Per capita personal income in the United States
Per capita personal income in the United States was estimated for 2021 by the International Monetary Fund to be US$ 68,309. One of the most commonly used metrics for gauging economic performance and shifting fortunes of local economies is per capita income (PCI). It is measured as the amount of wage and compensation disbursements, other labor income, proprietors' income with inventory valuation and capital consumption adjustments, persons' rental income with capital consumption adjustments, personal dividend income, personal interest income, and transfer payments to persons, less personal social insurance contributions. The Per Capita Personal Income of the United States defines the personal income of a specific area, earned by or on behalf of all of the persons who live in the area. As a result, personal income figures are presented by the income recipients' place of residence. This measure of income is calculated as the personal income of the residents of a given area divided by the resident population of the area. The Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) uses the United States Census Bureau's annual midyear population projections to calculate per capita personal income for states and counties. Except for college students and other seasonal populations, which are counted on April 1, the population for all other groups is counted on July 1.
On average, the United States' real per capita personal income grew at an annual rate of 2.27% over 1959-2020. The United States posted its highest growth in 1984 (5.53%) and posted its lowest growth in 2009 (-3.87%). In all states and the District of Columbia, an improvement in transfer receipts was the leading contributor to personal income growth in 2020. The percentage change in personal income ranged from 8.4 percent in Arizona and Montana to 2.4 percent in Wyoming across all states. All of which increased the per capital personal income in 2020 by 6.1 percent, following a previous increase of 3.9 percent in 2019. The combined increase of personal income throughout the United States totaled $1.1 trillion dollar.  Over the period 1959-2020, the United States' actual per capita personal income increased at an annual rate of 2.27 percent on average. The United States experienced the highest growth rate (5.53 percent) in 1984 and the lowest growth rate in 2009. (-3.87 percent ).
- "United States | Per Capita Personal Income Trends over 1958-2020". United States Regional Economic Analysis Project. Retrieved 2021-04-13.
- "Source and Methodology: Personal Income Rates - Appalachian Regional Commission". data.arc.gov. Retrieved 2021-04-13.
- "State Annual Personal Income, 2020 (Preliminary) and State Quarterly Personal Income, 4th Quarter 2020 | U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA)". www.bea.gov. Retrieved 2021-04-13.