Ngāti Raukawa is a Māori iwi with traditional bases in the Waikato, Taupō and Manawatu/Horowhenua regions of New Zealand. In 2006, 29,418 Māori registered their affiliation with Ngāti Raukawa.[1]

Ngāti Raukawa
Iwi (tribe) in Māoridom
Rohe (region)Waikato, Taupō and Manawatu/Horowhenua
Waka (canoe)Tainui

History edit

Early history edit

A raukawa plant, after which the ancestor of Ngāti Raukawa was named.[2][3]

Ngāti Raukawa recognise Raukawa, son of Tūrongo and Māhina-o-rangi, as their eponymous ancestor, who was descended from the settlers of the Tainui canoe.[2] One of his descendants was Maniapoto, ancestor of the Ngāti Maniapoto iwi. Ngati Raukawa established their ancestral homeland in the Waikato region.

In the mid-17th century, the Ngāti Raukawa rangatira Whāita, Tama-te-hura, and Wairangi conquered the section of the upper Waikato river between Putāruru and Ātiamuri in the Ngāti Raukawa–Ngāti Kahu-pungapunga War. After this war, Wairangi settled the area south of Whakamaru and his descendants, the Ngāti Wairangi, now share Mōkai marae with a number of other hapu.[4][5] Whāita took the section furthest up the river, around Pōhatu-roa and his descendants, the Ngāti Whāita, have their marae at Ōngāroto, on the north bank of the Waikato River, a little west of Ātiamuri.[6]

In the early 19th century, significant numbers of Ngāti Raukawa were forced south during the Musket Wars. Led by Te Whatanui and other chiefs, they joined Ngāti Toarangatira in a southwards migration through the North Island, which proceeded in three stages. Land was taken from Rangitikei to Kapiti, where a large number of were built and subtribes established. This brought the new settlers into conflicts with established tangata whenua in the southern parts of the North Island.

Four of the subtribes, Ngāti Waewae, Ngāti Pikiahu, Ngāti Matakore and Ngāti Rangatahi, are based on the Te Reureu block, between the Waitapu and Rangitawa Streams, at Kakariki, beside the Rangitīkei River.[7]

Modern history edit

Ngāti Raukawa has undergone great change in the 20th century. After World War II, many Ngāti Raukawa left their traditional lands and migrated to cities. Starting in 1975, a determined effort was made to revitalise traditional language and establishments.

Ngāti Raukawa have established a large number of marae and other institutions, including Raukawa Marae and Te Wānanga o Raukawa, a centre for higher learning. Administrative organisations include the Raukawa Trust Board and Te Rūnanga o Raukawa.

Media edit

Raukawa FM edit

Raukawa FM is the official station of Ngāti Raukawa. It was set up by Te Reo Irirangi o Ngati Raukawa Trust on 23 October 1990. Many of its first hosts were Tokoroa High School students, and most of its staff are still volunteers. It broadcasts on 95.7 FM in Tokoroa, 93.2 FM in Mangakino, and 90.6 FM across the wider Waikato region.[8]

The station was co-founded by Emare Rose Nikora and Whiti te-Ra Kaihau. Nikora was a leader of the Māori language revival movement, and was the station's first Māori language newsreader, manager and board member. She was recognised for her work with a Queen's Service Medal for services to Māori.[9]

Te Upoko O Te Ika edit

Wellington pan-tribal Māori radio station Te Upoko O Te Ika has been affiliated to Ngāti Raukawa since 2014.[10]

It began part-time broadcasting in 1983 and full-time broadcasting in 1987, making it the longest-running Māori radio station in New Zealand.[11][12]

Notable people edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "2006 Census – QuickStats About Māori (revised)". Statistics New Zealand. 2007-04-04. Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-05-25.
  2. ^ a b Jones & Biggs 2004, pp. 70–73.
  3. ^ Māori peoples of New Zealand = Ngā iwi o Aotearoa. New Zealand. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Auckland, N.Z.: David Bateman. 2006. p. 172. ISBN 978-1-86953-622-0. OCLC 85851308.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: date and year (link) CS1 maint: others (link)
  4. ^ Jones & Biggs 2004, pp. 144–145.
  5. ^ "Mōkai: Maori Maps". Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  6. ^ "Ōngāroto: Maori Maps". Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  8. ^ "Iwi Radio Coverage" (PDF). Māori Media Network. 2007. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
  9. ^ "History". Ruakawa FM. Retrieved 26 April 2015.
  10. ^ "Big change for first Maori radio station". Radio New Zealand. Radio New Zealand News. 8 April 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
  11. ^ "TE REO : Real Maori radio takes to the air". Tu Tangata (36): 6. July 1987. ISSN 0111-5871.
  12. ^ Walker, Piripiri; Roy, Don (4 June 1991). "Outlook : Te Upoko O Te Ika – 783 kHz – Wellington's Maori radio station". Independent Newspapers Limited. Dominion Post. p. 31.

Bibliography edit

  • Te Ahukaramū Charles Royal. "Ngāti Raukawa". Te Ara – the Encyclopedia of New Zealand.
  • Jones, Pei Te Hurinui; Biggs, Bruce (2004). Ngā iwi o Tainui : nga koorero tuku iho a nga tuupuna = The traditional history of the Tainui people. Auckland [N.Z.]: Auckland University Press. ISBN 1869403312.

External links edit