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WCPO-TV, virtual channel 9 (UHF digital channel 26), is an ABC-affiliated television station licensed to Cincinnati, Ohio, United States. It is one of two flagship television properties of the Cincinnati-based E. W. Scripps Company (the other being sister station and fellow ABC affiliate WEWS-TV in Cleveland), which has owned the station since its inception. WCPO-TV's studios are located in the Mount Adams neighborhood of Cincinnati next to the Elsinore Arch, and its transmitter is located in the Mount Auburn section of the city.

WCPO-TV
WCPO-TV2013.png
Cincinnati, Ohio
United States
Branding9 On Your Side
Slogan9 On Your Side (general)
ABC 9 On Your Side (used in radio promos for ABC shows[citation needed])
ChannelsDigital: 26 (UHF)
Virtual: 9 (PSIP)
Affiliations
OwnerE. W. Scripps Company
(Scripps Broadcasting Holdings LLC)
FoundedFebruary 1948[1]
First air dateJuly 26, 1949 (70 years ago) (1949-07-26)
Call letters' meaningCincinnati POst
(a now defunct Scripps newspaper)
Sister station(s)WEWS-TV, WRTV, WLEX-TV
Former channel number(s)
  • Analog:
  • 7 (VHF, 1949–1952)
  • 9 (VHF, 1952–2009)
  • Digital:
  • 10 (VHF, 1999–2010)
  • 22 (UHF, 2010–2019)
Former affiliations
  • Primary:
  • ABC (1949–1961)
  • CBS (1961–1996)
  • Secondary:
  • DuMont (1949–1955)
  • DT3:
  • LWN (2009–2015)
Transmitter power1,000 kW
Height297 m (974 ft)
Facility ID59438
Transmitter coordinates39°7′30.4″N 84°29′56″W / 39.125111°N 84.49889°W / 39.125111; -84.49889
Licensing authorityFCC
Public license informationProfile
CDBS
Websitewww.wcpo.com

On cable, the station is available on Charter Spectrum channel 9 in Ohio and channel 8 in Kentucky, and on Cincinnati Bell channel 9.

HistoryEdit

Early historyEdit

 
WCPO station identification in 1991, while the station was a CBS affiliate.

The station first signed on the air at noon on July 26, 1949, and the first face seen was Big Jim Stacey.[2] Originally operating on VHF channel 7; it was Cincinnati's third television station. The call letters came from The Cincinnati Post, who also owned WCPO radio (1230 AM, now WDBZ and 105.1 FM, now WUBE). The station was then owned by Scripps-Howard Newspapers.[3] In fact, it is the second of only two stations signed on by what is now Scripps, as sister station WEWS-TV in Cleveland signed on over a year-and-a-half before.

The station was originally a primary ABC affiliate and a secondary DuMont Television Network affiliate.[3] With DuMont's demise in 1956, WCPO was left with just ABC until it swapped affiliations with WKRC-TV (channel 12) in 1961, becoming a CBS affiliate.[4] This deal came because WKRC-TV's owner, Taft Broadcasting, had developed very good relations with ABC. Following the release of the FCC's Sixth Report and Order in 1952, all of Cincinnati's VHF stations changed channel positions.[5] WCPO was reassigned to channel 9, as the previous channel 7 allocation was shifted north to Dayton and later given to WHIO-TV.

1980 hostage situationEdit

On the early morning of October 15, 1980, WCPO and most of its news staff became part of a major news story when James Hoskins, armed with a 9mm J&R M68 semi-automatic rifle and five revolvers, seized control of WCPO's newsroom.[6] Hoskins held reporter Elaine Green and her cameraman at gunpoint in the parking lot of WCPO's studios. He then forced his way into the newsroom and took seven more hostages.

A self-described terrorist, Hoskins stated in a videotaped interview with Green that he had, among other things, murdered his girlfriend before arriving at the studios. After voicing his displeasure with local government, Hoskins ended by saying that he would let his hostages go, but only after they helped him to barricade himself in their newsroom in anticipation of a shootout with police. Green and the others pleaded with Hoskins to get help, but to no avail. WCPO's news staff ran special newscasts from the parking lot throughout that morning. Hoskins eventually let all the hostages go, and the standoff ended later that morning when Hoskins shot himself dead while on the phone with SWAT negotiators. Green was awarded a Peabody Award for her handling of the crisis.[7] She later married anchor and then-news director Al Schottelkotte. The two remained married until his death in 1996.

Return to ABCEdit

 
WCPO's logo ca. 2001–2013.

For three decades, WCPO had been one of CBS' strongest affiliates. However, in September 1995, Scripps and ABC announced a 10-year affiliation deal for WCPO.[8] A year earlier, Scripps had agreed to switch three of its other stations (WMAR-TV in Baltimore, KNXV-TV in Phoenix, and WFTS-TV in Tampa) to ABC[9] as a condition of keeping its affiliation on Scripps' two largest stations, WXYZ-TV in Detroit and WEWS-TV in Cleveland. Both of those stations had been heavily wooed by CBS, which was about to lose its longtime Detroit and Cleveland affiliates to Fox in a separate affiliation deal with New World Communications. Scripps had to maintain the CBS affiliation on WCPO until WKRC's affiliation contract with ABC expired the following year; in the meantime, in October 1995, WCPO introduced new "9 Stands for News" station branding that shrunk the CBS logo and revamped its news graphics and theme music,[10] improving ratings.[11] On June 3, 1996, WKRC's contract ended and the two stations reversed the 1961 affiliation swap, with WCPO rejoining ABC and WKRC reuniting with CBS. WCPO set up a toll-free hotline to answer calls from confused viewers. The station debuted new on-air graphics designed by a Los Angeles firm.[12]

On May 15, 2004, WCPO moved its studio facilities from 500 Central Avenue to a new state-of-the-art building on Gilbert Avenue, in the Mount Adams neighborhood of Cincinnati.

Scripps' Cincinnati combination of WCPO and The Cincinnati Post ended when the newspaper ceased publication at the end of 2007. (Its Kentucky edition became an online-only publication simultaneously with the closure of the Post.) WCPO is the only major Cincinnati television station that has been under the same ownership since its inception, as well as the only major station in the market to remain owned by a locally based company.

Digital televisionEdit

Digital channelsEdit

The station's digital signal is multiplexed:

Channel Video Aspect PSIP Short Name Programming[13]
9.1 720p 16:9 WCPO-HD Main WCPO-TV programming / ABC
9.2 480i 4:3 WCPO-02 Court TV
9.3 WCPO-LF Laff
9.4 WCPO-ES Court TV Mystery

Subchannel 9.2 previously carried the same 24-hour local weather programming as the Weather Tracker channel on many local cable systems.[14] Subchannel 9.3 previously carried the Live Well Network (2009–2015) until national distribution was discontinued.

Subchannel 9.4 was added on May 8, 2019, and Escape, previously subchannel 9.2, was moved to 9.4 with the addition of the revived Court TV taking its place on subchannel 9.2. WCPO's Court TV also became Charter Spectrum's channel 995 and Cincinnati Bell Fioptics channel 8. [15] On September 30, 2019, Escape re-branded itself to Court TV Mystery.

Analog-to-digital conversionEdit

WCPO-TV discontinued regular programming on its analog signal, over VHF channel 9, on June 12, 2009, as part of the federally mandated transition from analog to digital television.[16] The station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition VHF channel 10,[17] using PSIP to display WCPO-TV's virtual channel as 9 on digital television receivers.

Since many viewers had reception issues after the digital transition, even with an increase of power just weeks after the transition, the station filed a Petition for Rulemaking to abandon VHF channel 10 and move to UHF channel 22.[18][19] On October 7, 2009, the FCC issued a "Notice of Proposed Rulemaking" for WCPO-TV, which gives the public 25 days to comment on the proposed channel change.[20] On December 10, 2009, the FCC issued a Report & Order, approving WCPO's move from VHF channel 10 to UHF channel 22.[21] On January 19, 2010, WCPO filed a minor change application for a construction permit for their new allotment. The FCC granted the construction permit on July 9.[22] At 2:05 a.m. on December 8, 2010, WCPO performed a flash-cut, turning off channel 10 and starting digital operations on channel 22. This flash-cut also included a power boost to 910 kW.[23]

ProgrammingEdit

Syndicated programming on WCPO-TV includes Live with Kelly and Ryan and The Wendy Williams Show.

News operationEdit

WCPO-TV presently broadcasts 43 hours of locally produced newscasts each week (with seven hours each weekday and four hours each on Saturdays and Sundays). In recent years, WCPO and WKRC have been battling each other for first place in local news viewership, while NBC affiliate WLWT has been lagging behind in third or fourth place. Typically, WCPO leads the evening news race, while WKRC-TV leads in mornings and late evenings. Even after the affiliation switch in 1996 involving two of the strongest affiliates of their respective networks at the time, both stations have remained among the strongest affiliates of their current respective networks.

 
1975 TV Guide advertisement for The Al Schottelkotte News.

WCPO lacked a dedicated news department until 1959. Al Schottelkotte, a longtime columnist for The Cincinnati Enquirer (which was then owned by Scripps along with the Post), joined the station as its first news director and anchorman—a post he held until 1986. Within a year, WCPO was the undisputed local news leader in the Cincinnati market, and remained the top-rated station for over 20 years.

Consumer reporter John Matarese's reports have been syndicated to nine other stations, five of which are Scripps-owned, since 2003. However, as of October 12, 2010, Matarese's consumer reports have been aired on eleven other stations, the majority of which are Scripps owned.[24] On March 7, 2007 at 5:45 a.m., weekday morning anchor David Rose was pulled off the air for slurring his words; Rose was fired from the station three weeks later.[25]

WCPO began broadcasting its local newscasts in high-definition on August 19, 2007, beginning with the 6 p.m. newscast. Improvements around the station included upgraded weather graphics that match WCPO's upgraded graphics, new panel displays on set (to replace rear-projection CRT monitors on set and old plasma displays with obvious burn-in) and Scripps purchasing JVC HDPro equipment for WCPO.[26] In the summer of 2009, WCPO upgraded its field cameras to provide high definition video.

In December 2009, WCPO reached an agreement with local Fox affiliate WXIX-TV (channel 19) to pool videographers at press conferences.[27]

On October 1, 2012, WCPO-TV debuted the new Scripps-mandated standardized graphics and music package ("Inergy" by Stephen Arnold).

9 First Warning WeatherEdit

Cincinnati's television stations have used their weather coverage as a selling point, especially since the Montgomery/Blue Ash tornado of 1999. WCPO brands its radars as "9 First Warning Doppler", "VIPIR 9" and "TrueView". The station runs its own radar located in Batavia, which has an average refresh time of ten seconds.

On July 1, 2003, WCPO began to operate a second Doppler weather radar out of the Clermont County Airport in Batavia. In combination with the radar located at WCPO's transmission tower site, both radars were named "Ultimate Doppler Radar", though the transmitter dome was eventually put out of service. The new radar operates at a height of 100 feet (30 m) with its base 834 feet (254 m) above sea level. Attenuation at the site leaves a radius around the radar blank.

In July 2007, WCPO launched a radar system with satellite imagery to allow fine street-level detail of weather events to specific locations. The TrueView system allows for local and nationwide radar sweeps. National Weather Service NEXRAD radars in Wilmington, Ohio (which covers Cincinnati, Dayton and Columbus from a central point, as is done in several areas of the country with multiple major cities), Indianapolis and Louisville are used to provide full-market coverage of severe weather events. The VIPIR 9 technology also utilizes the NEXRAD radars and 9 First Warning Doppler to create its 3D images.

I-TeamEdit

WCPO's investigative unit, the I-Team, was created in 1988,[28] following the station's Peabody Award–winning investigation of Donald Harvey. The I-Team has won dozens of national awards,[29] including the 1992 Sigma Delta Chi Award and 1993 Alfred I. duPont–Columbia University Award for stories about fraudulent business practices.[30] In 1999, WCPO won the Peabody, duPont, and Sigma Delta Chi awards for investigations into the construction of Paul Brown Stadium.[31] The station won another Peabody in 2001 for a one-hour documentary, Visions of Vine Street, that aired in the wake of the 2001 riots.[28]

News helicoptersEdit

In 1967, WCPO introduced the Newsbird, the first news-gathering helicopter in Cincinnati and one of the first in the industry to feature live transmissions.[32][33] On January 17, 1983, the Bell 206B ran out of fuel and crashed outside the station.[34]

From 1996 to September 2000, WCPO leased a Bell 206L-3 LongRanger III helicopter out of Lunken Field.[35] Outfitted with several cameras, Chopper 9 was used for traffic reports, updates on construction of Paul Brown Stadium and Fort Washington Way, and Friday night football specials. The helicopter proved especially useful for covering the aftermath of the 1999 Blue Ash tornado. WCPO allowed the lease to expire in 2000, citing its high cost.[36]

On February 7, 2014, WCPO debuted another Chopper 9, this time a Bell 206B-3 JetRanger, for daily traffic and news coverage.[37][38]

In 2016, WCPO debuted Sky 9, a quadcopter drone featuring a 4K-resolution camera.[39]

Notable alumniEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Cincinnati is given third TV outlet."[permanent dead link] Broadcasting - Telecasting, March 1, 1948, pg. 83.
  2. ^ Friedman, Jim (December 5, 2007). Cincinnati Television. Arcadia Publishing. p. 20. Retrieved May 18, 2013.
  3. ^ a b "DuMont signs 3 in Ohio." Broadcasting - Telecasting, August 1, 1949, pg. 82.
  4. ^ "Taft stations switch to ABC-TV." Broadcasting, February 27, 1961, pp. 36. [1][permanent dead link]
  5. ^ "TV coverage; RTMA predicts expansion." Broadcasting – Telecasting, May 19, 1952, pg. 78. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 9, 2013. Retrieved February 28, 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ McKee, Tom (October 14, 2005). "October 15, 1980: Gunman Takes Control Of WCPO-TV". WCPO.com. Scripps Howard Broadcasting Company. Archived from the original on April 4, 2008. Retrieved September 29, 2007.
  7. ^ 40th Annual Peabody Awards, May 1981.
  8. ^ Jessell, Harry A. (September 11, 1995). "ABC, Fox change partners again" (PDF). Broadcasting & Cable. p. 16. Retrieved December 2, 2018.
  9. ^ COMPANY NEWS; TV Stations Shift to ABC, The New York Times, June 17, 1994.
  10. ^ Kiesewetter, John (October 31, 1995). "Kiese-Watching". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Gannett Company. p. C8 – via Newspapers.com. If you don't like Channel 9's new orange news graphics, don't worry. The graphics change again June 3, when Channel 9 switches to ABC from CBS. Sources say ABC will pick up the tab for another graphics overhaul. Meanwhile, we can watch the CBS eye logo keep shrinking on Channel 9 before it disappears completely in June.
  11. ^ Kieswetter, John (February 29, 1996). "Sweeps makes network swap bigger news". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Gannett Company. p. C1 – via Newspapers.com. Mr. Chase attributes Channel 9's late-news rebound, in part, to the nightly "Eye On Your World" feature and better graphics.
  12. ^ Harper, Paul (June 7, 1996). "Trading Places: Diary of WCPO Network Switch". The Cincinnati Post. E. W. Scripps Company. Archived from the original on August 19, 2017 – via HighBeam Research.
  13. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for WCPO
  14. ^ Matarese, John (January 13, 2009). "Some Cable Customers Losing Weather Radar Channel". WCPO-TV. Scripps TV Station Group. Archived from the original on December 29, 2017. Retrieved January 26, 2009.
  15. ^ "Court TV is back on air Wednesday". WCPO. May 7, 2019. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
  16. ^ "List of Digital Full-Power Stations" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 29, 2013. Retrieved June 29, 2008.
  17. ^ CDBS Print
  18. ^ Petition for Rulemaking by WCPO-TV
  19. ^ Eggerton, John (October 7, 2009). "FCC Proposes Changing WCPO Channel Assignment". Broadcasting & Cable. Retrieved October 9, 2009.
  20. ^ "Notice of Proposed Rulemaking by WCPO-TV"
  21. ^ "Report & Order by WCPO-TV"
  22. ^ CDBS Print
  23. ^ Channel 9's Digital Switch Coming Dec. 8, The Cincinnati Enquirer, November 16, 2010.
  24. ^ John Matarese
  25. ^ "Television: What's Up With David Rose?". Archived from the original on November 17, 2007. Retrieved February 12, 2008.
  26. ^ "Scripps Speeds Conversion to HD News with Adoption of JVC ProHD" (Press release). JVC. June 4, 2007. Retrieved September 29, 2007.
  27. ^ Kiesewetter, John (December 11, 2009). "What Does The Ch 9–19 Pool Video Agreement Mean?". Retrieved December 12, 2009.
  28. ^ a b Kiesewetter, John (April 8, 2002). "Ch. 9 reporter focused on Over-the-Rhine". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Gannett Company. Retrieved October 1, 2014.
  29. ^ Kiesewetter, John (April 21, 2002). "They make news behind the scenes". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Gannett Company. Retrieved October 1, 2014.
  30. ^ Kiesewetter, John (March 31, 1999). "I-Team chief did fine work at Channel 9". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Gannett Company. Retrieved October 1, 2014.
  31. ^ 59th Annual Peabody Awards, May 2000.
  32. ^ Friedman, Jim (2007). Cincinnati Television. Mount Pleasant, South Carolina: Arcadia Publishing. p. 51. ISBN 1439619042. In 1967, WCPO-TV was the first Cincinnati news department to use a helicopter. ... 'The News Bird' made an immediate impact on spot news coverage and remained an effective part of the Al Schottelkotte News until [Larry] Mason and his helicopter left Channel 9 in 1972.
  33. ^ "Albert J. Schottelkotte, 1927–1996" (Press release). Scripps Howard Foundation. December 26, 1996. Archived from the original on May 14, 2014. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
  34. ^ "CHI83LA085". NTSB Aviation Accident Database. National Transportation Safety Board. February 6, 1995. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
  35. ^ "Cincinnati Choppers". Cincinnati. Emmis Communications: 16. June 1999.
  36. ^ Kiesewetter, John (July 7, 2000). "WCPO grounds 'Chopper 9'". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Gannett Company. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
  37. ^ Caproni, Erin (February 10, 2014). "Scripps purchases two TV stations, helicopter for Cincinnati news team". Cincinnati Business Courier. American City Business Journals. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
  38. ^ "WCPO debuts Chopper 9 to give Tri-Staters an enhanced look at breaking news and traffic conditions". WCPO-TV. E. W. Scripps Company. February 7, 2014. Archived from the original on May 3, 2014. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
  39. ^ Marszalek, Diana (October 25, 2016). "WCPO Launches Quadcopter Over Cincinnati". Broadcasting & Cable. NewBay Media. Retrieved October 30, 2016.
  40. ^ Brett Haber, Emmy-winning sports anchor, resigns from WUSA

External linksEdit