Mount Clemens, Michigan
Mount Clemens, Michigan
Location within Macomb County
|• Mayor||Laura Kropp|
|• City manager||Douglas C. Anderson|
|• Total||4.21 sq mi (10.89 km2)|
|• Land||4.09 sq mi (10.60 km2)|
|• Water||0.11 sq mi (0.29 km2)|
|Elevation||604 ft (184 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||3,948.94/sq mi (1,524.83/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0632785|
Mount Clemens was first surveyed in 1795 after the American Revolutionary War by Christian Clemens, who settled there four years later. Clemens and his friend, John Brooks, built a distillery, which attracted workers and customers, helping to settle the area. Brooks and Clemens platted the land, and the town was named after Clemens in 1818. It received a post office in 1821, with John Stockton as the first postmaster. Christian Clemens is buried at Clemens Park, located just north of downtown.
The settlement filed for incorporation as a village in 1837, but this was not acted upon by the legislature until 1851. It was later incorporated as a city in 1879. It became the seat of Macomb County on March 11, 1818.
The Mount Clemens Public Library opened in 1865.
Historically, Mount Clemens' largest industry for more than 100 years, from 1873 to 1974, was tourism related to the mineral baths, drawn from springs that were scattered throughout the city. Such mineral baths were very popular and were tourist destinations. At the peak of the industry, the city had 11 bathhouses and several hotels related to this trade. The first bathhouse was built in 1873 and was known as "The Original"; it was located on the corner of Jones and Water streets. The bathhouse burned in 1883 but it was rebuilt even larger the following year to accommodate the crowds of customers. Over the years, noted visitors such as film actors Clark Gable and Mae West, athletes Babe Ruth and Jack Dempsey, news magnate William Randolph Hearst, and the wealthy Vanderbilt family vacationed in the city to take advantage of the mineral springs baths.
The only remaining bathhouse building from this era is St. Joseph's Sanitarium and Bath House. It has recently been renamed as Select Specialty Hospital and is owned by Select Medical Corporation. This last bath house is in danger of being demolished, but the Friends of Historic Preservation are working with the city to preserve it.
The Olympia Salon & Spa, located in the Martha Washington Sanitarium on Cass Ave, is again offering mineral baths.
Art and cultureEdit
The Anton Art Center is a community gallery offering exhibitions of artwork by local, national and international artists. It is housed in a building that was financed by industrialist and philanthropist, Andrew Carnegie in 1904.
- The Mock Turtle Press as well as American Road Magazine are published in Mount Clemens.
- In recent years "The Clem", as it is familiarly nicknamed, has become a center of nightlife for Macomb County. Its bars include the Emerald Theatre (designed by C. Howard Crane, who also designed Detroit's Orchestra Hall, Fox Theatre, and Olympia Stadium). Others are Johnny G's, Cush, Madisons Pub, Orleans Billiards, Montes Martini Lounge, RecBowl, Your Mother's, Little Lorraines, Three Blind Mice, and Fast Eddie's.
- Rap/rock artist Kid Rock, who hails from nearby Romeo, began his professional stage career as a DJ/rapper in Mt. Clemens. He earned his nickname here from club patrons saying "look at that white kid rock".
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.20 square miles (10.88 km2), of which 4.07 square miles (10.54 km2) is land and 0.13 square miles (0.34 km2) is water. The Clinton River runs through the city. The city is almost completely surrounded by Clinton Township, except for the far east side which borders Harrison Township.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 16,314 people, 6,714 households, and 3,542 families living in the city. The population density was 4,008.4 inhabitants per square mile (1,547.7/km2). There were 7,582 housing units at an average density of 1,862.9 per square mile (719.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 70.0% White, 24.8% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.8% from other races, and 3.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.9% of the population.
There were 6,714 households, of which 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 30.6% were married couples living together, 16.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 47.2% were non-families. 39.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.96.
The median age in the city was 38.3 years. 20.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 28.9% were from 25 to 44; 27.8% were from 45 to 64; and 13% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 51.5% male and 48.5% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 17,312 people, 7,073 households, and 3,854 families living in the city. The population density was 4,107.0 per square mile (1,583.9/km2). There were 7,546 housing units at an average density of 1,790.2 per square mile (690.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 75.79% White, 19.61% African American, 0.73% Native American, 0.49% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.76% from other races, and 2.59% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.33% of the population.
There were 7,073 households, out of which 24.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.2% were married couples living together, 14.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.5% were non-families. 39.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.99.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 21.6% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 34.3% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 107.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $37,856, and the median income for a family was $50,518. Males had a median income of $41,005 versus $27,896 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,741. About 10.0% of families and 14.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.1% of those under age 18 and 11.9% of those age 65 or over.
The city government is composed of a mayor, the current being Laura Kropp, and a city council. City finances have been trouble for some time. Approximately 42% of properties in the city are tax-exempt, resulting in lost revenue of $1.2 million. In an attempt to raise funds to combat a $960,000 budget deficit for 2010, former Mayor Barb Dempsey solicited donations to the city's general fund from tax-exempt organizations like churches, schools and a hospital, in order to pay for services like fire protection, streetlights and roads. The city already disbanded the 113-year-old police department in 2005 to cut costs. The deficit is projected to reach $1.5 million in 2011.
- I-94 provides a connection northeast to Port Huron and to Detroit, which is to the southwest.
- M-3 (Gratiot Ave)
- M-59 (Hall Rd)
- M-97 (Groesbeck Hwy)
Suburban Mobility Authority for Regional Transportation (SMART) Bus Route *560/565 Gratiot.
Canadian National provides Class 1 Freight service to Mt Clemens with the old Grand Trunk Western Detroit to Port Huron line.
- Chauncey G. Cady, farmer and politician
- Horace H. Cady, farmer and politician
- Dean Cain, football player and actor
- Harley High Cartter, lawyer and politician
- Rickey Clark, baseball pitcher
- Dick Enberg, sports announcer
- Paul Feig, actor and director
- Rich Froning Jr., CrossFit athlete and coach
- Terrie Hall, anti-smoking activist
- Ian Hornak, painter and printmaker
- Mike Ignasiak, baseball pitcher
- Chuck Inglish, rapper
- Connie Kalitta, drag racing driver
- Scott Kamieniecki, baseball pitcher
- David Kircus, football player
- Arnold Klein, dermatologist for Michael Jackson
- Tracy Leslie, NASCAR driver
- George F. Lewis, journalist and newspaper proprietor
- John Lutz, television writer and actor
- Tommy Milton, racing driver
- Dan Nugent, football player
- Lawrence B. Schook, academic
- Richard A. Searfoss, astronaut
- Lary Sorensen, baseball pitcher
- Eric Spoutz, art dealer
- Uncle Kracker, singer-songwriter
- Allen Henry Vigneron, Roman Catholic bishop
- Wally Weber, football player and coach
Mount Clemens has a wide variety of architectural styles in its residential areas. It features many historic homes, also. The most popular styles are craftsman homes, Tudors, and bungalows.
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- History of Macomb County, Michigan: Containing an Account of Its Settlement, Growth, Development and Resources, Churches, Schools and Societies ; Portraits of Prominent Men and Early Settlers. Leeson. 1882. p. 297. Retrieved 2014-12-06.
- Macomb Daily, July 14, 2015
- "Death of Kid Rock's sidekick triggers memories for fans", University Wire, November 21, 2000.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-07-02. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- Ferretti, Christine (November 20, 2010). "Cash-strapped Mount Clemens appeals to nonprofits to pay toward city services". Detroit News. Retrieved 2010-11-20.
- Bunkley, Nick (November 19, 2010). "Debt Rising, a City Seeks Donations in Michigan". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-11-20.
- Stephen Bennett Phillips, Eric Ian Hornak Spoutz, "Ian Hornak Transparent Barricades," exhibition catalogue, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, Fine Art Program, Washington D.C., 2012
- Joan Adan, Eric Ian Hornak Spoutz, "Transparent Barricades: Ian Hornak, A Retrospective," exhibition catalogue, Forest Lawn Museum, Glendale, California, May 2012
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mount Clemens, Michigan.|
- City of Mount Clemens Official Website
- Crocker House Museum & Macomb County Historical Society
- Mount Clemens Public Library
- Mount Clemens Downtown Development Authority
- Friends of Historic Preservation, Mount Clemens
- Mount Clemens Historical Commission