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A headland is a coastal landform, a point of land usually high and often with a sheer drop, that extends into a body of water. It is a type of promontory. A headland of considerable size often is called a cape.[1] Headlands are characterised by high, breaking waves, rocky shores, intense erosion, and steep sea cliff.

Headlands and bays are often found on the same coastline. A bay is flanked by land on three sides, whereas a headland is flanked by water on three sides. Headlands and bays form on discordant coastlines, where bands of rock of alternating resistance run perpendicular to the coast. Bays form when weak (less resistant) rocks (such as sands and clays) are eroded, leaving bands of stronger (more resistant) rocks (such as chalk, limestone, granite) forming a headland, or peninsula. Through the deposition of sediment within the bay and the erosion of the headlands, coastlines eventually straighten out then start the same process all over again.

Contents

List of notable headlandsEdit

AfricaEdit

 
Cape Malabata, Morocco

AsiaEdit

EuropeEdit

 
Cliffs at Beachy Head, England
 
Land's End, England

North AmericaEdit

 
Hanauma Bay and Koko Crater at Koko Head, O'ahu Island, Hawai'i, USA
 
Point Reyes, California, USA
 
Sydney Heads, NSW, Australia

CanadaEdit

GreenlandEdit

MexicoEdit

United StatesEdit

OceaniaEdit

AustraliaEdit

New ZealandEdit

 
Cape Horn, Chile

South AmericaEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Whittow, John (1984). Dictionary of Physical Geography. London: Penguin, 1984, pp. 80, 246. ISBN 0-14-051094-X.