1927), physician and writer.
- Dennis M. Cavanaugh (born 1947), retired United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey.
- Robert Hett Chapman (1771–1833), Presbyterian minister and missionary and the second president of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
- Evans Clark (1888–1970), writer strongly committed to first to Communist and Socialist causes and then liberal socio-economic issues.
- Harold L. Colburn Jr. (1925–2012), physician and politician who served in the New Jersey General Assembly representing the 8th Legislative District from 1984 to 1995.
- Richard Codey (born 1946). politician who served in the New Jersey Legislature since 1974 and was the 53rd Governor of New Jersey, from 2004 to 2006.
- Steven A. Cohen (born 1953), academic who has taught public management and environmental policy at Columbia University since 1981.
- Corinne Alsop Cole (1886–1971), politician who served two terms as a member of the Connecticut House of Representatives.
- Samuel Colgate (1822–1897), manufacturer and philanthropist, who headed the soap company that is now part of Colgate-Palmolive and was a benefactor of Colgate University.
- John Condit (1755–1834), United States Representative and Senator from New Jersey.
- Silas Condit (1778–1861), represented New Jersey in the United States House of Representatives from 1831 to 1833.
- Peter Cortes (born 1947), rower who competed in the men's quadruple sculls event at the 1976 Summer Olympics.
- Bob Cottingham (born 1966), Olympic fencer who competed in the sabre events at the 1988 and 1992 Summer Olympics.
- John Crotty (born 1969), former NBA basketball player for the Cleveland Cavaliers, Portland Trail Blazers and Denver Nuggets.
- Bobby Czyz (born 1962), champion prizefighter.
- Brian E. Daley (born 1940), professor of theology who received the Ratzinger Prize in 2012.
- William Howe Davis (1904–1982), politician who served as Mayor of Orange for 12 years and as the Director of the New Jersey Division of Alcoholic Beverage Control during the Administration of Governor Robert B. Meyner.
- Pete D'Alonzo (1929–2001), football player who played two seasons with the Detroit Lions of the NFL.
- Constance Adams DeMille (1874–1960), actress and wife of director Cecil B. DeMille.
- Wayne Dickens, former American football player and coach who was head football coach at Kentucky State University from 2009 to 2012 and The College of New Jersey from 2013 to 2015.
- S. Kip Farrington (1904–1983), sport fisherman and journalist.
- Gail Fisher (1935–2000), actress best known for her role on Mannix.
- Buddy Fortunato (born 1946), newspaper publisher and politician who served four terms in the New Jersey General Assembly.
- Charles N. Fowler (1852–1932), represented 5th congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 1895 to 1911.
- Tony Galento (1910–1979), heavyweight boxer.
- Robert E. Grady (born 1959), venture capitalist and investment banker
- Al Harrington (born 1980), professional basketball player for the NBA's Denver Nuggets, Golden State Warriors and Washington Wizards.
- Edward V. Hartford (1870–1922), founder and President of the Hartford Suspension Company who perfected the automobile shock absorber.
- George Huntington Hartford (1833–1917), Mayor from 1878 to 1890 and owner of the Great Atlantic and Pacific Tea Company, the country's largest food retailer at the time of his death.
- Beatrice Hicks (1919–1979), founder of the Society of Women Engineers in 1950.
- Cleo Hill (1938–2015), professional basketball player who played one season in the NBA for the St. Louis Hawks.
- Dulé Hill (born 1975), actor, known for starring in TV series Psych and The West Wing.
- Monte Irvin (1919–2016), former Negro leagues and MLB outfielder, MLB executive and member of the Baseball Hall of Fame.
- Bobby M. Jones (born 1972), pitcher who played for the New York Mets during his MLB career.
- Mark Kelly (born 1964), astronaut who first went into space as the pilot for STS-108 Endeavour (December 5–17, 2001), and returned to space with STS-121 in 2006 as the pilot; His twin brother, Scott Kelly, is also in the Astronaut Corps.
- Jay Lynch (1945–2017), cartoonist best known for his comic strip Nard n' Pat.
- Phyllis Mangina (born 1959), college basketball coach who is currently an assistant women's basketball coach at Saint Peter's.
- William F. Marsh (1916-1995),politician who served in the California State Assembly for the 42nd district from 1953 to 1959.
- John B. Mason (1858–1919), stage actor.
- Lowell Mason (1792–1872), composer of over 1600 hymn tunes, including his arrangement of "Joy to the World".
- Elmer Matthews (1927–2015), lawyer and politician who served three terms in the New Jersey General Assembly.
- George McClellan (1826–1885), American Civil War general and later Governor of New Jersey, died here.
- Donald W. McGowan (1899–1967), United States Army Major General and Chief of the National Guard Bureau.
- James T. McHugh (1932–2000), prelate of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Bishop of Camden (1989–98) and Bishop of Rockville Centre (2000).
- John Milnor (born 1931), mathematician known for his work in differential topology, K-theory and dynamical systems and recipient of the Fields Medal, Wolf Prize, and Abel Prize.
- Daniel F. Minahan (1877–1947), served as mayor of Orange from May 1914 until August 1919, and represented New Jersey's 6th congressional district from 1919 to 1921 and again from 1923 to 1925.
- Gordon Allen Newkirk Jr. (1928–1985), astrophysicist best known for his research on the solar corona.
- Yosh Nijman (born 1995), American football offensive tackle for the Green Bay Packers of the National Football League.
- Col. Henry Steel Olcott (1832–1907), founder and first president of the Theosophical Society, first well-known person of European ancestry to make a formal conversion to Buddhism, helped create a Buddhist renaissance, assisted in designing the Buddhist flag, a national hero of Sri Lanka.
- Chris Petrucelli (born 1962), soccer manager who is currently the head coach of the Chicago Red Stars in the National Women's Soccer League.
- Joel A. Pisano (1949–2021), United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey from 2000 to 2001.
- Carolyn Plaskett (1917–2001), American-born illustrator, international scholar and former first lady of Barbados.
- Daniel Quillen (1940–2011), mathematician known for being the "prime architect" of higher algebraic K-theory and recipient of the Fields Medal.
- Jim Ringo (1931–2007), NFL player for the Green Bay Packers and Philadelphia Eagles, member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame.
- Stuart Risch, United States Army major general who serves as the Deputy Judge Advocate General of the United States Army.
- Jack Robinson (1921–2000), professional baseball pitcher whose MLB career consisted of three games played for the Boston Red Sox in 1949.
- Robert E. Rose (1939-2022), politician who served as the 26th Lieutenant Governor of Nevada, from 1975 to 1979.
- Dick Savitt (born 1927), tennis player who reached a ranking of No. 2 in the world.
- Roy Scheider (1932–2008), actor known for films such as Jaws, All That Jazz and The French Connection.
- Morton Schindel (1918–2016), educator, producer, and founder of Weston Woods Studios, which specializes in adapting children's books into animated films.
- Peter Shapiro (born 1952), financial services executive and former politician who was the youngest person ever elected to the New Jersey General Assembly and went on to serve as Essex County Executive.
- John M. Smith (born 1935), prelate of the Roman Catholic Church, who served as the ninth Bishop of Trenton, from 1997 to 2010.
- Leigh Howard Stevens (born 1953), marimba artist best known for developing, codifying and promoting the Stevens technique.
- Lucy Stone, (1818–1893), abolitionist and suffragist who staged a tax protest in 1857 over her lack of representation as a homeowner in Orange.
- Salamishah Tillet (born 1975), feminist activist, scholar and writer.
- Robert F. Titus (born 1926), United States Air Force brigadier general and fighter pilot.
- George Tully (1904–1980), former NFL player.
- Cornelius Clarkson Vermeule III (1925–2008), scholar of ancient art and curator of classical art at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston from 1957 to 1996.
- Dionne Warwick (born 1940), singer, actress, television host, and former Goodwill Ambassador for the UN's Food and Agriculture Organization.
- Khalil Wheeler-Weaver (born 1996), serial killer
Points of interestEdit
- 2019 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 1, 2020.
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- 2021 Municipal User Friendly Budget, City of Orange Township. Accessed April 26, 2022.
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- "Township of City of Orange". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved March 8, 2013.
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- Municipalities Sorted by 2011–2020 Legislative District, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed February 1, 2020.
- Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for City of Orange township Archived May 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed December 14, 2011.
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- Tyshammie L. Cooper, Commissioner, District 3, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed October 9, 2021.
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- Steven A. Cohen, Columbia University. Accessed July 30, 2019. "Cohen was born in Orange, New Jersey, raised in Brooklyn, New York and now resides in New York City."
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- Peter Cortes, Sports Reference. Accessed September 5, 2018. "Born: September 7, 1947 (Age 70.363, YY.DDD) in Orange, New Jersey, United States"
- Bob Cottingham, Ivy@50. Accessed December 3, 2017. "Growing up in Orange, New Jersey, he 'played football and lacrosse, which is my favorite sport,' he says.... Cottingham began fencing at Montclair Kimberley Academy under Columbia grad Carmen Marnell and was named all-state."
- John Crotty, Basketball-Reference.com. Accessed December 6, 2007.
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- Smith, Greg. "An Interview with Bobby Czyz Part 1: Formative Years, Amateur Career, and The Rise and Fall of a Middleweight", Hard Core Boxing, September 14, 2005. Accessed July 31, 2014. "Bobby Czyz was born on February 10, 1962. I knew that Bobby spent the first few years of his life in Orange, New Jersey, but was essentially raised about 30 minutes away from Orange in the suburban enclave of Wanaque."
- Davis, Stephen T.; Kendall, Daniel; and O'Collins, Gerald. The Incarnation: An Interdisciplinary Symposium on the Incarnation of the Son of God, p. xix. Oxford University Press, 2004. ISBN 9780199275779. Accessed July 6, 2016. "Brian E. Daley – Born in Orange, New Jersey, he obtained his Bachelor's degree at Fordham University in 1961, and a BA (MA) in Classics and Philosophy at Merton College, Oxford, in 1964."
- Staff. "Beverage Control Chief To Quit Post in Jersey", The New York Times, December 8, 1962. Accessed December 27, 2017. "William Howe Davis of Orange, director of the division of Alcohol Beverage Control since 1954, has notified Gov. Richard J. Hughes that he plans to resign.... He told the Governor that he was leaving for financial reasons. He will become a full partner in the Newark law firm of Shanley & Fisher."
- Pete D'Alonzo Archived March 28, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, profootballarchives.com. Accessed March 28, 2015.
- Staff. "Envoy to All peoples", Boston Globe, August 12, 1956. Accessed December 14, 2011. "When DeMille was touring with EH Sothern as an actor, he met and married Constance Adams of Orange, N.J. In 1952 they celebrated their golden wedding anniversary with all the DeMille children and grandchildren."
- Wayne Dickens, TCNJ Lions. Accessed December 16, 2019. "Dickens, a native of Orange, New Jersey, received a degree in English from Rutgers College in 1973."
- Thomas Jr., Robert McG. "S. Kip Farrington Jr. Is Dead; Was A Sportsman And Writer", The New York Times, February 8, 1983. Accessed July 6, 2016. "A native of Orange, N.J., Mr. Farrington joined his family's brokerage firm at the age of 16 and became a partner at 21, but when his family moved to East Hampton in the 1920s, he became enchanted with deep-sea fishing and decided to devote himself to sports."
- Van Gelder, Lawrence. "Gail Fisher, 65, TV Actress Who Won Emmy for 'Mannix'", The New York Times, February 20, 2001. Accessed March 19, 2014. "But she was determined to be one. She was born in Orange, N.J., and grew up in Potters Crossing, a black section of Edison Township, N.J."
- Fitzgerald's Legislative Manual, 1984, p. 271. Accessed August 13, 2019. "A. Joseph Fortunato, Dem., Glen Ridge – Mr. Fortunato was born in Orange on March 19, 1946."
- Charles Newell Fowler, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 9, 2007.
- "Beer Punch", Time, May 23, 1938. Accessed August 14, 2007. "In the Stone Age a fight was simply a fight. A throwback to Stone-Age man is potbellied Tony Galento, Orange, N. J. bartender, who shrugs his chubby shoulders at the fancy art of boxing, scoffs at the modern mode of training."
- Manual of the Legislature of New Jersey, Volume 202, p. 482. J.A. Fitzgerald, 1986. Accessed August 5, 2019. "Director of Communications Robert E. Grady, Livingston – Mr. Grady was born Oct. 22, 1957, in Orange."
- "Al Harrington traded for Stephen Jackson", Inside Hoops, July 15, 2004. Accessed June 4, 2008. "A 6–9 forward from Orange, New Jersey, Harrington prepped at St. Patrick's High in Elizabeth, NJ and he was the first player ever drafted from the high school ranks by the Pacers."
- Wilson, James Grant; and Fiske, John. "Hartford, Edward Vassallo", Appleton's cyclopædia of American biography, Volume 8, p. 493 ff. D. Appleton and company, 1918. Accessed November 13, 2017. "Hartford Edward Vassallo, engineer and inventor, b. in Orange N. J., 28 May 1870, son of George Huntington and Josephine (Ludlum) Hartford.... acquirement of an education in the Orange high school, Seton Academy, and Stevens Institute claimed the attention of Edward V. Hartford until he reached the age of nineteen, when, owing to poor health, he abandoned his studies and entered upon his business career in the office of The Great Atlantic and Pacific Tea Company."
- Anderson, Avis H. A & P: The Story of the Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Company, p. 47. Arcadia Publishing, 2002. ISBN 9780738510385. Accessed April 8, 2015. "On July 24, 1861, George Huntington Hartford married Marie Josephine Ludlum of Goshen, New York, and moved into a small house in Brooklyn.... The couple moved to Orange, New Jersey, in 1866, the same year that George was made a partner in the Great American Tea Company."
- Beatrice Alice Hicks, 1919–1979, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. Accessed December 18, 2007. "Born in Orange, New Jersey in 1919, Beatrice Hicks displayed an affinity for and aptitude in math, Science, and engineering from an early age."
- Resolution In Memoriam of Cleo Hill, Essex County, New Jersey Board of Chosen Freeholders. Accessed December 4, 2017. "Whereas, Cleo Hill of Orange, New Jersey, passed from this life on Monday, August 10, 2015, at the age of 77; and Whereas, Cleo Hill was born and reared in Newark, New Jersey. He attended Eighteenth Avenue Elementary School, Cleveland Junior High School, and South Side (Shabazz) High School"
- "Seen on the Screen", News & Observer, August 10, 2007. Accessed January 17, 2008. "Hill, 32, was born Karim Dule Hill in Orange, N.J. and raised in nearby Sayreville."
- Goldstein, Richard. "Monte Irvin, Star Outfielder Who Lost His Prime to Racism, Dies at 96", The New York Times, January 12, 2016. Accessed June 2, 2017. "Monford Merrill Irvin was born on Feb. 25, 1919, in Haleburg, Ala., one of 11 children raised by Cupid Alexander Irvin, a sharecropper, and his wife, Mary Eliza. When he was 8, he and his family moved to Bloomfield, N.J., and they settled in Orange, N.J., two years later."
- The ESPN Baseball Encyclopedia. Sterling Publishing. 2006. p. 1294. ISBN 1-4027-4771-3.
- Glanville, Doug. The Game from Where I Stand: A Ballplayer's Inside View, p. 253. Macmillan Publishers, 2010. ISBN 9780805091595. Accessed June 14, 2016. "And there was Bobby M. Jones: from the opposite coast (Orange, New Jersey), drafted out of high school, pitched for the Rockies for most of his brief major league career...."
- Astronaut Bio: Mark Kelly, NASA. Accessed February 24, 2008.
- Sandomir, Richard. "Jay Lynch, Underground Comics Creator, Dies at 72", The New York Times, March 12, 2017. Accessed March 13, 2017. "Mr. Lynch's early life was a bit unconventional. Jay Patrick Lynch was born in Orange, N.J., on Jan. 7, 1945, and grew up in Belmar."
- Caldwell, Dave. "A Force in Seton Hall Sports, on and Off Court", The New York Times, February 25, 2007. Accessed June 30, 2018. "With the exception of one year when she was an assistant coach at Wagner College, Ms. Mangina, 48, has spent her whole life in Essex County and more than half of it at Seton Hall, a 9,700-student Roman Catholic university. She lives in Verona. She grew up in Orange and graduated from East Orange Catholic High School in 1977."
- William F. "Bill" Marsh, Join California. Accessed March 8, 2022. "Born: January 13, 1916 in Orange, New Jersey"
- Derby, George; and White, James Terry. "John B. Mason", The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography, 1916, pg. 51.
- Staff. "Obituary: Dr. Lowell Mason", The New York Times, August 13, 1872. Accessed June 6, 2016. "On Sunday last, Dr. Lowell Mason died at his residence at Orange, N. J., at the age of eighty-one years."
- Menendez, Albert J.; and Menendez, Shirley. New Jersey Trivia, p. 69. Rutledge Hill Press, 1993. ISBN 1-55853-223-4.
- Staff. "Elmer M. Matthews, veteran, lawyer and former N.J. legislator, dies", Palm Beach Daily News, February 7, 2015. Accessed November 23, 2015. "Elmer M. Matthews of Palm Beach and Sea Girt, N.J., died Thursday, Feb. 5, 2015, after a brief illness. He was 87. Born in Orange, N.J., Mr. Matthews lived in South Orange, Verona, Bernardsville and Sea Girt, N.J., before moving to Palm Beach."
- Rafuse, Ethan S. "George B. McClellan", The New York Times. Accessed December 18, 2011.
- George B. McLellan, National Park Service. Accessed November 3, 2019. "On October 29, 1885, George Brinton McClellan died in Orange, NJ."
- Fitzgerald, Thomas F. Fitzgerald's Legislative Manual, 1960, page 322. Accessed December 3, 2017.
- Dowdy, Zachary R. "From the archives: Bishop James McHugh dies at 68", Newsday, December 11, 2000. Accessed December 3, 2017. "In his hometown of Orange, McHugh attended St. Venantius School and Our Lady of the Valley High School."
- Castelvecchi, Davide; and Matson, John. "Dimension-Cruncher: Exotic Spheres Earn Mathematician John Milnor an Abel Prize: His discovery that some seven-dimensional spheres look different under the lens of calculus spurred decades of research in topology", Scientific American, March 24, 2011. Accessed April 3, 2011. "Milnor was born in 1931 in Orange, N.J., and graduated from Princeton University in 1951."
- Daniel F. Minahan, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed July 16, 2007.
- Newkirk, Gordon Allen Jr. (1928–1985)[permanent dead link], National Center for Atmospheric Research. Accessed November 3, 2015. "Gordon Allen Newkirk Jr., was born in Orange, New Jersey on June 12, 1928."
- Yosuah Nijman, Virginia Tech Hokies football. Accessed October 25, 2020. "Hometown: Maplewood, N.J.; High School: Columbia... Born in Orange, New Jersey"
- Janet Kerschner, The Olcott Family Archived December 18, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, Theosophical.org. Accessed January 11, 2009.
- Head Coach Chris Petrucelli, Texas Longhorns, January 2, 2005. Accessed February 19, 2022. "Hometown: Orange, N.J. High school: John P. Stevens High School"
- Joel A. Pisano, Federal Judicial Center. Accessed March 2, 2021. "Born March 3, 1949, in Orange, NJ"
- "Obit for Carolyn Marie Plaskett Barrow", Episcopal Diocese of Newark via Ancestry.com, August 20, 2002. Accessed July 23, 2018. "Born Jan. 31, 1917 and raised in Orange, Carolyn Marie Plaskett was the daughter of the late Rev. Dr. George M. Plaskett, who was originally from Frederiksted, St. Croix, Virgin Islands, and Mrs. Carrie Davenport Plaskett of Orange"
- Segal, Graeme. "Daniel Quillen obituary: A US mathematician, he developed a key algebraic theory", The Guardian, June 23, 2011. Accessed August 19, 2011. "Born in Orange, New Jersey, Quillen won scholarships to Newark academy, and then to Harvard, where as a graduate student he worked under Raoul Bott, before going to a post at MIT."
- Litsky, Frank. "Jim Ringo, Pro Football Hall of Fame Center, Dies at 75", The New York Times, November 21, 2007. Accessed April 3, 2011. "James Stephen Ringo was born Nov. 21, 1931, in Orange, N.J., and played high school football in Phillipsburg, N.J."
- Deputy Judge Advocate General U.S. Army Major General Stuart W. Risch, United States Army. Accessed June 14, 2021. "Major General Stuart W. Risch, a native of Orange/West Orange, NJ, was initially commissioned a Second Lieutenant in the Field Artillery in 1984."
- Nowlin, Bill. "Jack Robinson", Society for American Baseball Research. Accessed September 11, 2019 "He was born John Edward Robinson in Orange, Essex County, on February 20, 1921."
- The National Conference of Lieutenant Governors; Biographical Sketches and Portraits, p. 1958. The Conference, 1976. Accessed August 5, 2019. "Robert E. Rose, born Orange, New Jersey, October 7, 1939."
- Staff. "Savitt Rallies to Beat Flam", Los Angeles Times, July 5, 1951. Accessed April 3, 2011. "Dick Savitt of Orange, N.J., who is seeking a sweep of the world's major amateur tennis titles, rallied from what looked like certain defeat today to vanquish Herbie Flam of Beverly Hills, 1–6, 15–13, 6–3, 6–2, and storm into the finals of the All-England..."
- Kehr, Dave. "Roy Scheider, Actor in Jaws, Dies at 75", The New York Times, February 11, 2008. Accessed February 24, 2008. "Born in 1932 in Orange, N.J., Mr. Scheider earned his distinctive broken nose in the New Jersey Diamond Gloves Competition."
- Slotnik, Daniel E. "Morton Schindel, Who Turned Children's Books Into Animated Films, Dies at 98", The New York Times, August 24, 2016. Accessed August 24, 2016. "Morton Schindel was born on Jan. 29, 1918, in Orange, N.J."
- Perlez, Jane. "Man In The News; Democratic Victor In Jersey Prepares: Peter Shapiro To Battle A Popular Incumbent: Political Success From Early Age", The New York Times, June 6, 1985. Accessed January 20, 2020. "Peter Shapiro was born in Newark on April 18, 1952, the second child of Dr. and Mrs. Shapiro. He grew up in Orange and then South Orange, attending the Millburn Grammar School."
- Bishop John M. Smith Archived April 19, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Catholic Conference. Accessed November 29, 2017. "John M. Smith was born in Orange on June 23, 1935, the oldest son of Mrs. Ethel Charnock Smith and Mortimer F. Smith, now both deceased."
- Fruchter, Rena. Music; Playing and Manufacturing the Marimba", The New York Times, March 26, 1995. Accessed August 3, 2019. "Born in Orange, Mr. Stevens attended high school in South Orange and studied at the Eastman School of Music in Rochester."
- Location of the Lucy Stone House in Orange, New Jersey, First Unitarian Universalist Church of Essex County, January 1998. Accessed June 29, 2017. "Lucy Stone, public speaker, suffragist, and abolitionist, moved to Orange, New Jersey in April 1857 and lived there for about one year. Her house there became famous as the site of her protest against taxation without representation."
- Feldman, Kathryn Levy. "Salamishah Tillet’s Journey", The Pennsylvania Gazette, August 21, 2014. Accessed January 31, 2022. "Her parents separated when she was five, and Tillet moved to Orange, New Jersey, with her mother and her younger sister and brother. She spent her middle-school years in Trinidad, and from eighth grade through the end of high school attended Newark Academy, an independent school in Livingston, New Jersey."
- Brigadier General Robert F. Titus, United States Air Force. Accessed January 16, 2022. "General Titus was born in 1926, in Orange, N.J."
- George Tully Archived December 4, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, profootballarchives.com. Accessed August 21, 2014.
- Martin, Douglas. "Cornelius C. Vermeule III, a Curator of Classical Antiquities, Is Dead at 83", The New York Times, December 9, 2008. Accessed July 30, 2019. "Cornelius Clarkson Vermeule III was born on Aug. 10, 1925, in Orange, N.J."
- Warwick, Dionne. "We All Walked Together; East Orange native Dionne Warwick reminisces about growing up in New Jersey, and how the music of the streets that surrounded her helped propel her to super-stardom.", New Jersey Monthly, November 15, 2010. Accessed March 8, 2021. "I live in South Orange now, and I have a place in Brazil, but I grew up in East Orange. I’ve always considered New Jersey my home, and I’ve always been proud of where I come from. I was born at Orange Memorial Hospital in 1940."
- Serial Killer Sentenced to 160 Years, Essex County Prosecutor's Office, October 6, 2021. Accessed April 26, 2022. "Acting Essex County Prosecutor Theodore N. Stephens, II, announced that convicted serial killer Khalil Wheeler-Weaver, now 25, of Orange was sentenced today to 160 years for killing three young woman and attempting to kill a fourth between August 2016 and November 2016."
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