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Indira Point or Pygmalion Point is a village in the Nicobar district of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. It is located in the Great Nicobar tehsil.[1] It is the location of the southernmost point of India's territory.

Indira Point
village
Indira Point is located in Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Indira Point
Indira Point
Indira Point is located in India
Indira Point
Indira Point
Location in Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India
Coordinates: 6°46′50″N 93°49′33″E / 6.780621°N 93.8258513°E / 6.780621; 93.8258513Coordinates: 6°46′50″N 93°49′33″E / 6.780621°N 93.8258513°E / 6.780621; 93.8258513
Country India
State Andaman and Nicobar Islands
District Nicobar
Tehsil Great Nicobar
Elevation 47 m (154 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 27
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
2011 census code 645188

Contents

EtymologyEdit

The village is named as Indira Point after former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. The point was formerly known as Pygmalion Point and Parsons Point.[2] It was renamed in honour of Indira Gandhi during mid-1980s. The announcement was made by the local Member of Parliament when Indira Gandhi visited the local light house on 19 February 1984. The official renaming ceremony happened on 10 October 1985.[3]

HistoryEdit

The Indira Point lighthouse was commissioned into service on 30 April 1972.[4][5]

Located 500 kilometres north of the epicenter of the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, the southernmost tip subsided 4.25 metres after the earthquake, and many of the inhabitants went missing in the tsunami that followed.[6] Sixteen to twenty families living next to the lighthouse and four scientists studying leatherback sea turtles were lost.[7]

AdministrationEdit

The village comes under the administration of Laxmi Nagar panchayat.[8]

DemographicsEdit

The village lost many of its residents in the 2004 tsunami. According to the 2011 census of India, Indira Point has only 4 households left. The effective literacy rate (i.e. the literacy rate of population excluding children aged 6 and below) is 85.19%.[9]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Andaman and Nicobar Islands villages" (PDF). Land Records Information Systems Division, NIC. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 25 July 2015. 
  2. ^ {{cite book Raja Reddy |title=India and ASEAN: foreign policy dimensions for the 21st Century |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=bAq6AAAAIAAJ |year=2005 |publisher=New Century Publications |isbn=978-81-7708-081-0 |page=44 }}
  3. ^ HPS Virk (5 March 2015). Rendezvous: Forbidden Land of the 'Nicobar Islands'. FriesenPress. pp. 114–115. ISBN 978-1-4602-5877-4. 
  4. ^ Indira Point Lighthouse, Directorate General of Lighthouses and Lightships, Ministry of Shipping.
  5. ^ Indira Point Lighthouse: 4.25 m of subsidence in the 26 Dec 2004 earthquake
  6. ^ Joyce A. Quinn; Susan L. Woodward (31 January 2015). Earth's Landscape: An Encyclopedia of the World's Geographic Features. ABC-CLIO. pp. 34–. ISBN 978-1-61069-446-9. 
  7. ^ Islands' death toll could reach 15,000 by Luke Harding. Sydney Morning Herald, 1 January 2005.
  8. ^ List of Villages, Integrated Management Information System (IMIS), Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation.
  9. ^ "District Census Handbook - Andaman & Nicobar Islands" (PDF). 2011 Census of India. Directorate of Census Operations, Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 August 2015. Retrieved 21 July 2015.