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Heavyweight is a weight class in combat sports.

Contents

BoxingEdit

Boxers who weigh at least 200 pounds (14 st 4 lb, 90 kg) are considered heavyweights by the major professional boxing organizations: the International Boxing Federation,[1] the World Boxing Association,[2] the World Boxing Council,[3] and the World Boxing Organization.[4]

For most boxing organizations, the maximum weight for a cruiserweight is 200 pounds. Thus, a fighter whose weight is over 200 lb (14 st 4lb, 90 kg) may not fight as anything but a heavyweight.

Joe Louis holds the record for most consecutive title defenses at this division, with 25 defenses of the Universal title. This is also the record for most consecutive title defenses in boxing history.

Only five boxers in the history of the heavyweight division have been world heavyweight champion on three separate occasions. They are as follows: Muhammad Ali, (Lineal title) Evander Holyfield, Michael Moorer, Lennox Lewis, and Vitali Klitschko. Five boxers have also regained the Lineal heavyweight title they are as follows: Floyd Patterson, Muhammad Ali, Evander Holyfield, George Foreman, and Lennox Lewis.

Historical developmentEdit

Because this division had no weight limit, it has been historically vaguely defined. In the 19th century, for example, many heavyweight champions weighed 170 pounds (12 st 2 lb, 77 kg) or less (although others weighed 200 pounds).

The first heavyweight champion under the Marquess of Queensberry rules was John L. Sullivan, known as "The Boston Strong Boy". He weighed around 200 pounds when in shape and was a bare-knuckle champion. He was defeated by Jim Corbett on September 7, 1892, in 21 rounds.

In 1920, the minimum weight for a heavyweight was set at 175 pounds (12 st 7 lb, 79 kg), which today is the light heavyweight division maximum. Since 1980, for most boxing organizations, the maximum weight for a cruiserweight has been 200 pounds.

Since the 1960s, the heavyweight title has become fractured amongst various sanctioning organizations, and so what was once known as the single "Heavyweight Champion", is now referred to as the "Undisputed Champion" as the one fighter that has defeated all the other titlists.

Since 1975, the Amateur Athletic Union of the United States and the Soviet Sports Committee established a new concept in international boxing, called "Heavy Duals," an all-heavyweight team contest between the United States and the Soviet Union.[5]

Professional championsEdit

Current champions

Sanctioning Body Reign Began Champion Record Defenses
WBA (Super) June 1, 2019   Andy Ruiz Jr. 33–1 (22 KO) 0
WBA (Regular) November 25, 2017   Manuel Charr 31–4 (17 KO) 0
WBC January 17, 2015   Deontay Wilder 41–0–1 (40 KO) 9
IBF June 1, 2019   Andy Ruiz Jr. 33–1 (22 KO) 0
WBO June 1, 2019   Andy Ruiz Jr. 33–1 (22 KO) 0
Lineal Heavyweight Champion November 28, 2015   Tyson Fury 28–0-1 (20 KO) 4

Current interim champions

Sanctioning Body Reign Began Champion Record Defenses
WBA August 11, 2018   Trevor Bryan 20–0 (14 KO) 0
WBC July 20, 2019   Dillian Whyte 26–1 (18 KO) 0

Longest reignsEdit

Note: WBO heavyweight title bouts before August 1997 are not included[6]

Longest combined heavyweight championship reignsEdit

As of March 5, 2018. This list includes only major titles, and it does not include lineal championships after 1921.

Keys:

     Active title reign
     Reign has ended
Name Combined reign Days as champion Number of reigns Title recognition Cumulative title wins Opponents beaten
1.   Wladimir Klitschko 12 years, 0 months, 0 days 4 382 2 IBF, WBA, WBO 25 23
2.   Joe Louis 11 years, 8 months, 8 days 4 270 1 NYSAC, NBA 27 22
3.   Muhammad Ali 9 years, 5 months, 5 days 3 443 3 NYSAC, WBC, WBA 22 21
4.   Lennox Lewis 8 years, 5 months, 13 days 3 086 3 WBC, IBF, WBA 15 15
5.   Vitali Klitschko 7 years, 5 months, 28 days 2 735 3 WBO, WBC 15 15
6.   Larry Holmes 7 years, 3 months, 12 days 2 661 1 WBC, IBF 20 20
7.   Jack Dempsey 7 years, 2 months, 19 days 2 638 1 NYSAC, NBA 6 6
8.   John L. Sullivan 7 years, 0 months, 10 days 2 566 1 Universal 5 5
9.   Jack Johnson 6 years, 3 months, 11 days 2 292 1 Universal 7 7
10.   Evander Holyfield 6 years, 1 month, 1 day 2 223 4 WBA, WBC, IBF 11 10
11.   James J. Jeffries 5 years, 11 months, 4 days 2 156 1 Universal 8 6
12.   Floyd Patterson 4 years, 10 months, 0 days 1 765 2 NYSAC, NBA 8 7
13.   Deontay Wilder 4 years, 7 months and 5 days 1 606 1 WBC 9 8
14.   James J. Corbett 4 years, 6 months, 10 days 1 652 1 Universal 2 2
15.   Jess Willard 4 years, 2 months, 29 days 1 551 1 Universal 2 2
16.   Chris Byrd 3 years, 10 months, 22 days 1 421 2 IBF, WBO 5 5
17.   Mike Tyson 3 years, 10 months, 16 days 1 415 2 WBA, WBC, IBF 12 11
18.   John Ruiz 3 years, 9 months, 21 days 1 390 2 WBA 4 4
19.   Rocky Marciano 3 years, 7 months, 4 days 1 312 1 NYSAC, NBA 7 5
20.   Anthony Joshua 3 years, 1 month, 24 days 1 149 1 IBF (+WBA, WBO) 6 6

Longest individual heavyweight championship reignsEdit

Below is a list of longest reigning heavyweight champions in boxing measured by the individual's longest reign. The list includes both The Ring and lineal championships.

Keys:

     Active title reign
     Reign has ended
Name Title Reign Title Recognition Successful Defenses Opponents beaten
1.   Joe Louis 11 years, 8 months, 8 days Universal 26 21
2.   Wladimir Klitschko 9 years, 7 months and 6 days IBF (+WBA, WBO, The Ring) 18 17
3.   Larry Holmes 7 years, 3 months, 12 days WBC-to-IBF (+The Ring/Lineal) 19 19
4.   Jack Dempsey 7 years, 2 months, 19 days Universal 5 5
5.   John L. Sullivan 7 years, 0 months, 9 days Universal 5 5
6.   Jack Johnson 6 years, 3 months, 10 days Universal 8 8
7.   Muhammad Ali 5 years, 11 months, 9 days The Ring/Lineal, (+WBA, WBC stripped) 9 9
8.   James J. Jeffries 5 years, 11 months, 4 days Universal 7 6
9.   Vitali Klitschko 5 years, 2 months, 4 days WBC 9 9
10.   Deontay Wilder 4 years, 7 months and 5 days WBC 9 8
11.   James J. Corbett 4 years, 6 months, 10 days Universal 1 1
12.   Jess Willard 4 years, 2 months, 29 days Universal 1 1
13.   Lennox Lewis 4 years, 2 months, 15 days WBC (+IBF, WBA stripped, The Ring/Lineal) 9 8
14.   Rocky Marciano 3 years, 7 months, 4 days Universal 6 5
15.   Chris Byrd 3 years, 4 months, 8 days IBF 4 4
16.   Mike Tyson 3 years, 2 months, 20 days WBC (+WBA, IBF, The Ring/Lineal) 9 9
17.   Anthony Joshua 3 years, 1 month, 24 days IBF (+WBA, WBO) 6 6
18.   George Foreman 3 years, 0 months, 17 days Lineal (+WBA, IBF stripped) 2 2
19.   Evander Holyfield 3 years, 0 months, 4 days WBA (+IBF) 4 4
20.   Joe Frazier 2 years, 11 months, 6 days WBA (+WBC) 4 4

KickboxingEdit

  • In kickboxing, a heavyweight fighter generally weighs between 88 kg (196 lb) and 100 kg (220 lb). The Fighters over 100 kg (220 lb) are considered super heavyweights.
  • International Kickboxing Federation (IKF) Heavyweight (Pro & Amateur) 215.1 – 235 lb. or 97.8 – 106.8 kg.
  • In Glory promotion, a heavyweight division is over 95 kg (209 lb) and no upper weight limit.

Mixed martial artsEdit

The heavyweight division in MMA generally groups fighters between 205 and 265 lb (93 and 120 kg).

Heavyweight is also the title of a documentary film that documented the fight camp of Fabricio Werdum when he became the UFC Heavyweight Champion. [7]

Professional wrestlingEdit

The term "world heavyweight" in modern wrestling generally refers to a champion wrestler who is seen as a prominent competitor, rather than an adherent to a particular weight class. The World Heavyweight Championship in wrestling is usually considered the main title in a given promotion. Prior to the wrestling industry publicly acknowledging the predetermined nature of the sport, a Heavyweight title was generally competed for by larger wrestlers while smaller wrestlers competed as (among other names and classifications) "Junior Heavyweights" and "Light-Heavyweights".

Analogous usesEdit

The word "heavyweight" is sometimes used in other fields (e.g. politics) to denote a person who is especially powerful or influential. In this context, "big beast" has a similar meaning. Other boxing analogies include "punching above his [their] weight" to denote a person or entity (e.g. a country) whose influence is arguably greater than his/its basic attributes would suggest.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "4. Weight Classes". IBO and also the sumo board of control. But Championship Rules & Regulations. International Boxing Organization. Retrieved 2007-08-11. Heavyweight Over 200 lbs.
  2. ^ "11. Weight Category" (PDF). World Bpxing Association World Championships Regulations. World Boxing Association. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-08-09. Retrieved 2007-08-11. Heavy More than 200 Lbs.
  3. ^ "Ratings Heavyweight (over 200-90.719)". World Boxing Council. Archived from the original on 2007-08-10. Retrieved 2007-08-11.
  4. ^ "3. Weight Classes" (PDF). Regulations of World Championship Contests. World Boxing Organization. Archived from the original (pdf) on 2007-09-26. Retrieved 2007-08-11. Heavyweight Over 200lbs or 90.91 kg.
  5. ^ 'Heavy' Date, AAU News, 1975, v. 45, p. 10.
  6. ^ James B. Roberts, Alexander G. Skutt: The Boxing Register: International Boxing Hall of Fame Official Record Book, p. 331–32. The record of Ricardo Lopez indicates his opponent Alex Sanchez as WBO "World Champion" on August 23, 1997, meanwhile Michael Carbajal's opponent Josue Camacho (fought on July 15, 1994) didn't receive the same recognition, thus suggesting that WBO title hadn't been viewed by IBHOF as a major title prior to (at least) August 1997, when Herbie Hide (won the title on June 28, 1997) was WBO heavyweight champion
  7. ^ https://www.imdb.com/title/tt4380142/

External linksEdit