Richard James Codey (born November 27, 1946) is an American Democratic Party politician who served as the 53rd Governor of New Jersey from 2004 to 2006. He has served in the New Jersey Senate since 1982 and served as the President of the Senate from 2002 to 2010. He represents the 27th Legislative District, which covers the western portions of Essex County and the southeastern portion of Morris County. Codey is the longest-serving state legislator in New Jersey history, having served in the New Jersey Legislature continuously since January 8, 1974.
|53rd Governor of New Jersey|
November 15, 2004 – January 17, 2006
|Preceded by||Jim McGreevey|
|Succeeded by||Jon Corzine|
|Governor of New Jersey |
January 12, 2002 – January 15, 2002
|Preceded by||John Bennett (Acting)|
|Succeeded by||Jim McGreevey (Governor)|
|President of the New Jersey Senate|
January 8, 2008 – January 12, 2010
|Preceded by||Bernard Kenny|
|Succeeded by||Stephen Sweeney|
January 8, 2002 – January 7, 2008
Co-Presidency with John Bennett until January 13, 2004
|Preceded by||Donald DiFrancesco|
|Succeeded by||Bernard Kenny|
|Member of the New Jersey Senate|
from the 27th district
Assumed office |
January 12, 1982
|Preceded by||Carmen Orechio|
|Member of the New Jersey General Assembly|
from the 26th district
January 8, 1974 – January 12, 1982
|Preceded by||District created|
Richard James Codey|
November 27, 1946
Orange, New Jersey, U.S.
Mary Rolli (m. 1981)
|Alma mater||Fairleigh Dickinson University|
Codey grew up in his family's funeral home in Orange. He attended Our Lady of the Valley High School and transferred to Orange High School, neither of them successfully, before switching to Oratory Preparatory School in Summit, from which he graduated. He went on to take over his father's job as a licensed funeral director. When his father, Donald, became the county coroner, Richard was drafted to help with death scene pickups. Codey remembered, "I was 14, taking bodies out of train wrecks. You grow up quick." Codey has described himself as "100% Irish".
Codey left the funeral trade to try his hand in politics in 1973 when he was first elected to the State Assembly, with Eldridge Hawkins as his running mate. He served in the Assembly from 1974 to 1982. In 1981 he earned a bachelor's degree in education from Fairleigh Dickinson University. Codey was elected to the State Senate that same year and has since risen through the ranks to become Senate President. He first ascended to that post in 2002 to 2010. He serves in the Senate on the Legislative Services Commission. He also has a hockey arena named in his honor, also known as South Mountain Arena in West Orange, New Jersey.
Acting governor, 2002
Following Governor Christine Todd Whitman's resignation in 2001 to become head of the EPA, Codey was one of three different senate presidents (along with Donald DiFrancesco and John O. Bennett, along with Attorney General John Farmer) to serve as acting governor for the one-year period between Whitman's resignation and Jim McGreevey's inauguration in January 2002. DiFrancesco served as acting governor for all but the last week of this period, until his term as senate president ended. As attorney general, Farmer then served as acting governor for ninety minutes, until the election of Bennett and Codey as co-presidents of the senate. The latter two then divided the last week of the term between them, with Codey serving for three days, from January 12, 2002, to January 15, 2002, leading to a situation in which the state had five different people serving as governor during a period of eight days.
Governor of New Jersey, 2004–2006
Codey became acting governor again with the resignation of Jim McGreevey on November 15, 2004. According to the New Jersey State Constitution at the time, in the event of a vacancy in the governor's office, the President of the State Senate takes on the additional position of acting governor until the next gubernatorial election. After taking over in 2004 Codey became popular with many New Jersey residents and reportedly considered a run for a full four-year term. However, U.S. Senator Jon Corzine's large number of endorsements as well as his large campaign war chest, funded primarily by his great personal wealth, convinced Codey to announce officially on January 31, 2005 that he would step aside. Codey served as governor until Corzine was sworn in on January 17, 2006 following Corzine's victory in the November 8, 2005 elections. Some had speculated that Codey could be a possible candidate for Corzine's vacant seat in the United States Senate, with Corzine appointing his own successor once he was sworn in as governor. However, Codey announced on November 23, 2005 that he was not interested in the Senate seat.
With the passage on November 8, 2005, of a constitutional amendment creating the position of lieutenant governor, Codey became the last person to serve simultaneously as governor and senate president.
On January 9, 2006, Codey became governor (no longer acting governor) as a result of his signing legislation that provided that a person who serves as acting governor for a continuous period of at least 180 days will be "Governor of the State of New Jersey" for official and historical purposes. This law was made retroactive to 2001, covering both Codey's service after McGreevey's resignation and the service of Donald DiFrancesco following the resignation of Governor Christine Todd Whitman in 2001. This made DiFrancesco New Jersey's 51st governor and Codey the 53rd.
Codey is an advocate of mental health awareness and strongly favors including mental health funding in employee medical benefit packages and Medicare. Both Codey and his wife, Mary Jo, have spoken candidly about her past struggles with postpartum depression. In early 2005, Codey responded in person to New Jersey 101.5 talk radio host Craig Carton, who jokingly criticized Mary Jo and her mental health on the air. Some argue that Codey's comments were a physical threat against the radio personality. The Governor himself admits to telling Carton during the altercation that he wished he could "take [Carton] outside", while in the presence of the six New Jersey State Policemen who were serving as his personal bodyguards. There was some speculation that this incident helped Codey decide not to run for a full term as governor. In July 2005, Codey also defended actress Brooke Shields after she faced criticism for discussing her postpartum depression. In December 2005, Codey appeared on Carton's radio program to help put the incident behind both of them.
Codey appointed Mary Jane Cooper to be New Jersey's first-ever Inspector General, a position created to root out waste and mismanagement in government. Codey added $7 million in new funding to agencies devoted to public accountability, per the recommendations that resulted from an audit of state ethics codes that he commissioned. In March 2005, Codey cracked down on pay to play when he signed a law banning campaign contributions by businesses holding state contracts in several circumstances.
As governor, Codey championed a bill to ban smoking from indoor spaces in the state, more money for stem cell research, increased funding for mental health, and sports. Codey created a task force to recommend ways to end steroid abuse in high school and college sports in the state. The task force established drug testing for high school athletes on teams that play in the championships, with the state paying for the drug testing program. He also successfully negotiated for MetLife Stadium, which was constructed jointly by the New York Giants and New York Jets.
In December 2005, Codey announced he was not accepting a new state slogan recommended by the State Commerce Department, following a study by a marketing consultant, which was paid for by the state. He said he felt the slogan "We'll win you over" made the state seem desperate. Governor Codey openly solicited slogan suggestions from citizens and then choose five finalists, which he opened to a vote from the public. Days prior to leaving the governor's office, Codey announced the winner: "New Jersey: Come See for Yourself".
Shortly before leaving office, Codey signed the first legislative moratorium on capital punishment enacted by any state in the nation. The moratorium ended with the permanent ban of capital punishment by Codey's successor, Jon Corzine.
As Corzine attended the swearing in of Bob Menendez as a U.S. Senator on January 18, 2006, in Washington, D.C., Codey spent part of his first day as former governor as the acting governor of the state.
Return to Senate service
Codey was re-elected to the New Jersey Senate in 2007. Codey represents the 27th Legislative District together with Assemblyman John F. McKeon, who was coincidentally also the mayor of West Orange, a town in Essex County, New Jersey, where Senator Codey's family was raised. Codey and his family lived in West Orange until 2009, when they moved to neighboring Roseland. The other Assembly seat is occupied by Mila Jasey, who was elected to fill the seat in November 2007 after the resignation of Mims Hackett on September 8, 2007.
In September, 2006, during Menendez's re-election campaign for his U.S. Senate seat, it was revealed that Menendez was the subject of an ongoing federal criminal investigation. The situation closely resembles the situation faced by Robert Torricelli in his 2002 re-election campaign, where ethical problems and declining poll numbers led to Torricelli exiting the race, to be replaced as the Democratic candidate by former senator Frank Lautenberg. Political observers speculated that Codey could be tapped to fill the candidate's slot should Menendez decide to withdraw from the race. However, on November 7, 2006, Menendez was elected to a full term.
Codey briefly resigned as President of the Senate for one day in January 2008 in order to let retiring Sen. Bernard Kenny of Hoboken to serve as Senate President on his last day in office. Senator Kenny had served as Senate Majority Leader under Codey. Kenny served as Senate President from January 7 to January 8, when Senator Codey was reelected to the Senate Presidency for the next legislative session.
Acting governor during Corzine's recovery, in 2007
On April 12, 2007, Codey became Acting Governor of New Jersey when Corzine was incapacitated due to serious injuries suffered in a car accident that day. Codey became acting governor since New Jersey did not have the position of lieutenant governor until after the 2009 election. Corzine resumed his duties as governor on May 7, 2007.
Potential gubernatorial candidate in 2009
The Obama administration approached Codey in 2009 to consider running for governor in Corzine's place if the incumbent withdrew from his reelection bid, citing polls showing that Codey led Republican Chris Christie. Corzine remained in the race and lost to Christie.
Public opinion summary
Former Governor Jim McGreevey was the 11th governor in the history of the United States to resign due to a political scandal. In August 2004, just after McGreevey announced his intention to leave the office that November, Fairleigh Dickinson University's PublicMind measured public views of his soon-to-be successor, Richard Codey, president of the New Jersey Senate. In a study released on August 16, 2004, FDU reported that 68% of New Jersey voters did not recognize Richard Codey's name. Nevertheless, 30% of voters shared a favorable view of him while only 9% reported an unfavorable view.
Even two months later, in early October 2004, FDU's poll release entitled "Richard Who?" found that, despite that Codey would soon take over as governor from McGreevey, the name Richard Codey remained unknown to 59% of New Jersey voters. However, voters who knew him held distinctly more favorable than unfavorable views by a two to one ratio, (23%–10%).
By early January 2005, when PublicMind again conducted a statewide study in which voters were asked: "Have you heard of Richard Codey?," the numbers showed that 35% of New Jersey voters still did not recognize Codey's name. However, 48% had a favorable view of him compared to 7% of those who had an unfavorable view, "a formidable 7:1 ratio" said the press release.
According to the next FDU PublicMind poll released on April 13, 2005, Gov. Codey's recognition had improved significantly since the previous August when former Gov. McGreevey announced his resignation. Five months after assuming office, four of five voters (78%) recognized his name, (a 46-point increase from August 2004). In addition, voters were twice as likely to have a favorable view (51%) as opposed to an unfavorable view (25%) of the governor, a two-to-one ratio despite that three in five (59%) also lamented the state was "on the wrong track."
In a study conducted by FDU's PublicMind on July 21, 2005, results showed that 51% of NJ voters believed the state was on the wrong track. Nevertheless, their concerns about the state's problems did not impact the image of Gov. Codey. Numbers indicated that half of voters in New Jersey rated Codey's performance as excellent or good. Only 8% reported that he was doing a poor job. Dr. Peter J. Woolley, professor of political science and Executive Director of PublicMind commented: "That's pretty good for New Jersey… Codey's plain spoken approach seems to soften people's views of the state's problems."
According to a PublicMind poll released September 27, 2005, a total of 21% of New Jersey voters still did not recognize their incumbent governor Richard Codey. However, this was a remarkable increase in recognition from six months earlier, when 35% of voters failed to recognize his name. In addition, more than half of voters (57%) agreed that his performance could be considered "good" or "excellent."
A few months later, a sizable majority of New Jersey voters still retained a favorable view of the new governor. A PublicMind study released on November 22, 2005 indicated that 65% of voters shared a favorable view of Gov. Codey compared to 11% who held an unfavorable view.
As Gov. Codey prepared to leave office, making way for newly elected governor Jon Corzine, a FDU PublicMind study released on January 12, 2006 showed that 48% of voters said the state was "on the wrong track" while 34% said it was headed in the right direction. However, though voters had a negative view of the direction of state, their view of Gov. Codey was strongly positive. In that same study, 68% of voters who recognized Gov. Codey had a favorable opinion of him and the pollsters noted that the outgoing governor had "an impressive 5:1 ratio of favorable to unfavorable opinion".
Out of the governor's office for over five years, Codey continued to make headlines as a prospective candidate for that office. In a FDU PublicMind Poll released September 27, 2011, voters were asked "If you could pick a Democrat to run against Chris Christie for governor, who would you prefer?" Richard Codey came up as the most adequate candidate at 18% among other well-known Democrats like Cory Booker and Frank Pallone.
In 2011, former Gov. Codey also published his autobiography entitled Me, Governor?, a humorous autobiography in which he discusses various chapters of his life as governor of New Jersey. In a section of his book, he cites a FDU PublicMind poll study that was conducted about three years after he left office. According to the results from the poll on March 4, 2009, he was still the most popular politician in the state of New Jersey with 41% favorable over 15% unfavorable views. Woolley was quoted in the text saying, "If he could sing, he'd be a rock star."
- Virginia Bauer, Secretary of Commerce, Economic Growth and Tourism
- George Hayman, Acting Commissioner of Corrections (as of January 3, 2006)
- Donald Bryan, Acting Commissioner of Banking and Insurance
- Peter Cammarano, Chief of staff to the governor
- Bradley Campbell, Commissioner of Environmental Protection
- Thomas Carver, Commissioner of Labor and Workforce Development (until October 2005)
- James Davy, Commissioner of Human Services
- Lucille Davy, Acting Commissioner of Education (from September 2005)
- Paul Fader, Chief Counsel to the governor
- Jeanne Fox, President of the Board of Public Utilities
- Col. Joseph Fuentes, Superintendent of the State Police
- Peter C. Harvey, State Attorney General
- Dr. Fred Jacobs, Commissioner of Health and Senior Services
- Charles Kuperus, Secretary of Agriculture
- John Lettiere, Commissioner of Transportation
- Susan Bass Levin, Commissioner of Community Affairs (until June 2005)
- William Librera, Commissioner of Education (until September 2005)
- John McCormac, State Treasurer
- Charles Richman, Acting Commissioner of Community Affairs (from June 2005)
- Major Gen. Glenn K. Rieth, Adjutant General
- A.J. Sabath, Commissioner of Labor and Workforce Development (from October 2005)
- Seema Singh, Ratepayer Advocate
- Regena Thomas, Secretary of State of New Jersey
- Rolando Torres, Commissioner of Personnel
|Democratic||Richard J. Codey (incumbent)||34,291||59.3|
|Democratic||Richard J. Codey (incumbent)||27,089||61.8|
|Republican||William H. Eames||16,741||38.2|
|Democratic||Richard J. Codey (incumbent)||23,631||78.8|
|Republican||Joseph A. Fischer||6,368||21.2|
- Codey, Richard J. Me, Governor?: My Life in the Rough-and-tumble World of New Jersey Politics, p. 28. Accessed December 3, 2017. "From Saint John's, I went to Our Lady of the Valley High School until my father and the priests agreed that my clowning might be better appreciated elsewhere. Throwing frogs around a biology class with some friends was my final act as a student at the Valley."
- Golway, Terry. "ON POLITICS; The Bishops, in Codey, Have a New Target", The New York Times, November 14, 2004. Accessed November 3, 2007. "He is a graduate of Oratory Prep in Summit, and his wife, Mary Jo, attended Caldwell College and Seton Hall, all Catholic institutions."
- Richard J. Codey NNDB Biography
- Rible/Rumana want Thomas Nast off NJ Hall of Fame ballot, New Jersey Assembly Republicans, December 14, 2011. Accessed March 5, 2012. "State Sen. Richard Codey, a former governor who proudly described himself as '100% Irish,' was less quick to judge. 'No one hates a stereotype more than me,' he said. 'But it seems that [Nast] just went along with the thinking of the time. I don't think he should be crucified for that.'"
- Edge, Wally (January 7, 2008). "The one that starts in the 1960s and ends with Codey". PolitickerNJ. Retrieved May 17, 2009.
- Richard J. Codey New Jersey legislature web page, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed April 15, 2008.
- Staff. "N.J.'S LINE OF SUCCESSION / A SIMPLE FIX", The Press of Atlantic City, November 11, 2002. accessed June 22, 2012. "Thanks to an unusual set of circumstances and a flaw in the state constitution, New Jersey had five different governors over eight days at the beginning of the year. Even for New Jersey, this was pretty bizarre."
- Jones, Richard Lezin. "WORTH NOTING; How Many Governors Does It Take?", The New York Times, January 22, 2006. Accessed June 22, 2012.
- "Codey Signs Pay-To-Play Ban into Law" (Press release). Office of the Governor of New Jersey. March 22, 2005.
- Editorial. "The Record: Fighting steroid abuse", The Record (Bergen County), March 15, 2010. Accessed June 22, 2012. "Codey's bill would require the state Department of Education and the New Jersey State Interscholastic Athletic Association to randomly test athletes taking part in championship tournaments."
- Belson, Ken. "In East Rutherford, N.J., New Football Stadium, but at Whose Cost?", The New York Times, October 10, 2009. Accessed June 24, 2012. "That deal was brokered by Richard J. Codey, the president of the State Senate, who was then acting governor. The agreement broke a logjam among critics on the authority's board who thought the teams were getting a sweetheart deal."
- Kelly, Mike. "A sitcom: Slogan's zeroes". The Record (Bergen County), November 1, 2005, accessed April 15, 2007, "Acting Governor Codey could barely contain his disappointment with the proposed "We'll win you over" slogan. Too negative, he complained as he ordered a rewrite. It seems the line caused Codey to recall a desperate moment from his bachelor days, when he asked a hard-to-get woman for a date. She said no, but Codey pleaded for just one date so he could win her over."
- Codey Announces Winning State Tourism Slogan, press release dated January 12, 2006, accessed April 15, 2007. "Governor Richard J. Codey today revealed the people's choice for the state's new tourism slogan: 'New Jersey: Come See for Yourself'."
- via Reuters. "New Jersey lawmakers approved moratorium on capital punishment", Toledo Blade, January 10, 2006. Accessed June 24, 2012.
- via Associated Press. "Hackett resigns, Steele to quit Monday after corruption arrests", Newsday, September 8, 2007. Accessed September 8, 2007. "State Assemblyman Alfred Steele, one of 11 public officials arrested Thursday in a federal corruption sting, said Saturday that he would resign Monday from the legislature. The announcement by Steele, a Democrat from Passaic, came less than a day after the other assemblyman arrested, Mims Hackett Jr., had stepped down."
- The Hotline – National Journal's Daily Briefing on Politics, National Journal Group, Sept. 28, 2006 (subscription required)
- David Kocieniewski and David W. Chen, "New Jersey Governor Is Injured in Car Crash", The New York Times, April 13, 2007.
- Margolin, Joshua. "Gov. Corzine's N.J. re-election bid nearly abandoned as White House concerns grew" The Star-Ledger, November 4, 2009.
- Former Governor Jim McGreevey was the 11th governor in the history of the United States to resign due to a political scandal
- Fairleigh Dickinson University's PublicMind, (August 16, 2004). Special Election? Republicans, Independents...yes Democrats...no. (press release)
- Fairleigh Dickinson University's PublicMind, (October 1, 2004). Richard Who? (press release)
- Fairleigh Dickinson University's PublicMind, (January 10, 2005). “Richard Who?” Weighs in as Underdog (press release)
- Fairleigh Dickinson University's PublicMind, (April 13, 2005) The Honeymoon is Over (press release)
- Fairleigh Dickinson University's PublicMind, (July 21, 2005). Corzine Leads; Codey Wins (press release)
- Fairleigh Dickinson University's PublicMind, (September 27, 2005). No Traction for Challengers (press release)
- Fairleigh Dickinson University's PublicMind, (November 22, 2005). Codey a Tough Act (press release)
- Fairleigh Dickinson University's PublicMind, (January 12, 2006).Corzine Has Tough Acts to Follow (press release)
- Fairleigh Dickinson University's PublicMind, (September 27, 2011). Christie Approvals Bounce Back (press release)
- Fairleigh Dickinson University's PublicMind, (March 4, 2009). Corzine, Like Economy, Lags in New Jersey
- Codey, Richard J., and Stephen Seplow. Me, Governor?: My Life in the Rough-and-tumble World of New Jersey Politics. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers UP, 2011. Print.
- "Official List Candidates for State Senate For GENERAL ELECTION 11/05/2015 Election" (PDF). Secretary of State of New Jersey. December 4, 2013. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
- Official List Candidate Returns for State Senate For November 2011 General Election, New Jersey Department of State, December 14, 2011. Accessed June 24, 2012.
- Official List Candidate Returns for State Senate For November 2007 General Election, New Jersey Department of State, December 3, 2007. Accessed June 24, 2012.
- Richard Codey's 2011 Campaign web page
- New Jersey legislative web page, New Jersey Legislature
- New Jersey Legislature financial disclosure forms
- New Jersey Governor Richard J. Codey, National Governors Association
- New Jersey Senate Democrats Website Biography
- New Jersey Voter Information Website 2003
- Appearances on C-SPAN
|New Jersey General Assembly|
| Member of the New Jersey Assembly
from the 26th district
January 8, 1974 – January 12, 1982
With: Eldridge Hawkins, Mildred Barry Garvin
|New Jersey Senate|
| Member of the New Jersey Senate
from the 27th district
January 12, 1982 – present
| President of the New Jersey Senate
Served alongside: John Bennett (2002–2004)
| President of the New Jersey Senate
| Governor of New Jersey
| Governor of New Jersey