Gannett Co., Inc. (//) is an American mass media holding company headquartered in Tysons, Virginia, in the Washington, D.C., metropolitan area. It is the largest U.S. newspaper publisher as measured by total daily circulation. It is wholly owned by the Japanese multinational company SoftBank Group.
|Founded||October 6, 1906|
|Successor||Tegna Inc. (Broadcasting)|
|Headquarters||Tysons, Virginia, U.S.|
|Revenue||US$ 2.9 billion (2022)|
|–US$ 146 million (2019)|
|–US$ 119 million (2019)|
|Total assets||US$ 4.02 billion (2019)|
|Total equity||US$ 981 million (2019)|
Number of employees
|Parent||New Media Investment Group|
(owned by Fortress Investment Group - itself wholly owned by SoftBank Group)
|Divisions||Publishing/Digital Marketing Solutions|
It owns the national newspaper USA Today, as well as several local newspapers, including the Detroit Free Press; The Indianapolis Star; The Cincinnati Enquirer; The Columbus Dispatch; The Florida Times-Union in Jacksonville, Florida; The Tennessean in Nashville, Tennessee; The Daily News Journal, in Murfreesboro, Tennessee; The Courier-Journal in Louisville, Kentucky; the Democrat and Chronicle in Rochester, New York; The Des Moines Register; the El Paso Times; The Arizona Republic in Phoenix, Arizona; The News-Press in Fort Myers, Florida; the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel; and the Great Falls Tribune in Great Falls, Montana.
In 2015, Gannett split into two publicly traded companies, one focusing on newspapers and publishing and the other on broadcasting. The broadcasting company took the name Tegna, and owns about 68 TV stations. The newspaper company inherited the Gannett name. The split was structured so that Tegna is the legal successor of the old Gannett, while the new Gannett is a spin-off.
In November 2019, New Media Investment Group acquired and merged its GateHouse Media subsidiary into Gannett, creating the largest newspaper publisher in the United States, which adopted the Gannett name. Mike Reed was named CEO.
This section needs expansion with: information on Gannett's early history (1923–1986). You can help by adding to it. (October 2012)
Gannett Company, Inc., was formed in 1923 by Frank Gannett in Rochester, New York, as an outgrowth of the Elmira Gazette, a newspaper business he had begun in Elmira, New York, in 1906. Gannett, who was known as a conservative, gained fame and fortune by purchasing small independent newspapers and developing them into a large chain, a 20th-century trend that helped the newspaper industry remain financially viable. By 1979, the chain had grown to 79 newspapers.
In 1979, Gannett acquired Combined Communications Corp., operator of 2 major daily newspapers, the Oakland Tribune and The Cincinnati Enquirer, seven television stations, 13 radio stations, as well as an outdoor advertising division, for $370 million. The outdoor advertising became known as Gannett Outdoor, before being acquired by Outdoor Systems (previously a division of 3M), before the company was sold to Infinity Broadcasting, which later became part of Viacom, and was part of CBS Corporation, until 2014 when CBS Outdoor went independent and became Outfront Media.
Gannett's oldest newspaper is the Berrow's Worcester Journal based in Worcester, England and founded in 1690. In the United States the oldest newspapers still in circulation are the Poughkeepsie Journal, founded in Poughkeepsie, New York in 1785, and The Leaf-Chronicle founded in Clarksville, Tennessee in 1808.
The company was headquartered in Rochester until 1986, when it moved to Arlington County, Virginia. Its former headquarters building, the Gannett Building, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1985.
Beginning in 2005 at the Fort Myers News-Press, Gannett pioneered the mojo concept of mobile multimedia journalists, reporters who were initially untethered from conventional newsrooms and drove around their communities filing hyperlocal news in various formats including text for print publication, still photos for print and online publication, and audio and video for the News-Press website. The practice has spread throughout the chain.
In 2010, Gannett increased executive salaries and bonuses; for example, Bob Dickey, Gannett's U.S. newspapers division president, was paid $3.4 million in 2010, up from $1.9 million the previous year. The next year, the company laid off 700 U.S. employees to cut costs. In the memo announcing the layoffs, Dickey wrote, "While we have sought many ways to reduce costs, I regret to tell you that we will not be able to avoid layoffs."
On March 7, 2011, Gannett replaced the stylized "G" logo in use since the 1970s (notably used on its TV stations as a corporate/local ID with different animations), and adopted a new company tagline: "It's all within reach."
In February 2012, Gannett announced that it would implement a paywall system across all of its daily newspaper websites, with non-subscriber access limited to between five and fifteen articles per month, varying by newspaper. The USA Today website became the only one to allow unrestricted access.
On March 24, 2012, the company announced that it would discipline 25 employees in Wisconsin who had signed the petition to recall Governor Scott Walker, stating that this open public participation in a political process was a violation of the company's code of journalistic ethics and that their primary responsibility as journalists was to maintain credibility and public trust in themselves and the organization.
On August 21, 2012, Gannett acquired Blinq Media.
Around the first week of October 2012, Gannett entered a dispute against Dish Network regarding compensation fees and Dish's AutoHop commercial-skip feature on its Hopper digital video recorders. Gannett ordered that Dish discontinue AutoHop on the account that it is affecting advertising revenues for Gannett's television station. Gannett threatened to pull all of its stations should the skirmish continue beyond October 7, and Dish and Gannett fail to reach an agreement. The two parties eventually reached an agreement after extending the deadline for a few hours.
Acquisition of Belo Corporation Edit
On June 13, 2013, Gannett announced plans to buy Dallas-based Belo Corporation for $1.5 billion and the assumption of debt. The purchase would add 20 additional stations to Gannett's portfolio and make the company the fourth largest television broadcaster in the U.S. with 43 stations. Because of ownership conflicts that exist in markets where both Belo and Gannett own television stations and newspapers, the use of a third-party company (Sander Media, LLC, owned by former Belo executive Jack Sander) as a licensee to buy stations to be operated by the owner of a same-market competitor and concerns about any possible future consolidation of operations of Gannett- and Belo-owned properties in markets where both own television stations or collusion involving the Gannett and Sander stations in retransmission consent negotiations, anti-media-consolidation groups (such as Free Press) and pay television providers (such as Time Warner Cable and DirecTV) have called for the FCC to block the acquisition.
On December 16, 2013, the United States Department of Justice announced that Gannett, Belo, and Sander would need to divest Belo's station in St. Louis, KMOV, to a government-approved third-party that would be barred from entering into any agreements with Gannett, in order to fully preserve competition in advertising sales with Gannett-owned KSDK. The deal was approved by the FCC on December 20, and it was completed on December 23. On February 28, 2014, Meredith Corporation officially took over full control of KMOV.
Acquisition of London Broadcasting Company stations Edit
On May 14, 2014, Gannett announced the acquisition of six stations from the Texas-based London Broadcasting Company in a $215 million deal, including KCEN-TV (NBC) in Waco-Temple-Bryan, KYTX (CBS) in Tyler-Longview, KIII (ABC) in Corpus Christi, KBMT (ABC/NBC) in Beaumont-Port Arthur, KXVA (FOX) in Abilene-Sweetwater and KIDY (FOX) in San Angelo. The company's COO Phil Hurley will also join Gannett to continue his leadership role at the six stations. The acquisition was completed on July 8, 2014; in total, Gannett stations now serve 83% of households in the state. Post acquisition, Gannett now outright owns and operates their first Fox affiliates, KIDY & KXVA.
Split and further deals Edit
On August 5, 2014, Gannett announced that it plans to split into two independent publicly traded companies–one focused on newspapers and publishing, the other on broadcasting. Robert Dickey, head of old Gannett's newspaper division, became CEO of the newspaper company, leaving Gannett's remaining broadcasting and digital operations under the leadership of Martore. In a statement, she explained that the split plans were "significant next steps in our ongoing initiatives to increase shareholder value by building scale, increasing cash flow, sharpening management focus, and strengthening all of our businesses to compete effectively in today's increasingly digital landscape." Additionally, the company announced that it would buy out the remainder of Classified Ventures—a joint venture between Gannett and several other media companies, for $1.8 billion, giving it full ownership of properties such as Cars.com. On April 21, 2015, Gannett announced that the publishing arm would continue to use the Gannett name, while the broadcasting and digital company would be named Tegna—an anagram of Gannett. The split was completed on June 29, 2015. The split was structured so that the old Gannett changed its name to Tegna, and then spun off its publishing interests as a "new" Gannett Company. Tegna retained "old" Gannett's stock price history under a new ticker symbol, TGNA, while "new" Gannett inherited "old" Gannett's ticker symbol, GCI.
On October 7, 2015, Gannett struck a deal to buy the Journal Media Group for $280 million, giving it control of publications in over 100 markets in the Midwestern and Southern U.S. Similar to what Gannett had earlier done with its broadcasting assets, the Milwaukee-based Journal had separated its publishing and broadcasting arms in April 2015, with the E. W. Scripps Company acquiring the television and radio properties owned by the former's technical predecessor Journal Communications and spinning out their respective publishing operations into Journal Media Group. In December 2015, Gannett announced that its local newspapers would be branded as the "USA Today Network", signifying a closer association with the national USA Today paper.
In April 2016, Gannett made an unsolicited bid to acquire the Tribune Publishing Company for $12.25 per-share, or around $400 million. This deal was rejected by Tribune's shareholders in May 2016; in turn, Gannett increased its offer to around $15 per-share (around $800 million). Although the two companies held talks during the summer and into the fall of 2016, disappointing earning reports for Gannett for the second and third quarters of 2016 caused Gannett to pull out of talks on November 1.
Gannett announced it would not be delaying print deadlines for the 2018 midterm elections in the United States, meaning that next-day newspapers would no longer contain the election's results, instead directing readers to the Internet.
Sale to GateHouse Media and relationship with Softbank Edit
In January 2019, Digital First Media (DFM) made an unsolicited bid to acquire Gannett for $1.36 billion, but it was rejected for being undervalued. In an attempt to pursue a hostile takeover, DFM built up a 7.5% stake of Gannett's public shares. Gannett subsequently accused the company of engaging in a proxy fight. After a failed attempt to place three DFM nominees on Gannett's board of directors through a proxy vote on May 16, 2019, DFM sold shares lowering their ownership to 4.2%.
On August 5, 2019, New Media Investment Group, parent of GateHouse Media, announced that it would acquire Gannett. New Media Investment Group is managed and controlled by another private equity firm, Fortress Investment Group. Fortress is owned by the Japanese conglomerate Softbank.
Apollo Global Management funded the acquisition with a $1.792 billion loan. Although GateHouse was the nominal survivor, the combined company took the better-known Gannett name. Michael E. Reed, the CEO of GateHouse's parent company, was named CEO. The new management team immediately announced it would target "inefficiencies", which could lead to cutbacks at newspapers and reduction in newspaper staff.
Gannett's board of directors, which does not include anyone with journalism background, paid CEO Mike Reed a salary $900,000 and long term stock incentives adding to a total of $7.7 million in 2021, the first full year after the merger. The total compensation was estimated with Gannett stock valued at the then current price. During Reed's tenure, Gannett stock has fallen 70%, reducing the value of future equity incentive plan awards.
Sued for enabling sexual abuse of paperboys in New York and Arizona Edit
Gannett was sued in October 2019 under the New York State Child Victim's Act by a former paperboy who accused the company of enabling a former district manager to sexually abuse him in the 1980s. In late 2018 as Gannett was seeking partners for a merger, fending off a hostile takeover and its stock fell, this former paperboy emailed investigative reporters and Gannett management asking them to investigate his claims. In response, Karen Magnuson, then Executive Editor for Gannett's Democrat & Chronicle, told reporters to put their investigative reporting of abuse claims on "pause", and brought the email to the attention of Gannett's management to conduct their own investigation. Gannett COO Michael G. Kane then sent the original claimant a letter indicating no evidence had been found and they were "closing out" the matter. A few months later New York passed its Child Victim Act lifting statute of limitations on child sex abuse claims. This initial case is currently pending. Four more lawsuits were filed in February 2020 and are pending. Additionally, three more men filed suit against Gannett for child sex abuse in September 2020 and April 2021, these cases are all pending too. In December 2020, Gannett and its Arizona Republic newspaper were also sued by two former paperboys in the Phoenix, AZ community for enabling its employees to sexually abuse them in the late 1970s. As the New York state window to file under its Childs Victim Act closed in August 2021, another man sued Gannett in Rochester NY alleging child sex abuse by the same former district manager of paperboys. This latest case brings the total to eleven men who are suing Gannett for enabling sexual abuse of former paperboys, some as young as eleven at the time. Nearly three years after the first lawsuit filing, in July 2022, Gannett defense attorneys notified the court of their intent to file a motion to have the former paperboys' Child Victims Act cases taken "out of the state court system and turn them over to the New York Workers' Compensation Board"  stating that the 11-14 year old paperboys should have applied for workman's compensation at the time of their injuries in the 1980s as it is a "simple online process".
Gannett and COVID-19 Edit
Reduction of editorial content Edit
In April 2022, a committee of Gannett editors made the formal recommendation that newspapers in the chain should significantly pare back the opinion material that newspapers traditionally publish on their editorial pages, including editorials, op-ed columns, syndicated columns and editorial cartoons. According to the company-wide memo, "Readers don't want us to tell them what to think. They don't believe we have the expertise to tell anyone what to think on most issues. They perceive us as having a biased agenda." The memo additionally claimed that editorial content is the least-read content in the papers while being the most likely reason someone gives for cancelling a subscription.
Financial conditions and layoffs 2022 Edit
In the second quarter of 2022, Gannett's revenue was $749 million, sustaining a loss of $54 million. In reaction to the news, the company announced, "In the coming days, we will be making necessary but painful reductions to staffing, eliminating some open positions and roles that will impact valued colleagues."  At the end of August, the company announced that it was laying off 3% of its United States workforce, which was about 400 employees. At this announcement, Gannett also said they would not be filling 400 open positions.
At the time of the announcement, Gannett stock—which was already down about 45% on the year—fell an additional 28.5%.
In October, the company announced the second round of financial austerity steps. These included the requirement that all employees take a week of unpaid leave in December, and a suspension of matching contributions to employee 401(k) accounts. Gannett also instituted a hiring freeze and is seeking volunteers for buyouts.
Gannett announced around 200 more layoffs, or 6% of the news division, in November.
As part of the cuts, Gannett stopped printing six community papers, collectively known as the Observer and Eccentric chain, in southeast Michigan. This cut included the print editions of the Livonia Observer as well as papers covering Westland, Farmington, Plymouth, Canton, and Birmingham.  Gannett indicated that the publications would provide online content.
- 1906 – Elmira Gazette
- 1912 – The Ithaca Journal
- 1928 – Democrat and Chronicle
- 1943 – Binghamton Press
- 1959 – Courier Post
- 1969 – Pensacola News Journal
- 1971 – Federated Publications
- 1971 – Honolulu Star-Bulletin
- 1972 – Pacific and Southern Company, Inc (Taken over by Combined Communications)
- 1973 – Oregon Statesman and Capital Journal (These two papers were merged into the Statesman-Journal in 1980)
- 1976 – Tucson Citizen
- 1977 – The Poughkeepsie Journal
- 1977 – Speidel Newspapers, 13 daily and 5 Sunday Papers, including Tucson AZ, Stockton CA, St. Cloud MN, Iowa City IA. Second largest newspaper acquisition in U.S. history at the time. 
- 1978 – Combined Communications, owner of newspapers, television stations, radio stations and outdoor advertising
- 1979 – The News Journal Company, from DuPont
- 1979 – The Tennessean
- 1982 – Mississippi Publishers, owner of The Clarion-Ledger
- 1983 – WTCN-TV (now KARE) from Metromedia and WLVI from Field Communications
- 1985 – Des Moines Register and Tribune Co.
- 1985 – Family Weekly, from CBS
- 1986 – Courier-Journal and Louisville Times Company
- 1986 – Evening News Association and The Detroit News
- 1986 – Arkansas Gazette
- 1988 – WFMY-TV and WTLV from Harte-Hanks Communications
- 1990 – Great Falls Tribune
- 1991 – New Jersey Publishing
- 1992 – The Honolulu Advertiser
- 1995 – Multimedia, broadcaster and publisher
- 1997 – Army Times Publishing Company
- 1997 – Asbury Park Press and Home News Tribune
- 1998 – Daily Record
- 1999 – Newsquest, newspaper and trade publisher in the United Kingdom. Websites include the Glasgow-based job board s1jobs.com and Exchange and Mart
- 2000 – News Communications & Media, newspaper publisher in the United Kingdom
- 2000 – Central Newspapers, six daily newspapers
- 2001 – 21 newspapers from Thomson Newspapers
- 2001 – Surrey & Sussex Publishing, Horley Publishing, and Dimbleby Newspaper Group; newspaper publishers in the United Kingdom
- 2003 – Clipper Magazine
- 2003 – Three newspapers from Scottish Media Group
- 2005 – Detroit Free Press and Tallahassee Democrat from Knight Ridder
- 2005 – HomeTown Communication Network (formerly The Observer & Eccentric Media)
- 2006 – WATL from Tribune Company & KTVD from Newsweb Corporation.
- 2011 – Reviewed
- 2013 – Belo: 20 TV stations in 15 markets, plus 4 regional cable news networks
- 2014 – 6 TV stations in Texas from London Broadcasting Co.
- 2015 – Acquired remaining (56.36%) ownership in Texas-New Mexico Newspapers Partnerships, acquiring control of 11 papers in 3 states
- 2015 – Romanes Media Group, UK regional publisher
- 2015 – Company renamed to Tegna, spin-off of print assets to new company retaining Gannett name
- 2016 – Journal Media Group
- 2016 – ReachLocal
- 2016 – North Jersey Media Group
- 2016 – Golfweek
- 2018 – Wordstream
List of Gannett Co. assets Edit
Gannett's media properties include the following newspapers among the top 100 by circulation in the United States:
Print media Edit
- USA Today of Tysons Corner, Virginia
- Ventura County Star of Camarillo, California
- The Times Herald of Port Huron, Michigan
- The Arizona Republic of Phoenix, Arizona
- Detroit Free Press of Detroit, Michigan
- El Paso Times of El Paso, Texas
- The Journal Sentinel of Milwaukee, Wisconsin
- The Indianapolis Star of Indianapolis, Indiana
- The Record of Bergen County, New Jersey
- The Cincinnati Enquirer of Cincinnati, Ohio
- The Columbus Dispatch of Columbus, Ohio
- The Courier-Journal of Louisville, Kentucky
- The Des Moines Register of Des Moines, Iowa
- The Florida Times-Union of Jacksonville, Florida
- The Tennessean of Nashville, Tennessee
- Democrat and Chronicle of Rochester, New York
- The Commercial Appeal of Memphis, Tennessee
- Asbury Park Press of Asbury Park, New Jersey
- The News Journal of Wilmington, Delaware
- The News-Sentinel of Knoxville, Tennessee
- The Journal News of White Plains, New York
- Reno Gazette-Journal of Reno, Nevada
- Providence Journal of Providence, Rhode Island
- The Daily Independent of Ridgecrest, California
- Observer Dispatch of Utica, New York
- The Gadsden Times of Gadsden, Alabama
- Naples Daily News of Naples, Florida
Significant digital investments Edit
Directors and senior executives Edit
Gannett has an eight-member board of directors and 11 senior executives.
On October 6, 2011, Gannett's chairman, president and Chief executive officer Craig A. Dubow resigned, citing health reasons. He was succeeded by Gracia Martore, Gannett's Chief operating officer, a 26-year company veteran.
In May 2019, Barbara Wall was appointed as interim chief executive officer after Bob Dickey retired.
- Fischer, Sara; Flynn, Kerry (March 7, 2023). "Gannett shed nearly half its workforce since GateHouse merger". Axios.
- "Gannett SEC Filing 10-K 2019" (PDF). Retrieved July 11, 2019.
- "Contact Us Archived January 26, 2011, at the Wayback Machine." Gannett Company. Retrieved on January 10, 2011. "7950 Jones Branch Drive McLean, VA 22107-0150."
- "Tysons Corner CDP, Virginia Archived November 10, 2011, at the Wayback Machine." United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 7, 2009.
- "Gannett Company, Inc". Library of Congress. Retrieved August 9, 2020.
- Chen, Angela (March 12, 2015). "Gannett Split to Close By Mid-Year". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved June 9, 2015.
- Guynn, David Brinkerhoff and Jessica. "CEO of Gannett's operating company, Paul Bascobert, will leave company; Mike Reed assumes responsibilities". USA TODAY. Retrieved September 8, 2020.
- Tracy, Marc (November 19, 2019). "Gannett, Now Largest U.S. Newspaper Chain, Targets 'Inefficiencies'". The New York Times.
- "New Media and Gannett Complete Merger, Creating Leading U.S. Print and Digital News Organization" (Press release). Business Wire. November 19, 2019.
- Lichtman, Allan J. (2008). White Protestant Nation: The Rise of the American Conservative Movement. p. 87. ISBN 978-0-87113-984-9.
- Ted Bartlett (August 1985). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Gannett Building". New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Archived from the original on September 20, 2012. Retrieved November 1, 2009.
- Neiva, Elizabeth M. Chain Building: The Consolidation of the American Newspaper Industry, 1955-80 Archived June 19, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Business and Economic History, 24(1), (Fall 1995)
- Kleinfield, N. R. (May 9, 1978). "Combined Communications Agrees To a $370 Million Gannett Merger". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 6, 2021.
- "Gannett, Combined Communications agree to $370-million merger". St. Petersburg Times. May 9, 1978. Retrieved April 1, 2013 – via Associated Press.
- "Gannett Corp. wins giant merger OK". Deseret News. June 8, 1979. Retrieved April 1, 2013 – via Associated Press.
- "John Curley Announces Retirement; McCorkindale Succeeds as CEO". Tegna (Press release). May 2, 2000. Retrieved August 24, 2019.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
- "John Curley Announces Retirement; McCorkindale Succeeds as CEO". TEGNA. May 2, 2000. Retrieved August 31, 2021.
- Martyn, Peter H. (2009). "The Mojo in the Third Millennium". Journalism Practice. 3 (2): 196–215. doi:10.1080/17512780802681264. ISSN 1751-2794. S2CID 142569754.
- Rich, Carole (2013). Writing and Reporting News : a Coaching Method (7th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Wadsworth. p. 98. ISBN 978-1111344443.
- Bullard, Gabe (June 21, 2011). "Gannett Executive Bonuses Criticized Amid Layoffs". Louisville, KY: WFPL.
- Lieberman, David (March 4, 2011). "Gannett launches corporate branding campaign". USA Today.
- Bercovici, Jeff (February 22, 2012). "Gannett Building Paywalls Around All Its Papers Except USA Today". Forbes.
- Lovett, Genia (March 24, 2012). "Genia Lovett column: Post-Crescent journalists shouldn't have signed Wisconsin Governor Scott Walker recall petitions". The Post-Crescent. Appleton, WI. Archived from the original on March 27, 2012.
- Yu, Roger (August 21, 2012). "Gannett buys social-media ad company Blinq Media". USA Today. Retrieved August 22, 2012.
- Loose, Ashley (October 5, 2012). "DISH customers may lose Gannett programming, including 12 News KPNX, over AutoHop feature". KNXV-TV. Archived from the original on October 11, 2012. Retrieved October 6, 2012.
- Vuong, Andy (October 6, 2012). "Gannett threatening to black out stations in its dispute with Dish". Denver Post. Retrieved October 6, 2012.
- Warner, Melodie (October 8, 2012). "Dish, Gannett Reach New Deal". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved October 8, 2012.
- "Gannett to buy Belo for $1.5 billion". Reuters. June 13, 2013.
- Littleton, Cynthia (June 13, 2013). "Gannett in $2.2 Bil Deal to Acquire Belo Station Group; Deal will expand Gannett's clout as owner of Big 3 affiliates". Variety. Retrieved June 22, 2013.
- Eggerton, John (March 16, 2018). "Free Press, Others Ask FCC To Deny Some Gannett/Belo Transfers". Broadcasting & Cable.
- Bachman, Katy (July 25, 2013). "Public Interest Groups, Cable Companies Oppose Gannett-Belo Merger". AdWeek.
- Eggerton, John (December 16, 2013). "Justice: Sander Can't Keep KMOV". Broadcasting & Cable. Retrieved December 20, 2013.
- "FCC OKs Gannett-Belo And Tribune-Local". TVNewsCheck. December 20, 2013. Retrieved December 20, 2013.
- Gannett Completes Its Acquisition of Belo, TVNewsCheck, Retrieved December 23, 2013
- Brown, Lisa (February 28, 2014). "Meredith Corp. closes on $177 million purchase of KMOV". STL Today.
- "Gannett Buys 6 London Broadcasting Stations". TVNewsCheck. May 14, 2014. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
- "Gannett Completes London Broadcasting Buy". TVNewsCheck. Retrieved August 5, 2014.
- Haughney, Christine; de la Merced, Michael J. (August 5, 2014). "Media Giant Gannett to Spin Off USA Today and Print Business".
- "Gannett Reorganizing, Buying Cars.com". TVNewsCheck. August 5, 2014. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved August 5, 2014.
- Yu, Roger (April 21, 2015). "Gannett to change name to TEGNA amid print unit spinoff". USA Today.
- Neibauer, Michael (June 17, 2016). "Tegna lands new home in Tysons". www.bizjournals.com. Retrieved August 17, 2022.
- Roger Yu (October 7, 2015). "Gannett to buy Journal Media Group for $280 million". USA Today.
- "Gannett introduces USA TODAY NETWORK, uniting local, national properties". USA Today. Gannett Company.
- "Gannett and Tribune Publishing execs trade barbs as takeover battle heats up". Los Angeles Times. May 20, 2016. Retrieved May 20, 2016.
- "Tribune Publishing shares surge after Gannett launches takeover bid". Los Angeles Times. April 25, 2016. Retrieved May 20, 2016.
- Doctor, Ken. "Tribune chair: Sell to Gannett? We'll buy Gannett!". Politico. Archived from the original on May 20, 2016. Retrieved May 20, 2016.
- Channick, Robert. "Gannett pulls offer for Tronc, publisher of Chicago Tribune". Chicago Tribune.
- Doctor, Ken (November 1, 2018). "Newsonomics: "Digital defeats print" is the headline as Gannett steps away from printed election results". Nieman Foundation for Journalism.
- Arbel, Tali. "Gannett rejects $1.36 billion buyout offer from Digital First Media". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved March 11, 2019.
- Hayes, Dade (February 11, 2019). "Gannett Rebuffs Board Maneuver By Digital First Media In Proxy Fight, Blasts Takeover Proposal As "Deficient"". Deadline. Retrieved March 11, 2019.
- Edwards, Christian. "Digital First Media is reportedly planning to make an offer to buy USA Today publisher Gannett". Business Insider. Retrieved March 17, 2019.
- Tyko, Kelly (May 22, 2019). "Hedge fund-owned MNG reduces stake in Gannett to 4.2%". USA Today. Retrieved May 23, 2019.
- Lombardo, Cara; Trachtenberg, Jeffrey A. (August 5, 2019). "GateHouse Media Parent to Buy Gannett for $1.4 Billion". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved August 6, 2019.
- "Newsonomics: Softbank, Fortress, Trump – and the real story of Gatehouse's boundless ambition". Nieman Lab. Retrieved September 2, 2020.
- Bomey, Nathan (August 5, 2019). "GateHouse Media owner to acquire USA TODAY owner Gannett". USA Today. Retrieved August 6, 2019.
- Darcy, Oliver (August 5, 2019). "USA Today owner Gannett merges with GateHouse Media to form massive newspaper company". CNN. Archived from the original on August 11, 2019. Retrieved August 13, 2019.
- "New Media Investment Group to Acquire Gannett". www.businesswire.com. August 5, 2019. Retrieved August 13, 2019.
- Tracy, Marc (November 19, 2019). "Gannett, Now Largest U.S. Newspaper Chain, Targets 'Inefficiencies'". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 2, 2020.
- Gannett Proxy Statement, April 27, 2022
- Brian McGrory, "Gannett's CEO is getting rich by gutting a newspaper near you", Opinion, Boston Globe, March 23, 2023
- "Richard Bates Complaint v. Democrat and Chronicle and Gannett | Complaint | Summons". Scribd.
- Bloomberg (January 14, 2019). "Hedge fund known for 'milking' newspapers for cash takes aim at Gannett". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 3, 2022.
- "Former paperboys await justice after suing Gannett for allowing sexual abuse four decades ago". Poynter. December 7, 2021. Retrieved January 3, 2022.
- Andreatta, David. "More Gannett paperboys allege sexual abuse". CITY News.
- "Two more former paperboys come forward to allege sexual abuse by supervisor: Lawsuit". ABC News.
- Baxter, Erasmus (December 15, 2020). "Former Paperboy Sues Arizona Republic Over Child Sex Abuse Ring". Phoenix New Times.
- Astor, Will (September 8, 2022). "Gannett's legal gambit". Rochester Beacon.
- Dean, Andrew (July 28, 2022). "Letter to Judge Deborah A. Chimes". iapps.courts.state.ny.us/.
- "Gannett, responding to the coronavirus-related downturn, announces a series of cuts". March 30, 2020.
- Kornfield, Meryl (June 9, 2022). "The biggest U.S. newspaper chain wants less opinion in its pages". Washington Post. Retrieved June 10, 2022.
- Poynter.org, "Gannett reports disastrous financial results; layoffs are coming", August 4, 2022
- Fu, Angela (August 31, 2022). "After weeks of silence, Gannett revealed that it laid off 400 employees and cut 400 open positions". Poynter. Retrieved September 3, 2022.
- Fu, Angela (October 12, 2022). "Gannett announces new cuts including mandatory unpaid leave and buyouts". Poynter. Retrieved October 13, 2022.
- Edmonds, Rick (November 17, 2022). "Gannett tells its news division that more layoffs are coming Dec. 1". Poynter. Retrieved November 17, 2022.
- Gustafson, Anna (December 17, 2022). "'Everyone's just a dollar sign to them': Gannett". Michigan Advance.
- "Livonia Observer". Mondotimes. Retrieved December 19, 2022.
- "MUFFLED SOUND OF DEATH KNELL FOR A ONCE REAL NEWSPAPER". Plymouth Voice. December 18, 2022.
Gannett, a Virginia based publisher — the largest newspaper chain in the U.S., announced they will cease printing six local publications — part of the Observer and Eccentric community papers. The final print editions of the bi-weekly Plymouth, Canton, Birmingham, Farmington, Westland and Livonia Observer were published on Sunday, Dec. 4.
- "Congressional Record RECOGNIZING THE 125TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE PENSACOLA NEWS JOURNAL". Retrieved February 15, 2017.
- "The Pittsburgh Press - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- "Observer-Reporter - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- William H. Jones and Laird Anderson, "Gannett: 73 Papers and Still Counting", The Washington Post, July 30, 1977.
- "Combined Communications Agrees To a $370 Million Gannett Merger". The New York Times. May 9, 1978. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- "GANNETT TAKES OVER WILMINGTON PAPERS". The New York Times. February 5, 1978. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- "Gannett to Acquire Nashville Tennessean, Sell Afternoon Paper". Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- "Gannett Buys 11 Newspapers". The New York Times. June 2, 1982. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- "The Milwaukee Sentinel - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- "GANNETT GETS FAMILY WEEKLY". The New York Times. February 22, 1985. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- "GANNETT GETS LOUISVILLE PAPERS FOR 300 MILLION". The New York Times. May 20, 1986. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- "Gannett Acquires Evening News". The New York Times. February 19, 1986.
- Jones, Tim (July 25, 1995). "Gannett Widens Scope, Acquiring Multimedia". Chicago Tribune.
- "Gannett Government Media". Archived from the original on June 16, 2015.
- "Milwaukee Journal Sentinel - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- "Jobs in Scotland on s1jobs.com, the number 1 Scottish job site". s1jobs.
- "Gannett announces terms of offer to acquire U.K.'s News Communications & Media". Archived from the original on January 2, 2014.
- Jones, Tim (June 29, 2000). "Gannett Agrees To Buy Central Newspapers". Chicago Tribune.
- "Gannett to acquire Thomson properties, including 21 daily newspapers". Archived from the original on September 17, 2013.
- "Gettysburg Times - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- Davidson, Paul (August 4, 2005). "Three-way newspaper deal". USA Today.
- "About Us | Livonia". static.hometownlife.com.
- "Gannett completes the acquisition of WATL-TV Channel 36 in Atlanta". Archived from the original on January 2, 2014.
- USA TODAY. "USA TODAY Acquires Reviewed.com" (Press release). Cision PR Newswire. Retrieved August 9, 2019.
- "Gannett Completes London Broadcasting Buy". July 8, 2014. Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- "Gannett acquires 11 media organizations digital first media". gannett.com (Press release). Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- "Gannett announces acquisition of Golfweek". Golfweek. October 5, 2016. Retrieved July 20, 2018.
- "WordStream acquired by Gannett for up to $150M".
- "Top 100 Newspapers in the United States". Infoplease. Sandbox Networks, Inc. Retrieved April 8, 2016.
- "The beloved Digg, once the chief rival to Reddit, was just sold to an advertising tech company". Business Insider. April 25, 2018. Retrieved September 23, 2018.
- Snider, Mike. "Gannett launches LOCALiQ as one-stop digital advertising shop for customers". USA TODAY. Retrieved February 3, 2023.
- Bomey, Nathan (May 16, 2019). "Gannett board members reelected as shareholders reject MNG nominees". USA Today. Retrieved August 6, 2019.
- Krantz, Matt (October 7, 2011). "Gannett CEO Dubow resigns; Martore named successor". USA Today.
- Neibauer, Michael (May 7, 2019). "Gannett CEO exits as company battles hostile takeover bid". Washington Business Journal. Retrieved August 6, 2019.
- Brinkerhoff, David (June 20, 2020). "CEO of Gannett's operating company, Paul Bascobert, will leave company; Mike Reed assumes responsibilities". USA Today. Retrieved September 29, 2021.