A headland, also known as a head, is a coastal landform, a point of land usually high and often with a sheer drop, that extends into a body of water. It is a type of promontory. A headland of considerable size often is called a cape.[1] Headlands are characterised by high, breaking waves, rocky shores, intense erosion, and steep sea cliff.

Headlands and bays are often found on the same coastline. A bay is flanked by land on three sides, whereas a headland is flanked by water on three sides. Headlands and bays form on discordant coastlines, where bands of rock of alternating resistance run perpendicular to the coast. Bays form when weak (less resistant) rocks (such as sands and clays) are eroded, leaving bands of stronger (more resistant) rocks (such as chalk, limestone, and granite) forming a headland, or peninsula. Through the deposition of sediment within the bay and the erosion of the headlands, coastlines eventually straighten out, then start the same process all over again.

List of notable headlands edit

Africa edit

Cape Malabata, Morocco

Asia edit

Europe edit

Cliffs at Beachy Head, England
Land's End, England

North America edit

Point Reyes, California, USA

Canada edit

Greenland edit

Mexico edit

United States edit

Oceania edit

Hanauma Bay and Koko Crater at Koko Head, O'ahu Island, Hawai'i, USA
Sydney Heads, New South Wales, Australia
South West Cape, Tasmania

Australia edit

New Zealand edit

United States (Hawaii) edit

South America edit

Cape Horn, Chile

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Whittow, John (1984). Dictionary of Physical Geography. London: Penguin, 1984, pp. 80, 246. ISBN 0-14-051094-X.