E. W. Scripps Company
The E. W. Scripps Company is an American broadcasting company founded in 1878 as a chain of daily newspapers by Edward Willis "E. W." Scripps. It was also formerly a media conglomerate. The company is headquartered inside the Scripps Center in Cincinnati, Ohio. Its corporate motto is "Give light and the people will find their own way."
Scripps headquarters in Cincinnati, Ohio
|Traded as||NASDAQ: SSP (Class A)|
S&P 600 Component
|Industry||Broadcast television, broadcast radio|
|Successor||Scripps Networks (Cable television)|
|Founded||November 2, 1878|
(as the Penny Press)
|Founder||Edward W. Scripps|
|Rich Boehne (chairman)|
Adam P. Symson (President & CEO)
|Revenue||US$943 million (2016)|
|US$127 million (2016)|
In 1894, E. W. Scripps and his half-brother, George H. Scripps, organized their various papers into the first modern newspaper chain. In July 1895, it was named the Scripps-McRae League with the addition of Cincinnati Post general manager Milton A. McRae as a partner.
On June 2, 1902, Scripps founded the Newspaper Enterprise Association (NEA), based in Cleveland, Ohio, as a news report service for different Scripps-owned newspapers. It started selling content to non-Scripps owned newspapers in 1907, and by 1909, it became a more general syndicate, offering comics, pictures and features as well. It moved from Cleveland to Chicago in 1915, with an office in San Francisco. NEA rapidly grew and delivered content to 400 newspapers in 1920 and about 700 in 1930.
The Scripps Howard News Service was formed in 1917.
On November 23, 1922, the E. W. Scripps Company was placed in trust for E. W. Scripps' children and grandchildren. The company's shares were divided into two types: Class A Common Shares, which were traded on the New York Stock Exchange, and common voting shares, which were not publicly traded and elected a majority of the company's directors. A number of media companies, including the New York Times Company and the Washington Post Company, are governed by this system so that the descendants of the company's founders can keep control of the company.
E. W. Scripps died in 1926.
United Feature Syndicate became a dominant player in the syndication market in the fall of 1931 thanks to Scripps' acquisition of the New York World, which controlled the Pulitzer company's syndication arms, Press Publishing Co. and World Feature Service.
In 1990, the company completed a new downtown Cincinnati headquarters, the Scripps Center.
On October 16, 2007, the company announced that it would separate into two publicly traded companies: The E. W. Scripps Company (newspapers, TV stations, licensing/syndication) and Scripps Networks Interactive (NYSE: SNI), (HGTV, Food Network, DIY Network, Cooking Channel (formerly known as Fine Living), Travel Channel and Great American Country). The transaction was completed on July 1, 2008.
On February 24, 2011, United Media struck a distribution deal with Universal Uclick (now known as Andrews McMeel Syndication) for syndication of the company's 150 comic strip and news features, which became effective on June 1 of that year. At that point, United Media, and by extension the Scripps Company, got out of the syndication business.
On September 12, 2011, Scripps partnered with Cox Media Group and Raycom Media to launch Right This Minute, a viral video program. On the same day, Scripps launched The List, a news magazine. Both were part of an approach for "homegrown" programming--programming created by Scripps. Raycom also launched America Now on the same day. The creator of RTM and The List applied this "homegrown" programming approach to Tegna in 2015, with the launch of T.D. Jakes. Scripps launched Let's Ask America in 2013 (now cancelled), partnering with Telepictures to do so, and Pickler and Ben in 2017.
On October 3, 2011, Scripps announced it was purchasing the television arm of McGraw-Hill for $212 million. This purchase nearly doubled the number of Scripps stations to 19 with a combined reach of 13% of U.S. households. Upon the 2012 death of E. W. Scripps' grandson, Robert Scripps, the Edward W. Scripps Trust was dissolved and its stock divided among the surviving trustees.
The Scripps Howard News Service (est. 1917) shut down in 2013, after 96 years in operation.
On July 30, 2014, Scripps and Journal Communications announced that the two companies would merge and spin-off their newspaper assets. The deal created a broadcast group under the E. W. Scripps Company name and retaining the Cincinnati headquarters, and a newspaper company based in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, under the Journal Media Group name. The FCC approved the deal on December 12, 2014, and it was approved by shareholders on March 11, 2015. The merger and spinoff were completed on April 1, 2015. In turn, Journal Media Group was acquired by Gannett Company on April 8, 2016. Gannett had also shed their television and broadcast operations into a spin-off, Tegna, months after the Scripps-Journal merger.
On August 1, 2017, Scripps announced the purchase of Katz Broadcasting and its three networks plus Bounce which Katz operates, for $292 million, acquiring the other 95% of the company. The purchase was completed on October 2, 2017. During 2018, the company’s shares moved to Nasdaq.
In 1997, Scripps bought daily Texas newspapers Abilene, Wichita Falls, San Angelo and Plano, plus the paper in Anderson, S.C. from Harte-Hanks Communications, along with 25 non-daily newspapers and San Antonio-based KENS-TV and KENS-AM. The purchase price was to be between $605 and $775 million, depending on a federal ruling.
The company, before the merger with Journal and subsequent spinoff to Gannett, owned and operated newspapers in 13 American markets:
- Ventura County Star (Camarillo, California)
- Redding Record Searchlight (Redding, California)
- Naples Daily News (Naples, Florida)
- Treasure Coast Newspapers:
- Evansville Courier & Press (Evansville, Indiana)
- Fullerton Daily News Tribune (Fullerton, California)
- The Gleaner (Henderson, Kentucky)
- The Anderson Independent-Mail (Anderson, South Carolina)
- The Knoxville News-Sentinel (Knoxville, Tennessee)
- The Commercial Appeal (Memphis, Tennessee)
- The Abilene Reporter-News (Abilene, Texas)
- San Angelo Standard-Times (San Angelo, Texas)
- Times Record News (Wichita Falls, Texas)
- Kitsap Sun (Bremerton, Washington)
Other newspapers owned by ScrippsEdit
|The Day Book||Chicago||closed||July 6, 1917||Experimental, advertising-free penny press that fell short of profit expectations.|
|Toledo News-Bee||Toledo, Ohio||August 2, 1938||Remnants of the paper were acquired by The Toledo Blade.|
|Houston Press||Houston, Texas||March 20, 1964||Assets were sold to The Houston Chronicle.|
|Indianapolis Times||Indianapolis, Indiana||October 11, 1965|
|New York World-Telegram||New York City||merged, then closed||April 23, 1966
World-Telegram and Sun
May 5, 1967
World Journal Tribune
|Known as the New York World-Telegram and Sun after 1951, when it purchased the remnants of the New York Sun. After a proposed joint operating agreement between two other newspapers with distinct histories – Hearst's New York Journal American and John Hay Whitney's New York Herald Tribune – collapsed due to union pressure, all three merged to form the New York World Journal Tribune (all three owners had a stake in the publication as "World Journal Tribune, Inc."). The combined paper did not launch for 140 days due to a newspaper strike triggered by the merger, and ultimately folded the following May. Scripps would maintain ownership of the World-Telegram's annual publication, The World Almanac and Book of Facts until 1993, when that was sold to Primedia.|
|The Washington Daily News||Washington, DC||sold||August 1972||Sold to, and ultimately merged into, The Washington Star.|
|Fort Worth Press||Fort Worth, Texas||closed||1975|
|Cleveland Press||Cleveland, Ohio||sold||October 31, 1980||The company's first newspaper and original flagship. Merged with the Cleveland News in 1960. Sold to entrepreneur Joseph E. Cole in 1980 after the Cleveland Plain Dealer surpassed it in both circulation and revenue throughout the 1960s and 1970s. Subsequently, closed on June 17, 1982.|
|Memphis Press-Scimitar||Memphis, Tennessee||closed||October 31, 1983||Afternoon-only daily paper. The paper's roots trace back to 1880; it was acquired by Scripps' antecedent, the Scripps-McRae League, in 1906. Scripps also purchased the city's morning paper, The Commercial Appeal (which it still owns) in 1936.|
|Columbus Citizen-Journal||Columbus, Ohio||December 31, 1985||Founded in 1899. Also had its roots in what was one of the first newspapers in Ohio, The Ohio State Journal, which was founded in 1814. Operated as part of a joint operating agreement with The Columbus Dispatch for several decades; Scripps folded the paper after the Dispatch terminated the JOA, and a sale of the paper to Akron-area businessman Nyles V. Reinfeld collapsed.|
|Pittsburgh Press||Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania||sold||May 17, 1992||Sold to Block Communications, subsequently merged into the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Revived as an online-only paper from 2011 to 2015.|
|Thousand Oaks News Chronicle||Thousand Oaks, California||closed||July 22, 1995||Publication relocated to Camarillo, California and merged with the co-owned Ventura County Star.|
|Birmingham Post-Herald||Birmingham, Alabama||September 23, 2005||The paper's roots trace back to the Elyton Herald, founded 21 years before Birmingham's incorporation as a city. Merged with the Scripps-owned Birmingham Post in 1950. Long a morning newspaper, it switched to an afternoon-only publication by request of joint operating agreement partner The Birmingham News (which itself became a tri-weekly in 2012).|
|Colorado Daily||Boulder, Colorado||sold||2009||Acquired by Media News Group Inc.|
|Cincinnati Post||Cincinnati, Ohio||closed||December 31, 2007||Distributed in the Covington, Kentucky region as The Kentucky Post; that version was converted to an online-only publication as KYPost.com, which operates to this day.|
|The Albuquerque Tribune||Albuquerque, New Mexico||February 23, 2008||Founding owner Carl Magee's slogan for the paper, "Give light and the people will find their own way," and accompanying lighthouse logo, would both be adopted by Scripps after their 1923 acquisition of the paper.|
|Rocky Mountain News||Denver, Colorado||February 27, 2009||Purchased by Scripps in 1926. Folded 55 days prior to its 150th anniversary of publication.|
|Youngstown Telegram||Youngstown, Ohio||sold||July 2, 1936||Acquired by the Youngstown Vindicator Printing Company and merged into The Vindicator.|
|The Daily Camera||Boulder, Colorado||2009||Acquired by Media News Group Inc.|
|El Paso Herald-Post||El Paso, Texas||closed||October 11, 1997|
|San Francisco News||San Francisco||merged||1965||Founded 1903. Merged with the Hearst's San Francisco Call-Bulletin to form The News-Call Bulletin in 1959. Hearst acquired complete control in 1962 and merged it into the San Francisco Examiner in 1965.|
- United Media (1978–2011) — composed of:
- United Feature Syndicate (est. 1919) — syndicated many notable comic strips, including Peanuts, Garfield, Li'l Abner, Dilbert, Nancy and Marmaduke
- Newspaper Enterprise Association (est. 1902) — originally a secondary news service to the Scripps Howard News Service, later evolved into a general syndicate; best known for syndicating Alley Oop, Freckles and His Friends, The Born Loser and Frank and Ernest, in addition to an annual Christmas comic strip
The distribution rights to properties syndicated by United Media were outsourced to Universal Uclick in February 2011. While United Media effectively ceased to exist, Scripps still maintains copyrights and intellectual property rights.
E. W. Scripps' television division currently owns fifty-one television stations in thirty-six markets; eighteen ABC affiliates, eleven NBC affiliates, nine CBS affiliates, five Azteca América affiliates, two MyNetworkTV affiliates, two Fox affiliates, one CW affiliate, and one station independent of any network affiliation.
Scripps also previously owned the Shop at Home Network from 2000 until 2006. Shop at Home in turn owned five television stations, all as a division of its cable network division.
From 1990 to 1995, Scripps was a partner in the regional sports network SportSouth, along with Turner Broadcasting and Tele-Communications, Inc.; in 1996 the network was sold to News Corporation and became Fox Sports South.
Attempts to use Shop at Home as a complementary service to Food Network and HGTV by selling products connected to personalities of those networks were middling compared to competitors QVC and HSN. On May 22, 2006, Scripps announced that it was to cease operations of the network and intended to sell each of Shop at Home's five owned and operated television stations. Jewelry Television eventually acquired Shop at Home, but Scripps still intended to sell its affiliated stations (Jewelry Television discontinued most Shop at Home operations in March 2008). On September 26, 2006, Scripps announced that it was selling its Shop at Home TV stations to New York City-based Multicultural Television for $170 million.
On October 3, 2011, Scripps announced it was purchasing all seven television stations owned by The McGraw-Hill Companies for $212 million; the sale is a result of McGraw-Hill's decision to exit the broadcasting industry to focus on its other core properties, including its publishing unit. This deal was approved by the FTC on October 31 and the FCC on November 29. The deal was completed on December 30, 2011.
On February 10, 2014, Scripps announced it has reached a deal to acquire Buffalo ABC affiliate WKBW-TV and Detroit MyNetworkTV affiliate WMYD for $110 million. The sale was approved by the FCC on May 2, 2014 and was completed on June 16, 2014. This deal has created a duopoly between WMYD and ABC affiliate WXYZ-TV.
On January 25, 2018, it was announced that Scripps had placed its radio station unit for sale. The divestiture of these stations – which were acquired through the company's 2015 acquisition of Journal Communications – would result in the separation of Scripps's television stations in Tulsa, Omaha, Milwaukee, Boise and Tucson from their co-owned radio clusters (in the case of Tulsa, KJRH-TV would be separated from KFAQ for the second time; the two stations, then using the shared KVOO callsign, were first split up in 1970, when Central Plains Enterprises sold the then-KVOO-TV to Scripps). In June 2018, Griffin Communications reached a deal to buy the Scripps Tulsa radio cluster. The sale was completed on July 28, 2018. In July 2018, Good Karma Brands reached a deal to buy the Scripps Milwaukee radio cluster. The sale was completed on November 1, 2018.
On August 20, 2018, Scripps agreed to purchase ABC affiliates KXXV in Waco, Texas and satellite station KRHD-CD in Bryan, Texas and WTXL-TV in Tallahassee, Florida, which are being spun off from the Gray Television-Raycom Media merger in order to alleviate ownership conflicts involving Gray's ownership of CBS affiliate KWTX-TV and its semi-satellite KBTX-TV in the Waco market and CBS affiliate WCTV and Retro Television Network affiliate WFXU in the Tallahassee market.
On October 29, 2018, Cordillera Communications announced that it would sell all but one of its television stations to Scripps. KVOA in Tucson, Arizona is not included in the deal as Scripps already owns KGUN-TV and KWBA in that market, and Cordillera will concurrently sell KVOA to Quincy Media. The FCC approved the sale on April 5, 2019, and the sale was completed on May 1.
On March 20, 2019, it was announced that Scripps would acquire eight stations from Tribune Media for $580 million as part of Nexstar Media Group's acquisition of Tribune, including WPIX, WSFL-TV, WTKR and WGNT, WTVR-TV, WXMI, KSTU, and KASW.
- (**) - Indicates stations built and signed on by Scripps.
- (¤¤) - Indicates stations that were previously owned by McGraw-Hill prior to its acquisition by Scripps in 2011.
- (##) - Indicates stations that were acquired by Scripps from Granite Broadcasting in 2014.
- (§§) - Indicates stations that were previously owned by Journal Communications prior to its merger with Scripps in 2015.
- (‡‡) - Indicates stations that were acquired by Scripps from Raycom Media in 2019.
- (Δ) - Indicates stations that were owned by Cordillera Communications prior to its acquisition by Scripps in 2019.
|City of license / Market||Station||Channel
|Phoenix, AZ||KNXV-TV||15 (15)||1985||ABC|
|Tucson - Sierra Vista, AZ||KGUN-TV §§||9 (35)||2015||ABC|
|KWBA-TV §§||58 (44)||2015||The CW|
|Bakersfield, CA||KERO-TV ¤¤||23 (10)||2011||ABC|
|KZKC-LP ¤¤||42||2011||Azteca América|
|San Diego, CA||KGTV ¤¤||10 (10)||2011||ABC|
|San Luis Obispo - Santa Barbara, CA||KSBY Δ||6 (15)||2019||NBC|
|Denver, CO||KMGH-TV ¤¤||7 (7)||2011||ABC|
|KZCO-LD ¤¤||27||2011||Azteca America|
|Windsor - Fort Collins, CO||KZFC-LP ¤¤||36||2011||Azteca América|
|Pueblo - Colorado Springs, CO||KOAA-TV Δ||5 (42)||2019||NBC|
|KZCS-LP ¤¤||23||2011||Azteca America|
|Cape Coral - Fort Myers - Naples, FL||WFTX-TV §§||36 (35)||2015||Fox|
|Tallahassee, FL||WTXL-TV ‡‡||27 (27)||2019||ABC|
|Tampa - St. Petersburg, FL||WFTS-TV||28 (29)||1986||ABC|
|West Palm Beach - Stuart, FL||WPTV-TV||5 (12)||1961||NBC|
|WHDT||9 (9)||2019||Court TV|
|Nampa - Caldwell - Boise, ID||KIVI-TV §§||6 (24)||2015||ABC|
|Twin Falls, ID||KSAW-LD §§
(Semi-satellite of KIVI)
|Indianapolis, IN||WRTV ¤¤||6 (25)||2011||ABC|
|Lexington, KY||WLEX-TV Δ||18 (39)||2019||NBC|
|Lafayette, LA||KATC Δ||3 (28)||2019||ABC|
The CW (DT2)
|Baltimore, MD||WMAR-TV||2 (38)||1991||ABC|
|Detroit, MI - Windsor, ON||WXYZ-TV||7 (41)||1986||ABC|
|WMYD ##||20 (21)||2014||MyNetworkTV|
|Lansing, MI||WSYM-TV §§||47 (35)||2015||Fox|
|Kansas City, MO - Lawrence, KS||KSHB-TV||41 (42)||1977||NBC|
|Billings, MT||KTVQ Δ||2 (10)||2019||CBS|
The CW (DT2)
|Butte, MT||KXLF-TV Δ||4 (5)||2019||CBS|
The CW (DT2)
|Bozeman, MT||KBZK Δ
(Satellite of KXLF)
The CW (DT2)
|Great Falls, MT||KRTV Δ||3 (7)||2019||CBS|
The CW (DT2)
(Satellite of KTVH)
The CW (DT2)
|Helena, MT||KXLH-LD Δ
(Satellite of KRTV)
|KTVH-DT Δ||12 (12)||2019||NBC|
The CW (DT2)
|Missoula, MT||KPAX-TV Δ||8 (7)||2019||CBS|
The CW (DT2)
|Kalispell, MT||KAJJ-CD Δ
(Satellite of KPAX)
The CW (DT2)
|Omaha, NE||KMTV-TV §§||3 (45)||2015||CBS|
|Las Vegas, NV||KTNV-TV §§||13 (12)||2015||ABC|
|Buffalo, NY||WKBW-TV ##||7 (38)||2014||ABC|
|Cincinnati, OH||WCPO-TV **||9 (22)||1949||ABC|
|Cleveland - Akron - Canton, OH||WEWS-TV **||5 (15)||1947||ABC|
|Tulsa, OK||KJRH-TV||2 (8)||1971||NBC|
|Nashville, TN||WTVF §§||5 (25)||2015||CBS|
|Corpus Christi, TX||KRIS-TV Δ||6 (13)||2019||NBC|
The CW (DT2)
|K22JA-D Δ||47 (22)||2019||Telemundo|
|Waco - Temple, TX||KXXV ‡‡||25 (26)||2019||ABC|
|Bryan - College Station, TX||KRHD-CD ‡‡
(Semi-satellite of KXXV)
|Green Bay - Appleton, WI||WGBA-TV §§||26 (41)||2015||NBC|
|WACY-TV §§||32 (27)||2015||MyNetworkTV|
|Milwaukee, WI||WTMJ-TV §§||4 (28)||2015||NBC|
- 1 Owned by Gray Television; it is operated through a shared services agreement.
- 2 Owned by SagamoreHill Broadcasting; it is operated through a shared services agreement.
Former Scripps-owned stationsEdit
General commercial stationsEdit
|City of license/Market||Station||Channel
|Years owned||Current ownership status|
|Lansing, MI||WHTV||18 (34)||2014–2017 ^^||defunct, went off-air in 2017|
|Memphis||WMC-TV **||5 (5)||1948–1993||NBC affiliate owned by Gray Television|
|San Antonio||KENS-TV||5 (39)||1997 ++||CBS affiliate owned by Tegna|
Shop at Home owned-and-operated stationsEdit
|City of license/Market||Station||Channel
|Years owned||Current ownership status|
|San Francisco||KCNS||38 (39)||2002–2006||Sonlife affiliate owned by NRJ TV, LLC|
(operated by Titan TV Broadcast Group)
|Bridgeport, CT – New York City||WSAH||43 (42)||2002–2007||Sonlife affiliate, WZME, owned by NRJ TV, LLC|
(operated by Titan TV Broadcast Group)
|Lawrence – Boston, MA||WMFP||62 (18)||Sonlife affiliate owned by NRJ TV, LLC|
(operated by Titan TV Broadcast Group)
|Wilson – Raleigh – Durham, N.C.||WRAY-TV||30 (42)||2002–2006||Tri-State Christian Television owned-and-operated (O&O)|
|Canton – Cleveland, OH||WOAC||67 (47)||Tri-State Christian Television owned-and-operated (O&O), WRLM|
|AM Station||FM Station|
|Market||Station||Current ownership status|
|Tucson, Arizona||KFFN 1490||owned by Lotus Communications|
|KQTH 104.1||KFLT-FM, owned by Family Life Broadcasting|
|KTGV 106.3||owned by Bustos Media|
|Boise, Idaho||KJOT 105.1||owned by Lotus Communications|
|Wichita, Kansas||KFTI 1070||owned by SummitMedia|
|Baltimore||WBSB-FM 104.3||WZFT, owned by iHeartMedia|
|Springfield, Missouri||KSGF 1260||owned by SummitMedia|
|Omaha, Nebraska||KXSP 590||owned by SummitMedia|
|Cincinnati||WCPO 1230||WDBZ, owned by Radio One|
|WUBE-FM 105.1 **||owned by Hubbard Broadcasting|
|Cleveland||WEWS-FM 102.1 **||WDOK, owned by Entercom|
|Tulsa||KFAQ 1170||owned by Griffin Communications|
|Portland, Oregon||KUPL-970||KUFO, owned by Alpha Media|
|KUPL-FM 98.7||owned by Alpha Media|
|Knoxville||WNOX 990||WNML, owned by Cumulus Media|
|WCYQ 100.3||owned by SummitMedia|
|Memphis||WMPS 680||WMFS, owned by Entercom|
|WMC 790||owned by Entercom|
|WMC-FM 99.7 **|
|San Antonio||KENS 1160 ++||KRDY, owned by Salem Media Group|
|Milwaukee||WTMJ 620||owned by Good Karma Brands|
- (**) indicates a station that was built and signed-on by Scripps
- (++) indicates a station that was owned by Scripps but operated by Belo through a time brokerage agreement during Scripps' ownership
- (^^) indicates a station that was owned by Venture Technologies Group but operated by Scripps through a shared service agreement.
National Spelling BeeEdit
Scripps also operates the national (US) spelling bee. The final competition is in Washington, DC, and it is broadcast on ESPN and ABC. Lower levels are organized by the school, then county and eventually to the final competition. E.W. Scripps will retain ownership of the property in the split of its newspaper and broadcasting businesses.
- "SSP Profile & Executives – EW Scripps Co – Bloomberg". bloomberg.com. Retrieved October 18, 2012.
- Osborne, Kevin (February 21, 2007). "Cover Story: The Light Dims". Cincinnati CityBeat. Cincinnati, Ohio: Lightborne Publishing. Retrieved August 28, 2011.
The corporate motto for Cincinnati-based media chain E.W. Scripps Co. is 'Give light and the people will find their own way,' which the lighthouse logo has come to symbolize.
- "EW Scripps Co (SSP) Company Profile | Reuters.com". Reuters. Thomson Reuters. Retrieved September 25, 2012.
- McRae 1924, p. 119.
- Monmonier, Mark S. (1989). Maps with the news: the development of American journalistic cartography. University of Chicago Press. pp. 80–83. ISBN 978-0-226-53411-4. Retrieved August 28, 2009.
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- "Scripps-Howard". Ohio History Central. ohiohistory.com.
- "UPI History". UPI History. United Press International.
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- Booker, M. Keith. "United Feature Syndicate," in Comics through Time: A History of Icons, Idols, and Ideas (ABC-CLIO, 2014), p. 399.
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- "Syndicate Changes Name". The New York Times. November 4, 1922. p. 28.
- "Scripps Timeline". E. W. Scripps Company. November 29, 1921. Archived from the original on December 18, 2014. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
- "Press Releases | The E.W. Scripps Company". Scripps.com. Archived from the original on October 14, 2013. Retrieved October 14, 2013.
- Booker, M. Keith. "United Feature Syndicate," in Comics through Time: A History of Icons, Idols, and Ideas: A History of Icons, Idols, and Ideas (ABC-CLIO, 2014), p. 399.
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- "United Features consolidates," The Comics Journal #44 (Jan. 1979), p. 17.
- Alter, Maxim (November 7, 2014). "Then & Now: An interactive look at downtown Cincinnati's past". WCPO-TV. E. W. Scripps Company. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
- Universal Uclick to Provide Syndicate Services for United Media, PR Newswire, February 24, 2011.
- United Media Outsources Content to Universal Uclick[permanent dead link], Editor & Publisher, April 29, 2011.[dead link]
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- [dead link]
- "Scripps Buys Newsy For $35M To Expand From TV And Newspapers To Digital Video". TechCrunch. Retrieved December 9, 2013.
Carr, David (August 11, 2014). "Print Is Down, and Now Out: Media Companies Spin Off Newspapers, to Uncertain Futures". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. p. B1. Archived from the original on August 11, 2014.
Turns out, not so much – quite the opposite, really. The Washington Post seems fine, but recently, in just over a week, three of the biggest players in American newspapers – Gannett, Tribune Company and E. W. Scripps, companies built on print franchises that expanded into television – dumped those properties like yesterday's news in a series of spinoffs.
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- "Stripper's Guide: Santa's Secrets, Day 5". Strippersguide.blogspot.com. Retrieved July 18, 2018.
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- [permanent dead link], Editor & Publisher, April 29, 2011. Accessed April 29, 2011.
- Fabrikant, Geraldine (October 30, 1995). "Comcast to Buy Cable Division From Scripps". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved April 22, 2014.
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