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GrassMaster is a hybrid grass sports playing field surface composed of natural grass combined with artificial fibres. It was developed and patented by Desso Sports in 1993. This hybrid grass system is now developed by Tarkett Sports after a takeover of Desso Sports and has been rebranded since as GrassMaster. Tarkett Sports developed PlayMaster in 2016, a new lay-n-play hybrid grass solution.

TechnologyEdit

GrassMaster reinforces a natural grass pitch by vertically inserting 20 million polypropylene (PP) fibres into the soil. The 20-centimetre (7.9 in) long PP fibres are injected by computer-controlled machines, 18 centimetres (7.1 in) deep so 2 centimetres (0.79 in) remains above the surface, in a grid about 2 by 2 centimetres (0.79 in × 0.79 in). The grass roots entwine with the fibres and grow deeper and wider.[citation needed] The PP fibres above the surface are designed to ensure an even and stable surface. GrassMaster may be installed before seeding, after seeding or on grass sods.[1]

Major installationsEdit

Stadium Club Sport Country
Hillsborough[2][3] Sheffield Wednesday F.C. Association football England
Camp Nou FC Barcelona Association football Spain
Luminus Arena KRC Genk Association football Belgium
San Siro Inter FC and A.C. Milan Association football Italy
Stade Marcel Picot AS Nancy Association football France
Stamford Bridge[4] Chelsea F.C. Association football England
King Abdullah Sports City Ittihad FC and Al-Ahli Saudi FC Association football Saudi Arabia
Mapei Stadium US Sassuolo Calcio Association football Italy
Hidegkuti Nándor Stadium MTK Budapest FC Association football Hungary
Parc des Sports Marcel Michelin ASM Clermont Auvergne Rugby Union France
CNFE Clairefontaine French Football Federation Association football France
Anfield Liverpool F.C. Association football England
Carrow Road Norwich City F.C. Association football England
Parc des Princes Paris Saint-Germain Association football France
Stade de Roudourou En Avant Guingamp Association football France
Stade Louis II AS Monaco Association football Monaco
Stade Océane Le Havre AC Association football France
Stade de France[5] France Association football and other events France
Stade Francis-Le Blé Stade Brestois 29 Association football France
Stade Auguste-Delaune Stade de Reims Association football France
Estádio Parque São Jorge Corinthians Association football Brazil
Arena Corinthians Corinthians Association football Brazil
Arena do Grêmio[6] Grêmio Association football Brazil
King Power Stadium[7] Leicester City Association football England
Twickenham Stadium Rugby Football Union Rugby union England
Emirates Stadium[8] Arsenal Association football England
Kirklees Stadium Huddersfield Town A.F.C. and
Huddersfield Giants
Association football and
rugby league
England
Ibrox Stadium Rangers Association football Scotland
Leigh Sports Village Leigh[9] Rugby league England
City of Manchester Stadium Manchester City[10] Association football England
Old Trafford[11] Manchester United Association football England
Trafford Training Centre[12] Manchester United Association football England
Adams Park Wycombe Wanderers
(and formerly Wasps)
Association football
(and formerly rugby union)
England
Vicarage Road[13] Watford F.C.
(and formerly Saracens)
Association football
(and formerly rugby union)
England
Wembley Stadium[14] England Association football and other events England
Aviva Stadium Ireland national rugby union team and
Republic of Ireland national football team
Rugby union and
association football
Ireland
Stadion Galgenwaard Utrecht Association football Netherlands
Euroborg FC Groningen Association football Netherlands
AFAS Stadion AZ Alkmaar Association football Netherlands
Sportpark De Toekomst AFC Ajax Association football Netherlands
Forsyth Barr Stadium[15] Highlanders Rugby union New Zealand
Lerkendal Stadion Rosenborg Association football Norway
Arena Khimki Khimki Association football Russia
Mbombela Stadium 2010 FIFA World Cup South Africa Association football South Africa
Peter Mokaba Stadium 2010 FIFA World Cup South Africa Association football South Africa
Nelson Mandela Bay Stadium 2010 FIFA World Cup South Africa and
South Africa Sevens
Association football and
rugby sevens
South Africa
Lincoln Financial Field Philadelphia Eagles American football United States
Lambeau Field Green Bay Packers American football United States
Liberty Stadium[16] Swansea City and
Ospreys
Association football and
rugby union
Wales
Millennium Stadium[17] Welsh Rugby Union
Rugby union
(also Welsh international association football)
Wales
Cardiff City Stadium[18] Cardiff City
(and formerly Cardiff Blues)
Association football
(and formerly rugby union)
Wales
Rodney Parade Dragons
Newport RFC
Newport County
Rugby union and association football Wales
Volkswagen Arena VfL Wolfsburg Association football Germany
Metalist Stadium Metalist Kharkiv Association football Ukraine
Donbass Arena Shakhtar Donetsk Association football Ukraine
Central City Stadium National Team of Kazakhstan Association football Kazakhstan
Murrayfield Edinburgh Rugby and
Scotland
Rugby union Scotland
Stadio Marc'Antonio Bentegodi Hellas Verona and Chievo Verona Association football Italy
Lokomotiv Stadium FC Lokomotiv Moscow Association football Russia
Kazan Arena FC Rubin Kazan Association football Russia
Estadio de la Cerámica Villareal CF Association football Spain
Melbourne City Football Academy Melbourne City FC Association football Australia
Ooredoo Training Centre Paris Saint-Germain Association football France
St Georges Park National Football Centre FA Association football England
Bramall Lane[19] Sheffield United F.C. Association football England
Imam Reza Stadium Padideh F.C. Association football Iran
Cairo International Stadium Egyptian national football team Association football Egypt

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Home - GrassMaster Solutions". grassmastersolutions.com.
  2. ^ "Sheffield Wednesday: Work continues on Desso pitch". Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  3. ^ "VIDEO: Sheffield Wednesday on track with new state-of-the-art pitch". Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  4. ^ "Stamford Bridge is getting a technical makeover this summer". Retrieved 29 April 2019.
  5. ^ "Le Stade de France choisit Tarkett Sports et sa technologie Desso GrassMaster". dessosports. Paris. Retrieved February 2016. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  6. ^ "High-tech hybrid grass for Grêmio Arena". GFPA. Porto Alegre (RS,Brazil). Retrieved May 2013. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  7. ^ "Pitch Refurbishment Underway". LCFC. Leicester. Retrieved May 2011. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  8. ^ "How Arsenal have put Wembley in the shade" (PDF). The Times. London. Retrieved April 2009. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  9. ^ "LSV beats the big freeze!". Retrieved December 21, 2010.
  10. ^ "Manchester City inaugurates brand new stadium". Retrieved May 17, 2007.
  11. ^ Parsons, Tom (5 June 2013). "Pitch battle prompts Manchester United to switch to new surface". Inside World Football. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  12. ^ Drayton, John (7 June 2014). "Louis van Gaal orders training pitches to be ripped up as Dutch boss rings the changes at Carrington". The Daily Mail. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  13. ^ "Pitch relay news Desso is go". WatfordFC.com. London. Retrieved July 11, 2012.
  14. ^ "The Wembley pitch". FATV. London. Retrieved August 2011. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  15. ^ "Dunedin's hi-tech stadium open for business". tvnz. New Zealand. Retrieved August 2011. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  16. ^ "Liberty Stadium Pitch - Official Stadium Website".
  17. ^ "Millennium Stadium to have new hybrid playing surface". 23 May 2014 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
  18. ^ "Cardiff City Stadium, Home of Cardiff City FC". cardiffcitystadium.co.uk.
  19. ^ "A new pitch for the Blades". Retrieved 29 April 2019.

External linksEdit