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Long Branch is a beachside city in Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city's population was 30,719,[9][10][11] reflecting a decline of 621 (-2.0%) from the 31,340 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 2,682 (+9.4%) from the 28,658 counted in the 1990 Census.[20]

Long Branch, New Jersey
City
City of Long Branch
Church of the Presidents
Church of the Presidents
Nickname(s): The First Seaside Resort
Motto(s): Tide In
Map of Long Branch in Monmouth County. Inset: Location of Monmouth County highlighted in New Jersey.
Map of Long Branch in Monmouth County. Inset: Location of Monmouth County highlighted in New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Long Branch, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Long Branch, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°17′43″N 73°59′24″W / 40.295372°N 73.989899°W / 40.295372; -73.989899Coordinates: 40°17′43″N 73°59′24″W / 40.295372°N 73.989899°W / 40.295372; -73.989899[1][2]
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Monmouth
Incorporated April 11, 1867 (as Long Branch Commission)
Reincorporated April 8, 1903 (as city)
Named for "long branch" of Shrewsbury River
Government[7]
 • Type Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council)
 • Body City Council
 • Mayor Adam Schneider (term ends June 30, 2018)[3][4]
 • Administrator Howard H. Woolley Jr.[5]
 • Municipal clerk Kathy L. Schmelz[6]
Area[1]
 • Total 6.283 sq mi (16.274 km2)
 • Land 5.274 sq mi (13.660 km2)
 • Water 1.009 sq mi (2.614 km2)  16.06%
Area rank 251st of 566 in state
17th of 53 in county[1]
Elevation[8] 23 ft (7 m)
Population (2010 Census)[9][10][11]
 • Total 30,719
 • Estimate (2016)[12] 30,763
 • Rank 71st of 566 in state
6th of 53 in county[13]
 • Density 5,824.4/sq mi (2,248.8/km2)
 • Density rank 88th of 566 in state
9th of 53 in county[13]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07740[14][15]
Area code(s) 732/848[16]
FIPS code 3402541310[1][17][18]
GNIS feature ID 0885285[1][19]
Website www.visitlongbranch.com

Long Branch was formed on April 11, 1867, as the Long Branch Commission, from portions of Ocean Township. Long Branch was incorporated as a city by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 8, 1903, based on the results of a referendum, replacing the Long Branch Commission.[21]

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Long Branch station, 1873
 
The Beach at Long Branch - wood cut illustration by Winslow Homer (1869)

Long Branch was a beach resort town in the late 18th century, named for its location along a branch of the South Shrewsbury River.[22] In the 19th century, theatrical performers of the day often gathered and performed there.[citation needed] It was visited by presidents Chester A. Arthur, James A. Garfield, Ulysses S. Grant, Benjamin Harrison, Rutherford B. Hayes, William McKinley, and Woodrow Wilson.[23] Seven Presidents Park, a park near the beach, is named in honor of their visits. The Church of the Presidents, where all seven worshiped, is the only structure left in Long Branch associated with them.[24]

 
Long Branch Beach

President Garfield was brought to Long Branch in the hope that the fresh air and quiet might aid his recovery after being shot on July 2, 1881, an incident that left the assassin's bullet lodged in his spine. He died here on September 19, 1881, exactly two months before his 50th birthday.[25] The Garfield Tea House, constructed from railroad ties that had been laid to carry Garfield's train, is in Elberon.[26]

The famous Long Branch Saloon of the American Old West, located in Dodge City, Kansas, was given its name by its first owner, William Harris, who had moved west from Long Branch, New Jersey, his hometown.[27]

Originally a resort town with a few hotels and large estates and many farms in the early 20th century, Long Branch grew in population. Italian, Irish and Jewish immigrants settled in during this period. During the 1930s, the city used government policies to enforce racial segregation against Blacks at local beaches.[28]

By the 1950s, Long Branch like many other towns had developed new residential spots and housing to make room for the growing population. Many of the former farms of Long Branch were transformed into residential suburbs. Many of the estates and a few old historic resorts (with the addition of many new ones) still remain.

In the early 20th century, Long Branch lost much of its activity as a theater spot. In addition, the opening of the Garden State Parkway in the mid-1950s allowed shore visitors to access points further south, which added to Long Branch's decline. The civil unrest of the 1960s caused riots in neighboring Asbury Park, and many fled the shore cities for the suburban towns west of the beach. Decades later, the older, more dilapidated parts of the resort town were condemned and redeveloped, in part by using eminent domain legislation.

Long Branch still continues to be a popular resort area. Many people from New York City travel or settle into the area to escape the crowded city and enjoy Long Branch's beaches. The area also attracts some tourists from the Philadelphia area as well.

Hurricane SandyEdit

On October 29, 2012, Long Branch was one of many shore communities that were devastated by Hurricane Sandy. Although Sandy's winds were powerful, Long Branch's position between Long Beach Island and Sea Bright gave Long Branch a much larger wall of security because it could not be engulfed by surrounding waters. Despite this mainland advantage, there were still several instances of flooding in Long Branch during the storm. Many residents went without electricity for 9 to 15 days. The boardwalk was destroyed; the city began rebuilding it in 2015, and it reopened in April of 2016.[29] It was the last boardwalk damaged by Sandy to be rebuilt.[30]

GeographyEdit

Long Branch takes its name from the "long branch" or south branch of the Shrewsbury River.[31][32][33][34]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 6.283 square miles (16.274 km2), including 5.274 square miles (13.660 km2) of land and 1.009 square miles (2.614 km2) of water (16.06%).[1][2]

The city borders the Monmouth County communities of Deal, Monmouth Beach, Ocean Township, Oceanport and West Long Branch.[35]

NeighborhoodsEdit

 
Long Branch Beach
 
Pier Village at Long Branch

There are several distinct neighborhoods and areas in the City of Long Branch, each with its own character. Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the city include Branchport, East Long Branch, Elberon (served as ZIP code 07740), Hollywood, Kensington Park, North Long Branch, Pleasure Bay and West End.[36] Other areas include North End (once known as "Atlanticville"), Beachfront North and South (including Pier Village, adjacent to the site of the former Long Branch Pier at the foot of Laird Street), Downtown and Uptown. As the city's redevelopment initiatives continue to expand, the lower Broadway area (a portion of the city's Downtown) will become an Arts District.

In years past, Long Branch was a major destination for beachgoers, along with Asbury Park, and enjoyed an upscale connotation with tourists. Long Branch is home to Seven Presidents Oceanfront Park, named for the United States presidents who visited the fashionable resort town, including Ulysses S. Grant, Chester A. Arthur, Rutherford Hayes, Benjamin Harrison, William McKinley, Woodrow Wilson and James Garfield.[37]

Long Branch's fame as the Nation's First Seaside Resort waned in the years following World War II.[38] The defining moment marking the end of this era occurred on June 8, 1987 when the largest fire in the history of the city destroyed the landmark amusement pier and adjoining Haunted Mansion, "Kid's World" Amusement Park and other businesses.[39]

Planned developmentEdit

Broadway Center is a planned entertainment and commercial hub of Long Branch, as envisioned by the City Government and Thompson Design Group, who created the Master Plan for the city. This complex is planned to offer retail shops, cafes, bars, restaurants and two performing arts theaters as well as 500 new residences sitting atop a 1,500 car parking garage. It will be designed by the architectural firms of Hellmuth, Obata and Kassabaum (HOK).[40]

In June 2013, the city approved designation of the area around its train station as a transit village, which can bring incentives for revitalization and denser development.[41]

There are several mid-rise buildings lining the oceanfront.[32] In December 2013 another 12-story residential project was approved.[42]

ClimateEdit

1981 - 2010 monthly climatic averages for Long Branch Beach, Monmouth County, New Jersey.

Twp Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Ann
Avg High Temp 40 °F 42 °F 49 °F 59 °F 68 °F 78 °F 83 °F 82 °F 75 °F 65 °F 55 °F 45 °F 62 °F
Avg Low Temp 25 °F 27 °F 33 °F 42 °F 52 °F 62 °F 67 °F 67 °F 60 °F 48 °F 40 °F 31 °F 46 °F
Avg Dew Point 22 °F 23 °F 29 °F 38 °F 49 °F 60 °F 65 °F 64 °F 58 °F 47 °F 37 °F 27 °F 43 °F
Avg Precip 3.6" 3.0" 3.8" 4.2" 3.9" 3.6" 4.7" 4.8" 3.7" 4.0" 3.8" 4.0" 47.1"
Estimated Average Seasonal Snowfall (Nov - Apr) ≈ 20"

Dew Point / Humidity Chart

Dew Point Humidity
≥ 75 °F Extreme
70 °F - 74 °F High
65 °F - 69 °F Moderate
60 °F - 64 °F Slight
≤ 59 °F Comfortable

EconomyEdit

Portions of Long Branch are part of an Urban Enterprise Zone, one of 27 zones in the state. In addition to other benefits to encourage employment within the zone, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3.3125% sales tax rate (versus the 6.625% rate charged statewide, effective January 1, 2018) at eligible merchants.[43][44][45] Established in 1994, the city's Urban Enterprise Zone status expires in November 2025.[46]

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
1880 3,833
1890 7,231 88.7%
1900 8,872 22.7%
1910 13,298 49.9%
1920 13,521 1.7%
1930 18,399 36.1%
1940 17,408 −5.4%
1950 23,090 32.6%
1960 26,228 13.6%
1970 31,774 21.1%
1980 29,819 −6.2%
1990 28,658 −3.9%
2000 31,340 9.4%
2010 30,719 −2.0%
Est. 2016 30,763 [12][47] 0.1%
Population sources:
1880-1920[48] 1880-1890[49]
1890-1910[50] 1880-1930[51]
1930-1990[52] 2000[53][54] 2010[9][10][11]

Census 2010Edit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 30,719 people, 11,753 households, and 6,876 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,824.4 per square mile (2,248.8/km2). There were 14,170 housing units at an average density of 2,686.7 per square mile (1,037.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 65.30% (20,060) White, 14.21% (4,364) Black or African American, 0.55% (170) Native American, 2.13% (655) Asian, 0.08% (24) Pacific Islander, 13.24% (4,067) from other races, and 4.49% (1,379) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 28.07% (8,624) of the population.[9]

There were 11,753 households out of which 26.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.2% were married couples living together, 15.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.5% were non-families. 31.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.23.[9]

In the city, the population was spread out with 21.7% under the age of 18, 12.2% from 18 to 24, 31.1% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.8 years. For every 100 females there were 100.3 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 98.3 males.[9]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $52,792 (with a margin of error of +/- $2,549) and the median family income was $56,778 (+/- $4,202). Males had a median income of $36,404 (+/- $3,363) versus $33,397 (+/- $4,036) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $30,381 (+/- $2,212). About 11.5% of families and 14.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.7% of those under age 18 and 9.6% of those age 65 or over.[55]

Census 2000Edit

As of the 2000 United States Census[17] there were 31,340 people, 12,594 households, and 7,248 families residing in the city. The population density was 6,008.6 people per square mile (2,318.1/km2). There were 13,983 housing units at an average density of 2,680.9 per square mile (1,034.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 68.03% White, 18.66% African American, 0.36% Native American, 1.64% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 7.08% from other races, and 4.19% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 20.67% of the population.[53][54]

There were 12,594 households out of which 27.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.9% were married couples living together, 15.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.4% were non-families. 34.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.19.[53][54]

In the city the population was spread out with 23.8% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 32.4% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.6 males.[53][54]

The median income for a household in the city was $38,651, and the median income for a family was $42,825. Males had a median income of $37,383 versus $27,026 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,532. About 13.9% of families and 16.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.3% of those under age 18 and 13.3% of those age 65 or over.[53][54]

GovernmentEdit

Local governmentEdit

The City of Long Branch is governed under the Mayor-Council (Plan A) form of municipal government under the Faulkner Act, enacted by direct petition as of July 1, 1966.[56] The government consists of a mayor and a five-member City Council, whose members are elected at-large in nonpartisan elections to serve four-year terms of office on a concurrent basis.[7]

As of 2016, the Mayor of Long Branch is Adam Schneider. Members of the City Council are Council President Kate Billings, Council Vice President Dr. Mary Jane Celli, Joy Bastelli, John Pallone and Michael Sirianni. The terms of office of the mayor and all council members end on June 30, 2018, after they were all reelected in the May 2014 municipal election.[3][57][58][59]

Councilman John "Fazz" Zambrano resigned from office following a July 20, 2006, federal court appearance at which he pleaded guilty to accepting a $1,000 bribe from an FBI informant. His seat was filled by Jackeline Biddle, a leader in the Puerto Rican community, who served until the November 2006 general election.[60]

Federal, state and county representationEdit

Long Branch is located in the 6th Congressional District[61] and is part of New Jersey's 11th state legislative district.[10][62][63]

New Jersey's Sixth Congressional District is represented by Frank Pallone (D, Long Branch).[64] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2021)[65] and Bob Menendez (Paramus, 2019).[66][67]

For the 2018–2019 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 11th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Vin Gopal (D, Long Branch) and in the General Assembly by Joann Downey (D, Freehold Township) and Eric Houghtaling (D, Neptune Township).[68][69] The Governor of New Jersey is Phil Murphy (D, Middletown Township).[70] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Sheila Oliver (D, East Orange).[71]

Monmouth County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders consisting of five members who are elected at-large to serve three year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats up for election each year as part of the November general election. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects one of its members to serve as Director and another as Deputy Director.[72] As of 2018, Monmouth County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Thomas A. Arnone (R, Neptune City, term as freeholder ends December 31, 2019; term as freeholder director ends 2018),[73] Freeholder Deputy Director Lillian G. Burry (R, Colts Neck Township, term as freeholder ends 2020; term as deputy director ends 2018),[74] John P. Curley (R, Middletown Township, 2018),[75] Patrick G. Impreveduto (R, Holmdel Township, 2020)[76] and Dr. Gerry P. Scharfenberger (R, Middletown Township, 2019; appointed to serve an unexpired term)[77][78] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County clerk Christine Giordano Hanlon (R, 2020; Ocean Township),[79][80] Sheriff Shaun Golden (R, 2019; Howell Township)[81][82] and Surrogate Rosemarie D. Peters (R, 2021; Middletown Township).[83]

PoliticsEdit

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 13,442 registered voters in Long Branch, of which 4,293 (31.9%) were registered as Democrats, 1,783 (13.3%) were registered as Republicans and 7,358 (54.7%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 8 voters registered to other parties.[84]

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 64.5% of the vote (5,421 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 34.5% (2,897 votes), and other candidates with 1.0% (81 votes), among the 8,470 ballots cast by the city's 14,289 registered voters (71 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 59.3%.[85][86] In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 61.2% of the vote (6,171 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 35.7% (3,600 votes) and other candidates with 1.0% (98 votes), among the 10,090 ballots cast by the city's 14,433 registered voters, for a turnout of 69.9%.[87] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 58.0% of the vote (5,724 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 40.5% (4,001 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (99 votes), among the 9,870 ballots cast by the city's 14,563 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 67.8.[88]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 57.4% of the vote (2,621 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 41.1% (1,876 votes), and other candidates with 1.6% (71 votes), among the 4,677 ballots cast by the city's 14,129 registered voters (109 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 33.1%.[89][90] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 48.1% of the vote (2,714 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 44.7% (2,523 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 5.7% (320 votes) and other candidates with 0.9% (48 votes), among the 5,645 ballots cast by the city's 13,812 registered voters, yielding a 40.9% turnout.[91]

EducationEdit

Long Branch's public schools are operated by the Long Branch Public Schools, serving children in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. The district is one of 31 former Abbott districts statewide,[92][93] which are now referred to as "SDA Districts" based on the requirement for the state to cover all costs for school building and renovation projects in these districts under the supervision of the New Jersey Schools Development Authority.[94][95] All Long Branch Public Schools are free, including the district's preschool programs which are full-day and accommodate children ages 3–5 years old. Long Branch schools offer free breakfast each morning for the students. In addition, Long Branch Public Schools provide free summer programs for most of the summer.

As of the 2014-15 school year, the district and its 10 schools had an enrollment of 5,732 students and 492.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.7:1.[96] Schools in the district (with 2014-15 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[97]) are Lenna W. Conrow School[98] (433 students; in grades PreK-K), Joseph Ferraina Early Childhood Learning Center[99] (429; PreK-K), Morris Avenue School[100] (337; PreK-K), Amerigo A. Anastasia School[101] (598; K-5), George L. Catrambone Elementary School[102] (859; K-5 - new for 2014-15), Gregory School[103] (626; 1-5), Long Branch Middle School[104] (1,115; 6-8), Long Branch High School[105] (1, 278; 9-12) and Audrey W. Clark School / The Academy of Alternative Programs, an alternative education program[106] [107]

George L. Catrambone Elementary School was constructed at a total cost over $40 million for a facility that was designed to house 800 students in a facility covering 109,000 square feet (10,100 m2) for which construction began in 2012.[108] With the start of the 2014-15 school year, a realignment of the district closed West End School, converted Morris Avenue School for early childhood use and repurposed Audrey W. Clark School for alternative education.[109]

Seashore School is a private K-8 school, with class size limited to 16 students.[110]

Declining attendance led the Roman Catholic Diocese of Trenton to close the K-8 Holy Trinity School in June 2006.[111]

MediaEdit

WRLB "Radio Long Branch" signed-on June l, 1960 at 107.1 FM. Since December 1996 the call letters have been WWZY.

TransportationEdit

 
Long Branch station, which is served by NJ Transit's North Jersey Coast Line

Roads and highwaysEdit

The city had a total of 89.49 miles (144.02 km) of roadways, of which 80.10 miles (128.91 km) were maintained by the municipality, 6.26 miles (10.07 km) by Monmouth County and 3.13 miles (5.04 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[112]

Route 36 and Route 71 pass through the city.

Public transportationEdit

Long Branch is connected to New York City and Northern New Jersey via NJ Transit trains running on the North Jersey Coast Line.[113] The Long Branch station,[114] located three blocks away from the beach, marks the end of electrified trackage, with passengers continuing south must change to diesel-powered trains. A second station is located at Elberon district just north of the borough of Deal.[115] In the past there were stops in the West End neighborhood and on Broadway, but they were closed to reduce travel time to New York City.

Local bus transportation is provided by NJ Transit on the 831 and 837 routes.[116]

Additionally, the City has contracted with EZ Ride to provide a shuttle service during peak commuting hours connecting the train station with Monmouth University and the Pier Village in Long Branch.[117]

Notable peopleEdit

 
Birthplace of Dorothy Parker.

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Long Branch include:

In popular cultureEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ a b On May 8, 2018 John Pallone was elected mayor.City Council, City of Long Branch. Accessed July 18, 2016.
  4. ^ 2017 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 30, 2017.
  5. ^ Administration, City of Long Branch. Accessed July 18, 2016.
  6. ^ City Clerk, City of Long Branch. Accessed July 18, 2016.
  7. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 58.
  8. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: City of Long Branch, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 7, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Long Branch city, Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 3, 2012.
  10. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 6. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  11. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Long Branch city, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed July 3, 2012.
  12. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016 - 2016 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2017.
  13. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 14, 2012.
  14. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Long Branch, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed July 3, 2012.
  15. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed September 17, 2013.
  16. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Long Branch, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed September 17, 2013.
  17. ^ a b American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  18. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed July 3, 2012.
  19. ^ US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  20. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed July 3, 2012.
  21. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 181. Accessed July 3, 2012.
  22. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica
  23. ^ (2006) The Year in Review, The Long Branch Historical Museum Association, Page 1.
  24. ^ Staff. "'Church of the Presidents' To Reopen in Long Branch", The New York Times, May 1, 1950. Accessed July 3, 2012. "'The Church of the Presidents', where Harrison, Grant, Hayes, Garfield, Arthur, McKinley and Wilson are said to have been worshipers while on seashore vacations, will be reopened June 15 as a house of meditation and as a museum, the Rev. Christopher H. Snyder, vicar, announced today."
  25. ^ a b Sharkey, Joe. "The Great Boardwalk Towns of Jersey", The New York Times, August 4, 1991. Accessed July 10, 2007. "Along the 125-mile (201 km) stretch of Jersey seashore, the northernmost of the Great Boardwalk Towns is Asbury Park, a resort that developed in the late 1800s as an alternative to its then vice-ridden neighbor, Long Branch, the town where President James Garfield died from gunshot wounds and thus became the first, but by no means only, local habitue to be dispatched at the hand of a disappointed office seeker."
  26. ^ Williams, Carol Gorga. "Restoring Historic Church Where Seven Presidents Elected To Worship", Asbury Park Press, September 24, 2004. Accessed July 3, 2012. "One is the Garfield Tea House, a small structure that was built from the railroad ties used to lay the emergency track that transported a mortally wounded President Garfield from the Elberon train station to the oceanfront Franklyn Cottage, owned by railroad magnate Charles Franklyn, where the president died 12 days later."
  27. ^ Kansas Fun Facts and Trivia, Legends of America. Accessed January 8, 2018. "The Long Branch Saloon really did exist in Dodge City, Kansas. One of the owners, William Harris, was a former resident of Long Branch, New Jersey and named the saloon after his hometown in the 1880's."
  28. ^ Kahrl, Andrew (28 May 2018). "The North's Jim Crow". New York Times. Retrieved 28 May 2018. 
  29. ^ Spahr, Rob (2016-04-12). "Last of N.J.'s Sandy-damaged boardwalks finally reopens". NJ.com. Retrieved 2017-12-12. 
  30. ^ "Long Branch wants to rebuild its boardwalk to withstand the next Sandy". Archive.app.com. Retrieved 2014-08-05. 
  31. ^ Martin, George Castor. History of Asbury Park and Long Branch: Together with the Traditions of the Indians & Settlers of Monmouth & Ocean Counties, N.J., p. 2. Privately published, 1903. Accessed August 20, 2014. "Long Branch takes its name from a brook, a branch of the South Shrewsbury River which runs in a direct line northward along the coast."
  32. ^ a b Long Branch, Emporis. Accessed August 20, 2014.
  33. ^ Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed September 1, 2015.
  34. ^ Gannett, Henry. The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States, p. 138. United States Government Printing Office, 1905. Accessed September 1, 2015.
  35. ^ Areas touching Long Branch, MapIt. Accessed July 15, 2015.
  36. ^ Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed May 15, 2015.
  37. ^ Seven Presidents Oceanfront Park, Monmouth County Park System. Accessed January 8, 2018. "Long Branch was placed "on the map" in 1869 when President Grant made the city the nation's "Summer Capital," a tradition followed by Presidents Hayes, Garfield, Arthur, Harrison, McKinley, and Wilson."
  38. ^ "Refuges of the famous saw economic, political change", Asbury Park Press, October 19, 2006. Accessed July 10, 2007. "But the moderate climate and ocean bathing soon helped Long Branch develop a reputation as the nation's 'first seaside resort.'"
  39. ^ Williams, Carol Gorga. "Blaze scarred Long Branch for next 20 years", Asbury Park Press, June 8, 2007. Access January 17, 2011.
  40. ^ Varno, Christine. "Planners OK first phase of Broadway Arts Center - Architect: Project aims to create a residential urban community" Archived 2013-01-24 at Archive.is, Atlanticville, April 19, 2007. Accessed July 3, 2012.
  41. ^ Robbins, Christopher. "Long Branch approves transit village, Ocean Place expansion over residents' concerns", NJ.com, June 13, 2013. Accessed August 3, 2014.
  42. ^ Spahr, Rob. "Movin' On Up: Shore town approves luxury oceanfront high-rise despite objections", NJ.com, December 5, 2013. Accessed August 20, 2014.
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  109. ^ Sheldon, Christopher. "Long Branch Will Realign Elementary Schools After West End School Closure; The Audrey W. Clark School will also have a new purpose after redistricting.", Long Branch - Eatontown Patch, September 6, 2013. Accessed August 20, 2014. "Kindergarten classrooms will be pulled from the district's current elementary schools and placed into the Joseph M. Ferraina Early Childhood Learning Center and Lenna W. Conrow School, which are currently preschools. The Morris Avenue School will also become an exclusive early education center after serving as a home for pre-kindergarten to third grade students."
  110. ^ Welcome, Seashore Day Camp & School. Accessed January 8, 2018.
  111. ^ Schweiger, Tristan J.; and Jones, Janeen. "Diocese celebrates CXXVth anniversary", Asbury Park Press, October 28, 2006. Accessed July 3, 2012. "And in Long Branch, Holy Trinity School graduated its last class in June before closing its doors because of dwindling enrollment."
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  116. ^ Monmouth County public transportation, NJ Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 22, 2009. Accessed June 30, 2011.
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  118. ^ Grimes, William. "M.H. Abrams, 102, Dies; Shaped Romantic Criticism and Literary 'Bible'", The New York Times, April 22, 2015. Accessed November 12, 2016. "Meyer Howard Abrams, known as Mike, was born on July 23, 1912, in Long Branch, N.J., where his father painted houses and later opened a paint and wallpaper store."
  119. ^ "New Jersey 350th Anniversary Programming", New Jersey State Library. Accessed November 12, 2016. "Aida de Acosta from Long Branch, NJ was visiting Paris during the summer of 1903 when she saw Alberto Santos-Dumont's flying dirigible and asked him to give her lessons -- after three lessons, she flew the craft solo for two hours..."
  120. ^ Krebs, Albin. "The Faces Are Familiar", The New York Times, September 5, 1976. Accessed March 4, 2011. "Richard Anderson, boss of 'The $6-million Man,' who hails from Long Branch..."
  121. ^ Staff. "Jersey Klan Head Sued By Ziegler Kin; Eloping Pastor's Parents Seek $1,596 Paid, They Say, to Avert Embezzlement Action. He Was Freed By Court Couple Declare They Acted Without Advice -- Minister and Wife Now in Virginia.", The New York Times, March 13, 1926. Accessed November 12, 2016. "Alleging that they paid $1,596.96 to Arthur H. Bell of Long Branch, King Kleagle of the Ku Klux Klan in New Jersey, to save their son, Roscoe Carl Ziegler, from prosecution on a charge of embezzling Klan funds, Mr. and Mrs. William E. Ziegler of Milford, Pa., filed suit today in the Court of Chancery here to recover the money."
  122. ^ Senator Joe Benning, Vermont General Assembly. Accessed January 5, 2018. "Joe Benning of Lyndon, Caledonia County, Republican, was born in Long Branch, New Jersey, on December 7, 1956. Occupation: trial lawyer. Joe graduated from Mater Dei High School in New Monmouth, New Jersey, in 1975"
  123. ^ Knopper, Steve. "Eagles soaring on a second wind" Archived 2007-02-16 at the Wayback Machine., Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel, July 4, 2002. Accessed May 2, 2007. "When Black was a kid in Long Branch, N.J., a cigarette company came through town sponsoring a talent contest."
  124. ^ Sweetland, Phil. "From Newark (and Environs) to Nashville", The New York Times, July 21, 2002. Accessed July 3, 2012. "'I was born in Long Branch, but my parents were living in Red Bank, so that's what I think of as my birthplace,' Mr. Black said."
  125. ^ Filichia, Peter. "Jersey's Jeff Blumenkrantz brings 13 characters to life in Murder For Two", Asbury Park Press, April 13, 2014. Accessed November 12, 2016. "These days, 13 isn't at all an unlucky number for Jeff Blumenkrantz. The Long Branch native must play a total of five women and eight men in 90 intermissionless minutes in the off-Broadway musical Murder for Two."
  126. ^ Storms, A. D. The Players Blue Book, p. 204. Sutherland & Storms 1901. Accessed November 12, 2015. "Mrs. Bloodgood is an actress whose transit to the front has been very rapid; not by undeserved promotion, for she is a most discreet, sympathetic and convincing actress, and has well merited her promotion. She was born in Long Branch, New Jersey, in 1870, her mother was Miss Annie Sutton, a sister of Mrs. Lloyd Aspinwall, her father is Mr. Edward Stephen, a well known lawyer in New York."
  127. ^ Saxon, Wolfgang. "Dorothy Borg, 91, East Asia Scholar At Columbia, Dies", The New York Times, October 28, 1993. Accessed November 13, 2016. "A native of Elberon, N.J., she graduated from Wellesley College and earned master's and doctoral degrees at Columbia University."
  128. ^ Stephenson, Colin. "MarShon Brooks is happy to play for Nets, return to his New Jersey roots", The Star-Ledger, June 27, 2011. Accessed July 3, 2012. "MarShon Brooks knows all about the New Jersey Nets. Though he grew up in Atlanta, Brooks was born in Long Branch and lived in New Jersey until he was 6."
  129. ^ Frank Budd Archived 2016-01-13 at the Wayback Machine., database Football. Accessed April 8, 2008.
  130. ^ John Cannon player profile Archived 2007-02-09 at the Wayback Machine., Database Football. Accessed May 25, 2007.
  131. ^ Klapisch, Bob. "Home Team: The pride of former Yankee Rick Cerone is being the father of daughters Jessica, Carly and Nikki", (201) magazine, June 2010. Accessed March 3, 2011. "Cerone's goes out of his way to dispense this advice. He's divorced, splitting time between his two homes in Woodland Park and Long Branch, making the daily drive to Bergen to see his daughters growing up on and off the field."
  132. ^ Biography, Jo Champa. Accessed November 12, 2016. "Jo Champa was born in Long Branch, New Jersey, on January 23rd, 1968."
  133. ^ Tucker, Mark. Ellington: The Early Years, p. 217, University of Illinois Press, 1995. ISBN 0-252-06509-3. Accessed November 12, 2015. "Miley's replacement, June Clark (from Long Branch, New Jersey, Greer's hometown), plays lead trumpet sweetly and accurately, occasionally adding melodic and rhythmic embellishments to make his part hotter."
  134. ^ Basie, Count; and Murray, Albert. Good Morning Blues: The Autobiography of Count Basie, p. 71. Da Capo Press, 2002. ISBN 0-306-81107-3. "That is where I used to go to listen to a hell of a combo that June Clark had in there with the great Jimmy Harrison on Trombone. I'm pretty sure that I first met June through Dougie, because both of them were cornet and trumpet players from Long Branch."
  135. ^ Macintyre, A.J. "Paul Joseph Cohen" Archived 2010-12-25 at the Wayback Machine., London Mathematical Society. Accessed March 3, 2011. "Cohen's origins were humble. He was born in Long Branch, New Jersey on 2 April 1934, into a Polish immigrant family."
  136. ^ Manual of the Legislature of New Jersey, 1970, p. 410. Accessed January 23, 2018. "James M. Coleman Jr. (Rep., Asbury Park) Assemblyman Coleman was born February 17, 1924, at Long Branch."
  137. ^ Tom Constanten - Biography, Country Music Television. Accessed March 3, 2011. "Tom Constanten, composer and second keyboardist for the Grateful Dead, was born on March 19, 1944 in Long Branch, NJ."
  138. ^ Tom Constanten biography, AllMusic.
  139. ^ Fitzgerald's Legislative Manual, 1984, p. 211. Accessed February 1, 2018. "11th District (part of Monmouth) John D'Amico Jr., Dem., Oceanport.... Mr. D'Amico was born in Long Branch Jan. 24, 1941. He attended Red Bank High School and Harvard College, where he received his degree, cum laude, in 1963."
  140. ^ Bob Davis Archived 2007-02-08 at the Wayback Machine., database Football. Accessed December 15, 2007.
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  142. ^ a b Nash, Margo. "Photography; Beneath The Sea, With Fins And Lens", The New York Times, June 11, 2000. Accessed September 17, 2013. "IN the 19th century, when Long Branch was the first seaside resort in America, Winslow Homer painted seascapes there.... At his house in Elberon, which is now home base, Mr. Doubilet displays a 7-inch shark's tooth."
  143. ^ Guide to the City of Long Branch, New Jersey Documents, Jersey History. Accessed September 25, 2006.
  144. ^ "Joan Field, Concert Violinist, Finds Relaxation in Native Long Branch" The Shore Press, January 28, 1945.
  145. ^ Jongsma, Joshua. "New Jersey native Tom Fleming inducted into NY Road Runners Hall of Fame", The Record (Bergen County), November 2, 2017. Accessed November 3, 2017. "Days before his favorite marathon, longtime Montclair Kimberley Academy coach Tom Fleming joined a prestigious group of running icons.... Fleming, born in Long Branch and raised in Bloomfield, attended Bloomfield High School, where he began competitive running."
  146. ^ David Garrison, Playbill (magazine). Accessed November 12, 2016. "Born: Jun 30, 1952 in Long Branch, New Jersey"
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  148. ^ "State Senate Hopeful Vin Gopal on his Ranney Foundations", Ranney School, February 6, 2017. Accessed November 27, 2017. "The Class of 2003’s Vin Gopal, a Long Branch resident, is currently running in the 2017 electoral race for the New Jersey State Senate’s District 11, which includes 18 towns in Monmouth County."
  149. ^ Balliett, Whitney. "The Talk of the Town: Sonny Greer", The New Yorker, April 12, 1982. Accessed April 8, 2008. "He was born William Alexander Greer Jr. in Long Branch, New Jersey."
  150. ^ a b Gerda Lerner The Grimké Sisters from South Carolina (New York: Oxford University Press, 1998) 33-38.
  151. ^ "Vice Presidents of the United States: Garret A. Hobart (1897-1899)", United States Senate. Accessed March 3, 2011.
  152. ^ "Nominations Before The Senate Armed Services Committee, First Session, 113th Congress: Biographical Sketch Of Deborah Lee James", United States Senate, 2013. Accessed November 27, 2015. "Date and place of birth: November 25, 1958; Long Branch, NJ.... Rumson Fair Haven Regional High School, High School Diploma, June 1976."
  153. ^ Jim Jeffcoat Archived 2006-08-31 at the Wayback Machine., database Football. Accessed November 27, 2007.
  154. ^ Staff. "Music: Hero from Long Branch", Time (magazine), March 1, 1954. Accessed October 8, 2017. "The musical hero of Paris last week was a 27-year-old pianist from Long Branch, N.J. (pop. 23000) named Julius Katchen."
  155. ^ Lawn, Connie. "Long Branch Day For Connie Lawn", Huffington Post, December 14, 2016. Accessed April 5, 2018. "What does one do with a key to a city? I am not certain, but my profound and humble thanks go to my home city of Long Branch, New Jersey and to Molly McCluskey of my beloved National Press Club in Washington, D.C.... Hope I don’t have to march in any parades or ride on any floats, as I did during my days in Long Branch High School!"
  156. ^ Norman Mailer Archived 2007-04-05 at the Wayback Machine., New York State Writers Institute. Accessed May 2, 2007. "Norman Mailer, a formidable presence in American letters for nearly six decades, is the author of novels, creative nonfiction, short stories, essays, and screenplays and an ex political candidate for Mayor of NYC and public persona who was born in Long Branch, New Jersey on January 31, 1923."
  157. ^ Fox, Margalit. "Jonathan Maslow, 59, a Journalist and Naturalist, Dies", The New York Times, February 24, 2008. Accessed October 16, 2017. "Jonathan Evan Maslow was born on Aug. 4, 1948, in Long Branch, N.J."
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  159. ^ Staff. "Julian Mitchell Dies; Directed 13 'Follies'; Was Ill Three Weeks -- Started as Call Boy and Staged Eleven Victor Herbert Operettas.", The New York Times, June 24, 1926, p. 21
  160. ^ Frank Pallone Jr., Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 30, 2007.
  161. ^ Dorothy Parker's Birthplace: A National Literary Landmark on Jersey Shore. Accessed July 10, 2007.
  162. ^ Robert Pinsky – Poetry , Boston University. Accessed January 8, 2018. "Born in 1940 in the seashore resort of Long Branch, New Jersey, Robert Pinsky attended Long Branch High School, Rutgers College, and Stanford University, where he held a Stegner Fellowship in Creative Writing."
  163. ^ Jacoby, Lars. "Zombies a scream for horror aficionado", The Arizona Republic, October 16, 2007. Accessed March 3, 2011. "America's love affair with the undead began in 1968 with the release of director George Romero's Night of the Living Dead, which changed the vision of horror forever. It was at that time 7-year-old Brian Pulido, of Long Branch, N.J., got caught up in the feverish outbreak of the film, which set his life into a dimension of horror he would never escape - and that's just fine with him."
  164. ^ "NFL official Jim Quirk proud of his Long Branch roots", Atlanticville, June 28, 2001, backed up by the Internet Archive as of January 29, 2006. Accessed January 8, 2018. "Jim Quirk is one such person. A National Football League umpire since 1988, Quirk looks back on his beginnings at Long Branch with reverence, and remains thankful for the experiences he had as a member of the Green Wave’s program."
  165. ^ Jordan, Chris. "Romantic 'moments' in Plainfield", Home News Tribune, August 22, 2009. Accessed September 14, 2012. "'Sexy Mama,' 'Special Lady' and 'Look at Me,' dedicated to late member Harry Ray of Long Branch, were among the group's classics performed."
  166. ^ Wilkowe, Ellen S. "Man with a horn", Asbury Park Press, February 8, 2009. Accessed February 4, 2011. "After joining the Jukes Rosenberg moved to the Shore area and lived in Belmar, Long Branch and even across from the Stone Pony he said."
  167. ^ Jay Ryan Archived 2008-09-07 at the Wayback Machine., The Baseball Cube. Accessed January 13, 2008.
  168. ^ Wagman, Jake. "He is Mount Laurel's Angel", The Philadelphia Inquirer, October 21, 2002. Accessed December 26, 2007. "The parents of World Series pitcher Scott Schoeneweis want to set the record straight. Yes, he was born at a hospital in Long Branch, Monmouth County."
  169. ^ Staff. "Fans grab Long Branch cottage where Bruce Springsteen penned 'Born to Run'", The Star-Ledger, December 16, 2009. Accessed March 3, 2003.
  170. ^ Goldstein, Stan. "Bruce Springsteen Rocked Here", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, May 15, 2009, updated September 10, 2010. Accessed July 13, 2015. "Long Branch - 23. 7 1/2 West End Court -- Springsteen has said in interviews that he wrote 'Born to Run," "Thunder Road" and "Backstreets" while living here.... 24. Monmouth Medical Center -- Bruce was born here on Sept. 23, 1949. It then was known as Monmouth Memorial Hospital album."
  171. ^ Danny Stubbs Archived 2007-02-05 at the Wayback Machine., database Football. Accessed October 1, 2007.
  172. ^ Staff. "Ivy Troutman, Actress, Hemingway Character", The New York Times, January 16, 1979. Accessed August 3, 2014. "Miss Troutman was born and went to school in Long Branch, N.J."
  173. ^ Charles Untermeyer, Texas State Cemetery. Accessed November 14, 2007.
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  175. ^ Staff. Fitzgerald's Legislative Manual, 1988, p. 245. Accessed September 3, 2016.
  176. ^ Phil Villapiano Archived 2008-10-07 at the Wayback Machine., database Football. Accessed December 15, 2007.
  177. ^ Constance H Williams, Pennsylvania State Senate. Accessed November 5, 2017. "Constance H. Williams (D), born in 1944, in Long Branch, N.J., daughter of Norma and the late Leon Hess; Rutgers Prep. Sch., 1962"
  178. ^ Earl Wilson, justsportsstats.com. Accessed September 6, 2014.
  179. ^ Lustig, Jay. "Plainfield's Bernie Worrell - Parliament/Funkadelic alum - graduates to his own band", The Star-Ledger, March 19, 2010. Accessed June 30, 2011. "Worrell, who grew up in Long Branch and Plainfield and has lived in Lebanon Township for the past decade, is collaborating with another former Parliament/Funkadelic music director, guitarist DeWayne "Blackbyrd" McKnight, in a new band, SociaLybrium."
  180. ^ Spahr, Rob. "Jersey Shore bikini barbershop that inspired TV show is Sandy's latest victim", NJ.com, May 9, 2013. Accessed September 17, 2013. "Long Branch – Beautiful women... in bikinis... cutting hair. Bikini Barbers – the beach-themed hair salon on Ocean Avenue that was the focus of the raucous AXS TV series Bikini Barbershop: Jersey – has closed and Hurricane Sandy is largely to blame."
  181. ^ Oshinsky, Matthew. "Sopranos On Location", New York Sun, March 27, 2007. Accessed September 17, 2013. "10: Crazy Horse Club Long Branch, N.J. - After growing up around mobsters and eventually becoming engaged to Christopher, Adriana La Cerva wanted to have a business of her own, so Chris set her up as the manager of Crazy Horse club."

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