Portsmouth is an independent city in southeast Virginia, United States. It lies across the Elizabeth River from Norfolk. As of the 2020 census, the population was 97,915.[5] It is the 9th-most populous city in Virginia and is part of the Hampton Roads metropolitan area.

Portsmouth
Downtown Portsmouth on the Elizabeth River
Downtown Portsmouth on the Elizabeth River
Flag of Portsmouth
Location of Portsmouth in Virginia
Location of Portsmouth in Virginia
Portsmouth is located in Virginia
Portsmouth
Portsmouth
Portsmouth is located in the United States
Portsmouth
Portsmouth
Coordinates: 36°50′04″N 76°20′30″W / 36.83444°N 76.34167°W / 36.83444; -76.34167
CountryUnited States
StateVirginia
CountyNone (Independent city)
Founded1752
Named forPortsmouth, England
Government
 • TypeMayor–council–manager[1]
 • MayorShannon Glover
Area
 • Total46.68 sq mi (120.91 km2)
 • Land33.30 sq mi (86.25 km2)
 • Water13.38 sq mi (34.66 km2)
Elevation
20 ft (6 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total97,840
 • Rank9th in Virginia
 • Density2,940.39/sq mi (1,135.29/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP Codes
23701-23709
Area code(s)757, 948
FIPS code51-64000[3]
GNIS feature ID1497102[4]
Websitewww.portsmouthva.gov

The Norfolk Naval Shipyard is a historic and active U.S. Navy facility located in Portsmouth.

History edit

 
Portsmouth Harbor in 1843; the Naval Hospital is visible in the background
 
The Yellow Fever Memorial in Laurel Hill Cemetery was built to honor the "Doctors, Druggists and Nurses" from Philadelphia who helped fight the epidemic in Portsmouth[6]
 
The Lightship Portsmouth is part of the Naval Shipyard Museum

In 1620, the future site of Portsmouth was recognized as a suitable shipbuilding location by John Wood, a shipbuilder, who petitioned King James I of England for a land grant. The surrounding area was soon settled as a plantation community.[7]

Portsmouth was founded by Colonel William Crawford, a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses.[8] It was established as a town in 1752 by an act of the Virginia General Assembly and was named for Portsmouth, England.[7]

In 1767, Andrew Sprowle, a shipbuilder, founded the Gosport Shipyard adjacent to Portsmouth. The Gosport Shipyard at Portsmouth was owned by the Commonwealth of Virginia after the American Revolutionary War and was sold to the new United States federal government.[citation needed]

In 1855, the Portsmouth and Norfolk area suffered an epidemic of yellow fever which killed 1 of every three citizens. It became an independent city from Norfolk County in 1858.[6]

During the American Civil War, in 1861, Virginia joined the Confederate States of America. Fearing that the Confederacy would take control of the shipyard at Portsmouth, the shipyard commander ordered the burning of the shipyard. The Confederate forces did in fact take over the shipyard and did so without armed conflict through an elaborate ruse orchestrated by civilian railroad builder William Mahone (soon to become a famous Confederate officer). The Union forces withdrew to Fort Monroe across Hampton Roads, which was the only land in the area which remained under Union control.[citation needed]

In early 1862, the Confederate ironclad warship CSS Virginia was rebuilt using the burned-out hulk of USS Merrimack. Virginia engaged the Union ironclad USS Monitor in the famous Battle of Hampton Roads during the Union blockade of Hampton Roads. The Confederates burned the shipyard again when they left in May 1862.[citation needed]

Following the recapture of Norfolk and Portsmouth by the Union forces, the name of the shipyard was changed to Norfolk Naval Shipyard. The name of the shipyard was derived from its location in Norfolk County. The Norfolk Naval Shipyard today is located entirely within the city limits of Portsmouth, Virginia. The Norfolk Naval Shipyard name has been retained to minimize any confusion with the Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, which itself is actually located in Kittery, Maine, across the Piscataqua River from Portsmouth, New Hampshire.[citation needed]

During and after World War II, the shipyard flourished, and suburban development surrounded both Norfolk and Portsmouth. Portsmouth continued as the county seat of Norfolk County until 1963 when the new city of Chesapeake was formed in a political consolidation with the city of South Norfolk. Portsmouth's other county neighbor, the former Nansemond County, also consolidated with a smaller city, forming the new city of Suffolk in 1974.[citation needed] One of the older cities of Hampton Roads, in the early 21st century, Portsmouth was undergoing moderate urban renewal in the downtown.[citation needed]

The APM "MAERSK" marine terminal for container ships opened in 2007 in the West Norfolk section.[citation needed]

Timeline edit

Historic sites edit

 
Built in 1846, the Portsmouth Courthouse is a historic landmark in the center of the Olde Towne Historic District.

Olde Towne edit

The Olde Towne Historic District features one of the largest collections of historically significant homes between Alexandria, Virginia and Charleston, South Carolina.[31] The Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church was built by slaves and free men and is the second-oldest building in Portsmouth and the city's oldest black church.[citation needed]

The city contains a number of other historic buildings, as well, including the Pass House, which was built in 1841 by Judge James Murdaugh and occupied by Union troops from 1862 to 1865. Federal forces required Portsmouth residents to obtain a written pass to travel across the Elizabeth River and beyond. These passes were issued from the English basement and thus the name "Pass House" was derived.[32][33]

Naval Medical Center Portsmouth edit

Formerly the Naval Hospital Portsmouth, the Naval Medical Center Portsmouth is a United States Navy medical center adjacent to the Olde Towne Historic District and Park View Historic District. Founded in 1827, it is the oldest continuously running hospital in the Navy medical system with the motto "First and Finest."[34]

Seaboard Coastline Building edit

Located at 1 High Street in the Olde Towne Historic District, the Seaboard Coastline Building is a historic train station and former headquarters of the Seaboard Air Line railroad company.[citation needed]

The Hill House edit

A four-story 1825 English basement home furnished entirely with original family belongings. It is evident from the furnishings that the Hill family were avid collectors and lived graciously over a period of 150 years. The house remains in its original condition, with limited renovation through the years.[citation needed]

Cedar Grove Cemetery edit

Established in 1832, Cedar Grove Cemetery is the oldest city-owned cemetery in Portsmouth. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places listings in Portsmouth, Virginia, the cemetery is noted for its funerary art and the civic, business, maritime, religious and military leaders who are buried there. Historical markers placed throughout the cemetery allow for self-guided tours. The cemetery is located between Effingham Street and Fort Lane in Olde Towne Portsmouth. Entrance is through the south gate to the cemetery, located on London Boulevard.[citation needed]

Geography edit

 
Newport News, Hampton, Portsmouth, and Norfolk, seen from space in July 1996. Portsmouth is in the center-right portion of the photo. North is at left.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Portsmouth has a total area of 47 square miles (120 km2), of which 34 square miles (88 km2) is land and 13 square miles (34 km2) (28.0%) is water. The city is also bisected by the West Branch of the Elizabeth River which flows from neighboring Suffolk.[35]

Climate edit

Portsmouth's mild humid subtropical climate means outdoor activities can be enjoyed year-round. The weather in Portsmouth is temperate and seasonal. Summers are hot and humid with warm evenings. The mean annual temperature is 65 °F (18 °C), with an average annual snowfall of 3 inches and an average annual rainfall of 47 inches. No measurable snow fell in 1999. The wettest seasons are the spring and summer, although rainfall is fairly constant all year round. The highest recorded temperature was 105.0 °F in 1980. The lowest recorded temperature was -3.0 °F on January 21, 1985.[36]

Additionally, the geographic location of the city, with respect to the principal storm tracks, is especially favorable, as it is south of the average path of storms originating in the higher latitudes, and north of the usual tracks of hurricanes and other major tropical storms.[37] Snow falls rarely, averaging 3 inches (76 mm) per season.[38]

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 84
(29)
82
(28)
92
(33)
97
(36)
100
(38)
102
(39)
105
(41)
105
(41)
100
(38)
95
(35)
86
(30)
82
(28)
105
(41)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 72.4
(22.4)
74.3
(23.5)
80.7
(27.1)
86.9
(30.5)
91.5
(33.1)
95.7
(35.4)
98.4
(36.9)
95.3
(35.2)
92.0
(33.3)
86.0
(30.0)
78.9
(26.1)
73.4
(23.0)
99.3
(37.4)
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 50.7
(10.4)
53.4
(11.9)
60.1
(15.6)
70.0
(21.1)
77.4
(25.2)
85.2
(29.6)
89.4
(31.9)
86.9
(30.5)
81.4
(27.4)
72.3
(22.4)
62.1
(16.7)
54.7
(12.6)
70.3
(21.3)
Daily mean °F (°C) 42.2
(5.7)
44.2
(6.8)
50.7
(10.4)
60.1
(15.6)
68.3
(20.2)
76.7
(24.8)
81.1
(27.3)
79.2
(26.2)
74.0
(23.3)
63.7
(17.6)
53.3
(11.8)
46.1
(7.8)
61.6
(16.4)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 33.6
(0.9)
35.1
(1.7)
41.3
(5.2)
50.1
(10.1)
59.1
(15.1)
68.1
(20.1)
72.8
(22.7)
71.6
(22.0)
66.6
(19.2)
55.1
(12.8)
44.4
(6.9)
37.6
(3.1)
52.9
(11.6)
Mean minimum °F (°C) 18.7
(−7.4)
21.6
(−5.8)
27.4
(−2.6)
37.0
(2.8)
46.9
(8.3)
56.0
(13.3)
64.7
(18.2)
63.7
(17.6)
55.5
(13.1)
40.4
(4.7)
29.8
(−1.2)
23.9
(−4.5)
16.8
(−8.4)
Record low °F (°C) −3
(−19)
2
(−17)
14
(−10)
23
(−5)
36
(2)
45
(7)
54
(12)
49
(9)
40
(4)
27
(−3)
17
(−8)
5
(−15)
−3
(−19)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.41
(87)
2.90
(74)
3.69
(94)
3.37
(86)
3.78
(96)
4.43
(113)
6.08
(154)
5.88
(149)
5.40
(137)
3.86
(98)
3.10
(79)
3.28
(83)
49.18
(1,249)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 3.2
(8.1)
1.5
(3.8)
0.4
(1.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
1.1
(2.8)
6.2
(16)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 10.7 9.2 10.9 10.0 11.2 9.7 10.6 10.2 9.4 7.7 8.9 9.9 118.4
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 1.7 1.3 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5 4.0
Average relative humidity (%) 66.3 65.6 64.6 62.8 68.8 70.6 73.3 75.2 74.4 72.1 68.5 67.0 69.1
Average dew point °F (°C) 27.9
(−2.3)
28.9
(−1.7)
35.8
(2.1)
43.2
(6.2)
54.5
(12.5)
63.1
(17.3)
68.2
(20.1)
68.0
(20.0)
62.4
(16.9)
51.3
(10.7)
41.7
(5.4)
32.7
(0.4)
48.1
(9.0)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 171.5 175.2 229.3 252.8 271.7 280.1 278.3 260.4 231.4 208.3 175.7 160.4 2,695.1
Percent possible sunshine 56 58 62 64 62 64 62 62 62 60 57 53 61
Average ultraviolet index 2 4 5 7 8 10 9 9 7 5 3 2 6
Source 1: NOAA (relative humidity and sun 1961–1990)[36][39][40]
Source 2: Weather Atlas (UV)[41]

Demographics edit

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
18406,477
18508,62633.2%
18609,49610.1%
187010,59011.5%
188011,3907.6%
189013,26816.5%
190017,42731.3%
191033,19090.5%
192054,38763.9%
193045,704−16.0%
194050,74511.0%
195080,03957.7%
1960114,77343.4%
1970110,963−3.3%
1980104,577−5.8%
1990103,910−0.6%
2000100,565−3.2%
201095,535−5.0%
202097,9152.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[42]
1790-1960[43] 1900-1990[44]
1990-2000[45] 2010-2013[46]

2020 census edit

Portsmouth, Virginia – Racial and ethnic composition
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos may be of any race.
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2000[47] Pop 2010[48] Pop 2020[49] % 2000 % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 45,403 38,526 34,912 45.15% 40.33% 35.66%
Black or African American alone (NH) 50,569 50,327 51,586 50.28% 52.68% 52.68%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 449 379 355 0.45% 0.40% 0.36%
Asian alone (NH) 762 994 1,244 0.76% 1.04% 1.27%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 60 104 134 0.06% 0.11% 0.14%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 113 118 490 0.11% 0.12% 0.50%
Mixed Race or Multi-Racial (NH) 1,461 2,168 4,781 1.45% 2.27% 4.88%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 1,748 2,919 4,413 1.74% 3.06% 4.51%
Total 100,565 95,535 97,915 100.00% 100.00% 100.00%

2010 census edit

 
Age distribution in Portsmouth

As of the 2010 census,[50] there were 95,535 people, 38,170 households, and 25,497 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,032.7 inhabitants per square mile (1,170.9/km2). There were 41,605 housing units at an average density of 1,254.7 units per square mile (484.4 units/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 53.3% African American, 41.6% White, 0.4% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.0% from other races, and 2.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.1% of the population.

There were 38,170 households, out of which 30.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.1% were married couples living together, 10.9% have a female household with no husband present and 33.2% were non-families. 27.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 25.7% under the age of 18, 11.1% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $46,340, and the median income for a family was $53,769. Males had a median income of $39,871 versus $33,140 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,108. About 13.5% of families and 16.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.1% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over.[51]

Arts and culture edit

Tourism edit

Portsmouth has a long history as a port town and city. The Olde Towne Business and Historical District is located in the downtown area, where a combination of preservation and redevelopment has been underway. An example is Hawthorn Hotel & Suites at The Governor Dinwiddie Hotel, which was renovated and reopened in 2005 after being closed for more than 10 years. It has been recognized by Historic Hotels of America, a program of the National Trust for Historical Preservation that identifies hotels that have maintained their historical integrity, architecture and ambiance and provides resources for their preservation.[52] The historic hotel was named for Governor Robert Dinwiddie, who was the administrative head of the Colony of Virginia during the time Portsmouth was founded in 1752. It was largely through his efforts that Virginia survived the French and Indian War relatively well.[53] (Dinwiddie County near Petersburg was also named for him).[citation needed]

Other points of interest include the Portsmouth City Park, featuring the 2 ft (610 mm) narrow gauge[54] Portsmouth City Railroad with an operating Chance Rides C.P. Huntington locomotive named Pokey Smokey II. The original Pokey Smokey locomotive was built by Crown Metal Products and ran at the park for many years before being sold at auction. It now runs on the Mideast Railroad in Ederville in Carthage, North Carolina.[55][56]

In addition, the Railroad Museum of Virginia located at Harbor Center Way features vintage railroad artifacts, rolling stock, and an operating model train layout.[57]

Completed in 2023, the Rivers Casino Portsmouth boasts a 50,000-square-foot (4,600 m2) casino floor with slots, table games, poker tables, and a sportsbook.

Sports edit

The Portsmouth Cavaliers were a basketball team founded in 2010 and played in the American Basketball Association for the 2011–12 season. Based in Portsmouth, Virginia, the Cavaliers played their home games at the Chick-fil-A Fieldhouse on the campus of Portsmouth Catholic Regional School. The club spent one season in the American Professional Basketball League (APBL) before folding.[citation needed]

Each April since 1953, the city hosts the Portsmouth Invitational Tournament, where college basketball seniors play in front of scouts from the NBA and top European leagues. Many top basketball stars played in the PIT before successful pro careers, including Jimmy Butler, Scottie Pippen, Dennis Rodman, and John Stockton.

Government edit

United States presidential election results for Portsmouth, Virginia[58]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 12,755 28.61% 30,948 69.42% 879 1.97%
2016 12,795 29.58% 28,497 65.87% 1,969 4.55%
2012 12,858 28.00% 32,501 70.77% 563 1.23%
2008 13,984 29.97% 32,327 69.27% 354 0.76%
2004 15,212 38.48% 24,112 60.99% 210 0.53%
2000 12,628 35.62% 22,286 62.86% 541 1.53%
1996 10,686 30.18% 22,150 62.55% 2,573 7.27%
1992 12,575 33.45% 20,416 54.30% 4,608 12.26%
1988 16,087 44.61% 19,698 54.63% 274 0.76%
1984 18,940 46.42% 21,623 53.00% 238 0.58%
1980 13,660 38.00% 20,900 58.14% 1,389 3.86%
1976 12,872 35.51% 22,837 63.01% 537 1.48%
1972 20,090 58.49% 13,124 38.21% 1,136 3.31%
1968 9,402 25.15% 15,734 42.09% 12,245 32.76%
1964 8,420 34.31% 16,073 65.49% 51 0.21%
1960 6,900 40.64% 9,902 58.32% 178 1.05%
1956 5,390 47.13% 5,683 49.69% 363 3.17%
1952 3,621 36.74% 6,188 62.79% 46 0.47%
1948 2,056 27.86% 4,612 62.48% 713 9.66%
1944 1,129 16.42% 5,735 83.39% 13 0.19%
1940 675 11.73% 5,053 87.83% 25 0.43%
1936 861 13.23% 5,617 86.30% 31 0.48%
1932 1,840 34.76% 3,344 63.17% 110 2.08%
1928 3,474 57.32% 2,587 42.68% 0 0.00%
1924 604 17.70% 2,206 64.64% 603 17.67%
1920 1,061 24.40% 3,228 74.24% 59 1.36%
1916 376 20.76% 1,368 75.54% 67 3.70%
1912 64 3.31% 1,529 79.02% 342 17.67%
1908 407 25.92% 1,154 73.50% 9 0.57%
1904 247 17.31% 1,151 80.66% 29 2.03%
1900 566 24.27% 1,743 74.74% 23 0.99%
1896 769 34.89% 1,380 62.61% 55 2.50%
1892 1,052 37.41% 1,728 61.45% 32 1.14%
1888 1,107 43.07% 1,439 55.99% 24 0.93%
1884 1,344 50.60% 1,312 49.40% 0 0.00%
1880 1,024 44.64% 1,270 55.36% 0 0.00%

Portsmouth is governed under the Council-Manager form of government. The current mayor is Navy veteran and businessman Shannon Glover.[59] The City Hall Building, located at 801 Crawford Street, is the regular meeting place of the City Council of The City of Portsmouth, Virginia. The City Council is a legislative body served by six members, elected for four-year terms.[citation needed]

List of mayors of Portsmouth, Virginia
  • John S. White, 1852-1853[60][61]
  • Hezekiah Stoakes, 1854
  • D. D. Fiske, 1855
  • James G. Hodges, 1856-1857
  • George W. Grice, 1858-1860
  • John O. Lawrence, 1861
  • John Nash, 1862[61]
  • Daniel Collins, 1863-1865
  • James C. White, 1866
  • James E. Stoakes, 1868
  • E. W. Whipple, 1869
  • Philip G. Thomas, 1870-1871
  • A. S. Watts, 1872-1874
  • John O'Connor, 1876-1877
  • John Thompson Baird, 1878-1894
  • L.H. Davis, 1894-1896[61]
  • John Thompson Baird, circa 1896-1902
  • ?[62]
  • Jack P. Barnes, circa 1973
  • Richard Joseph Davis, 1974-1980
  • Julian E. Johansen, circa 1980-1983
  • James W. Holley III, 1984-1987
  • Gloria Webb, 1987-1996
  • James W. Holley III, 1996-2010
  • Kenneth I. Wright, 2010-2017
  • John Rowe, 2017–present[30]

Law enforcement edit

The Portsmouth Police Department has about 255 sworn law enforcement officers and 380 total employees.[63]

In May 2019, Police Chief Tonya Chapman resigned from her position.[64] She was replaced by Angela Greene who serves as interim chief.[65]

Ten Portsmouth policemen have died in the line of duty, the first in 1871. Four of these died from gunshot wounds.[66]

Crime edit

Crime in the city is much higher than elsewhere in Virginia or the United States generally.[67]

2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Portsmouth Homicides, Number 18 8 22 18 17 15 17 14 12 11 12 9 27 14
Portsmouth Homicides, Rate 17.8 8 21.8 17.8 16.8 14.7 16.8 14.1 12.4 11.4 13.4 9.3 28.2 14.6
US Homicides, Rate 5.7 5.5 5.6 5.8 5.7 5.4 5.0 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.5 4.5 N/A N/A

Education edit

Primary and secondary schools edit

Portsmouth Public Schools operates public schools. There are three public high schools in Portsmouth, Virginia, located at three corners of the city. In the northwest section of the city, off Cedar Lane, is Churchland High School. In the downtown section of the city, between London Blvd and High Street, is I.C. Norcom High School. In the southwest section of Portsmouth, on Elmhurst Lane, is Manor High School.

Higher education edit

There are a number of institutions of higher education in and in close proximity to Portsmouth. The city is home to the Tri-Cities Higher Education Center of Old Dominion University (ODU), a public research university founded in 1930 whose main campus is located in Norfolk, Virginia.[68] Portsmouth is also home to the Fred W. Beazley Portsmouth Campus of Tidewater Community College, a two-year higher education institution founded in 1968 in South Hampton Roads with additional campuses located in Chesapeake, Norfolk, and Virginia Beach.[69] Angelos Bible College was established in 1984.

Media edit

Portsmouth's daily newspaper is the Virginian-Pilot with The Currents being the Portsmouth edition of the Sunday paper. Other papers include the New Journal and Guide, and Inside Business.[70] Hampton Roads Magazine serves as a bi-monthly regional magazine for Portsmouth and the Hampton Roads area.[71] The Hampton Roads Times serves as an online magazine for all the Hampton Roads cities and counties. Portsmouth is served by a variety of radio stations on the AM and FM dials, with towers located around the Hampton Roads area.[72]

Portsmouth is also served by several television stations. The Hampton Roads designated market area (DMA) is the 42nd largest in the U.S. with 712,790 homes (0.64% of the total U.S.).[73] The major network television affiliates are WTKR-TV 3 (CBS), WAVY 10 (NBC), WVEC-TV 13 (ABC), WGNT 27 (CW), WTVZ 33 (MyNetworkTV), WVBT 43 (Fox), and WPXV 49 (ION Television). The Public Broadcasting Service stations are WHRO-TV 15, Hampton/Norfolk and WUND-TV 2, Edenton, NC. Portsmouth residents also can receive independent stations, such as WSKY broadcasting on channel 4 from the Outer Banks of North Carolina and WGBS-LD broadcasting on channel 11 from Hampton. Portsmouth is served by Cox Cable and Verizon FIOS. DirecTV and Dish Network are also popular as an alternative to cable television in Portsmouth. WAVY-TV and WVBT-TV are both sister stations owned by Nexstar and have their office and studio located in the city.[citation needed]

Infrastructure edit

Transportation edit

 
Seaboard Terminal, which served passenger trains until 1968

From the earliest development, Portsmouth has been oriented to the water. In the 1830s, it was the first community in Hampton Roads to receive a new land transportation innovation, railroad service. The Portsmouth and Roanoke Railroad, a predecessor of the Seaboard Air Line Railroad, extended to the rapids of the Roanoke River on its fall line near Weldon, North Carolina. It was to be 20 more years before its bigger neighbor, the city of Norfolk, also received a rail line, in 1858, when the Norfolk and Petersburg Railroad was completed.[citation needed] The Atlantic Coast Line Railroad operated passenger trains #36 and #5 to and from its North Portsmouth Station to Rocky Mount, North Carolina until 1954. In earlier years ACL ran trains including the Tar Heel all the way south to Wilmington, North Carolina.[74][75]

From Seaboard Terminal the Seaboard Air Line and then the Seaboard Coast Line Railroad operated #17 and #18 to and from Raleigh, North Carolina, where the train joined with those companies' Silver Comet. The SAL also operated a local all-coach train (#3-11 southbound/#6-10 northbound) to Atlanta from the terminal.[76][77] The 17/18 trains ended in 1968.[78]

Portsmouth is primarily served by the Norfolk International Airport (IATA: ORF, ICAO: KORF, FAA LID: ORF), now the region's major commercial airport. The airport is located near Chesapeake Bay, along the city limits of neighboring Norfolk and Virginia Beach.[79] Seven airlines provide nonstop services to twenty-five destinations. ORF had 3,703,664 passengers take off or land at its facility and 68,778,934 pounds of cargo were processed through its facilities.[80] Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport (IATA: PHF, ICAO: KPHF, FAA LID: PHF) also provides commercial air service for the Hampton Roads area.[81] The Chesapeake Regional Airport provides general aviation services and is located five miles (8.0 km) outside the city limits.[82]

In the 21st century, the city has access to lines of CSX Transportation, Norfolk Southern and three short line railroads. Amtrak provides service to points along the Northeast Corridor from Newport News station across the Hampton Roads, and from Norfolk station across the Elizabeth River.

Portsmouth is served by Interstate 264 and Interstate 664, which is part of the Hampton Roads Beltway. U.S. Route 17 and U.S. Route 58 pass through. The Elizabeth River is crossed via the Midtown Tunnel, the Downtown Tunnel and Berkley Bridge combination.[citation needed]

Transportation within the city, as well as the other cities of Hampton Roads, is served by a regional bus service, Hampton Roads Transit.[83]

Notable people edit

Sister cities edit

See also edit

Notes edit

  1. ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given month) calculated based on data at said location from 1991 to 2020.
  2. ^ Official records for Norfolk kept January 1874 to December 1945 at the Weather Bureau Office in downtown, and at Norfolk Int'l since January 1946. For more information, see Threadex.

References edit

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Bibliography edit

External links edit