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Supreme Court of Ohio

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The Supreme Court of Ohio is the highest court in the U.S. state of Ohio, with final authority over interpretations of Ohio law and the Ohio Constitution. The court has seven members, a chief justice and six associate justices, each serving six-year terms and a total of 1550 other employees. Since 2004, the court has met in the Thomas J. Moyer Ohio Judicial Center (formerly known as the Ohio Departments Building) on the east bank of the Scioto River in downtown Columbus. Prior to 2004, the court met in the James A. Rhodes State Office Tower and earlier in the Judiciary Annex (now the Senate Building) of the Ohio Statehouse.

Ohio Supreme Court
Seal of the Supreme Court of Ohio.svg
Established1841
LocationColumbus, Ohio
Composition methodSemipartisan election
Authorized byOhio Constitution
Appeals toSupreme Court of the United States
Judge term length6 Years
WebsiteOfficial Website
Chief Justice
CurrentlyMaureen O'Connor
SinceJanuary 1, 2011
Lead position ends2022
Jurist term ends2021*
The Thomas J. Moyer Ohio Judicial Center

The Ohio Supreme Court and the rest of the judiciary is established and authorized within Article IV of the Ohio Constitution.

JusticesEdit

All the seats on the court are elected at large by the voters of Ohio. Every two years, two of the associate justice seats are up for election. For one of those three elections in a cycle, the chief justice's seat is up for election. In order to run for a seat on the court, a person must be admitted to the bar in Ohio, and have practiced as a lawyer or served as a judge for at least six years.[1] There is an age limit: One may not run for a seat on any Ohio court if one is more than 70 years of age. This limit often forces the retirement of long-time justices. Justice Francis E. Sweeney, Sr., was barred by this rule from running for re-election in 2004, as was Justice Terrence O'Donnell in 2018 and as Chief Justice Maureen O'Connor will be in 2022. However, a judge who reaches the age of 70 after being elected is not prevented from completing her or his term in office.

The Governor of Ohio may appoint a Justice to the Court when there is a vacancy.

Ohio law provides that judicial elections are non-partisan. This means that parties may nominate candidates in primary elections, but party designations for the candidates are not permitted on the general election ballot. Candidates and judges are also restricted in making public political statements. The usual route to the court in modern times is to first be nominated by one of the two major political parties in either the Democratic or Republican primary.

From the seating of Robert R. Cupp in 2007 to replace Democrat Alice Robie Resnick until the 2010 appointment of Eric Brown as chief justice, the court consisted entirely of Republicans who had been nominated through the primary process and won the general election, or who were appointed to an open seat by a Republican governor. This occurred once again in 2018 when Republican Mary DeGenaro was appointed to fill the seat vacated by the lone Democrat on the court, Bill O'Neill. Democrats once again joined the court in 2019 with the election of Michael Donnelly and Melody Stewart in November 2018.

Justice (party) Born Date service began Term ends Mandatory
retirement
Maureen O'Connor (R) (Chief Justice)
1951
Associate Justice-January 1, 2003
Chief Justice-January 1, 2011
December 31, 2022
2022*
Michael P. Donnelly (D)
1966
January 1, 2019
January 1, 2025
2036
Sharon L. Kennedy (R)
1962
December 7, 2012
December 31, 2020
2032
Judith L. French (R)
1962
January 1, 2013
January 1, 2021
2032
Patrick DeWine (R)
1968
January 2, 2017
January 1, 2023
2038
Patrick F. Fischer (R)
1957
January 1, 2017
January 1, 2023
2027
Melody J. Stewart (D)
1965
January 2, 2019
January 1, 2025
2035

Asterisks (*) next to retirement dates indicate justices who will be permitted to complete their current terms, but will be barred from running for reelection due to having exceeded the mandatory retirement age of 70 years.

  • In the court's history, there have been four instances where the female justice have outnumbered the male justices. The first occurred from January to May 2003, the second time occurred in 2005 and 2006, the third time occurred between January 2011 and January 2017, and the fourth time occurred beginning in January 2018.

Important casesEdit

In DeRolph v. State (1997) the Supreme Court of Ohio found that Ohio's method of funding its schools was unconstitutional. The case originated in the Perry County Schools.

In Mapp v. Ohio (1961), the U.S. Supreme Court reversed the Supreme Court of Ohio, and found that evidence seized unlawfully without a search warrant can not be used in criminal prosecutions.

CompensationEdit

As of 2018, the chief justice receives $174,700 per year and associate justices $164,000 per year.[2]

Disciplinary CounselEdit

The Ohio Supreme Court Disciplinary Counsel investigate Ohio judges and attorneys in order to protect the public. The Ohio Supreme Court announced through its website the dismissal of former Disciplinary Counsel on 29 August 2013. As of 2018, Scott Drexel is Disciplinary Counsel and his office investigates grievances.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ohio Revised Code § 2503.01
  2. ^ "Judge's Salary Chart". www.supremecourt.ohio.gov. Retrieved 2018-07-19.

External linksEdit