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Indira Point
Village
Indira Point is located in Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Indira Point
Indira Point
Location in Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India
Indira Point is located in India
Indira Point
Indira Point
Indira Point (India)
Coordinates: 6°46′50″N 93°49′33″E / 6.780621°N 93.8258513°E / 6.780621; 93.8258513Coordinates: 6°46′50″N 93°49′33″E / 6.780621°N 93.8258513°E / 6.780621; 93.8258513
Country India
State Andaman and Nicobar Islands
District Nicobar
Tehsil Great Nicobar
Elevation 47 m (154 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 27
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
2011 census code 645188

Indira Point is a village in the Nicobar district at Great Nicobar Island of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. It is located in the Great Nicobar tehsil.[1] It is the location of the southernmost point of India's territory.

Rondo Island, Indonesia's northernmost island in Sabang district of Aceh province of Sumatra, lies 163 km south of Indira point.[2] India and Indonesia are planning to collaborate to construct a port at Sabang to protect the channel between Great Nicobar Island and Rondo Island (c. May 2019).[3]

Contents

EtymologyEdit

The village is named as Indira Point after former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. The point was formerly known as Pygmalion Point and Parsons Point.[4] It was renamed in honour of Indira Gandhi during mid-1980s. The announcement was made by the local Member of Parliament when Indira Gandhi visited the local light house on 19 February 1984. The official renaming ceremony happened on 10 October 1985.[5]

HistoryEdit

Indira Point was previously named as Pygmation Point.[6] Swami Vivekananda, who had also visited Kanyakumari, had also visited this point.[6]

The Indira Point lighthouse was commissioned into service on 30 April 1972.[7][8]

Located 500 kilometres north of the epicenter of the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, the southernmost tip subsided 4.25 metres after the earthquake, and many of the inhabitants went missing in the tsunami that followed.[9] Sixteen to twenty families living next to the lighthouse and four scientists studying leatherback sea turtles were lost.[10]

GeographyEdit

Port Blair is connected to mainland India via air service. From Port Blair, Campbell Bay can be reached by Pawan Hans Helicopter service. Inter Island Boat from Port Blair is also available which usually travels via Little Andaman, Car Nicobar and Nancowry en route to Campbell Bay. MV Campbell Bay also operates once in a week from Port Blair (Phoenix Bay) to Campbell Bay.

Government is also constructing a 21 km road from Shashtri Nagar to Indira Point via a bridge on the Galathea river. The total length of the road from Zero Point to Indira point will be 56 km and it will completed witin next few years (c. 2017).[11] This area is protected by the Indian Coast Guard.[11]

Galathea National Park and Lighthouse are the major attractions here.

AdministrationEdit

The village comes under the administration of Laxmi Nagar panchayat.[12]

DemographicsEdit

The village lost many of its residents in the 2004 tsunami. According to the 2011 census of India, Indira Point has only 4 households left. The effective literacy rate (i.e. the literacy rate of population excluding children aged 6 and below) is 85.19%.[13]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Andaman and Nicobar Islands villages" (PDF). Land Records Information Systems Division, NIC. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 25 July 2015. 
  2. ^ Rondo Island, The Rich Uninhabited Island
  3. ^ India seeks to aid Indonesia in developing port in Aceh, Economic Times, 19 May 2018.
  4. ^ K. Raja Reddy (2005). India and ASEAN: foreign policy dimensions for the 21st Century. New Century Publications. p. 44. ISBN 978-81-7708-081-0. 
  5. ^ HPS Virk (5 March 2015). Rendezvous: Forbidden Land of the 'Nicobar Islands'. FriesenPress. pp. 114–115. ISBN 978-1-4602-5877-4. 
  6. ^ a b http://www.portblaironline.in/city-guide/facts-about-indira-point Port Blaire online
  7. ^ Indira Point Lighthouse, Directorate General of Lighthouses and Lightships, Ministry of Shipping.
  8. ^ Indira Point Lighthouse: 4.25 m of subsidence in the 26 Dec 2004 earthquake
  9. ^ Joyce A. Quinn; Susan L. Woodward (31 January 2015). Earth's Landscape: An Encyclopedia of the World's Geographic Features. ABC-CLIO. pp. 34–. ISBN 978-1-61069-446-9. 
  10. ^ Islands' death toll could reach 15,000 by Luke Harding. Sydney Morning Herald, 1 January 2005.
  11. ^ a b Zero point to Indira Point road
  12. ^ List of Villages, Integrated Management Information System (IMIS), Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation.
  13. ^ "District Census Handbook - Andaman & Nicobar Islands" (PDF). 2011 Census of India. Directorate of Census Operations, Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 August 2015. Retrieved 21 July 2015.