Loch Arbour, New Jersey
Loch Arbour is a village in Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States, formed in 1957. It was named after Lochaber, Scotland. As of the 2010 United States Census, the village's population was 194, reflecting a decline of 86 (-30.7%) from the 280 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 100 (-26.3%) from the 380 counted in the 1990 Census. As of 2010, Loch Arbour was the third-smallest municipality in New Jersey in terms of area (behind Shrewsbury Township and East Newark) and was the fifth-smallest municipality by population in the state of New Jersey.
Loch Arbour, New Jersey
|Village of Loch Arbour|
Seagull above the waters in Loch Arbour
Map of Loch Arbour in Monmouth County. Inset: Location of Monmouth County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Loch Arbour, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||April 23, 1957|
|Named for||Lochaber, Scotland|
|• Type||Walsh Act|
|• Body||Board of Trustees|
|• Mayor||Paul V. Fernicola (term ends June 30, 2019)|
|• Municipal clerk||Daniel J. Mason (acting)|
|• Total||0.141 sq mi (0.364 km2)|
|• Land||0.101 sq mi (0.261 km2)|
|• Water||0.040 sq mi (0.104 km2) 28.43%|
|Area rank||564th of 566 in state|
52nd of 53 in county
|Elevation||10 ft (3 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Rank||562nd of 566 in state|
53rd of 53 in county
|• Density||1,928.2/sq mi (744.5/km2)|
|• Density rank||298th of 566 in state|
35th of 53 in county
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (Eastern (EDT))|
|Area code(s)||732 exchanges: 517, 531, 660, 663|
|GNIS feature ID||0885283|
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Government
- 5 Education
- 6 Transportation
- 7 Climate
- 8 Ecology
- 9 Notable people
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Loch Arbour was incorporated as a village by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 23, 1957, from portions of Ocean Township, based on the results of a referendum held that same day. The borough was named for Lochaber, Scotland.
Its formation was driven by efforts to build condominiums in the area. Residents who sought to prevent the development led the secession, taking with them the last portion of oceanfront property in what The New York Times described as "the now ironically-named Ocean Township."
In 1997, Loch Arbour voters rejected a ballot proposal that would have it merge back into Ocean Township by an 88-69 margin, and proposals to merge with Allenhurst or Interlaken failed by a nearly 10-1 margin.
A ballot proposal in 2011 again considered a merger with Allenhurst, citing a potential reduction in property taxes for residents. In 2012, Loch Arbour officials held discussions with their counterparts in Allenhurst towards a plan in which the two municipalities would merge, subject to approval by the councils of both communities and approval of a referendum by voters in both Loch Arbour and Allenhurst. The merger drive was driven by property taxes paid to the Ocean Township School District, a relationship that would be ended by the merger, under which the combined municipality would send students at lower cost to the Asbury Park Public Schools.
While there are four municipalities that retain the Village type of government (Loch Arbour, Ridgefield Park, Ridgewood and South Orange), none of them still use the Village form of government. Loch Arbour was the last to do so, but on December 20, 2011, its residents voted to change to the Walsh Act form of government, with a three-member board of commissioners.
Loch Arbour covers a total area of 0.141 square miles (0.364 km2), including 0.101 square miles (0.261 km2) of land and 0.040 square miles (0.104 km2) of water (28.43%) according to 2010 United States Census Bureau data.
The village is located along the Atlantic Ocean in eastern Monmouth County and is bordered to the north by the Borough of Allenhurst, to the west by the borough of Interlaken and to the south by the City of Asbury Park.
Deal Lake covers 158 acres (64 ha) which is overseen by the Deal Lake Commission, which was established in 1974. Seven municipalities border the lake, accounting for 27 miles (43 km) of shoreline, including Allenhurst, Asbury Park, Deal, Interlaken, Neptune Township and Ocean Township.
1960-1990 2000 2010
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 194 people, 82 households, and 52.972 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,928.2 per square mile (744.5/km2). There were 159 housing units at an average density of 1,580.4 per square mile (610.2/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 94.85% (184) White, 1.55% (3) Black or African American, 0.00% (0) Native American, 1.55% (3) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.52% (1) from other races, and 1.55% (3) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.61% (7) of the population.
There were 82 households out of which 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.4% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.4% were non-families. 29.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.91.
In the village, the population was spread out with 19.6% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 13.9% from 25 to 44, 44.3% from 45 to 64, and 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 49.0 years. For every 100 females there were 102.1 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 108.0 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $120,000 (with a margin of error of +/- $62,957) and the median family income was $119,167 (+/- $20,917). Males had a median income of $73,500 (+/- $27,181) versus $92,500 (+/- $38,683) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $60,575 (+/- $9,229). None of the population were below the poverty line.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 280 people, 120 households, and 77 families residing in the village. The population density was 2,894.0 people per square mile (1,081.1/km2). There were 156 housing units at an average density of 1,612.4 per square mile (602.3/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 95.00% White, 2.14% African American, 0.71% Asian, 0.36% from other races, and 1.79% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.71% of the population.
There were 120 households out of which 20.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.8% were non-families. 27.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.88.
In the village, the population was spread out with 17.5% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 30.0% from 25 to 44, 30.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 105.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.6 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $68,542, and the median income for a family was $74,250. Males had a median income of $61,964 versus $41,250 for females. The per capita income for the village was $34,037. None of the families and 4.8% of the population were living below the poverty line.
Since 2011, the Village of Loch Arbour has been governed under the Walsh Act form of government by a nonpartisan Board of Commissioners, consisting of three members elected at-large to serve three-year terms of office on a concurrent basis as part of the May municipal election. At a reorganization meeting held after each election, the commissioners select one of their members to serve as mayor and another as deputy mayor.
As of 2017[update], members of Loch Arbour's Board of Trustees are Mayor Paul V. Fernicola (Commissioner of Public Affairs and Public Safety), Deputy Mayor Alfred J. Cheswick (Commissioner of Revenue and Finance) and Denis D'Angelo (Commissioner of Public Works, Public Property and Beaches), all of whom are serving concurrent terms of office ending June 30, 2019.
Federal, state and county representationEdit
For the 2018–2019 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 11th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Vin Gopal (D, Long Branch) and in the General Assembly by Joann Downey (D, Freehold Township) and Eric Houghtaling (D, Neptune Township).
Monmouth County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders consisting of five members who are elected at-large to serve three year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats up for election each year as part of the November general election. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects one of its members to serve as Director and another as Deputy Director. As of 2018[update], Monmouth County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Thomas A. Arnone (R, Neptune City, term as freeholder ends December 31, 2019; term as freeholder director ends 2018), Freeholder Deputy Director Lillian G. Burry (R, Colts Neck Township, term as freeholder ends 2020; term as deputy director ends 2018), John P. Curley (R, Middletown Township, 2018), Patrick G. Impreveduto (R, Holmdel Township, 2020) and Dr. Gerry P. Scharfenberger (R, Middletown Township, 2019; appointed to serve an unexpired term). Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County clerk Christine Giordano Hanlon (R, 2020; Ocean Township),Sheriff Shaun Golden (R, 2019; Howell Township) and Surrogate Rosemarie D. Peters (R, 2021; Middletown Township).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 160 registered voters in Loch Arbour, of which 54 (33.8%) were registered as Democrats, 42 (26.3%) were registered as Republicans and 64 (40.0%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were no voters registered to other parties.
In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 56.7% of the vote (68 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 42.5% (51 votes), and other candidates with 0.8% (1 vote), among the 121 ballots cast by the village's 164 registered voters (1 ballot was spoiled), for a turnout of 73.8%. In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 51.4% of the vote (73 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 47.2% (67 votes) and other candidates with 1.4% (2 votes), among the 142 ballots cast by the village's 186 registered voters, for a turnout of 76.3%. In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 57.6% of the vote (106 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 40.2% (74 votes) and other candidates with 0.9% (2 votes), among the 184 ballots cast by the village's 231 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 79.7.
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 65.1% of the vote (54 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 33.7% (28 votes), and other candidates with 1.2% (1 vote), among the 85 ballots cast by the village's 166 registered voters (2 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 51.2%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 62.0% of the vote (75 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 24.8% (30 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 11.6% (14 votes) and other candidates with 0.8% (1 votes), among the 121 ballots cast by the village's 168 registered voters, yielding a 72.0% turnout.
Since the 1960s, Loch Arbour had been a part of the Ocean Township School District, a consolidated public school district serving students in kindergarten through twelfth grade from both Loch Arbour and Ocean Township.
At the end of the 2016-17 school year, Loch Arbour left the Ocean Township district after getting approval from the New Jersey Department of Education and the approval of a referendum by over 95% of voters. With 14 public school students and school property taxes of $2 million, Loch Arbour had been paying an average of $143,000 per pupil under the old arrangement, while Ocean Township residents paid only $16,000 per pupil. Under new sending/receiving relationships established with the West Long Branch Public Schools for PreK-8 and Shore Regional High School for 9-12, Loch Arbour pays tuition to each district based on the number of students.
Roads and highwaysEdit
As of May 2010[update], the village had a total of 2.04 miles (3.28 km) of roadways, of which 1.82 miles (2.93 km) were maintained by the municipality and 0.22 miles (0.35 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
Route 71 is the main access road that passes north-south through the village.
Loch Arbour is one hour south of New York City and east of Philadelphia. The closest limited access road is Route 18, and both Interstate 195 and the Garden State Parkway are at least 15 minutes away.
According to the Köppen climate classification system, Loch Arbour, New Jersey has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa). Cfa climates are characterized by all months having an average mean temperature > 32.0 °F (> 0.0 °C), at least four months with an average mean temperature ≥ 50.0 °F (≥ 10.0 °C), at least one month with an average mean temperature ≥ 71.6 °F (≥ 22.0 °C) and no significant precipitation difference between seasons. During the summer months at Loch Arbour, a cooling afternoon sea breeze is present on most days, but episodes of extreme heat and humidity can occur with heat index values ≥ 95 °F (≥ 35 °C). During the winter months, episodes of extreme cold and wind can occur with wind chill values < 0 °F (< -18 °C). The plant hardiness zone at Loch Arbour Beach is 7a with an average annual extreme minimum air temperature of 3.7 °F (-15.7 °C). The average seasonal (Nov-Apr) snowfall total is between 18 and 24 inches (46 and 61 cm), and the average snowiest month is February which corresponds with the annual peak in nor'easter activity.
|Climate data for Loch Arbour Beach (1981-2010 Averages)|
|Average high °F (°C)||40.0
|Daily mean °F (°C)||32.5
|Average low °F (°C)||24.9
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||3.62
|Average relative humidity (%)||64.6||61.5||60.5||61.8||66.0||70.0||69.9||71.2||71.3||69.4||67.3||65.0||66.6|
|Average dew point °F (°C)||21.9
|Climate data for Sandy Hook, NJ Ocean Water Temperature (16 N Loch Arbour)|
|Daily mean °F (°C)||37
According to the A. W. Kuchler U.S. potential natural vegetation types, Loch Arbour, New Jersey would have an Appalachian Oak (104) vegetation type with an Eastern Hardwood Forest (25) vegetation form.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Loch Arbour include:
- 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Board of Commissioners, Village of Loch Arbour. Accessed July 14, 2016.
- 2017 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 30, 2017. As of date accessed, Fernicola was listed as mayor with an incorrect term-end date of December 31, 2019.
- FORM OF GOVERNMENT CHANGED – SPECIAL ELECTION INFORMATION, Loch Arbour Municipal Website, backed up by the Internet Archive as of March 13, 2012. Accessed March 26, 2017.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Village of Loch Arbour, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 7, 2013.
- "N.J.'s population shifting to coast, south". USA Today. 2011. Retrieved February 27, 2011.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Loch Arbour village, Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 30, 2012.
- Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 6. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Loch Arbour village, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed July 30, 2012.
- PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016 - 2016 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2017.
- GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 5, 2012.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for Loch Arbour, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed July 30, 2012.
- Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Loch Arbour, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed September 17, 2013.
- American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed November 26, 2012.
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- Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed December 5, 2012.
- GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 30, 2012.
- Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 181. Accessed July 30, 2012.
- Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed September 3, 2015.
- Strauss, Robert. "Communities; Municipal Madness or 'Creative Localism?'", The New York Times, January 4, 2004. Accessed August 17, 2013. "The final comeuppance for Ocean Township, though, came in 1957.... The Village of Loch Arbour was formed, the last new municipality in New Jersey. When it seceded, it took with it the last piece of oceanfront in the now ironically-named Ocean Township."
- Pristin, Terry. "The 1997 Elections: Other Races; New Jersey Voters Pick Local Officials and Decide on Changes in Government", The New York Times, November 5, 1997. Accessed July 30, 2012. "Loch Arbour will remain the state's smallest municipality. By a vote of 88 to 69, residents rejected a proposal to rejoin Ocean Township, of which Loch Arbour was a part until 1958. By an even greater vote -- 49 to 5 -- they refused to join neighboring Interlaken or Allenhurst."
- Via Associated Press. "Tiny Monmouth County village to consider merging with neighboring town", The Star-Ledger, March 18, 2011. Accessed December 5, 2012. "The village has faced a tax crisis since 2008 after the Legislature decided residents had to pay school taxes based on the value of their homes instead of per pupil cost to send a small number of children to Ocean Township schools.".
- Staff. "Loch Arbour puts off Allenhurst merger vote, according to report", Asbury Park Sun, May 4, 2012.
- Areas touching Loch Arbour, MapIt. Accessed February 25, 2015.
- Home Page, Deal Lake Commission. Accessed July 8, 2015. "The Deal Lake Commission was created by the seven Monmouth County, NJ towns that surround Deal Lake. The Commission was chartered in 1974 by the Borough of Allenhurst, City of Asbury Park, Borough of Deal, Borough of Interlaken, Village of Loch Arbour, Neptune Township, and Ocean Township."
- Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2017.
- Table 6. New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed June 28, 2015.
- Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Loch Arbour village, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 30, 2012.
- DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Loch Arbour village, Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 30, 2012.
- DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Loch Arbour village, Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 21, 2012.
- 2015 Municipal Data Sheet, Village of Loch Arbour. Accessed July 16, 2016. As of date accessed, no 2016 budget was available.
- Minutes - Organization Meeting: March 21, 2012, Village of Loch Arbour. Accessed December 5, 2012. "The Clerk announced the results of the Special Election held March 13, 2012 to elect three persons to the Board of Commissioners: Alfred J. Cheswick - 67 votes, Paul V. Fernicola - 63 votes; Denis D'Angelo - 57 votes. The Oath Of Office Was Administered To The Newly Elected Commissioners For Full Four-Year Terms As Commissioner Through June 30, 2016."
- Monmouth County Directory 2016, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed July 14, 2016.
- May 10, 2016 Municipal Elections Official Results, Monmouth County, New Jersey, updated May 12, 2016. Accessed July 14, 2016.
- Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- 2017 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 60, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed May 30, 2017.
- Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 3, 2019.
- Biography, Congressman Frank Pallone Jr. Accessed January 3, 2019. "Frank Pallone, Jr., was born in Long Branch, New Jersey, where he grew up and still resides."
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- Senators of the 116th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed April 17, 2019. "Booker, Cory A. - (D - NJ) Class II; Menendez, Robert - (D - NJ) Class I"
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- Monmouth County Government, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed February 18, 2018.
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- Frequently Asked Questions, Borough of Loch Arbour, backed up by the Internet Archive as of February 11, 2017. Accessed August 1, 2018. "Where do Village children attend school? The Village is part of the Township of Ocean School District. Children attend the Wanamassa School, Ocean Township Intermediate School and Ocean Township High School."
- DeNicola, Linda. "Ocean Township voters approve school budget: Taxes will rise 3.3 percent in Ocean, decrease in Loch Arbour", Atlanticville, April 28, 2005. Accessed July 21, 2008.
- Spahr, Rob. "Shore town votes to leave longtime school district", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, April 5, 2017. Accessed April 16, 2017. "According to unofficial results posted by the Monmouth County Clerk's Office, Loch Arbour residents voted - by a margin of 93 to 4 - to withdraw from the Ocean Township School District and enter into 'send-receive' relationships with the West Long Branch and Shore Regional school districts.... The commissioners explained that Loch Arbour pays approximately $126,000 to educate a single student in Ocean Township, when it could educate the same student in West Long Branch and Shore Regional for approximately $16,000 per student."
- Radel, Dan. "Loch Arbour votes to leave Ocean Twp. schools", Asbury Park Press, April 4, 2017. Accessed August 1, 2018. "Village voters have decided by an overwhelming margin to leave the Ocean Township School District and forge a (cheaper) different path. The tally Tuesday was 93 in favor to 4 opposed, according to the unofficial results from the Office of the Monmouth County Clerk.... The village's per-pupil education cost for Ocean Township now totals about $143,000, according to Mayor Paul Fernicola. He said the village will instead send students to West Long Branch and Shore Regional High School on a per-pupil tuition rate, not yet determined, that is substantially less than the current tab."
- Frequently Asked Questions, Borough of Loch Arbour. Accessed August 1, 2018. "Where do Village children attend school? The Village of Loch Arbour has a send-receive relationship with the West Long Branch School (Grades pre-K-8) and the Shore Regional High School (Grades 9-12)."
- Monmouth County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
- Monmouth County Bus / Rail connections, NJ Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of July 26, 2010. Accessed July 30, 2012.
- "NJ Transit System Map" (PDF).
- "USDA Interactive Plant Hardiness Map". United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved August 1, 2019.
- "PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University". Retrieved August 1, 2019.
- "Water Temperature Table of All Coastal Regions". Retrieved August 1, 2019.
- "U.S. Potential Natural Vegetation, Original Kuchler Types, v2.0 (Spatially Adjusted to Correct Geometric Distortions)". Retrieved August 1, 2019.
- Chesek, Tom. "Archive: A Sneak Preview in Circuit City", Upper Wet Side, April 22, 2011. Accessed September 22, 2015. "Red Bank area native, movie actor and filmmaker Peter Dobson directing his project Exit 102, which climaxes a daylong Reels & Wheels event at various venues in Asbury Park.... Peter Dobson: I was born in Riverview Hospital; lived on West Front Street out by River Plaza.... I went to Lincroft Elementary, Thompson Junior High and Middletown High School South — where I spent two years in tenth grade. I also lived for a while in Loch Arbour, so I have very vivid memories of hanging out in Asbury Park."
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Loch Arbour, New Jersey.|
- Loch Arbour Village website
- Ocean Township School District
- Ocean Township School District's 2015–16 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education
- School Data for the Ocean Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics
|Beaches of New Jersey||Succeeded by|