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GrassMaster is a hybrid grass sports playing field surface composed of natural grass combined with artificial fibres. It was developed and patented by Desso Sports in 1993. This hybrid grass system is now developed by Tarkett Sports after a takeover of Desso Sports and has been rebranded since as GrassMaster. Tarkett Sports developed PlayMaster in 2016, a new lay-n-play hybrid grass solution.

Contents

TechnologyEdit

GrassMaster reinforces a natural grass pitch by vertically inserting 20 million polypropylene (PP) fibres into the soil. The 20 cm long PP fibres are injected by computer-controlled machines, 18 cm deep so 2 cm remains above the surface, in a grid about 2 x 2 cm. The grass roots entwine with the fibres and grow deeper and wider. The PP fibres above the surface are designed to ensure an even and stable surface. GrassMaster can be installed before seeding, after seeding or on grass sods.[1]

Major installationsEdit

Stadium Club Sport Country
Hillsborough[2][3] Sheffield Wednesday F.C. Association football   England
Camp Nou FC Barcelona Association football   Spain
Luminus Arena KRC Genk Association football   Belgium
San Siro Inter FC and A.C. Milan Association football   Italy
Stade Marcel Picot AS Nancy Association football   France
Stamford Bridge[4] Chelsea F.C. Association football   England
King Abdullah Sports City Ittihad FC and Al-Ahli Saudi FC Association football   Saudi Arabia
Mapei Stadium US Sassuolo Calcio Association football   Italy
Hidegkuti Nándor Stadium MTK Budapest FC Association football   Hungary
Parc des Sports Marcel Michelin ASM Clermont Auvergne Rugby Union   France
CNFE Clairefontaine French Football Federation Association football   France
Anfield Liverpool F.C. Association football   England
Carrow Road Norwich City F.C. Association football   England
Parc des Princes Paris Saint-Germain Association football   France
Stade de Roudourou En Avant Guingamp Association football   France
Stade Louis II AS Monaco Association football   Monaco
Stade Océane Le Havre AC Association football   France
Stade de France[5] France Association football and other events   France
Stade Francis-Le Blé Stade Brestois 29 Association football   France
Stade Auguste-Delaune Stade de Reims Association football   France
Estádio Parque São Jorge Corinthians Association football   Brazil
Arena Corinthians Corinthians Association football   Brazil
Arena do Grêmio[6] Grêmio Association football   Brazil
King Power Stadium[7] Leicester City Association football   England
Twickenham Stadium Rugby Football Union Rugby union   England
Emirates Stadium[8] Arsenal Association football   England
Kirklees Stadium Huddersfield Town A.F.C. and
Huddersfield Giants
Association football and
rugby league
  England
Ibrox Stadium Rangers Association football   Scotland
Leigh Sports Village Leigh[9] Rugby league   England
City of Manchester Stadium Manchester City[10] Association football   England
Old Trafford[11] Manchester United Association football   England
Trafford Training Centre[12] Manchester United Association football   England
Adams Park Wycombe Wanderers
(and formerly Wasps)
Association football
(and formerly rugby union)
  England
Vicarage Road[13] Watford F.C.
(and formerly Saracens)
Association football
(and formerly rugby union)
  England
Wembley Stadium[14] England Association football and other events   England
Aviva Stadium Ireland national rugby union team and
Republic of Ireland national football team
Rugby union and
association football
  Ireland
Stadion Galgenwaard Utrecht Association football   Netherlands
Euroborg FC Groningen Association football   Netherlands
AFAS Stadion AZ Alkmaar Association football   Netherlands
Sportpark De Toekomst AFC Ajax Association football   Netherlands
Forsyth Barr Stadium[15] Highlanders Rugby union   New Zealand
Lerkendal Stadion Rosenborg Association football   Norway
Arena Khimki Khimki Association football   Russia
Mbombela Stadium 2010 FIFA World Cup South Africa Association football   South Africa
Peter Mokaba Stadium 2010 FIFA World Cup South Africa Association football   South Africa
Nelson Mandela Bay Stadium 2010 FIFA World Cup South Africa and
South Africa Sevens
Association football and
rugby sevens
  South Africa
Lincoln Financial Field Philadelphia Eagles American football   United States
Lambeau Field Green Bay Packers American football   United States
Liberty Stadium[16] Swansea City and
Ospreys
Association football and
rugby union
  Wales
Millennium Stadium[17] Welsh Rugby Union
Rugby union
(also Welsh international Association football)
  Wales
Cardiff City Stadium[18] Cardiff City
(and formerly Cardiff Blues)
Association football
(and formerly rugby union)
  Wales
Rodney Parade Dragons
Newport RFC
Newport County
Rugby union and Association football   Wales
Volkswagen Arena VfL Wolfsburg Association football   Germany
Metalist Stadium Metalist Kharkiv Association football   Ukraine
Donbass Arena Shakhtar Donetsk Association football   Ukraine
Central City Stadium National Team of Kazakhstan Association football   Kazakhstan
Murrayfield Edinburgh Rugby and
Scotland
Rugby union   Scotland
Stadio Marc'Antonio Bentegodi Hellas Verona and Chievo Verona Association football   Italy
Lokomotiv Stadium FC Lokomotiv Moscow Association football   Russia
Kazan Arena FC Rubin Kazan Association football   Russia
Estadio de la Cerámica Villareal CF Association football   Spain
Melbourne City Football Academy Melbourne City FC Association football   Australia
Ooredoo Training Centre Paris Saint-Germain Association football   France
St Georges Park National Football Centre FA Association football   England
Bramall Lane[19] Sheffield United F.C. Association football   England
Imam Reza Stadium Padideh F.C. Association football   Iran
Cairo International Stadium Egyptian national football team Association football   Egypt

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Home - GrassMaster Solutions". grassmastersolutions.com.
  2. ^ "Sheffield Wednesday: Work continues on Desso pitch". Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  3. ^ "VIDEO: Sheffield Wednesday on track with new state-of-the-art pitch". Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  4. ^ "Stamford Bridge is getting a technical makeover this summer". Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  5. ^ "Le Stade de France choisit Tarkett Sports et sa technologie Desso GrassMaster". dessosports. Paris. Retrieved February 2016. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  6. ^ "High-tech hybrid grass for Grêmio Arena". GFPA. Porto Alegre (RS,Brazil). Retrieved May 2013. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  7. ^ "Pitch Refurbishment Underway". LCFC. Leicester. Retrieved May 2011. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  8. ^ "How Arsenal have put Wembley in the shade" (PDF). The Times. London. Retrieved April 2009. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  9. ^ "LSV beats the big freeze!". Retrieved December 21, 2010.
  10. ^ "Manchester City inaugurates brand new stadium". Retrieved May 17, 2007.
  11. ^ Parsons, Tom (5 June 2013). "Pitch battle prompts Manchester United to switch to new surface". Inside World Football. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  12. ^ Drayton, John (7 June 2014). "Louis van Gaal orders training pitches to be ripped up as Dutch boss rings the changes at Carrington". The Daily Mail. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  13. ^ "Pitch relay news Desso is go". WatfordFC.com. London. Retrieved July 11, 2012.
  14. ^ "The Wembley pitch". FATV. London. Retrieved August 2011. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  15. ^ "Dunedin's hi-tech stadium open for business". tvnz. New Zealand. Retrieved August 2011. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  16. ^ "Liberty Stadium Pitch - Official Stadium Website".
  17. ^ "Millennium Stadium to have new hybrid playing surface". 23 May 2014 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
  18. ^ "Cardiff City Stadium, Home of Cardiff City FC". cardiffcitystadium.co.uk.
  19. ^ "A new pitch for the Blades". Retrieved 29 April 2019.

External linksEdit