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Monmouth County, New Jersey

Monmouth County /ˈmɒnməθ/ is a county located in Central New Jersey, in the United States within the New York metropolitan area, and the northernmost county along the Jersey Shore. As of the 2016 Census estimate, the county's population was 625,846, making it the state's fifth-most populous county,[3][4][5] representing a decrease of 0.7% from the 2010 Census, when the population was enumerated at 630,380,[2] in turn an increase of 15,079 from 615,301 at the 2000 Census.[6] As of 2010, the county fell to the fifth-most populous county in the state, having been surpassed by Hudson County.[7][8] Its county seat is Freehold.[1] The most populous place was Middletown, with 66,522 residents at the time of the 2010 Census, while Howell covered 61.21 square miles (158.5 km2), the largest total area of any municipality.[8]

Monmouth County, New Jersey
943 AP Boardwalk.JPG
The boardwalk in Asbury Park
Seal of Monmouth County, New Jersey
Seal
Map of New Jersey highlighting Monmouth County
Location in the U.S. state of New Jersey
Map of the United States highlighting New Jersey
New Jersey's location in the U.S.
Founded 1683
Named for Rhode Island Monmouth Society or Monmouthshire
Seat Freehold[1]
Largest city Middletown (population)
Howell (area)
Area
 • Total 665.32 sq mi (1,723 km2)
 • Land 468.79 sq mi (1,214 km2)
 • Water 196.53 sq mi (509 km2), 29.54%
Population
 • (2010) 630,380[2]
625,846 (2016 est.; 5th in state)[3]
 • Density 1,341/sq mi (517.8/km²)
Congressional districts 4th, 6th
Website www.co.monmouth.nj.us

Monmouth County ranked 38th among the highest-income counties in the United States as of 2011, placing it among the top 1.2% of counties by wealth.[9] As of 2009, it was ranked 56th in the United States by personal per-capita income.[10]

Contents

HistoryEdit

In 1609, the English navigator, Henry Hudson, and his crew aboard the Dutch vessel Half Moon spotted land in what is now Monmouth County,[11] most likely off Sandy Hook; however, some historical accounts credit this landing to present-day Keansburg. Among the first European settlers and majority landowners in the area were Richard and Penelope Stout. Penelope miraculously survived her wounds from a native attack in Sandy Hook and further lived to the age of 110. Additionally, a group of Quaker families from Long Island who settled the Monmouth Tract, an early land grant from Richard Nicolls issued in 1665.[citation needed] They were followed by a group of Scottish settlers who inhabited Freehold Township in about 1682–85, followed several years later by Dutch settlers. As they arrived in this area, they were greeted by Lenape Native Americans, who lived in scattered small family bands and developed a largely amicable relationship with the new arrivals.[12] Enslaved Africans were present in the area from at least 1680, and by 1726 made up 9% of the total population of the county.[13]

Monmouth County was established on March 7, 1683, while part of the province of East Jersey. On October 31, 1693, the county was partitioned into the townships of Freehold, Middletown and Shrewsbury.[14] Its name may come from the Rhode Island Monmouth Society[15] or from a suggestion from Colonel Lewis Morris that the county should be named after Monmouthshire in Wales, Great Britain. Other suggestions include that it was named for James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth (1649–1685), who had many allies among the East Jersey leadership.[16] In 1714, the first county government was established.

At the June 28, 1778, Battle of Monmouth, near Freehold Township, General George Washington's soldiers battled the British under Sir Henry Clinton, in the longest land battle of the American Revolutionary War. It was at Monmouth that the tactics and training from Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben developed at Valley Forge during the winter encampment were first implemented on a large scale.[17]

At independence, Monmouth's population included 1,640 slaves, as well as an undetermined number of free African Americans. The number of enslaved persons fell steeply after 1820, though a small number remained until at least 1850. Monmouth's free African American population climbed from 353 in 1790 to 2,658 in 1860.[13]

GeographyEdit

According to the 2010 Census, the county had a total area of 665.32 square miles (1,723.2 km2), including 468.79 square miles (1,214.2 km2) of land (70.5%) and 196.53 square miles (509.0 km2) of water (29.5%).[8][18]

Much of Monmouth County remains flat and low-lying even far inland. However, there are some low hills in and around Holmdel, and one of them, Crawford Hill, the former site of a radar facility, is the county's highest point, variously listed at 380 to 391 feet (116 to 119 m) above sea level.[19][20] The top portion of the hill is owned by Alcatel-Lucent and houses a research laboratory of Bell Laboratories.[21] The northeastern portion of the county, in the Locust section of Middletown and the boroughs of Highlands and Atlantic Highlands, are also very hilly. The lowest point is sea level.

Along with adjacent Ocean County, Monmouth County is a mecca of boating and fishing. Its waterways include several rivers and bays that flow from the Raritan Bayshore into Raritan Bay and Lower New York Bay and into the Atlantic Ocean. The Manasquan Inlet is located in the county, which connects the Atlantic Ocean with the estuary of the Manasquan River, a bay-like body of saltwater that serves as the starting point of the Intracoastal Waterway, which attracts as many as 1,600 boats each weekend during the peak season.[22]

Adjacent countiesEdit

The county adjoins:[23]

National protected areaEdit

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
1790 16,918
1800 19,872 17.5%
1810 22,150 11.5%
1820 25,038 13.0%
1830 29,233 16.8%
1840 32,909 12.6%
1850 30,313 * −7.9%
1860 39,346 29.8%
1870 46,195 17.4%
1880 55,538 20.2%
1890 69,128 24.5%
1900 82,057 18.7%
1910 94,734 15.4%
1920 104,925 10.8%
1930 147,209 40.3%
1940 161,238 9.5%
1950 225,327 39.7%
1960 334,401 48.4%
1970 461,849 38.1%
1980 503,173 8.9%
1990 553,124 9.9%
2000 615,301 11.2%
2010 630,380 2.5%
Est. 2016 625,846 [3] −0.7%
Historical sources: 1790-1990[24]
1970-2010[8] 2000[6] 2010[2] 2000-2010[25]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.[14]

Census 2010Edit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 630,380 people, 233,983 households, and 163,320 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,344.7 per square mile (519.2/km2). There were 258,410 housing units at an average density of 551.2 per square mile (212.8/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 82.60% (520,716) White, 7.37% (46,443) Black or African American, 0.19% (1,211) Native American, 4.96% (31,258) Asian, 0.03% (211) Pacific Islander, 2.89% (18,187) from other races, and 1.96% (12,354) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.67% (60,939) of the population.[2]

There were 233,983 households out of which 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.5% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.2% were non-families. 25% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.22.[2]

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.8% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 24% from 25 to 44, 30.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.3 years. For every 100 females there were 94.7 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 91.9 males.[2]

Census 2000Edit

As of the 2000 United States Census[26] there were 615,301 people, 224,236 households, and 160,328 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,304 people per square mile (503/km²). There were 240,884 housing units at an average density of 510 per square mile (197/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 84.39% White, 8.06% Black or African American, 0.14% Native American, 3.97% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.74% from other races, and 1.68% from two or more races. 6.20% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[6][27] Based on the first ancestries reported by Monmouth County residents in the 2000 Census, 23.2% of residents were of Italian ancestry, 23.0% Irish, 14.0% German, 7.5% Polish and 7.0% English ancestry.[27][28]

There were 224,236 households out of which 35.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.20% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.50% were non-families. 23.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.24.[6]

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.10% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 30.40% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, and 12.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.90 males.[6]

The median income for a household in the county was $64,271, and the median income for a family was $76,823. Males had a median income of $55,030 versus $35,415 for females. The per capita income for the county was $31,149. About 4.5% of families and 6.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.5% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 65 or over.[27] [29]

GovernmentEdit

Monmouth County is governed by a five-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who are elected at-large for three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats up for election each year. Each January, the freeholders select one of their members to serve as the director of the board for the year to preside over the meetings and activities of the board. Monmouth County's Freeholders have both administrative and policy making powers. The freeholders oversee the five mandatory functions of county government delegated to it by the state. Each freeholder is assigned responsibility for one of the five functional areas: Administration and Special Services; Public Works and Engineering; Human Services, Health and Transportation; Finance and Administration of Justice, overseeing more than 70 county departments in total.[30] County Administrator Teri O'Connor, an appointed position, serves as the county's chief executive officer, and is responsible for carrying out the policies and directives established by the Board of Chosen Freeholders and managing the daily operations of the county's more than 3,000 employees.[31]

As of 2015, Monmouth County's Freeholders are:[30]

Constitutional officers are County clerk Christine Giordano Hanlon (acting),[37] Sheriff Shaun Golden,[38] and Surrogate Rosemarie D. Peters.[39] Christopher J. Gramiccioni is the county's acting prosecutor, having been appointed by New Jersey Attorney General Jeffrey S. Chiesa as of July 1, 2012.[40]

Monmouth County constitutes Vicinage 9 of the New Jersey Superior Court.[41] Vicinage 9 is seated at the Monmouth County Courthouse in Freehold, with additional facilities in Freehold and Ocean Township; the Assignment Judge for Vicinage 9 is the Honorable Lisa P. Thornton.[42][43]

The 4th and 6th Congressional Districts cover the county.[44][45] New Jersey's Fourth Congressional District is represented by Christopher Smith (R).[46] New Jersey's Sixth Congressional District is represented by Frank Pallone (D, Long Branch).[47]

The county is part of the 11th, 12th, 13th and 30th Districts in the New Jersey Legislature.[48] For the 2016–2017 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 11th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Jennifer Beck (R, Red Bank) and in the General Assembly by Joann Downey (D, Freehold Township) and Eric Houghtaling (D, Neptune Township).[49] For the 2016–2017 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 12th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Samuel D. Thompson (R, Old Bridge Township) and in the General Assembly by Robert D. Clifton (R, Matawan) and Ronald S. Dancer (R, Plumsted Township).[50] For the 2016–2017 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 13th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Joseph M. Kyrillos (R, Middletown Township) and in the General Assembly by Amy Handlin (R, Middletown Township) and Declan O'Scanlon (R, Little Silver).[51] For the 2016–2017 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 30th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Robert Singer (R, Lakewood Township) and in the General Assembly by Sean T. Kean (R, Wall Township) and Ned Thomson (R, Wall Township).[52] Thomson was sworn into office on August 24, 2017 to fill the seat of Dave Rible, who had resigned from office on July 17, 2017 to become Director of the New Jersey Division of Alcoholic Beverage Control.[53]

PoliticsEdit

Presidential Elections Results[54]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 52.5% 166,723 43.2% 137,181 4.4% 13,846
2012 51.8% 148,000 46.8% 133,820 1.4% 3,847
2008 51.2% 160,433 47.5% 148,737 1.4% 4,244
2004 54.6% 163,650 44.6% 133,773 0.8% 2,516
2000 45.5% 119,291 50.2% 131,476 4.3% 11,374
1996 40.2% 99,975 48.4% 120,414 11.5% 28,572
1992 44.2% 117,715 38.2% 101,750 17.5% 46,651
1988 61.1% 147,320 38.1% 91,844 0.7% 1,793
1984 65.5% 152,595 34.1% 79,382 0.4% 932
1980 56.7% 120,173 33.7% 71,328 9.7% 20,470
1976 54.3% 110,104 43.9% 88,956 1.8% 3,730
1972 65.7% 124,830 33.3% 63,176 1.0% 1,971
1968 51.2% 87,311 40.9% 69,669 7.9% 13,476
1964 39.1% 61,367 60.7% 95,320 0.2% 368
1960 56.5% 81,382 43.3% 62,434 0.2% 244
1956 71.8% 83,828 27.7% 32,329 0.5% 594
1952 66.3% 73,228 33.5% 37,006 0.2% 257
1948 62.2% 52,908 35.9% 30,507 1.9% 1,618
1944 58.7% 49,349 41.3% 34,720 0.1% 53
1940 57.7% 49,675 42.2% 36,298 0.1% 74
1936 51.3% 41,460 48.2% 38,914 0.5% 393
1932 52.7% 40,467 45.9% 35,219 1.4% 1,055
1928 65.8% 47,046 34.0% 24,286 0.2% 122
1924 65.6% 34,451 28.5% 14,931 5.9% 3,100
1920 68.1% 28,818 30.7% 12,975 1.3% 543
1916 51.5% 11,624 47.5% 10,729 1.1% 237
1912 18.3% 3,683 48.6% 9,799 33.2% 6,700
1908 56.3% 12,528 41.6% 9,274 2.1% 468
1904 52.9% 10,885 43.9% 9,032 3.2% 662
1900 53.1% 10,363 43.9% 8,570 3.0% 583

As of October 31, 2014, there were a total of 428,452 registered voters in Monmouth County, of whom 101,850 (23.8%) were registered as Democrats, 98,404 (23.%) were registered as Republicans and 227,823 (53.2%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 375 voters registered to other parties.[55] Among the county's 2010 Census population, 89% of residents of age 18 and over were registered to vote.[55][56]

The Republican Party had held all five Freeholder seats until 2006, but after the 2006 and 2008 elections, Democrats controlled the Board by a 3–2 margin. The Board swung back in favor of the Republicans after the 2009 election when Republican John Curley beat Democrat Sean Byrnes. Both were running to succeed former Freeholder Director Barbara McMorrow, a Democrat, who had chosen not to seek re-election. In 2010, former mayor of Neptune City, NJ, Thomas Arnone (R) and incumbent Freeholder Robert Clifton (R) won seats giving Republicans control of the Board of Chosen Freeholders by a 4–1 margin.[57]

In the 2004 U.S. Presidential election, George W. Bush carried the county by a 10% margin over John Kerry, with Kerry carrying the state by 6.7% over Bush.[58] In 2008, John McCain carried Monmouth by an unexpectedly close margin of only 3.7% margin over Barack Obama, with Obama winning New Jersey by 15.5% over McCain. In the state's U.S. Senatorial election that same year, Dick Zimmer also won here, by a 6.2% margin over incumbent Frank Lautenberg, with Lautenberg winning reelection by 14.1% over Zimmer.[59] In the 2009 Gubernatorial Election, Republican Chris Christie received 62% of the vote, defeating Democrat Jon Corzine, who received around 31%.

TransportationEdit

Roads and highwaysEdit

Monmouth County has numerous important roads that pass through. As of May 2010, the county had a total of 3,354.67 miles (5,398.82 km) of roadways, of which 2,762.3 miles (4,445.5 km) are maintained by the local municipality, 360.4 miles (580.0 km) by Monmouth County and 204.8 miles (329.6 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 27.0 miles (43.5 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.[60]

The state routes include Route 18, Route 33, Route 33 Business, Route 34, Route 35, Route 36, Route 66, Route 70, Route 71, Route 79, and Route 138. U.S. Route 9 passes through and practically bisects Monmouth, stretching through the county for more than 20 miles (32 km) from Lakewood in Ocean County in the south to Old Bridge in Middlesex County to the north.[61]

Limited access roads include I-195, the only interstate to pass through the county, which extends for 8.4 miles (13.5 km) from Jackson in Ocean County on the west to Wall Township in Monmouth County on the east.[62] The New Jersey Turnpike (I-95) just misses the county border by 0.2 miles (0.32 km) near Upper Freehold. The Garden State Parkway extends 26.5 miles (42.6 km) from Brick in Ocean County in the south to Old Bridge in Middlesex County to the north.[63] The Parkway's Monmouth Service Area is located at milepost 100, between exits 98 and 100.[64]

Public transportationEdit

Numerous NJ Transit buses crisscross and deliver hundreds of passengers each day to northern New Jersey and New York's Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan as well as the 317 bus line going into Philadelphia. Many hundreds more each day travel on NJ Transit's North Jersey Coast Line railway line, which serves New York Penn Station in New York City, and passes through Middlesex County, entering Monmouth County at the Raritan River, with 14 stations covering the length of the county, connecting the New York region to Atlantic Ocean shore communities.[65]

There's also "Dock & Roll" bus service which provides additional connections to rail and ferry service to New York City, as well as local bus service in the area, offering service between Campbell's Junction bus hub, the Middletown train station, Holmdel Towne Center, Holmdel Commons and the Bayshore Ferry Terminal[66]

MunicipalitiesEdit

 
Index map of Monmouth County municipalities (click to see index key)

Municipalities in Monmouth County (with 2010 Census data for population, housing units and area in square miles) are listed below.[67] Other, unincorporated communities in the county are listed next to their parent municipality. Many of these areas are census-designated places (labeled as CDPs) that have been created by the United States Census Bureau for enumeration purposes within a township, with the 2010 Census population listed. Other communities and enclaves that exist within a municipality are also listed.

Municipality
Map
index
Municipal
type
Population Housing
units
Total
area
Water
area
Land
area
Pop.
density
Housing
density
Unincorporated communities
Aberdeen 50 township 18,210 7,102 7.77 2.33 5.45 3,343.0 1,303.8 Cliffwood
Cliffwood Beach CDP (3,194)
Henningers Mills
Strathmore CDP (7,258)
Allenhurst 14 borough 496 365 0.28 0.02 0.26 1,887.9 1,389.3
Allentown 38 borough 1,828 735 0.63 0.03 0.60 3,023.9 1,215.8
Asbury Park 11 city 16,116 8,076 1.60 0.18 1.42 11,319.5 5,672.4
Atlantic Highlands 29 borough 4,385 2,002 4.56 3.27 1.29 3,401.2 1,552.9 Hilton
Stone Church
Avon-by-the-Sea 8 borough 1,901 1,321 0.54 0.12 0.43 4,459.1 3,098.6
Belmar 7 borough 5,794 3,931 1.65 0.60 1.05 5,544.0 3,761.4
Bradley Beach 10 borough 4,298 3,180 0.63 0.02 0.61 7,023.6 5,196.6
Brielle 1 borough 4,774 2,034 2.37 0.62 1.76 2,717.5 1,157.8 Manasquan Park
Colts Neck 47 township 10,142 3,735 31.79 1.06 30.73 330.0 121.5 Bucks Mill
Colonial Terrace
Cooks Mills
Montrose
Phalanx
Scobeyville
Vanderburg
Deal 15 borough 750 926 1.32 0.08 1.24 604.8 746.7
Eatontown 24 borough 12,709 5,723 5.88 0.05 5.83 2,181.5 982.3
Englishtown 36 borough 1,847 647 0.59 0.02 0.57 3,245.7 1,137.0
Fair Haven 20 borough 6,121 2,065 2.11 0.51 1.60 3,832.5 1,292.9
Farmingdale 34 borough 1,329 578 0.52 0.00 0.52 2,547.7 1,108.0
Freehold 35 borough 12,052 4,249 1.95 0.00 1.95 6,180.8 2,179.1
Freehold Township 42 township 36,184 13,140 38.73 0.22 38.50 939.8 341.3 Burlington Heights
East Freehold CDP (4,894)
Georgia
Orchard Estates
Siloam
Smithburg
Stonehurst East
Stonehurst West
West Freehold CDP (13,613)
Hazlet 53 township 20,334 7,417 5.67 0.12 5.56 3,659.4 1,334.8 Centerville
Mechanicsville
North Centerville
Tiltons Corner
Van Marters Corner
West Keansburg
Highlands 28 borough 5,005 3,146 1.37 0.60 0.77 6,522.8 4,100.1 Waterwitch
Holmdel 51 township 16,773 5,792 18.11 0.22 17.90 937.3 323.7 Centerville
Crawford Corners
Everett
Morrells Corner
Pleasant Valley Crossroads
Howell 43 township 51,075 17,979 61.21 0.65 60.56 843.4 296.9 Adelphia
Ardena
Ardmore Estates
Bergerville
Candlewood
Collingwood Park
Fairfield
Fort Plains
Freewood Acres
Jerseyville
Lake Club
Land of Pines
Larrabees
Lower Squankum
Matthews
Maxim
Oak Glen
Parkway Pines
Ramtown CDP (6,242)
Salem Hill
Shacks Corner
Southard
Squankum
West Farms
Winston Park
Wyckoff Mills
Interlaken 13 borough 820 393 0.38 0.05 0.33 2,482.3 1,189.7
Keansburg 30 borough 10,105 4,318 16.79 15.72 1.07 9,452.3 4,039.1 Tiltons Corner
Keyport 32 borough 7,240 3,272 1.47 0.07 1.40 5,188.4 2,344.8
Lake Como 6 borough 1,759 1,115 0.27 0.01 0.25 6,943.6 4,401.4
Little Silver 21 borough 5,950 2,278 3.32 0.61 2.71 2,197.3 841.3 Little Silver Point
Loch Arbour 12 village 194 159 0.14 0.04 0.10 1,928.2 1,580.4
Long Branch 16 city 30,719 14,170 6.28 1.01 5.27 5,824.4 2,686.7 Branchport
East Long Branch
Elberon
North Long Branch
Pier Village
West End
Manalapan 41 township 38,872 13,735 30.84 0.23 30.61 1,270.0 448.8 Clarks Mills
Elton
Gordons Corner
Lafayette Mills
Millhurst
Monmouth Heights
Oakland Mills
Smithburg
Taylors Mills
Tennent
Whittier Oaks
Yorketown CDP (6,535)
Manasquan 2 borough 5,897 3,500 2.53 1.15 1.38 4,263.0 2,530.2
Marlboro 49 township 40,191 13,436 30.47 0.11 30.36 1,323.7 442.5 Beacon Hill
Bradevelt
Claytons Corner
Henningers Mills
Herberts Corner
Hillsdale
Marlboro
Monmouth Heights
Montrose
Morganville CDP (5,040)
Mount Pleasant
Pleasant Valley
Robertsville CDP (11,297)
Smocks Corner
Spring Valley
Wickatunk
Matawan 33 borough 8,810 3,606 2.40 0.14 2.26 3,896.6 1,594.9 Freneau
Middletown 52 township 66,522 24,959 58.73 17.75 40.99 1,622.9 608.9 Belford CDP (1,768)
Chapel Hill
East Keansburg
Everett
Fairview CDP (3,806)
Harmony
Hendrickson Corners
Holland
Leonardo CDP (2,757)
Leonardville
Lincroft CDP (6,135)
Locust
Monmouth Hills
Navesink CDP (2,020)
New Monmouth (28,689)
North Middletown CDP (3,295)
Oak Hill
Philips Mills
Port Monmouth CDP (3,818)
Red Hill
River Plaza
Stone Church
Tiltons Corner
Town Brook
Millstone Township 40 township 10,566 3,434 37.27 0.68 36.59 288.8 93.9 Bairdsville
Bergen Mills
Carrs Corner
Carrs Tavern
Charleston Springs
Clarksburg
Ely
Elys Corner
Fair Play
Holmeson
Perrineville
Smithburg
Stone Tavern
Sweetman
Monmouth Beach 17 borough 3,279 1,981 2.07 0.99 1.08 3,049.5 1,842.4 Galilee
Neptune 45 township 27,935 12,991 8.67 0.49 8.18 3,414.3 1,587.8 Bradley Park
Green Grove
Hamilton
Ocean Grove CDP (3,342)
Shark River Hills CDP (3,697)
West Grove
Neptune City 9 borough 4,869 2,312 0.95 0.00 0.95 5,105.0 2,424.0
Ocean Township 46 township 27,291 11,541 11.00 0.12 10.88 2,509.1 1,061.1 Cold Indian Springs
Deal Park
Dogs Corners
Elberon Park
Green Grove
Oakhurst CDP (3,995)
Oakhurst Manor
Wanamassa CDP (4,532)
Wayside
Wertheins Corner
West Allenhurst (1,934)
West Deal
Oceanport 22 borough 5,832 2,390 3.80 0.62 3.18 1,833.7 751.5 Port-au-peck
Sands Point
Red Bank 26 borough 12,206 5,381 2.16 0.42 1.74 7,019.1 3,094.4
Roosevelt 37 borough 882 327 1.92 0.01 1.91 461.8 171.2
Rumson 19 borough 7,122 2,585 7.12 2.06 5.06 1,408.0 511.0 Oceanic
Waterloo
Sea Bright 18 borough 1,412 1,211 1.29 0.56 0.73 1,935.5 1,659.9 Low Moor
Navesink Beach
Normandie
Sea Girt 3 borough 1,828 1,291 1.45 0.39 1.06 1,729.6 1,221.5
Shrewsbury 25 borough 3,809 1,310 2.20 0.03 2.17 1,757.2 604.4
Shrewsbury Township 48 township 1,141 648 0.10 0.00 0.10 10,877.7 6,177.7
Spring Lake 5 borough 2,993 2,048 1.73 0.40 1.33 2,250.8 1,540.2 North Spring Lake
Spring Lake Heights 4 borough 4,713 2,972 1.31 0.03 1.28 3,671.3 2,315.1 Villa Park
Tinton Falls 27 borough 17,892 8,766 15.62 0.14 15.49 1,155.3 566.0 Green Grove
Hockhockson
Macedonia
Pine Brook
Reevytown
Wayside
West Shrewsbury
Wileys Corner
Union Beach 31 borough 6,245 2,269 1.89 0.09 1.80 3,461.5 1,257.7 Natco
Van Marters Corner
Upper Freehold 39 township 6,902 2,458 47.23 0.82 46.42 148.7 53.0 Arneytown
Cooleys Corner
Cream Ridge
Ellisdale
Emleys Hill
Homes Mills
Hornerstown
Imlaystown
Kirbys Mills
Nelsonville
New Canton
New Sharon
Polhemustown
Pullentown
Red Valley
Robinsville
Sharon
Shrewsbury
Spring Mill
Walnford
Wrightsville
Wall Township 44 township 26,164 10,883 31.74 1.06 30.67 853.0 354.8 Algers Mills
Allaire
Allenwood CDP (925)
Baileys Corner
Blansingburg
Carmerville
Collingwood Park
Glendola
New Bedford
Osbornes Mills
Remsen Mills
Sterling Woods
West Belmar CDP (2,493)
West Long Branch 23 borough 8,097 2,528 2.89 0.04 2.86 2,832.9 884.5
Monmouth County county 630,380 258,410 665.32 196.53 468.79 1,344.7 551.2

Fire departmentsEdit

Monmouth County is covered by 53 different fire departments, which contain 135 individual fire companies and over 7,000 volunteer firefighters, who are all represented by the Monmouth County Firemen's Association.[68]

The Monmouth County Fire Marshal's Office is responsible for training all of the firefighters through the Monmouth County Fire Academy, as well as investigating any fires which may be deemed suspicious and/or involving a fatality. The Monmouth County fire marshal, currently Kevin Stout, and his staff – including assistant fire marshals and academy staff – are appointed by the County Board of Chosen Freeholders.[69]

With the exception of the fully paid Asbury Park Fire Department and the US Navy Fire Department at NWS Earle, the remainder of the municipalities in the county have volunteer or combination fire departments.[70] The largest volunteer department is in Middletown with 11 stations and 350 active members, special services, air and fire police units, in addition to operating its own training facility.[71]

In terms of hazardous material (HazMat) emergencies, very few towns, notably Middletown which has a special services unit, have special units to respond to these types of emergencies. Fort Monmouth responded to most HazMat cases prior to the closing of the base. Naval Weapons Station Earle is also available for HazMat incidents.

The oldest Fire Department in the County is the Hope Fire Company in Allentown, Organized in 1856, the newest Fire Department Holmdel Fire Co. No. 2 was established in 2006.

Monmouth County utilizes a mutual aid system, in which surrounding municipalities are available to send their resources to incidents where extra help or expertise is needed.[72]

EducationEdit

Monmouth University is a four-year private university located in West Long Branch that was founded in 1933 as Monmouth Junior College.[73][74]

Brookdale Community College is the two-year community college for Monmouth County, one of a network of 19 county colleges statewide. The school is located in the Lincroft section of Middletown, having been founded in 1967.[75] Rutgers University has a partnership with Brookdale which offers bachelor's degree completion programs at Brookdale's Freehold campus.[76]

In addition to multiple public high schools, parochial schools in Monmouth County include St. Rose High School, Red Bank Catholic High School, Christian Brothers Academy, St. John Vianney High School, and Mater Dei High School, which operate under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Trenton.[77] A secular private school, Ranney School, is also located here.

The county has an extensive vocational high school program, known as the Monmouth County Vocational School District, including five magnet schools:[78]

Climate and weatherEdit

Freehold Borough, New Jersey
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
3.6
 
 
39
22
 
 
2.9
 
 
43
24
 
 
4.1
 
 
51
30
 
 
4.2
 
 
62
40
 
 
4.1
 
 
72
50
 
 
4.4
 
 
81
60
 
 
5
 
 
86
65
 
 
4.1
 
 
84
64
 
 
4.5
 
 
77
55
 
 
3.8
 
 
66
43
 
 
3.8
 
 
55
36
 
 
4
 
 
44
27
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[79]

Monmouth County has a humid subtropical climate. In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Freehold Borough have ranged from a low of 22 °F (−6 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −13 °F (−25 °C) was recorded in January 1984 and a record high of 106 °F (41 °C) was recorded in July 2011. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.9 inches (74 mm) in February to 5.0 inches (130 mm) in July.[79]

On October 29, 2012, Hurricane Sandy caused catastrophic damage to coastal areas of Monmouth County. As Sandy's surge arrived in Monmouth County, flood levels of 13.3 feet (4.1 m) above normal were measured at Sandy Hook shortly before the destruction of the tidal station, breaking all previous local records. The surge caused waves as high as 32.5 feet (9.9 m), measured where the Sandy Hook Bay meets the New York Bay.[80]

Wineries, breweries and distilleriesEdit

See alsoEdit

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ a b New Jersey County Map, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed July 10, 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d e f DP1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 25, 2016.
  3. ^ a b c State & County QuickFacts - Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed April 9, 2017.
  4. ^ Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016 - 2016 Population Estimates, United States Census Bureau. Accessed April 8, 2017.
  5. ^ GCT-PEPANNCHG: Estimates of Resident Population Change and Rankings: July 1, 2015 to July 1, 2016 - State -- County / County Equivalent from the 2016 Population Estimates for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed April 8, 2017.
  6. ^ a b c d e DP-1 - Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000; Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 22, 2013.
  7. ^ NJ Labor Market Views, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, March 15, 2011. Accessed October 7, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts; 2010 Census of Population and Housing, p. 6, CPH-2-32. United States Census Bureau, August 2012. Accessed August 29, 2016.
  9. ^ Staff. "Highest income counties in 2011", The Washington Post, September 19, 2012. Accessed October 31, 2012.
  10. ^ 250 Highest Per Capita Personal Incomes of the 3113 Counties in the United States, 2009, Bureau of Economic Analysis. Accessed April 9, 2012.
  11. ^ Salter, Edwin (1890). History of Monmouth and Ocean Counties. p. 5. 
  12. ^ Freehold Township, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed July 12, 2012.
  13. ^ a b Hodges, Graham Russell. Slavery and Freedom in the Rural North: African Americans in Monmouth County, New Jersey, 1665–1865, p. 32. Madison, WI: Madison House, 1997. ISBN 9780945612513. Accessed October 7, 2013.
  14. ^ a b Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 177. Accessed October 1, 2013.
  15. ^ The Origin of New Jersey Place Names: M, GetNJ.com. Accessed December 15, 2007.
  16. ^ How Monmouth County Got Its Name, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed August 14, 2008.
  17. ^ Capuzzo, Jill P. "British Beware: Monmouth Redux", The New York Times, May 18, 2003. Accessed April 9, 2012. "The largest land artillery battle of the Revolutionary War, the Battle of Monmouth marked a significant turning point in the colonies' fight against the British crown."
  18. ^ Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: New Jersey Counties, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 12, 2015.
  19. ^ New Jersey County High Points, Peakbagger.com. Accessed October 5, 2013.
  20. ^ Staff. "Holmdel by the numbers", Asbury Park Press, October 21, 1999. Accessed October 1, 2013. "391: Number of feet above sea level at Crawford Hill, the highest point in Monmouth County"
  21. ^ Bell Labs Research in the United States, Alcatel-Lucent. Accessed October 7, 2013. "Bell Labs researchers work in several locations across the United States, including:Murray Hill, New Jersey; Holmdel (Crawford Hill), New Jersey"
  22. ^ About U.S. Coast Guard Station Manasquan, United States Coast Guard. Accessed October 7, 2013. "The Manasquan Inlet also is the Northern terminus of the Intracoastal Waterway which means that on any summer weekend as many as 1600 boats may pass through it."
  23. ^ Areas touching Monmouth County, MapIt. Accessed May 12, 2015.
  24. ^ Forstall, Richard L. Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990 from the Twenty-one Decennial Censuses, pp. 108-109. United States Census Bureau, March 1996. ISBN 9780934213486. Accessed October 7, 2013.
  25. ^ U.S. Census Bureau Delivers New Jersey's 2010 Census Population Totals, United States Census Bureau, February 3, 2011. Accessed February 5, 2011.
  26. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008. 
  27. ^ a b c Tables DP-1 to DP-4 from Census 2000 for Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 1, 2013.
  28. ^ DP-2 - Profile of Selected Social Characteristics: 2000 from the Census 2000 Summary File 3 (SF 3) - Sample Data for Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  29. ^ DP-3 - Profile of Selected Economic Characteristics: 2000 from Census 2000 Summary File 3 (SF 3) - Sample Data for Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  30. ^ a b Board of Chosen Freeholders, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
  31. ^ County Administrator Teri O'Connor, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
  32. ^ Freeholder Gary J. Rich Sr., Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 4, 2014.
  33. ^ Freeholder Deputy Director Serena DiMaso, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
  34. ^ Freeholder Director Thomas A. Arnone, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
  35. ^ Freeholder Lillian G. Burry, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
  36. ^ Freeholder John P. Curley, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
  37. ^ Office of the County Clerk, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
  38. ^ Sheriff Shaun Golden, Monmouth County Sheriff's Office. Accessed May 12, 2015.
  39. ^ Office of the Monmouth County Surrogate, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
  40. ^ Meet the Prosecutor, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed May 12, 2015.
  41. ^ "Welcome to the New Jersey Court System". New Jersey Courts. New Jersey Courts. Retrieved 28 February 2016. 
  42. ^ "Local Court Addresses". New Jersey Courts. New Jersey Courts. Retrieved 28 February 2016. 
  43. ^ "New Jersey Courts Monmouth Vicinage". New Jersey Courts. New Jersey Courts. Retrieved 28 February 2016. 
  44. ^ 2012 Congressional Districts by County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections. Accessed October 7, 2013.
  45. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2011. Accessed October 7, 2013.
  46. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  47. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  48. ^ 2011 Legislative Districts by County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections. Accessed October 7, 2013.
  49. ^ Legislative Roster 2016-2017 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 17, 2016.
  50. ^ Legislative Roster 2016-2017 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 17, 2016.
  51. ^ Legislative Roster 2016-2017 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 17, 2016.
  52. ^ Legislative Roster 2016-2017 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 17, 2016.
  53. ^ "Edward H. Thomson sworn in as 30th district’s newest assemblyman". New Jersey Assembly Republicans. August 24, 2017. Retrieved August 25, 2017. 
  54. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  55. ^ a b Statewide Voter Registration Summary, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, as of October 31, 2014. Accessed May 11, 2015.
  56. ^ GCT-P7: Selected Age Groups: 2010 - State -- County / County Equivalent from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 11, 2015.
  57. ^ 2010 General Election Winners of County Offices Monmouth County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, February 22, 2011. Accessed October 1, 2013.
  58. ^ New Jersey Presidential Election Returns by County 2004, Eagleton Institute of Politics at Rutgers University. Accessed August 31, 2008.
  59. ^ U.S. Election Atlas
  60. ^ Monmouth County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 24, 2014.
  61. ^ U.S. Route 9 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2008. Accessed February 4, 2014.
  62. ^ Interstate 195 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, February 2010. Accessed November 20, 2014.
  63. ^ Garden State Parkway Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, January 1997. Accessed February 4, 2014.
  64. ^ Travel Resources: Interchanges, Service Areas & Commuter Lots, New Jersey Turnpike Authority. Accessed October 7, 2013.
  65. ^ North Jersey Coast Line, NJ Transit. Accessed October 7, 2013.
  66. ^ Dock & Roll Shuttle Bus Local Service Schedule, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 4, 2014.
  67. ^ GCT-PH1: Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County -- County Subdivision and Place from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 24, 2014.
  68. ^ Monmouth County Fire Service Directory - 2012, Monmouth County Fire Marshal's Office. Accessed October 1, 2013.
  69. ^ Home Page, Monmouth County Fire Marshal's Office. Accessed October 1, 2013.
  70. ^ Kaplan, Dan. "Wall's Glendola company hires fireman, a first", copy of article from Asbury Park Press, September 1, 2005, at Firehouse.com. Accessed September 1, 2005. "Asbury Park's fire department is Monmouth County's only fully paid one. With 42 members, the department carries an annual budget of about $3.7 million and responds to about 6,100 annual calls, Assistant City Manager James Famularo said. While the tax burden in Asbury Park is greater than that in towns with volunteer squads, the city needs a full-time presence, Battalion Chief Kevin Keddy said. The Fire Department also includes the city's emergency medical technicians."
  71. ^ Home page, Middletown Fire Department. Accessed April 9, 2012.
  72. ^ MARP, Monmouth County Sheriff's Office. Accessed February 12, 2014.
  73. ^ Location Is Everything, Monmouth University. Accessed October 7, 2013.
  74. ^ Monmouth University: Generations of Excellence 1933-2013, Monmouth University. Accessed October 7, 2013.
  75. ^ About Brookdale, Brookdale Community College. Accessed October 7, 2013. "The College was founded in 1967 and is sponsored by the citizens of Monmouth County through the Board of Chosen Freeholders."
  76. ^ The power of Rutgers, locally., Rutgers University. Accessed April 9, 2012.
  77. ^ Monmouth County Catholic Schools, Roman Catholic Diocese of Trenton. Accessed January 22, 2017.
  78. ^ Full-Time Specialized Schools, Monmouth County Vocational School District. Accessed October 7, 2013.
  79. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Freehold Borough, New Jersey". The Weather Channel. Retrieved October 13, 2012. 
  80. ^ Freedman, Andrew. "32-Foot-Plus Waves From Hurricane Sandy Topple Records", Climate Central, November 14, 2012. Accessed October 7, 2013. "The harbor entrance buoy recorded a significant wave height of 32.5 feet at 8:50 pm on Oct. 29, beating the previous record set during Hurricane Irene by 6.5 feet!... Sandy Hook, N.J., which is a spit of land that juts into the Atlantic pointing toward New York City from the extreme northeastern part of the state, also saw record coastal flooding during Sandy. The water level there rose to 13.31 feet above the average low tide level before the gauge malfunctioned."

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit