Pole vaulting, also known as pole jumping, is a track and field event in which an athlete uses a long and flexible pole, usually made from fiberglass or carbon fiber, as an aid to jump over a bar. Pole jumping competitions were known to the Mycenaean Greeks, Minoan Greeks and Celts[citation needed]. It has been a full medal event at the Olympic Games since 1896 for men and since 2000 for women.

Athletics
Pole vault
PoleVault Sequence.jpg
Vaulting phases of current world record holder Armand Duplantis
World records
MenSweden Armand Duplantis 6.21 m (20 ft 4+14 in) (2022)
WomenRussia Yelena Isinbayeva 5.06 m (16 ft 7 in) (2009)
Olympic records
MenBrazil Thiago Braz 6.03 m (19 ft 9+14 in) (2016)
WomenRussia Yelena Isinbayeva 5.05 m (16 ft 6+34 in) (2008)
World Championship records
MenSweden Armand Duplantis 6.21 m (20 ft 4+14 in) (2022)
WomenRussia Yelena Isinbayeva 5.01 m (16 ft 5 in) (2005)

It is typically classified as one of the four major jumping events in athletics, alongside the high jump, long jump and triple jump. It is unusual among track and field sports in that it requires a significant amount of specialised equipment in order to participate, even at a basic level. A number of elite pole vaulters have had backgrounds in gymnastics, including world record breakers Yelena Isinbayeva and Brian Sternberg, reflecting the similar physical attributes required for the sports.[1][2] Running speed, however, may be the most dominant factor. Physical attributes such as speed, agility and strength are essential to pole vaulting effectively, but technical skill is an equally if not more important element. The object of pole vaulting is to clear a bar or crossbar supported upon two uprights (standards) without knocking it down.

HistoryEdit

 
Pole vault in the 1890s at US Naval Academy
 
Traditional fierljeppen in the Netherlands, using poles to clear "horizontal distances" over rivers

Poles were used as a practical means of passing over natural obstacles in marshy places such as the province of Friesland in the Netherlands, along the North Sea, and the great level of the Fens in England across Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire, Lincolnshire and Norfolk. Artificial draining of these marshes created a network of open drains or canals intersecting each other. To cross these without getting soaked, while avoiding tedious roundabout journeys over bridges, a stack of jumping poles was kept at every house and used for vaulting over the canals.[citation needed]

Distance pole vaulting competitions continue to be held annually in the lowlands around the North Sea. These far-jumping competitions (Frisian: Fierljeppen) are not based on height.[3]

In his book The Mechanics of the Pole Vault, Richard Ganslen reports that the London Gymnastic Society under Professor Voelker held measured pole vaulting events in 1826, involving 1,300 participants and recording heights up to 10 ft 10 in (3.3 m).[4] Other early pole vaulting competitions where height was measured took place at the Ulverston Football and Cricket Club, Lancashire, north of the sands (now Cumbria) in 1843.[5] Modern competition began around 1850 in Germany, when pole vaulting was added to the exercises of the Turner gymnastic clubs by Johann C. F. GutsMuths and Friedrich L. Jahn. In Great Britain, it was first practiced at the Caledonian Games.

Initially, vaulting poles were made from stiff materials such as bamboo or aluminum.[6] The introduction of flexible vaulting poles in the early 1950s made from composites such as fiberglass or carbon fiber allowed vaulters to achieve greater height.[7]

 
Pole vaulter Allison Stokke prepares for her jump.

In 2000, IAAF rule 260.18a (formerly 260.6a) was amended, so that "world records" (as opposed to "indoor world records") can be set in a facility "with or without roof". This rule was not applied retroactively.[8] With many indoor facilities not conforming to outdoor track specifications for size and flatness, the pole vault was the only world record set indoors until 2022.

Modern vaultingEdit

Today, athletes compete in the pole vault as one of the four jumping events in track and field. Because the high jump and pole vault are both vertical jumps, the competitions are conducted similarly. Each athlete can choose at what height they would like to enter the competition. Once they enter, they have three attempts to clear the height. If a height is cleared, the vaulter advances to the next height, where they will have three more attempts. Once the vaulter has three consecutive misses, they are out of the competition and the highest height they cleared is their result. A "no height", often denoted "NH", refers to the failure of a vaulter to clear any bar during the competition.

Once the vaulter enters the competition, they can choose to pass heights. If a vaulter achieves a miss on their first attempt at a height, they can pass to the next height, but they will only have two attempts at that height, as they will be out once they achieve three consecutive misses. Similarly, after earning two misses at a height, they could pass to the next height, when they would have only one attempt.

 
An athlete passes the bar with the aid of a pole.

The competitor who clears the highest height is the winner. If two or more vaulters have finished with the same height, the tie is broken by the number of misses at the final height. If the tied vaulters have the same number of misses at the last height cleared, the tie is broken by the total number of misses in the competition.

If there is still a tie for first place, a jump-off occurs to break the tie. Marks achieved in this type of jump-off are considered valid and count for any purpose that a mark achieved in a normal competition would.

If a tie in the other places still exists, a jump-off is not normally conducted, unless the competition is a qualifying meet, and the tie exists in the final qualifying spot. In this case, an administrative jump-off is conducted to break the tie, but the marks are not considered valid for any other purpose than breaking the tie.

A jump-off is a sudden death competition in which the tied vaulters attempt the same height, starting with the last attempted height. If both vaulters miss, the bar goes down by a small increment, and if both clear, the bar goes up by a small increment. A jump-off ends when one vaulter clears and the other misses. Each vaulter gets one attempt at each height until one makes and one misses.

The equipment and rules for pole vaulting are similar to the high jump. Unlike high jump, however, the athlete in the vault has the ability to select the horizontal position of the bar before each jump and can place it a distance beyond the back of the box, the metal pit that the pole is placed into immediately before takeoff. The range of distance the vaulter may place the standards varies depending on the level of competition.

 
Painting by former athlete Raffaello Ducceschi depicting the pole vault

If the pole used by the athlete dislodges the bar from the uprights, a foul attempt is ruled, even if the athlete has cleared the height. An athlete does not benefit from quickly leaving the landing pad before the bar has fallen. The exception to this rule if the vaulter is vaulting outdoors and has made a clear effort to throw the pole back, but the wind has blown the pole into the bar; this counts as a clearance. This call is made at the discretion of the pole vault official. If the pole breaks during the execution of a vault, it is considered an equipment failure and is ruled a non-jump, neither a make nor a miss. Other types of equipment failure include the standards slipping down or the wind dislodging the bar when no contact was made by the vaulter.

Each athlete has a set amount of time in which to make an attempt. The amount of time varies by level of competition and the number of vaulters remaining. If the vaulter fails to begin an attempt within this time, the vaulter is charged with a time foul and the attempt is a miss.

Poles are manufactured with ratings corresponding to the vaulter's maximum weight. As a safety precaution, some organizations forbid use of poles rated below the vaulter's weight. The recommended weight roughly corresponds to a flex rating that is determined by the manufacturer by applying a standardized amount of stress (most commonly a 50 lb (23 kg) weight) on the pole and measuring how much the center of the pole is displaced. Therefore, two poles rated at the same weight are not necessarily the same stiffness.

Pole stiffness and length are important factors to a vaulter's performance. Therefore, it is not uncommon for an elite vaulter to carry as many as ten poles to a competition. The effective length of a pole can be changed by gripping the pole higher or lower in relation to the top of the pole. The left and right handgrips are typically a bit more than shoulder width apart. Poles are manufactured for people of all skill levels and body sizes, with lengths between 3.05 m (10 ft 0 in) and 5.30 m (17 ft 5 in) and a wide range of weight ratings. Each manufacturer determines the weight rating for the pole and the location of the maximum handhold band.

Speed is an essential element to high jumps. The horizontal kinetic energy produced by the run   is converted to vertical propulsion  . Assuming no loss of energy  , this means that  .

TechnologyEdit

Competitive pole vaulting began using solid ash poles. As the heights attained increased, bamboo poles gave way to tubular aluminum,[9] which was tapered at each end. Today's pole vaulters benefit from poles produced by wrapping pre-cut sheets of fiberglass that contains resin around a metal pole mandrel, to produce a slightly curved pole that bends more easily under the compression caused by an athlete's take-off. The shape of the fiberglass sheets and the amount of fiberglass used is carefully planned to provide the desired length and stiffness of pole. Different fiber types, including carbon-fiber, are used to give poles specific characteristics intended to promote higher jumps. In recent years, carbon fiber has been added to the commonly used E-glass (E for initial electrical use) and S-glass (S for solid) materials to create a lighter pole.

As in the high jump, the landing area was originally a heap of sawdust or sand where athletes landed on their feet. As technology enabled higher vaults, mats evolved into bags of large chunks of foam. Today's mats are foam usually 1–1.5 meters (3 ft 3 in – 4 ft 11 in) thick. They are usually built up with two cross-laid square section logs with gaps between them, topped by a solid layer of foam of the same thickness. This lattice construction is wrapped in a close-fitting cover topped with nylon mesh, which allows some air to escape, thus combining both foam and a measure of air cushioning. The final layer is a large mat of mesh-covered foam which is clipped around the edges of the complete pit and prevents the athlete from falling between the individual bags. Mats are growing larger in area as well to minimize risk of injury. Proper landing technique is on the back or shoulders. Landing on the feet should be avoided, to eliminate the risk of injury to the lower extremities, particularly ankle sprains.

Rule changes over the years have resulted in larger landing areas and additional padding of all hard and unyielding surfaces.

The pole vault crossbar has evolved from a triangular aluminum bar to a round fiberglass bar with rubber ends. This is balanced on standards and can be knocked off when it is hit by a pole vaulter or the pole. Rule changes have led to shorter pegs and crossbar ends that are semi-circular.

TechniqueEdit

Phases of pole vaulting
Théo Mancheron competes in the men's decathlon pole vault final during the French Athletics Championships 2013 at Stade Charléty in Paris, 13 July 2013.

Although many techniques are used by vaulters at various skill levels to clear the bar, the generally accepted technical model can be broken down into several phases.

ApproachEdit

During the approach the pole vaulter sprints down the runway in such a way as to achieve maximum speed and correct position to initiate takeoff at the end of the approach. Top class vaulters use approaches with 18 to 22 strides, often referred to as a "step" in which every other foot is counted as one step. The run-up to the vaulting pit begins forcefully with the vaulter running powerfully in a relaxed, upright position with knees lifted and torso leaning very slightly forward. The head, shoulders and hips are aligned, the vaulter increasing speed as the body becomes erect. The tip of the vaulting pole is angled higher than eye level until three paces from takeoff, when the pole tip descends efficiently, amplifying run speed as the pole is planted into the vault box. The faster the vaulter can run and the more efficient their take-off is, the greater the kinetic energy that can be achieved and used during the vault.

Plant and take-offEdit

The plant and take-off is initiated typically three steps out from the final step. Vaulters will usually count their steps backwards from their starting point to the box only counting the steps taken on the left foot (vice versa for left-handers) except for the second step from the box, which is taken by the right foot. For example, a vaulter on a "ten count" (referring to the number of counted steps from the starting point to the box) would count backwards from ten, only counting the steps taken with the left foot, until the last three steps taken and both feet are counted as three, two, one. These last three steps are normally quicker than the previous strides and are referred to as the "turn-over". The goal of this phase is to efficiently translate the kinetic energy accumulated from the approach into potential energy stored by the elasticity of the pole, and to gain as much initial vertical height as possible by jumping off the ground. The plant starts with the vaulter raising their arms up from around the hips or mid-torso until they are fully outstretched above the head, with the right arm extended directly above the head and the left arm extended perpendicular to the pole (vice versa for left-handed vaulters). At the same time, the vaulter is dropping the pole tip into the box. On the final step, the vaulter jumps off the trail leg which should always remain straight and then drives the front knee forward. As the pole slides into the back of the box the pole begins to bend and the vaulter continues up and forward, leaving the trail leg angled down and behind.

Swing upEdit

The swing and row simply consists of the vaulter swinging the trail leg forward and rowing the pole, bringing the top arm down to the hips, while trying to keep the trail leg straight to store more potential energy into the pole, the rowing motion also keeps the pole bent for a longer period of time for the vaulter to get into optimum position. Once in a "U" shape the left arm hugs the pole tight to efficiently use the recoil within the pole. The goal is to carry out these motions as thoroughly and as quickly as possible; it is a race against the unbending of the pole. Effectively, this causes a double pendulum motion, with the top of the pole moving forward and pivoting from the box, while the vaulter acts as a second pendulum pivoting from the right hand. This action gives the vaulter the best position possible to be "ejected" off the pole. The swing continues until the hips are above the head and the arms are pulling the pole close to the chest; from there the vaulter shoots their legs up over the cross bar while keeping the pole close.[10][11]

ExtensionEdit

The extension refers to the extension of the hips upward with outstretched legs as the shoulders drive down, causing the vaulter to be positioned upside down. This position is often referred to as "inversion". While this phase is executed, the pole begins to recoil, propelling the vaulter quickly upward. The hands of the vaulter remain close to the body as they move from the shins back to the region around the hips and upper torso.

TurnEdit

The turn is executed immediately after or even during the end of the rockback. As the name implies, the vaulter turns 180° toward the pole while extending the arms down past the head and shoulders. Typically the vaulter will begin to angle their body toward the bar as the turn is executed, although ideally the vaulter will remain as vertical as possible. A more accurate description of this phase of the vault may be "the spin" because the vaulter spins around an imaginary axis from head to toe.

Fly-awayEdit

This is often highly emphasized by spectators and novice vaulters, but it is the easiest phase of the vault and is a result of proper execution of previous phases. This phase mainly consists of the vaulter pushing off the pole and releasing it so it falls away from the bar and mats. As the torso goes over and around the bar, the vaulter is facing the bar. Rotation of the body over the bar occurs naturally, and the vaulter's main concern is making sure that their arms, face and any other appendages do not knock the bar off as they go over. The vaulter should land near the middle of the foam landing mats, or pits, face up.

TerminologyEdit

Bar
The cross bar that is suspended above the ground by the standards.
Box
A trapezoidal indentation in the ground with a metal or fiberglass covering at the end of the runway in which vaulters "plant" their pole. The back wall of the box is nearly vertical and is approximately 8 inches (20 cm) in depth. The bottom of the box gradually slopes upward approximately 3 feet (90 cm) until it is level with the runway. The covering in the box ensures the pole will slide to the back of the box without catching on anything. The covering's lip overlaps onto the runway and ensures a smooth transition from all-weather surface so a pole being planted does not catch on the box.
Drive knee
During the plant phase, the knee is driven forward at the time of "takeoff" to help propel the vaulter upward.
Grip
The location of the vaulter's top hand on the pole. As the vaulter improves, their grip may move up the pole incrementally. The other hand is typically placed shoulder-width down from the top hand. Hands are not allowed to grip the very top of the pole (their hand perpendicular to the pole) for safety reasons.
Jump foot
The foot that the vaulter uses to leave the ground as they begin their vault. It is also referred to as the take-off foot.
Pit
The mats used for landing in pole vault.
Plant position
The position a vaulter is in the moment the pole reaches the back of the box and the vaulter begins their vault. Their arms are fully extended and their drive knee begins to come up as they jump.
Pole
The fiberglass equipment used to propel the vaulter up and over the bar. One side is stiffer than the other to facilitate the bending of the pole after the plant. A vaulter may rest the pole on their arm to determine which side is the stiff side.
Standards
The equipment that holds the bar at a particular height above the ground. Standards may be adjusted to raise and lower the bar and also to adjust the horizontal position of the bar.
Steps
Since the box is in a fixed position, vaulters must adjust their approach to ensure they are in the correct position when attempting to vault.
Swing leg or trail leg
The swing leg is also the jump foot. After a vaulter has left the ground, the leg that was last touching the ground stays extended and swings forward to help propel the vaulter upwards.
Volzing
A method of holding or pushing the bar back onto the pegs while jumping over a height. This takes considerable skill, although it is now against the rules and counted as a miss. The technique is named after U.S. Olympian Dave Volz, who made an art form of the practice and surprised many by making the U.S. Olympic team in 1992.

All-time top 25Edit

Men (outdoor)Edit

Ath.# Perf.# Mark Athlete Nation Date Place Ref
1 1 6.21 m (20 ft 4+14 in) Armand Duplantis   Sweden 24 JUL 2022 Eugene
2 6.16 m (20 ft 2+12 in) Duplantis #2 30 JUN 2022 Stockholm [16]
3 6.15 m (20 ft 2 in) Duplantis #3 17 SEP 2020 Rome
2 4 6.14 m (20 ft 1+12 in) A Sergey Bubka   Ukraine 31 JUL 1994 Sestriere
5 6.13 m (20 ft 1+14 in) Bubka #2 19 SEP 1992 Tokyo
6 6.12 m (20 ft 34 in) Bubka #3 30 AUG 1992 Padua
7 6.11 m (20 ft 12 in) Bubka #4 13 JUN 1992 Dijon
8 6.10 m (20 ft 0 in) Bubka #5 05 AUG 1991 Malmö
Duplantis #4 06 JUN 2021 Hengelo
Duplantis #5 06 AUG 2022 Chorzów [17]
Duplantis #6 25 AUG 2022 Lausanne [18]
12 6.09 m (19 ft 11+34 in) Bubka #6 08 JUL 1991 Formia
13 6.08 m (19 ft 11+14 in) Bubka #7 09 JUN 1991 Moscow
14 6.07 m (19 ft 10+34 in) Bubka #8 06 MAY 1991 Shizuoka
Duplantis #7 02 SEP 2020 Lausanne
Duplantis #8 08 SEP 2022 Zürich [19]
17 6.06 m (19 ft 10+12 in) Bubka #9 10 JUL 1988 Nice
3 17 6.06 m (19 ft 10+12 in) Sam Kendricks   United States 27 JUL 2019 Des Moines [20]
17 6.06 m (19 ft 10+12 in) Duplantis #9 09 SEP 2021 Zürich [21]
Duplantis #10 24 JUL 2022 Eugene
Duplantis #11 20 AUG 2022 Munich [22]
22 6.05 m (19 ft 10 in) Bubka #10 09 JUN 1988 Bratislava
Bubka #11 10 SEP 1993 London
Bubka #12 30 AUG 1994 Berlin
Bubka #13 13 SEP 1997 Fukuoka
4 22 6.05 m (19 ft 10 in) Maksim Tarasov   Russia 16 JUN 1999 Athens
Dmitri Markov   Australia 09 AUG 2001 Edmonton
Renaud Lavillenie   France 30 MAY 2015 Eugene
22 6.05 m (19 ft 10 in) Duplantis #12 12 AUG 2018 Berlin
Duplantis #13 03 SEP 2021 Brussels [23]
7 6.04 m (19 ft 9+34 in) Brad Walker   United States 08 JUN 2008 Eugene
8 6.03 m (19 ft 9+14 in) Okkert Brits   South Africa 18 AUG 1995 Cologne
Jeff Hartwig   United States 14 JUN 2000 Jonesboro
Thiago Braz   Brazil 15 AUG 2016 Rio de Janeiro [24]
11 6.02 m (19 ft 9 in) Piotr Lisek   Poland 12 JUL 2019 Monaco [25]
12 6.01 m (19 ft 8+12 in) Igor Trandenkov   Russia 03 JUL 1996 St. Petersburg
Timothy Mack   United States 18 SEP 2004 Monaco
Yevgeny Lukyanenko   Russia 01 JUL 2008 Bydgoszcz
Björn Otto   Germany 05 SEP 2012 Aachen
16 6.00 m (19 ft 8 in) Radion Gataullin   Soviet Union 16 SEP 1989 Tokyo
Tim Lobinger   Germany 24 AUG 1997 Cologne
Toby Stevenson   United States 08 MAY 2004 Modesto
Paul Burgess   Australia 26 FEB 2005 Perth
Steve Hooker   Australia 27 JAN 2008 Perth
Timur Morgunov   Authorised Neutral Athletes 12 AUG 2018 Berlin [26]
Chris Nilsen   United States 06 MAY 2022 Sioux Falls [27]
23 5.98 m (19 ft 7+14 in) Lawrence Johnson   United States 25 MAY 1996 Knoxville
Jean Galfione   France 23 JUL 1999 Amiens
25 5.97 m (19 ft 7 in) Scott Huffman   United States 18 JUN 1994 Knoxville

Women (outdoor)Edit

Ath.# Perf.# Mark Athlete Nation Date Place Ref
1 1 5.06 m (16 ft 7 in) Yelena Isinbayeva   Russia 28 AUG 2009 Zürich
2 5.05 m (16 ft 6+34 in) Isinbayeva #2 18 AUG 2008 Beijing
3 5.04 m (16 ft 6+14 in) Isinbayeva #3 29 JUL 2008 Monaco
4 5.03 m (16 ft 6 in) Isinbayeva #4 11 JUL 2008 Rome
5 5.01 m (16 ft 5 in) Isinbayeva #5 12 AUG 2005 Helsinki
2 5 5.01 m (16 ft 5 in) Anzhelika Sidorova   Authorised Neutral Athletes 09 SEP 2021 Zürich [28]
7 5.00 m (16 ft 4+34 in) Isinbayeva #6 22 JUL 2005 London
3 7 5.00 m (16 ft 4+34 in) Sandi Morris   United States 09 SEP 2016 Brussels [29]
9 4.96 m (16 ft 3+14 in) Isinbayeva #7 22 JUL 2005 London
10 4.95 m (16 ft 2+34 in) Isinbayeva #8 16 JUL 2005 Madrid
Morris #2 27 JUL 2018 Greenville
Sidorova #2 29 SEP 2019 Doha [30]
4 10 4.95 m (16 ft 2+34 in) Katie Nageotte   United States 26 JUN 2021 Eugene
5 14 4.94 m (16 ft 2+14 in) Eliza McCartney   New Zealand 17 JUL 2018 Jockgrim [31]
15 4.93 m (16 ft 2 in) Isinbayeva #9 05 JUL 2005 Lausanne
Isinbayeva #10 26 AUG 2005 Brussels
Isinbayeva #11 25 JUL 2008 London
Morris #3 23 JUL 2016 Houston
6 15 4.93 m (16 ft 2 in) Jennifer Suhr   United States 14 APR 2018 Austin
15 4.93 m (16 ft 2 in) Nageotte #2 23 MAY 2021 Marietta
21 4.92 m (16 ft 1+12 in) Isinbayeva #12 03 SEP 2004 Brussels
Suhr #2 06 JUL 2008 Eugene
McCartney #2 23 JUN 2018 Mannheim
Nageotte #3 01 AUG 2020 Marietta
25 4.91 m (16 ft 1+14 in) Isinbayeva #13 24 AUG 2004 Athens
Isinbayeva #14 28 JUL 2006 London
Isinbayeva #15 06 JUL 2007 Paris
Suhr #3 26 JUL 2011 Rochester
Suhr #4 14 JUN 2013 Lyndonville
7 25 4.91 m (16 ft 1+14 in) Yarisley Silva   Cuba 02 AUG 2015 Beckum
Katerina Stefanidi   Greece 06 AUG 2017 London [32]
25 4.91 m (16 ft 1+14 in) Suhr #5 30 MAR 2019 Austin
Sidorova #3 10 JUN 2021 Florence
Sidorova #4 02 AUG 2022 Cheboksary
9 4.90 m (16 ft 34 in) Holly Bradshaw   United Kingdom 26 JUN 2021 Manchester
10 4.88 m (16 ft 0 in) Svetlana Feofanova   Russia 04 JUL 2004 Herakleion
11 4.87 m (15 ft 11+12 in) Fabiana Murer   Brazil 03 JUL 2016 São Bernardo do Campo [33]
12 4.85 m (15 ft 10+34 in) Wilma Murto   Finland 17 AUG 2022 Munich [34]
13 4.83 m (15 ft 10 in) Stacy Dragila   United States 08 JUN 2004 Ostrava
Anna Rogowska   Poland 26 AUG 2005 Brussels
Nikoleta Kyriakopoulou   Greece 04 JUL 2015 Paris [35]
Michaela Meijer   Sweden 01 AUG 2020 Norrköping [36]
17 4.82 m (15 ft 9+34 in) Monika Pyrek   Poland 22 SEP 2007 Stuttgart
Silke Spiegelburg   Germany 20 JUL 2012 Monaco
Alysha Newman   Canada 24 AUG 2019 Paris [37]
Nina Kennedy   Australia 13 MAR 2021 Sydney [38]
21 4.81 m (15 ft 9+14 in) Alana Boyd   Australia 12 JUN 2008 Ostrava [39]
22 4.80 m (15 ft 8+34 in) Martina Strutz   Germany 30 AUG 2011 Daegu
Angelica Bengtsson   Sweden 29 SEP 2019 Doha
24 4.78 m (15 ft 8 in) Tatyana Polnova   Russia 19 SEP 2004 Monaco
Nicole Büchler    Switzerland 06 MAY 2016 Doha

Men (indoor)Edit

Ath.# Perf.# Mark Athlete Nation Date Place Ref
1 1 6.20 m (20 ft 4 in) Armand Duplantis   Sweden 20 MAR 2022 Belgrade [40]
2 6.19 m (20 ft 3+12 in) Duplantis #2 07 MAR 2022 Belgrade [41]
3 6.18 m (20 ft 3+14 in) Duplantis #3 15 FEB 2020 Glasgow
4 6.17 m (20 ft 2+34 in) Duplantis #4 08 FEB 2020 Toruń
2 5 6.16 m (20 ft 2+12 in) Renaud Lavillenie   France 15 FEB 2014 Donetsk [42]
3 6 6.15 m (20 ft 2 in) Sergey Bubka   Ukraine 21 FEB 1993 Donetsk
7 6.14 m (20 ft 1+12 in) Bubka #2 13 FEB 1993 Liévin
8 6.13 m (20 ft 1+14 in) Bubka #3 21 FEB 1992 Berlin
9 6.12 m (20 ft 34 in) Bubka #4 23 MAR 1991 Grenoble
10 6.11 m (20 ft 12 in) Bubka #5 19 MAR 1991 Donetsk
11 6.10 m (20 ft 0 in) Bubka #6 15 MAR 1991 San Sebastián
Duplantis #5 24 FEB 2021 Belgrade
13 6.08 m (19 ft 11+14 in) Bubka #7 09 FEB 1991 Volgograd
Lavillenie #2 31 JAN 2014 Bydgoszcz
15 6.07 m (19 ft 10+34 in) Duplantis #6 19 FEB 2020 Liévin
4 16 6.06 m (19 ft 10+12 in) Steve Hooker   Australia 07 FEB 2009 Boston
16 6.06 m (19 ft 10+12 in) Lavillenie #3 27 FEB 2021 Aubière
18 6.05 m (19 ft 10 in) Bubka #8 17 MAR 1990 Donetsk
Bubka #9 05 MAR 1993 Berlin
Bubka #10 06 FEB 1994 Grenoble
Duplantis #7 07 MAR 2021 Toruń
Duplantis #8 19 FEB 2022 Birmingham [43]
5 18 6.05 m (19 ft 10 in) Chris Nilsen   United States 05 MAR 2022 Rouen [44][45]
24 6.04 m (19 ft 9+34 in) Lavillenie #4 25 JAN 2014 Rouen
Lavillenie #5 07 MAR 2015 Prague
Duplantis #9 09 FEB 2022 Uppsala [46]
6 6.02 m (19 ft 9 in) Radion Gataullin   Soviet Union 04 FEB 1989 Gomel
Jeff Hartwig   United States 10 MAR 2002 Sindelfingen
8 6.01 m (19 ft 8+12 in) Sam Kendricks   United States 08 FEB 2020 Rouen
9 6.00 m (19 ft 8 in) Maksim Tarasov   Russia 05 FEB 1999 Budapest
Jean Galfione   France 06 MAR 1999 Maebashi
Danny Ecker   Germany 11 FEB 2001 Dortmund
9 6.00 m (19 ft 8 in) A Shawnacy Barber   Canada 15 JAN 2016 Reno
9 6.00 m (19 ft 8 in) Piotr Lisek   Poland 04 FEB 2017 Potsdam
KC Lightfoot   United States 13 FEB 2021 Lubbock [47]
15 5.96 m (19 ft 6+12 in) Lawrence Johnson   United States 03 MAR 2001 Atlanta
Menno Vloon   Netherlands 27 FEB 2021 Aubière
17 5.95 m (19 ft 6+14 in) Tim Lobinger   Germany 18 FEB 2000 Chemnitz
Thiago Braz   Brazil 20 MAR 2022 Belgrade [48]
19 5.94 m (19 ft 5+34 in) Philippe Collet   France 10 MAR 1990 Grenoble
20 5.93 m (19 ft 5+14 in) Billy Olson   United States 08 FEB 1986 East Rutherford
Tye Harvey   United States 03 MAR 2001 Atlanta
23 5.92 m (19 ft 5 in) Igor Potapovich   Kazakhstan 19 FEB 1998 Stockholm
Björn Otto   Germany 18 FEB 2012 Potsdam
25 5.91 m (19 ft 4+12 in) Joe Dial   United States 01 FEB 1986 Columbia
Viktor Ryzhenkov   Soviet Union 15 MAR 1991 San Sebastián
Timur Morgunov   Authorised Neutral Athletes 29 AUG 2018 Zürich

Women (indoor)Edit

Ath.# Perf.# Mark Athlete Nation Date Place Ref
1 1 5.03 m (16 ft 6 in) Jennifer Suhr   United States 30 JAN 2016 Brockport [49]
2 5.02 m (16 ft 5+12 in) A Suhr #2 02 MAR 2013 Albuquerque
2 3 5.01 m (16 ft 5 in) Yelena Isinbayeva   Russia 23 FEB 2012 Stockholm
4 5.00 m (16 ft 4+34 in) Isinbayeva #2 15 FEB 2009 Donetsk
5 4.97 m (16 ft 3+12 in) Isinbayeva #3 15 FEB 2009 Donetsk
6 4.95 m (16 ft 2+34 in) Isinbayeva #4 16 FEB 2008 Donetsk
3 6 4.95 m (16 ft 2+34 in) Sandi Morris   United States 12 MAR 2016 Portland
6 4.95 m (16 ft 2+34 in) Morris #2 03 MAR 2018 Birmingham
3 6 4.95 m (16 ft 2+34 in) Anzhelika Sidorova   Authorised Neutral Athletes 29 FEB 2020 Moscow [50]
5 10 4.94 m (16 ft 2+14 in) Katie Nageotte   United States 11 JUN 2021 Marietta
11 4.93 m (16 ft 2 in) Isinbayeva #5 10 FEB 2007 Donetsk
12 4.92 m (16 ft 1+12 in) Sidorova #2 25 FEB 2020 Moscow
13 4.91 m (16 ft 1+14 in) Isinbayeva #6 12 FEB 2006 Donetsk
Suhr #3 16 JAN 2016 Kent
13 4.91 m (16 ft 1+14 in) A Nageotte #2 18 FEB 2018 Albuquerque
13 4.91 m (16 ft 1+14 in) Sidorova #3 08 FEB 2019 Madrid
Morris #3 08 FEB 2020 New York City
18 4.90 m (16 ft 34 in) Isinbayeva #7 06 MAR 2005 Madrid
Isinbayeva #8 26 FEB 2009 Prague
6 18 4.90 m (16 ft 34 in) Katerina Stefanidi   Greece 20 FEB 2016 New York City [51]
Demi Payne   United States 20 FEB 2016 New York City [51]
18 4.90 m (16 ft 34 in) Suhr #4 12 MAR 2016 Portland
Suhr #5 17 MAR 2016 Portland
18 4.90 m (16 ft 34 in) A Morris #4 12 JAN 2018 Reno
18 4.90 m (16 ft 34 in) Sidorova #4 03 MAR 2018 Birmingham
18 4.90 m (16 ft 34 in) A Morris #5 15 FEB 2020 Albuquerque
18 4.90 m (16 ft 34 in) Sidorova #5 21 FEB 2021 Moscow
8 4.87 m (15 ft 11+12 in) Holly Bradshaw   United Kingdom 20 JAN 2012 Villeurbanne
9 4.85 m (15 ft 10+34 in) Svetlana Feofanova   Russia 22 FEB 2004 Peania
Anna Rogowska   Poland 06 MAR 2011 Paris
11 4.83 m (15 ft 10 in) Fabiana Murer   Brazil 07 FEB 2015 Nevers
12 4.82 m (15 ft 9+34 in) Yarisley Silva   Cuba 24 APR 2013 Des Moines
Alysha Newman   Canada 28 AUG 2019 Zürich [52]
14 4.81 m (15 ft 9+14 in) Stacy Dragila   United States 06 MAR 2004 Budapest
Nikoleta Kyriakopoulou   Greece 17 FEB 2016 Stockholm
Angelica Bengtsson   Sweden 24 FEB 2019 Clermont-Ferrand [53]
Polina Knoroz   Authorised Neutral Athletes 19 FEB 2022 Clermont-Ferrand [54]
18 4.80 m (15 ft 8+34 in) Nicole Büchler    Switzerland 17 MAR 2016 Portland
Iryna Zhuk   Belarus 17 FEB 2022 Liévin [55]
Tina Šutej   Slovenia 05 MAR 2022 Rouen [56][57]
21 4.78 m (15 ft 8 in) Robeilys Peinado   Venezuela 19 FEB 2020 Liévin [58]
Olivia Gruver   United States 07 FEB 2021 Fayetteville [59]
23 4.77 m (15 ft 7+34 in) Silke Spiegelburg   Germany 15 JAN 2012 Leverkusen
24 4.76 m (15 ft 7+14 in) Monika Pyrek   Poland 12 FEB 2006 Donetsk
25 4.75 m (15 ft 7 in) Yuliya Golubchikova   Russia 13 FEB 2008 Athens
25 4.75 m (15 ft 7 in) A Kylie Hutson   United States 02 MAR 2013 Albuquerque
25 4.75 m (15 ft 7 in) Lisa Ryzih   Germany 04 MAR 2017 Belgrade
Eliza McCartney   New Zealand 03 MAR 2018 Birmingham
Michaela Meijer   Sweden 10 FEB 2019 Bærum
Angelica Moser    Switzerland 06 MAR 2021 Toruń

Six metres clubEdit

The "six metres club" consists of pole vaulters who have reached at least 6.00 metres.[60] In 1985 Sergey Bubka became the first pole vaulter to clear six metres.

Mark Athlete Nation Outdoors Indoors Year first
cleared
6 metres
6.21 Armand Duplantis   Sweden 6.21 6.20 2018
6.16 Renaud Lavillenie   France 6.05 6.16 2009
6.15 Sergey Bubka   Soviet Union /   Ukraine 6.14 6.15 1985
6.06 Steve Hooker   Australia 6.00 6.06 2008
Sam Kendricks   United States 6.06 6.01 2017
6.05 Maksim Tarasov   Russia 6.05 6.00 1997
Dmitri Markov   Belarus /   Australia 6.05 5.85 1998
Chris Nilsen   United States 6.00 6.05 2022
6.04 Brad Walker   United States 6.04 5.86 2006
6.03 Okkert Brits   South Africa 6.03 5.90 1995
Jeff Hartwig   United States 6.03 6.02 1998
Thiago Braz   Brazil 6.03 5.95 2016
6.02 Radion Gataullin   Soviet Union /   Russia 6.00 6.02 1989
Piotr Lisek   Poland 6.02 6.00 2017
6.01 Igor Trandenkov   Russia 6.01 5.90 1996
Timothy Mack   United States 6.01 5.85 2004
Yevgeny Lukyanenko   Russia 6.01 5.90 2008
Björn Otto   Germany 6.01 5.92 2012
6.00 Tim Lobinger   Germany 6.00 5.95 1997
Jean Galfione   France 5.98 6.00 1999
Danny Ecker   Germany 5.93 6.00 2001
Toby Stevenson   United States 6.00 5.81 2004
Paul Burgess   Australia 6.00 5.80 2005
Shawnacy Barber   Canada 5.93 6.00 2016
Timur Morgunov   Authorised Neutral Athletes 6.00 5.91 2018
KC Lightfoot   United States 5.82 6.00 2021

Five metres clubEdit

Four women have cleared 5 metres. Yelena Isinbayeva was the first to clear 5.00 m (16 ft 4+34 in) on 22 July 2005. On 2 March 2013, Jennifer Suhr cleared 5.02 m (16 ft 5+12 in) indoors to become the second. Sandi Morris cleared 5.00 meters on 9 September 2016, to become the third. Anzhelika Sidorova cleared 5.01 m (16 ft 5 in) at the Diamond League final in Zürich on 9 September 2021.

Mark Athlete Nation Outdoors Indoors Year first

cleared 5 metres

5.06 Yelena Isinbayeva   Russia 5.06 5.01 2005
5.03 Jennifer Suhr   United States 4.93 5.03 2013
5.01 Anzhelika Sidorova   Authorised Neutral Athletes 5.01 4.95 2021
5.00 Sandi Morris   United States 5.00 4.95 2016

MilestonesEdit

This is a list of the first time a milestone mark was cleared.[61]

Mark Athlete Nation Date
13 ft (3.96 m) Robert Gardner   United States 1 June 1912
4 m (13 ft 1+12 in) Marc Wright   United States 8 June 1912
14 ft (4.27 m) Sabin Carr   United States 27 May 1927
4.5 m (14 ft 9 in) William Sefton[62]   United States 29 May 1937
15 ft (4.57 m) Cornelius "Dutch" Warmerdam   United States 13 April 1940
16 ft (4.88 m) John Uelses   United States 31 March 1962
5 m (16 ft 5 in) Brian Sternberg   United States 27 April 1963
17 ft (5.18 m) John Pennel   United States 24 August 1963
18 ft (5.49 m) Christos Papanikolaou   Greece 24 October 1970
5.5 m (18 ft 12 in) Kjell Isaksson   Sweden 8 April 1972
19 ft (5.79 m) Thierry Vigneron   France 20 June 1981
6 m (19 ft 8 in) Sergey Bubka   Soviet Union 13 July 1985
20 ft (6.10 m) Sergey Bubka   Soviet Union 16 March 1991 (indoors)
5 August 1991 (outdoors)

This is a list of the first-time milestones for women.

Mark Athlete Nation Date
4 m (13 ft 1+12 in) Zhang Chunzhen   China 24 March 1991
14 ft (4.27 m) Emma George[63]   Australia 17 December 1995
4.5 m (14 ft 9 in) Emma George   Australia 8 February 1997
15 ft (4.57 m) Emma George[64]   Australia 14 March 1998
16 ft (4.88 m) Svetlana Feofanova   Russia 4 July 2004
5 m (16 ft 5 in) Yelena Isinbayeva   Russia 22 July 2005

Olympic medalistsEdit

MenEdit

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1896 Athens
details
William Hoyt
  United States
Albert Tyler
  United States
Evangelos Damaskos
  Greece
Ioannis Theodoropoulos
  Greece
1900 Paris
details
Irving Baxter
  United States
Meredith Colket
  United States
Carl Albert Andersen
  Norway
1904 St. Louis
details
Charles Dvorak
  United States
LeRoy Samse
  United States
Louis Wilkins
  United States
1908 London
details
Edward Cook
  United States
none awarded Edward Archibald
  Canada
Clare Jacobs
  United States
Alfred Gilbert
  United States
Bruno Söderström
  Sweden
1912 Stockholm
details
Harry Babcock
  United States
Frank Nelson
  United States
William Halpenny
  Canada
Frank Murphy
  United States
Marc Wright
  United States
Bertil Uggla
  Sweden
1920 Antwerp
details
Frank Foss
  United States
Henry Petersen
  Denmark
Edwin Myers
  United States
1924 Paris
details
Lee Barnes
  United States
Glen Graham
  United States
James Brooker
  United States
1928 Amsterdam
details
Sabin Carr
  United States
William Droegemueller
  United States
Charles McGinnis
  United States
1932 Los Angeles
details
Bill Miller
  United States
Shuhei Nishida
  Japan
George Jefferson
  United States
1936 Berlin
details
Earle Meadows
  United States
Shuhei Nishida
  Japan
Sueo Ōe
  Japan
1948 London
details
Guinn Smith
  United States
Erkki Kataja
  Finland
Bob Richards
  United States
1952 Helsinki
details
Bob Richards
  United States
Don Laz
  United States
Ragnar Lundberg
  Sweden
1956 Melbourne
details
Bob Richards
  United States
Bob Gutowski
  United States
Georgios Roubanis
  Greece
1960 Rome
details
Don Bragg
  United States
Ron Morris
  United States
Eeles Landström
  Finland
1964 Tokyo
details
Fred Hansen
  United States
Wolfgang Reinhardt
  United Team of Germany
Klaus Lehnertz
  United Team of Germany
1968 Mexico City
details
Bob Seagren
  United States
Claus Schiprowski
  West Germany
Wolfgang Nordwig
  East Germany
1972 Munich
details
Wolfgang Nordwig
  East Germany
Bob Seagren
  United States
Jan Johnson
  United States
1976 Montreal
details
Tadeusz Ślusarski
  Poland
Antti Kalliomäki
  Finland
David Roberts
  United States
1980 Moscow
details
Władysław Kozakiewicz
  Poland
Tadeusz Ślusarski
  Poland
none awarded
Konstantin Volkov
  Soviet Union
1984 Los Angeles
details
Pierre Quinon
  France
Mike Tully
  United States
Earl Bell
  United States
Thierry Vigneron
  France
1988 Seoul
details
Sergey Bubka
  Soviet Union
Radion Gataullin
  Soviet Union
Grigoriy Yegorov
  Soviet Union
1992 Barcelona
details
Maksim Tarasov
  Unified Team
Igor Trandenkov
  Unified Team
Javier García
  Spain
1996 Atlanta
details
Jean Galfione
  France
Igor Trandenkov
  Russia
Andrei Tivontchik
  Germany
2000 Sydney
details
Nick Hysong
  United States
Lawrence Johnson
  United States
Maksim Tarasov
  Russia
2004 Athens
details
Timothy Mack
  United States
Toby Stevenson
  United States
Giuseppe Gibilisco
  Italy
2008 Beijing
details
Steve Hooker
  Australia
Yevgeny Lukyanenko
  Russia
Derek Miles
  United States
2012 London
details
Renaud Lavillenie
  France
Björn Otto
  Germany
Raphael Holzdeppe
  Germany
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Thiago Braz
  Brazil
Renaud Lavillenie
  France
Sam Kendricks
  United States
2020 Tokyo
details
Armand Duplantis
  Sweden
Chris Nilsen
  United States
Thiago Braz
  Brazil

WomenEdit

Games Gold Silver Bronze
2000 Sydney
details
Stacy Dragila
  United States
Tatiana Grigorieva
  Australia
Vala Flosadóttir
  Iceland
2004 Athens
details
Yelena Isinbayeva
  Russia
Svetlana Feofanova
  Russia
Anna Rogowska
  Poland
2008 Beijing
details
Yelena Isinbayeva
  Russia
Jennifer Stuczynski
  United States
Svetlana Feofanova
  Russia
2012 London
details
Jennifer Suhr
  United States
Yarisley Silva
  Cuba
Yelena Isinbayeva
  Russia
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Katerina Stefanidi
  Greece
Sandi Morris
  United States
Eliza McCartney
  New Zealand
2020 Tokyo
details
Katie Nageotte
  United States
Anzhelika Sidorova
  ROC
Holly Bradshaw
  Great Britain

World Championships medalistsEdit

MenEdit

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki
details
  Sergey Bubka (URS)   Konstantin Volkov (URS)   Atanas Tarev (BUL)
1987 Rome
details
  Sergey Bubka (URS)   Thierry Vigneron (FRA)   Radion Gataullin (URS)
1991 Tokyo
details
  Sergey Bubka (URS)   István Bagyula (HUN)   Maksim Tarasov (URS)
1993 Stuttgart
details
  Sergey Bubka (UKR)   Grigoriy Yegorov (KAZ)   Maksim Tarasov (RUS)
  Igor Trandenkov (RUS)
1995 Gothenburg
details
  Sergey Bubka (UKR)   Maksim Tarasov (RUS)   Jean Galfione (FRA)
1997 Athens
details
  Sergey Bubka (UKR)   Maksim Tarasov (RUS)   Dean Starkey (USA)
1999 Seville
details
  Maksim Tarasov (RUS)   Dmitri Markov (AUS)   Aleksandr Averbukh (ISR)
2001 Edmonton
details
  Dmitri Markov (AUS)   Aleksandr Averbukh (ISR)   Nick Hysong (USA)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
  Giuseppe Gibilisco (ITA)   Okkert Brits (RSA)   Patrik Kristiansson (SWE)
2005 Helsinki
details
  Rens Blom (NED)   Brad Walker (USA)   Pavel Gerasimov (RUS)
2007 Osaka
details
  Brad Walker (USA)   Romain Mesnil (FRA)   Danny Ecker (GER)
2009 Berlin
details
  Steve Hooker (AUS)   Romain Mesnil (FRA)   Renaud Lavillenie (FRA)
2011 Daegu
details
  Paweł Wojciechowski (POL)   Lázaro Borges (CUB)   Renaud Lavillenie (FRA)
2013 Moscow
details
  Raphael Holzdeppe (GER)   Renaud Lavillenie (FRA)   Björn Otto (GER)
2015 Beijing
details
  Shawnacy Barber (CAN)   Raphael Holzdeppe (GER)   Renaud Lavillenie (FRA)
  Pawel Wojciechowski (POL)
  Piotr Lisek (POL)
2017 London
details
  Sam Kendricks (USA)   Piotr Lisek (POL)   Renaud Lavillenie (FRA)
2019 Doha
details
  Sam Kendricks (USA)   Armand Duplantis (SWE)   Piotr Lisek (POL)
2022 Eugene
details
  Armand Duplantis (SWE)   Christopher Nilsen (USA)   Ernest John Obiena (PHL)

WomenEdit

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1999 Seville
details
  Stacy Dragila (USA)   Anzhela Balakhonova (UKR)   Tatiana Grigorieva (AUS)
2001 Edmonton
details
  Stacy Dragila (USA)   Svetlana Feofanova (RUS)   Monika Pyrek (POL)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
  Svetlana Feofanova (RUS)   Annika Becker (GER)   Yelena Isinbayeva (RUS)
2005 Helsinki
details
  Yelena Isinbayeva (RUS)   Monika Pyrek (POL)   Pavla Hamáčková (CZE)
2007 Osaka
details
  Yelena Isinbayeva (RUS)   Kateřina Baďurová (CZE)   Svetlana Feofanova (RUS)
2009 Berlin
details
  Anna Rogowska (POL)   Chelsea Johnson (USA)
  Monika Pyrek (POL)
none awarded
2011 Daegu
details
  Fabiana Murer (BRA)   Martina Strutz (GER)   Svetlana Feofanova (RUS)
2013 Moscow
details
  Yelena Isinbayeva (RUS)   Jenn Suhr (USA)   Yarisley Silva (CUB)
2015 Beijing
details
  Yarisley Silva (CUB)   Fabiana Murer (BRA)   Nikoleta Kyriakopoulou (GRE)
2017 London
details
  Ekaterini Stefanidi (GRE)   Sandi Morris (USA)   Robeilys Peinado (VEN)
  Yarisley Silva (CUB)
2019 Doha
details
  Anzhelika Sidorova (ANA)   Sandi Morris (USA)   Katerina Stefanidi (GRE)
2022 Eugene
details
  Katie Nageotte (USA)   Sandi Morris (USA)   Nina Kennedy (AUS)

World Indoor Championships medalistsEdit

MenEdit

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1985 Paris[A]
details
  Sergey Bubka (URS)   Thierry Vigneron (FRA)   Vasiliy Bubka (URS)
1987 Indianapolis
details
  Sergey Bubka (URS)   Earl Bell (USA)   Thierry Vigneron (FRA)
1989 Budapest
details
  Radion Gataullin (URS)   Grigoriy Yegorov (URS)   Joe Dial (USA)
1991 Seville
details
  Sergey Bubka (URS)   Viktor Ryzhenkov (URS)   Ferenc Salbert (FRA)
1993 Toronto
details
  Radion Gataullin (RUS)   Grigoriy Yegorov (KAZ)   Jean Galfione (FRA)
1995 Barcelona
details
  Sergey Bubka (UKR)   Igor Potapovich (KAZ)   Okkert Brits (RSA)
  Andrei Tivontchik (GER)
1997 Paris
details
  Igor Potapovich (KAZ)   Lawrence Johnson (USA)   Maksim Tarasov (RUS)
1999 Maebashi
details
  Jean Galfione (FRA)   Jeff Hartwig (USA)   Danny Ecker (GER)
2001 Lisbon
details
  Lawrence Johnson (USA)   Tye Harvey (USA)   Romain Mesnil (FRA)
2003 Birmingham
details
  Tim Lobinger (GER)   Michael Stolle (GER)   Rens Blom (NED)
2004 Budapest
details
  Igor Pavlov (RUS)   Adam Ptáček (CZE)   Denys Yurchenko (UKR)
2006 Moscow
details
  Brad Walker (USA)   Alhaji Jeng (SWE)   Tim Lobinger (GER)
2008 Valencia
details
  Yevgeny Lukyanenko (RUS)   Brad Walker (USA)   Steve Hooker (AUS)
2010 Doha
details
  Steve Hooker (AUS)   Malte Mohr (GER)   Alexander Straub (GER)
2012 Istanbul
details
  Renaud Lavillenie (FRA)   Björn Otto (GER)   Brad Walker (USA)
2014 Sopot
details
  Konstadinos Filippidis (GRE)   Malte Mohr (GER)   Jan Kudlička (CZE)
2016 Portland
details
  Renaud Lavillenie (FRA)   Sam Kendricks (USA)   Piotr Lisek (POL)
2018 Birmingham
details
  Renaud Lavillenie (FRA)   Sam Kendricks (USA)   Piotr Lisek (POL)
2022 Belgrade
details
  Armand Duplantis (SWE)   Thiago Braz (BRA)   Chris Nilsen (USA)
  • A Known as the World Indoor Games

WomenEdit

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1997 Paris
details
  Stacy Dragila (USA)   Emma George (AUS)   Cai Weiyan (CHN)
1999 Maebashi
details
  Nastja Ryshich (GER)   Vala Flosadóttir (ISL)   Nicole Humbert (GER)
  Zsuzsanna Szabó-Olgyai (HUN)
2001 Lisbon
details
  Pavla Hamáčková (CZE)   Svetlana Feofanova (RUS)
  Kellie Suttle (USA)
none awarded
2003 Birmingham
details
  Svetlana Feofanova (RUS)   Yelena Isinbayeva (RUS)   Monika Pyrek (POL)
2004 Budapest
details
  Yelena Isinbayeva (RUS)   Stacy Dragila (USA)   Svetlana Feofanova (RUS)
2006 Moscow
details
  Yelena Isinbayeva (RUS)   Anna Rogowska (POL)   Svetlana Feofanova (RUS)
2008 Valencia
details
  Yelena Isinbayeva (RUS)   Jennifer Stuczynski (USA)   Fabiana Murer (BRA)
  Monika Pyrek (POL)
2010 Doha
details
  Fabiana Murer (BRA)   Svetlana Feofanova (RUS)   Anna Rogowska (POL)
2012 Istanbul
details
  Yelena Isinbayeva (RUS)   Vanessa Boslak (FRA)   Holly Bleasdale (GBR)
2014 Sopot
details
  Yarisley Silva (CUB)   Anzhelika Sidorova (RUS)
  Jiřina Svobodová (CZE)
none awarded
2016 Portland
details
  Jennifer Suhr (USA)   Sandi Morris (USA)   Katerina Stefanidi (GRE)
2018 Birmingham
details
  Sandi Morris (USA)   Anzhelika Sidorova (ANA)   Katerina Stefanidi (GRE)
2022 Belgrade
details
  Sandi Morris (USA)   Katie Nageotte (USA)   Tina Šutej (SLO)

Season's bestsEdit

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ Rosenbaum, Mike. Yelena Isinbayeva: Pole Vault Record-Breaker. About Track and Field. Retrieved on 25 January 2014.
  2. ^ Rudman, Steve (31 May 2013). Huskies vault legend Brian Sternberg (1943–13). Sports Press NW. Retrieved on 25 January 2014.
  3. ^ "Info". Polsstokverspringen/ Fierljeppen Holland. 5 September 2012. Archived from the original on 2 October 2012. Retrieved 7 September 2012.
  4. ^ Jan., Johnson (2007). Illustrated history of the pole vault. VerSteeg, Russ., Kring, Ray. Norwich, CT: [publisher not identified]. p. 19. ISBN 9780979174605. OCLC 191809409.
  5. ^ Turnbull, Simon (13 June 2009). Kate Dennison: 'It helps being a little bit crazy'. The Independent. Retrieved on 15 June 2009.
  6. ^ Leutzinger, Dick (23 May 1963). "Fiber glass brings better – but sloppier – vaults". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). p. 3D.
  7. ^ "Man who broke 15 feet defends fiberglass pole". Ocala Star-Banner. (Florida). Associated Press. 7 February 1962. p. 10.
  8. ^ "12th IAAF World Championships In Athletics: IAAF Statistics Handbook. Berlin 2009" (PDF). Monte Carlo: IAAF Media & Public Relations Department. 2009. p. 546. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 June 2011. Retrieved 17 August 2009.
  9. ^ McCormick, Matthew. "Soaring to New Heights: The Evolution of Pole Vaulting and Pole Materials" Archived 26 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine. Illumin. Retrieved on 25 January 2014.
  10. ^ McGinnis, Peter (December 2015). "Mechanics of the pole vault" (PDF). usatf.org.
  11. ^ "How to Do the Pole Vault in Track and Field". ThoughtCo. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  12. ^ Pole Vault – men – senior – outdoor. World Athletics. Retrieved on 25 July 2021.
  13. ^ Pole Vault – women – senior – outdoor. World Athletics. Retrieved on 9 July 2021.
  14. ^ Pole Vault – men – senior – indoor. World Athletics. Retrieved on 9 July 2021.
  15. ^ Pole Vault – women – senior – indoor. World Athletics. Retrieved on 9 July 2021.
  16. ^ Simon Turnbull (30 June 2022). "Duplantis scales 6.16m in Stockholm for highest ever outdoor vault". World Athletics. Retrieved 1 July 2022.
  17. ^ Chris Broadbent (6 August 2022). "Fraser-Pryce flies to world-leading 10.66 in Silesia". World Athletics. Retrieved 19 August 2022.
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  62. ^ Note: Earle Meadows cleared the same height minutes later in the same competition
  63. ^ Note: George cleared 4.28 m (14 ft 12 in)
  64. ^ Note: George cleared 4.58 m (15 ft 14 in)

External linksEdit