Longview is a city in Gregg and Harrison counties in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 80,455. The estimated population in 2015 was 82,287. Most of the city is located in Gregg County, of which it is the county seat; a small part extends into the western part of neighboring Harrison County. Longview is located in East Texas, where Interstate 20 and U.S. Highways 80 and 259 converge just north of the Sabine River.
|Nickname(s): Balloon Capital of Texas|
|Motto(s): Real East Texas|
Location of Longview, Texas
|• City Council||Mayor Andy Mack
|• City Manager||David Willard|
|• City||55.8 sq mi (144.5 km2)|
|• Land||55.7 sq mi (144.2 km2)|
|• Water||0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)|
|Elevation||371 ft (113 m)|
|• Estimate (2015)||82,287|
|• Density||1,468.2/sq mi (570.5/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1374716|
Longview is the principal city of the Longview Metropolitan Statistical Area, comprising Gregg, Upshur, and Rusk counties (population 217,781). Longview is considered a major hub city for East Texas, as is the nearby city of Tyler. In 2014, Forbes magazine ranked Longview as the sixth fastest-growing small city in the United States.
Longview was founded in the 1870s by Ossamus Hitch Methvin, Sr. In 1870, Methvin sold 100 acres (40 ha) to the Southern Pacific Railroad for one dollar to persuade them to build their line in the direction of land he owned. Later that year, he sold another 100 acres (40 ha) for $500 in gold. He hoped the coming of the railroad would increase the value of the rest of his land.
In 1884 the elite Mobberly Hotel opened for business servicing the railroad travelers and served as the center of social gatherings for Longview. The hotel featured cherry wood furniture with carved bed posters, marble top wash stands, linen table clothes, electric crystal chandeliers and a fireplace in every room. The Mobberly was located in the Junction part of town near the train depot. The hotel was destroyed by fire on June 13, 1965.
In July 1919, a reporter for The Chicago Defender was in Longview looking into the mysterious death of a black man named Lemuel Walters. An armed white mob attacked a home where the reporter, S.L. Jones, was staying and attempted to batter their way in. A gunfight began between the attackers and the men in the house. Eventually, Jones made a getaway. The white men then began to burn buildings in the black section of the town.
In 1942, construction began on the Big Inch pipeline in Longview. From 1943 to 1945, the pipeline transported over 261,000,000 barrels of crude oil to the East Coast. At the time of construction, Big Inch and its smaller twin, Little Inch, comprised the longest petroleum pipeline ever built in the world. Both were integral in supplying the United States war effort in World War II.
Longview is located at  It is bordered to the west by the city of White Oak and is surrounded by many other cities and towns, including Kilgore (southwest), Gladewater (west), Gilmer (northwest), Ore City (north), Harleton (northeast), Hallsville (east), and Lakeport (southeast). It is 37 miles (60 km) northeast of the similarly sized city of Tyler.(32.509147, -94.753909).
Incorporated areas include Spring Hill, Pine Tree, Judson, and Longview Heights.
Winter: Winters are mild. Average snowfall is less than 2 inches (5 cm), with usually one or two ice storms each winter. Normal highs are from the 50s–60s. Lows range from the 30s to the 40s. Temperature rarely dips below 20 °F and occasionally can get as warm as 80 °F during the winter months.
Spring: The season brings storms as a transition from winter to summer. Temperatures range from the 60s to 80s for the high, and the 40s to the 60s for the low. The average date of the last frost is April 4. Severe thunderstorms are common during this season as cold fronts pass through the area. This is the wettest time of year.
Summer: The summer is hot and humid. Temperatures slowly climb from the 90s to over 100 going into the dog days of summer. Lows are in the 70s. This is the driest and sunniest time of year. The heat index can climb to around 110 °F.
Fall: Fall is marked by the first cold front that knocks the 100-degree temperatures down into the 90s. Foliage begins to change in late October. Temperatures cool down and dew points drop.
|Climate data for Longview, Texas|
|Record high °F (°C)||86
|Average high °F (°C)||57
|Average low °F (°C)||34
|Record low °F (°C)||−4
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||3.79
|U.S. Decennial Census|
In the 2010 census, Longview had a population of 80,455. The median age was 34. The racial and ethnic composition of the population was 56.2% non-Hispanic white, 22.6% non-Hispanic black, 0.5% Native American, 1.4% Asian, 9.5% from some other race, 2.3% from two or more races and 18.0% Hispanic or Latino.
In the census of 2000, 73,344 people, 28,363 households, and 19,116 families resided in the city. The population density was 1,341.8 people per square mile (518.1/km²). The 30,727 housing units averaged a density of 562.1 per square mile (217.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 70.10% White, 22.11% African American, 0.50% Native American, 0.83% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 4.92% from other races, and 1.51% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 10.31% of the population.
Of the 28,363 households, 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.6% were not families. About 27.9% of all households were individuals who lived alone, and 10.7% of all households were 65 years of age or more and living alone. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.06.
The city's population had 26.7% under the age of 18, 10.8% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or more. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $33,858, and for a family was $42,378. Males had a median income of $33,078 versus $21,400 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,676. About 13.0% of families and 16.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.7% of those under age 18 and 10.6% of those age 65 or over.
The economy in Longview is healthy. Despite a national downturn in the housing market, Longview has been growing, and home prices continue to rise. Some major sectors of the Longview economy include the East Texas Oil Field, services, technology, such as Exponential Networks, and manufacturing. In 2007, Longview added some major chain stores to its north side. The addition of Kohl's, two Starbucks, a new Target, a third Walmart supercenter on the south side, and a handful of hotels means Longview is becoming a regional hub for shopping. Keeping shoppers in Longview and away from Tyler, Dallas, and Shreveport has been an important strategy for the city. Most new construction has been located on the north side around Hawkins Pkwy. and US 259, with lesser development on the south side near Estes Pkwy.
In October 2007, Longview was recertified as a Texas Urban Main Street City. There are 89 cities in the Texas Main Street Program, 10 of them are Urban Main Street Cities. In December 2007, Longview was awarded the "Certified Retirement Community" designation by the Texas Department of Agriculture through its "Go Texan" initiative. Longview was also included in 2007 in the "Top 100 Best Cities for Young People."
Longview is one of several cities in East Texas that serves as a center for the "patent troll" industry, due to a perception that the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Texas is a favorable venue for patent infringement plaintiffs.
According to the municipal 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees||Type of Business|
|1||CHRISTUS Good Shepherd Medical Center||3,200||Medical/Hospital Services|
|3||Longview Independent School District||1,205||Public Schools|
|5||Joy Global (formerly LeTourneau Inc.)||1,100||Heavy Equipment|
|6||Trinity Rail, LLC||1,100||Railway Cars|
|7||City of Longview||848||Government|
|8||Gregg Industrial Insulators||747||Contractor|
|9||Longview Regional Hospital||730||Medical/Hospital Services|
|10||Diagnostic Clinic of Longview||706||Medical/Hospital Services|
According to the its most recent Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city's various funds had $75.9 million in revenues, $87.7 million in expenditures, $47.6 million in total assets, $9.0 million in total liabilities, and $12.2 million in cash in investments.
The structure of the management and coordination of city services is:
|City Manager||David Willard|
|Assistant City Manager||Keith Bonds|
|Director of Finance||Angela Coen|
|Director of Public Works||Rolin McPhee|
|Director of Administration||Mary Ann Miller|
|Director of Development Services||Michael Shirley|
|Director of Community Services||Laura Hill|
|Director of Parks and Recreation||Scott Caron|
Colleges and universitiesEdit
The city of Longview is home to three institutions of higher learning and two trade (cosmetology) schools:
- LeTourneau University
- Kilgore College, Longview Campus
- University of Texas at Tyler, Longview University Center
Public school districtsEdit
Longview is served by four school districts.
- Longview Independent School District - enrollment 8,150, 16 schools, home of the Lobos, serves south and northeast Longview
- Pine Tree Independent School District - enrollment 4,631, seven schools, home of the Pirates, serves west Longview including Pine Tree and Greggton
- Spring Hill Independent School District - enrollment 1,862, five schools, home of the Panthers, serves north Longview in the Spring Hill area
- Hallsville Independent School District - enrollment 4,037, six schools, home of the Bobcats, serves far east Longview around Harrison County.
Longview is home to the Longview Public Library, which currently operates two branches:
- LPL - the main branch located on Cotton St.
- BBL - Broughton Branch Library located on South Martin Luther King Jr Blvd.
East Texas Regional Airport, 9 miles (14 km) south of the city center, offers service to Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport via Envoy Air. The airport continues to grow. In 2007, it was designated a foreign trade zone.
The Longview airport is home to the flight training program of LeTourneau University. The aeronautical students do classwork at the airport, as well as all their flight training.
The city's public transit system, Longview Transit, runs daily routes, excluding Sundays and holidays. Its fixed routes provide transportation to key districts throughout the city.
City of Longview Transit (COLT) provides transportation demand-response transportation services for those who are unable to use the regular Longview Transit fixed-route service.
Amtrak passenger rail service is available on the Texas Eagle through a downtown terminal. Longview's Amtrak station is the second-busiest in Texas and the fourth-busiest station along the Texas Eagle route. Daily trains between Chicago and San Antonio stop each morning (Chicago–San Antonio) and each evening (San Antonio–Chicago). Monday, Wednesday and Friday, the Longview station serves the Chicago to Los Angeles trains. The return train, Los Angeles to Chicago, stops in Longview on Sunday, Tuesday, and Friday. It serves about 20–50 passengers per day. From the station, passengers can connect to Nacogdoches, Houston, and Galveston, as well as Shreveport, Louisiana, by motorcoach. A proposal is in the works for a high-speed rail system from Dallas/Fort Worth to Shreveport along the I-20 corridor.
Longview is served by two freight railroad lines. Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railroad operates two trains daily through Longview. The Union Pacific Railroad has 25 daily trains through Longview's facilities.
The Longview Economic Development Corporation website provides more details about the transportation infrastructure, including air, rail, trucking, waterways, and highway information. Many maps are also available.
One Interstate freeway and two U.S. highways run through Longview. Four Texas state highways also run into Longview. Two Texas state highway spurs serve to connect highways in Longview.
- Interstate 20, an east–west freeway, connects Longview to Dallas, about 125 mi (201 km) to the west and to Shreveport, Louisiana, around 60 mi (97 km) to the east.
- U.S. Highway 80 runs through the central district of Longview. U.S. Hwy 80 was once a coast-to-coast highway from Tybee Beach near Savannah, Georgia, and ran continuously across the southern part of the United States to San Diego, California. Today, its western terminus is in Dallas, making the length only 1,032 mi (1,661 km).
- U.S. Highway 259 is a 250-mile-long (400 km) north/south highway providing an alternate route to U.S. 59 between Nacogdoches, Texas, and the Oklahoma/Arkansas border just south of Fort Smith, Arkansas. Before Interstate 20, US 259 went through the center of Longview on a route now designated Texas State Highway 31 and Spur 502.
- Texas Highway 31 runs 143.3 miles (230.6 km) east/west between Longview and Waco, Texas.
- Texas Highway 149, 33.9 mi (54.6 km) long, connects Longview with Carthage.
- Texas Highway 300 is a short (18.62-mile (29.97 km)) highway connecting Longview to U.S. 271 in Gilmer.
- Texas Highway 281 is a 19.3-mile (31.1 km) loop highway that circumnavigates much of Longview from its east connection at I-20 east of the Gregg/Harrison county line to I-20 in Longview. It runs northward, westward, southward and eastward around the city.
- Spur 502 connects north/south traffic between U.S. Hwy 80 in central Longview and U.S. Hwy 259 north of Longview.
- Spur 63 runs north/south through Longview connecting TX Hwy 31 at its Longview terminus with Spur 502 north of TX Loop 281.
Longview is accessed easily by I-20, which passes 4 miles (6 km) south of the city center. New construction has prompted some major upgrades to the city's system of roads. Medians have been added to Loop 281 as Phase I of the project is nearing completion. Phase II of the project will upgrade the road to a six-lane parkway. Slated to start in 2009, TxDOT has informed Longview officials that the funds have been withdrawn, placing Phase II on indefinite hold. TxDOT is researching an outer loop around the north side of Longview to complete the East Texas Hourglass. The road will loop around Longview and Tyler and is slated to start in 2012.
The Gregg County (the vast majority) portion of Longview are part of the Tyler-Longview-Lufkin-Nacogdoches Designated Market Area, DMA #110. These in-market television stations are available over the air:
|Call letters||Channel number||Studio location||Name/Network||Format|
|19.2||The CW Plus||480i|
|KLGV-LD||36.1||Longview||Trinity Broadcasting Network||480i|
|36.3||Smile of a Child TV||480i|
|KCEB||54.1||Tyler||Sonlife Broadcasting Network||480i|
The five major network stations in the market have local newscasts which all originate from Tyler. KYTX formerly presented a Longview-centered newscast, which ended in 2010. The station does still continue to broadcast Longview news from their Longview newsroom. The once-daily KFXK newscast is at 9:00 PM weekdays.
The market does not have a dedicated PBS affiliate. The acting PBS affiliate, KERA-TV Dallas, is available on cable and Dish Network. KLTS, the PBS affiliate from Shreveport, is available on digital cable and over the air in many parts of the city. DirecTV viewers in the market receive the PBS national feed.
The Harrison County portion of Longview is within the Shreveport-Texarkana market. Below is their channels.
|Call letters||Channel number||Studio location||Name/Network||Format|
|KTBS-WX||3.2||Mega3 Doppler Radar||480i|
|KTBS-DT||3.3||3 News 24/7||480i|
|KPXJ-HD||21.1||Minden||The CW HD||1080i DD5.1|
|24.2||LPB2 (PBS Kids)||480i|
Cable television/high-speed InternetEdit
- Longview News-Journal
- American Classifieds' Thrifty Nickel
- East Texas Review
- El Diario de Harrison County
Longview and Gregg County are part of the Tyler-Longview Arbitron Radio Market, market #145. These radio stations can be reliably received in most parts of the city:
|Frequency (MHz)||Call letters||Licensed location||Type||Format||Nickname|
|88.7||KZLO||Kilgore||Translator of K-LOVE||Contemporary Christian||K-LOVE|
|89.9||KDAQ||Shreveport||Primary||NPR, Classical, Jazz||Red River Radio|
|90.7||KTAA||Big Sandy||Translator of KCCV-FM||Christian talk|
|91.9||KHCJ||Jefferson||Translator of KHCB-FM||Christian radio|
|92.3||KCUL-FM||Marshall||Translator of KOYE||Regional Mexican||La Invasora|
|93.1||KTYL-FM||Tyler||Primary||Hot Adult Contemporary||Mix 93-1|
|95.3||KFRO-FM||Gilmer||Translator of KLJT||Top 40||The Breeze|
|96.1||KKTX-FM||Kilgore||Primary||Classic Rock||Classic Rock 96-1|
|99.3||KAPW||White Oak||Primary (?)||Top 40|
|100.3||KZQX-FM||Tatum||Primary||Adult Standards, jazz||QX-FM|
|101.9||K270AW||Longview||Translator of KDOK||Classic Hits|
|102.3||KLJT||Jacksonville||Primary||Top 40||The Breeze|
|102.7||KBLZ||Winona||Primary||Rhythmic contemporary||The Blaze|
|104.7||KXAL-LP||Chalk Hill||Primary, Low Power||Light Classical, Jazz|
|105.3||K287AJ||Kilgore||Translator of KDOK||Classic Hits|
|106.5||KOOI||Jacksonville||Primary||Classic Hits||Jack FM|
|106.9||KAZE||Ore City||Translator of KBLZ||Rhythmic contemporary||The Blaze|
|107.3||KISX||Whitehouse||Primary||Urban adult contemporary||Hot 107-3 Jamz|
|Frequency (kHz)||Call letters||Licensed location||Type||Format|
|1370||KFRO||Longview||Primary||Fox Sports Radio|
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