New Philadelphia, Ohio

New Philadelphia is a city in and the county seat of Tuscarawas County, Ohio, United States.[6] The county's largest city, New Philadelphia lies along the Tuscarawas River. The population was 17,677 at the 2020 census. It is a principal city in the New Philadelphia–Dover micropolitan area, approximately 71 miles (114 km) south of Cleveland.

New Philadelphia, Ohio
West High Avenue in downtown New Philadelphia
West High Avenue in downtown New Philadelphia
Location of New Philadelphia in Tuscarawas County
Location of New Philadelphia in Tuscarawas County
New Philadelphia is located in Ohio
New Philadelphia
New Philadelphia
New Philadelphia is located in the United States
New Philadelphia
New Philadelphia
Coordinates: 40°29′22″N 81°26′50″W / 40.48944°N 81.44722°W / 40.48944; -81.44722
CountryUnited States
StateOhio
CountyTuscarawas
IncorporatedFebruary 12, 1833[1]
Government
 • MayorJoel Day[2]
Area
 • Total8.25 sq mi (21.37 km2)
 • Land8.15 sq mi (21.12 km2)
 • Water0.10 sq mi (0.25 km2)
Elevation906 ft (276 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total17,677
 • Density2,168.16/sq mi (837.10/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
44663
Area code330
FIPS code39-55216[5]
GNIS feature ID1065105[4]
Websitehttp://www.newphilaoh.com/

In 1772, the Moravian Christians founded the community of Schoenbrunn in the area, which was the first settlement of the Northwest Territory.[7] The Christian pacifist settlement was subsequently abandoned during the American Revolution.[8] After the area was resettled in 1804, because of the presence of coal and clay, early industry in the city centered on mining interests and the manufacture of steel, canned goods, roofing tile, sewer pipe, bricks, vacuum cleaners, stovepipes, carriages, flour, brooms, and pressed, stamped, and enameled goods.

History edit

 
Reconstructed Moravian village of Schoenbrunn

The Moravian Church, under the leadership of David Zeisberger, founded Schoenbrunn ("beautiful spring"), also known as Welhik Tuppeek ("the best spring"), in 1772 as a mission to the Delaware Indians.[8][9] Schönbrunn was two miles south-east of present-day New Philadelphia, Ohio.[10] The settlement grew to include sixty dwellings and more than 300 inhabitants, both Munsee and Germans, who drew up Ohio's first civil code and built its first Christian church and schoolhouse. Problems associated with the American Revolution prompted Schoenbrunn's closing in 1777.[11][12]

John Knisely, who was from Pennsylvania, wanted to settle in a location where game was more plentiful and was welcomed by the Christian Indians of Goshen; he returned to Ohio in 1804 with his family and 33 other pioneers, hiring surveyor John Wells to plot out the modern city of New Philadelphia in the same grid style as Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.[13]

In 1833, New Philadelphia contained county buildings, a printing office, several stores, and five taverns.[14]

Geography edit

New Philadelphia is located at 40°29′22″N 81°26′50″W / 40.48944°N 81.44722°W / 40.48944; -81.44722 (40.489411, -81.447324),[15] along the Tuscarawas River.[16] It lies within the ecoregion of the Western Allegheny Plateau.[17]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.39 square miles (21.73 km2), of which 8.22 square miles (21.29 km2) is land and 0.17 square miles (0.44 km2) is water.[18]

Layout edit

New Philadelphia's design was based on the design of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The two main streets in the city are High Avenue and Broadway, both of which were named after two main streets from Philadelphia, except, in Philadelphia, High Avenue was renamed Market Street in 1858. "The High Street" was the familiar name of the principal street in nearly every English town at the time Philadelphia was founded, and Broad Street is the closest street name in Philadelphia to Broadway. No historical records exist for a road named Broadway in Philadelphia.

Climate edit

New Philadelphia has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfa" on climate maps.

Climate data for New Philadelphia, Ohio (Harry Clever Field) 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1948–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 71
(22)
78
(26)
85
(29)
90
(32)
94
(34)
99
(37)
102
(39)
99
(37)
96
(36)
91
(33)
81
(27)
76
(24)
102
(39)
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 36.9
(2.7)
40.2
(4.6)
50.0
(10.0)
63.1
(17.3)
72.7
(22.6)
80.4
(26.9)
83.8
(28.8)
82.4
(28.0)
76.2
(24.6)
64.5
(18.1)
51.9
(11.1)
41.3
(5.2)
61.9
(16.6)
Daily mean °F (°C) 28.9
(−1.7)
31.5
(−0.3)
40.0
(4.4)
51.3
(10.7)
61.1
(16.2)
69.5
(20.8)
73.1
(22.8)
71.3
(21.8)
64.7
(18.2)
53.5
(11.9)
42.5
(5.8)
33.8
(1.0)
51.8
(11.0)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 20.9
(−6.2)
22.7
(−5.2)
30.0
(−1.1)
39.5
(4.2)
49.5
(9.7)
58.5
(14.7)
62.5
(16.9)
60.3
(15.7)
53.2
(11.8)
42.4
(5.8)
33.2
(0.7)
26.3
(−3.2)
41.6
(5.3)
Record low °F (°C) −22
(−30)
−15
(−26)
−5
(−21)
10
(−12)
20
(−7)
30
(−1)
40
(4)
36
(2)
30
(−1)
18
(−8)
4
(−16)
−16
(−27)
−22
(−30)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.62
(67)
2.27
(58)
3.05
(77)
3.78
(96)
3.77
(96)
4.23
(107)
3.74
(95)
3.65
(93)
2.97
(75)
3.16
(80)
2.70
(69)
2.73
(69)
38.67
(982)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 12.7 12.1 12.7 14.1 15.7 14.9 15.0 14.9 15.0 14.4 11.5 13.0 166.0
Source: NOAA[19][20]

Demographics edit

 
Tuscarawas County Courthouse in 2006
Historical population
CensusPop.Note
1820236
18501,413
18703,143
18803,070−2.3%
18904,45645.1%
19006,21339.4%
19108,54237.5%
192010,71825.5%
193012,36515.4%
194012,328−0.3%
195012,9485.0%
196014,24110.0%
197015,1846.6%
198016,92111.4%
199015,698−7.2%
200017,0568.7%
201017,2881.4%
202017,6772.3%
Sources:[5][21][22][23]

2020 census edit

As of the census[24] of 2020, there were 17,677 people, 7,282 households, and 4,541 families living in the city. The population density was 2,103.2 inhabitants per square mile (812.1/km2). There were 7,909 housing units at an average density of 962.2 per square mile (371.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.0% White, 1.2% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 1.6% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 4.2% of the population.

There were 7,282 households, of which 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.3% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.6% were non-families. 31.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.87.

The median age in the city was 40.4 years. 21.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.9% were from 25 to 44; 27.6% were from 45 to 64; and 16.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.5% male and 51.5% female.

2000 census edit

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 17,056 people, 7,338 households, and 4,659 families living in the city. The population density was 2,188.0 inhabitants per square mile (844.8/km2). There were 7,796 housing units at an average density of 1,000.1 per square mile (386.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.89% White, 0.97% African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.49% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.49% from other races, and 0.93% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 1.33% of the population.

There were 7,338 households, out of which 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.5% were non-families. 31.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the city the population was spread out, with 23.0% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 23.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,235, and the median income for a family was $42,896. Males had a median income of $32,157 versus $20,363 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,745. About 7.7% of families and 10.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.7% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture edit

Library edit

The Tuscarawas County Public Library is the main branch of six in its library system, located in New Philadelphia, the county seat. The other five of its six branches consist of the Bolivar Branch, Strasburg Branch, Sugarcreek Branch, Tuscarawas (Tusky) Branch, and the Mobile Services Branch that is also located in New Philadelphia. The Main Library is located at 121 Fair Avenue just off of North Broadway Street. The TCPL System is a member of the SEO (Serving Every Ohioan) Library Consortium, a system consisting of 98 public libraries. The SEO Service Center, located in Caldwell, is a branch of the State Library of Ohio, which supports a consortium of 98 library systems at 268 service points throughout 49 counties across Ohio using the OPLIN network. SEO supports a centralized shared catalog database that includes over 8.1 million items with a patron database of nearly one million users, with an annual circulation of over 15 million.[25][26]

Tuscora Park edit

 
Tuscora Park in New Philadelphia features a carousel, Ferris wheel, and other rides.

Tuscora Park is a municipal park that features a carousel, ferris wheel, miniature railroad, roller coaster, swing ride, and kiddie rides, along with miniature golf, playgrounds, a swimming pool, and batting cages. Tuscora Park was originally built as a project of the Works Progress Administration; original stone work gates, paths and retaining walls still adorn the park. The park is now the home of the Park Place Teen Center, a facility for high school students that provides entertainment of all types. Events at the park include a Summer Showcase and the annual First Town Days festival.

The Summer Showcase is held in the Tuscora Park Amphitheater. Events at the amphitheater include Sunday church services, plays and concerts featuring local talent. On the last day of the First Town Days festival the park hosts the U.S. Air Force Band of Flight,[27] which plays in the amphitheater.

Around 1940, New Philadelphia purchased the Herschell-Spillman carousel secondhand. It is a rare all-wooden carousel. It includes 36 carved wooden jumping horses, two chariots and 428 individual lights.[28] The center panels are adorned with 14 original oil paintings. Music is provided by a Wurlitzer #153 military band organ. The carousel is 40 feet in diameter and weighs 10 tons. It was manufactured in 1928 by the Spillman Manufacturing Company of North Tonawanda, New York. David Miller is well known for his 40 years of service on the Tuscora Park Carousel. The First Town Days, which includes a Grand Parade and fireworks display, runs on the weekend leading up to the Fourth of July.[29]

The company that manages Tuscora Park is a non-profit, RTY Inc.[30] The organization frequently hires high school and college students to operate rides and sell tickets.

Education edit

Primary and secondary edit

Children in New Philadelphia are served by the New Philadelphia City School District. The current schools in the district are:

  • Central Elementary School – 145 Ray Avenue NW, grade 5
  • East Elementary School – 470 Fair Avenue NE, grades K-1
  • South Elementary School – 132 Providence Avenue SW, grades 2-3
  • West Elementary School – 232 Tuscarawas Avenue NW, grade 4
  • York Elementary School – 938 Stonecreek Road SW, grades K-1
  • Welty Middle School – 315 Fourth Street NW, grades 6-8
  • New Philadelphia High School – 343 Ray Avenue NW, grades 9-12

Postsecondary edit

Kent State University at Tuscarawas, a regional campus of Kent State University, is located in the city. The campus, which now covers 180 acres (73 ha) and four buildings, opened in 1968 and, as of September 2016, had an enrollment of 2,066 students.[31] The campus offers 11 bachelor's and 15 associate degree programs, and students can begin any of the nearly 300 degree programs offered by Kent State. Kent State Tuscarawas is unique in that it is locally owned, the only locally owned regional campus in Ohio.[32]

The Tuscarawas Performing Arts Center (PAC) is also located on the KSU/T Campus.

Retail edit

The city's main retail center is in and around New Towne Mall, which opened in 1988.

Transportation edit

Interstate 77 passes west of New Philadelphia's city center. U.S. Route 250 passes through the west and south sides of New Philadelphia. Ohio State Route 39 and Ohio State Route 800 also run through the city.

The Akron-Canton Airport is the nearest commercial airport with scheduled passenger flights.

Harry Clever Field (FAA designation PHD) is a city owned airport 2 miles SE of the city center, adjacent to the Kent State Univetsity Tuscarawas Campus and Schoenbrunn Village. It is open to small aircraft and has maintenance and fueling services on site, as well as an airport courtesy car.

Into the early 1950s the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad ran a six day a week passenger train from Wheeling, West Virginia through New Philadelphia en route to Akron and Cleveland.[33]

Notable people edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Home page". www.newphilaoh.com. Retrieved April 18, 2018.
  2. ^ "Officials". City of New Philadelphia, OH. Retrieved January 3, 2016.
  3. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 20, 2022.
  4. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^ a b c "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  7. ^ Ohio Historic Places Dictionary. North American Book Dist. December 2008. p. 1360. ISBN 978-1-878592-70-5.
  8. ^ a b Misencik, Paul R.; Misencik, Sally E. (January 9, 2020). American Indians of the Ohio Country in the 18th Century. McFarland. pp. 59, 63. ISBN 978-1-4766-7997-6.
  9. ^ Terry, John Mark; Gallagher, Robert L. (August 22, 2017). Encountering the History of Missions (Encountering Mission): From the Early Church to Today. Baker Academic. ISBN 978-1-4934-0622-7.
  10. ^ Diary of David Zeisberger: A Moravian Missionary Among the Indians ..., Volume 1, books.google.de
  11. ^ "OHS - Places - Schoenbrunn Village". ohsweb.ohiohistory.org. Archived from the original on August 7, 2011. Retrieved August 7, 2011.
  12. ^ "In 1781 the Schoenbrunn colony was forcibly removed by a large war party accompanied by British Indian agent Matthew Elliott, and over the next year or so the converts were dispersed along the shores of Lake Erie. Zeisberger was taken to Detroit, questioned by British commandant Arent Schuyler DePeyster, and released. He gathered a number of his scattered converts and, with the commandant’s assistance, set up a temporary settlement north of Detroit at New Gnadenhütten (Mount Clemens, Mich.)." in ZEISBERGER, DAVID, biographi.ca
  13. ^ VanFossen, Erin L., "New Philadelphia in Vintage Postcards," Arcadia Publishing, 2004, p. 21.
  14. ^ Kilbourn, John (1833). The Ohio Gazetteer, or, a Topographical Dictionary. Scott and Wright. p. 343. Retrieved December 12, 2013.
  15. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  16. ^ DeLorme (1991). Ohio Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 0-89933-233-1.
  17. ^ "Level III Ecoregions of Ohio". National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Archived from the original on July 12, 2014. Retrieved September 28, 2013.
  18. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 25, 2012. Retrieved January 6, 2013.
  19. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
  20. ^ "Station: New Philadelphia FLD, OH". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
  21. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Ohio" (PDF). 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. 1960. Retrieved May 17, 2020.
  22. ^ "Ohio: Population and Housing Unit Counts" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved May 17, 2020.
  23. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 6, 2021.
  24. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 6, 2013.
  25. ^ "Hours & Locations | Tuscarawas County Public Library".
  26. ^ "SEO Consortium Members". February 6, 2012.
  27. ^ "The United States Air Force Band of Flight Concert", PDF[permanent dead link], accessed April 15, 2011
  28. ^ Wise, Derek, "Tuscora Park Turns 100", "The Carousel News", September 21, 2007, accessed April 15, 2011
  29. ^ "First Town Days Home". www.firsttowndays.com. Retrieved April 18, 2018.
  30. ^ "Home page". www.rtyinc.com. Archived from the original on December 22, 2013. Retrieved April 18, 2018.
  31. ^ "Fifteenth Day Enrollment Statistics" (PDF). Kent State University. September 15, 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 18, 2018. Retrieved July 18, 2017.
  32. ^ "Facts". Kent State University. 2017. Archived from the original on July 19, 2017. Retrieved July 18, 2017.
  33. ^ "Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, Table 20". Official Guide of the Railways. National Railway Publication Company. 82 (8). January 1950.

External links edit