Robert Pinsky (born October 20, 1940) is an American poet, essayist, literary critic, and translator. From 1997 to 2000, he served as Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress. Pinsky is the author of nineteen books, most of which are collections of his poetry. His published work also includes critically acclaimed translations, including The Inferno of Dante Alighieri and The Separate Notebooks by Czesław Miłosz. He teaches at Boston University.
Pinsky at a 2005 event.
|Born||October 20, 1940|
Long Branch, New Jersey, U.S.
|Occupation||poet, literary critic, editor, academic|
|Alma mater||Rutgers University (B.A., 1962)|
Stanford University (M.A.; Ph.D., 1966) 
|Genre||poetry, literary criticism|
|Notable works||Selected Poems (2011)|
|Spouse||Ellen Jane Bailey (m. 1961; 3 children)|
Early life and educationEdit
Pinsky was born in Long Branch, New Jersey to Jewish parents, Sylvia (née Eisenberg) and Milford Simon Pinsky, an optician. He attended Long Branch High School. He received a B.A. from Rutgers University in New Brunswick, New Jersey, and earned both an M.A. and Ph.D. from Stanford University, where he was a Stegner Fellow in creative writing. He was a student of Francis Fergusson and Paul Fussell at Rutgers and Yvor Winters at Stanford.
Pinsky married Ellen Jane Bailey, a clinical psychologist, in 1961. They have three children. Pinsky taught at Wellesley College and at the University of California at Berkeley, and now[when?] lives in Cambridge, Massachusetts and teaches in the graduate writing program at Boston University.
Early on, Pinsky was inspired by the flow and tension of jazz and the excitement that it made him feel. As a former saxophonist, he has said that being a musician was a profoundly influential experience that he has tried to reproduce in his poetry. The musicality of poetry was and is extremely important to his work. Additionally, Pinsky revealed in a 1999 interview with Bomb Magazine that he enjoys jazz for its "physical immediacy, improvisation and also the sense that a lifetime of suffering and study and thought and emotion is behind some single phrase."
Pinsky has acknowledged that his poetry would change somewhat depending on the particular subjectivity of each reader. Embracing the idea that people's individuality would fill out the poem, he has said, "The poetry I love is vocal, composed with the poet’s voice and I believe its proper culmination is to be read with a reader's imagined or actual voice. The human voice in that sense is not electronically reproduced or amplified; it’s the actual living breath inside a body—not necessarily an expert’s body or the artist’s body. Whoever reads the poem aloud becomes the proper medium for the poem." Pinsky observes 'the kind of poetry I write emphasizes the physical qualities of the words' for poetry to Pinsky, is a vocal art, not necessarily performative,but reading to one self or recalling some lines by memory. Pinsky comments 'all language is necessarily abstract ' . No aspect of a poem, he observes, is more singular, more unique, than its rhythm, for there are no rules.
He received a National Endowment for the Humanities Fellowship in 1974, and in 1997 he was named the United States Poet Laureate and Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress; he is the first and so far only poet to be named to three terms. As Poet Laureate, Pinsky founded the Favorite Poem Project, in which thousands of Americans of varying backgrounds, all ages, and from every state share their favorite poems. Pinsky believed that, contrary to stereotype, poetry has a strong presence in the American culture. The project sought to document that presence, giving voice to the American audience for poetry.
The Shakespeare Theatre of Washington, D.C. commissioned Pinsky to write a free adaptation of Friederich Schiller's drama Wallenstein. The Shakespeare Theatre presented the play, starring Stephen Pickering in the title role, directed by Michael Kahn, in 2013. Premiering on April 17 of that year, the play had a sold-out run, in repertory with Coriolanus. Pinsky also wrote the libretto for Death and the Powers, an opera by composer Tod Machover. The opera received its world premiere in Monte Carlo in September 2010 and its U.S. premiere at Boston's Cutler Majestic Theater in March 2011. Pinsky is also the author of the interactive fiction game Mindwheel (1984) developed by Synapse Software and released by Broderbund.
Pinsky guest-starred in an episode of the animated sitcom The Simpsons TV show, "Little Girl in the Big Ten" (2002), and appeared on The Colbert Report in April, 2007, as the judge of a "Meta-Free-Phor-All" between Stephen Colbert and Sean Penn.
Honors and awardsEdit
- Premio Capri (Italian) in 2009
- Manhae Foundation Prize (Korean) in 2006
- PEN/Voelcker Award for Poetry in 2004
- Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress (1997–2000)
- National Endowment for the Humanities Fellowship (1974)
- Stegner Fellowship in Creative Writing at Stanford University
- Saxifrage Prize (1980) for An Explanation of America
- William Carlos Williams Award of the Poetry Society of America
- Nominated for the National Book Critics Circle Award for Criticism (1988) for Poetry and the World
- Nominated for the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry (1996) for The Figured Wheel: New and Collected Poems, 1966–1996
- Ambassador Book Award in Poetry of the English Speaking Union
- Lenore Marshall Poetry Prize (1997) for The Figured Wheel: New and Collected Poems 1966–1996
- Los Angeles Times Book Award (1994) for The Inferno of Dante
- Book-of-the-Month Editor's Choice (1994) for The Inferno of Dante
- Academy of American Poets' Translation Award (1994) for The Inferno of Dante
Pinsky has received honorary doctorates from numerous institutions such as Northwestern University (2000), Binghamton University (2001), the University of Michigan (2001), Lake Forest College (2007), Emerson College (2012), Southern New Hampshire University (2014)  University of Massachusetts Dartmouth (2016), and Merrimack College (2016) 
Notes and referencesEdit
Notes and citationsEdit
- "Entry: Robert Pinsky", NNDB
- "Sylvia Pinsky Obituary". Sun Sentinel.
- D'Amato, Anthony (May 7, 2010). "Jersey: 'The Most American State?' - What does a three-term United States Poet Laureate have to say about growing up in New Jersey? Find out in this month's Q & A with Robert Pinsky". New Jersey Monthly. Retrieved September 6, 2011. "My aunts and uncles and cousins and parents all attended Long Branch High School, as did my brother and sister and I."
- Stanford citation. Google Books.
- "Robert Pinsky". PSU.edu. Archived from the original on 2013-05-15.
- "Pinsky teaches poetry to the world"
- "Robert Pinsky, New Page 1". Cary Academy. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27.
- Sleigh, Tom (Summer 1998). "Robert Pinsky". BOMB Magazine. Retrieved June 19, 2012.
- Cavalieri, Grace. "The Poet and the Poem". WPFW-FM (1996-96 season) (Interview).
- Downing & Kunitz (1996). "Interview". The Art of Poetry.CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)
- Hartman, Charles Free Verse - an essay on Prosody Princeton University Press, Princeton 1980 ISBN 9780810113169
- Pinsky, Robert (1998). The Sounds of Poetry -A Brief Guide. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux. ISBN 0374266956.
- "The bizzaro history of the poet laureate" Archived 2016-11-05 at the Wayback Machine. Toronto Star, July 7, 2016. Bruce Demara.
- "Robert Pinsky". Today. Library of Congress. 1999.
- McKinley, Jesse (April 3, 1998). "People (Not All Famous) As the Greatest Poem". The New York Times. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
- "Robert Pinsky adapts Wallenstein for Shakespeare Theater". Washington Post. April 18, 2013.
- Eichler, Jeremy (March 21, 2011). "Second Life: 'Death and the Powers' from ART". Boston Globe. Archived from the original on August 11, 2011. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
- "Interactive Fiction". Electronic Book Review.
- Pinsky, Robert. Selected Poems. MacMillan.
- Jollimore, Troy (March 17, 2011). "Robert Pinsky's Selected Poems Reviewed". Washington Post.
- Pinsky, Robert (January 12, 2012). "Wild Ride Through America". New York Books.
- Hobgood, Laurence. "Robert Pinsky". Boston.com.
- "Poet Laureate Robert Pinsky". Boston.com. February 23, 2012. Archived from the original on August 8, 2012.
- Glass, Lisa (April 25, 2000). "Poet laureate to give commencement, receive honorary degree". ’’The Daily Northwestern’’. Retrieved July 13, 2017.
- "Honorary Degree Recipients". Binghamton University. Retrieved July 13, 2017.
- "Six honorary degrees to be awarded this spring". University of Michigan. March 14, 2001. Retrieved July 13, 2017.
- "Honorary Degree Recipients". Lake Forest College. Retrieved July 13, 2017.
- Tiedemann, Andy (April 24, 2012). "Emerson announces four honorary degree recipients". Emerson College. Retrieved July 13, 2017.
- Boutselis, Pamme (May 1, 2014). "2014 Commencement Speakers Announced". Southern New Hampshire University. Retrieved July 13, 2017.
- Sullivan, Joseph (April 27, 2016). "UMassD announces 2016 Commencement honorees". UMass Dartmouth. Retrieved July 13, 2017.
- "2016 Commencement Speakers and Honorary Degree Information". Merrimack College. May 16, 2016. Retrieved July 13, 2017.
Books and printed materialsEdit
- The Art of Poetry LXXVI: Robert Pinsky" The Paris Review No. 144 (1997), pp. 180–213 (interview)
- Poetry in Review: "Robert Pinsky" The Yale Review Volume 105 No. 4 (2017), pp. 177–185
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Robert Pinsky|
- Official Robert Pinsky Website
- The Favorite Poem Project (with videos)
- The Art of Poetry MOOC Videos
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- The Favorite Poem Project site
- Concord Academy 2012 Commencement Address
- LA Times story on PEN Center Lifetime Achievement award
- Audio, Bruce Springsteen reads “Samurai Song”at Wamfest
- The PBS NewsHour 5/20/11 Interview
- Newark Star-Ledger Springsteen/Pinsky story
- Video, Colbert Report, Pinsky with Sean Penn and Colbert
- David Kaufman Review in Tablet
- Poet Robert Pinsky Takes on King David in a public radio interview on ThoughtCast!
- Robert Pinsky's interview about his time and inspirations in Maine
- Cortland Review Interview with Robert Pinsky
- "Robert Pinsky, The Art of Poetry No. 76". The Paris Review (Interview) (144). Interviewed by Ben Downing, Daniel Kunitz. Fall 1997.
- "The Life of David". Bookworm (Interview). Interviewed by Michael Silverblatt. KCRW. December 2005.
- on YouTube
- Robert Pinsky reads his poem "Street Music".
- Interview with Robert Pinsky for Guernica Magazine
- Watch Robert Pinsky read "Book" at Open-Door Poetry
- IPA: Robert Pinsky reads a selection of his poetry
- Pinsky poetry readings