Arlington Heights, Illinois
Arlington Heights is a municipality in Cook and Lake Counties in the U.S. state of Illinois. A suburb of Chicago, it lies about 25 miles (40 km) northwest of the city's downtown. The population was 75,101 at the 2010 census. It is the most populous community in the United States that is incorporated as a "village", and is the 13th most populous municipality in Illinois, although it is not far ahead of its nearby Illinois neighboring villages of Schaumburg and adjacent Palatine.
|Village of Arlington Heights|
City of Good Neighbors
|Townships||Wheeling, Elk Grove, Palatine, Vernon|
|• Mayor||Thomas Hayes|
|• Total||16.64 sq mi (43.09 km2)|
|• Land||16.61 sq mi (43.01 km2)|
|• Water||0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)|
|Elevation||702 ft (214 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||4,502.26/sq mi (1,738.30/km2)|
|Standard of living|
60004, 60005, and 60006 (PO boxes)
|Area code(s)||847 and 224|
Arlington Heights is known for Arlington Park Race Track, home of the Arlington Million, a Breeders' Cup qualifying event; it also hosted the Breeders' Cup World Thoroughbred Championships in 2002. The village is also home to the Arlington Heights Memorial Library, which has one of the largest collections of books in the state.
Arlington Heights lies mostly in the western part of Wheeling Township, with territory in adjacent Elk Grove and Palatine townships, in an area originally notable for the absence of groves and trees. The General Land Office began selling land here in 1835. In 1853, William Dunton, originally from Oswego, New York, persuaded the Illinois & Wisconsin Railroad to make a stop here, and laid out a town called Dunton. Dunton Avenue, named after William Dunton, is the village's base line that splits addresses east and west, with Campbell Street splitting north and south.
By 1850, the area had largely changed its ethnic composition, as many German farmers from Saxony had arrived during the 1840s. John Klehm might serve as an example; he was at first a potato farmer, supplying the Chicago market, and in 1856 began a nursery for cherry, apple, and pear trees, later moving into spruce, maple, and elm, and then flowers. By the late 1850s the area had become noted for its truck farms, sending dairy products as well as vegetables to Chicago on the railroad.
The little town at the depot slowly grew, acquiring a blacksmith, a cheese factory, a hardware store, and a hotel. It incorporated as Arlington Heights in 1887, when its population numbered about 1,000. Most were farmers, but they were joined by others who worked in Chicago, since Arlington Heights was an early commuter suburb.
The town developed religious institutions that reflected the origins of its citizens. The first churches were Presbyterian (1856) and Methodist (1858), with St. Peter Lutheran Church, a German Lutheran church, following in 1860. Today, the village has many Roman Catholics, boasting three very large churches: St. James (founded 1902—now home to 4,600 registered families), St. Edna (2,800 registered families), and Our Lady of the Wayside (3,100 registered households), in addition to several large Lutheran churches, Evangelicals and several other Protestant churches, including two United Churches of Christ, an Episcopal Church and a Christian Church (Disciples of Christ).
Arlington Park RacetrackEdit
By the start of the 20th century Arlington Heights had about 1,400 inhabitants, and it continued to grow slowly with a good many farms and greenhouses after World War II. By then Arlington Heights was also known for Arlington Park, a racetrack founded in 1927 by the California millionaire Harry D. "Curly" Brown upon land formerly consisting of 12 farms. Camp McDonald and two country clubs were founded in the 1930s. On July 31, 1985, a fire burned down the grandstand. The current six-story grandstand was completed and opened for use June 28, 1989.
In February 2021, the track's owners, Churchill Downs Inc., announced that they would sell the site for redevelopment. In June 2021, the Chicago Bears of the National Football League emerged as prospective buyers of Arlington Park, raising speculation that they would leave Soldier Field (their current home stadium in downtown Chicago) and build a new stadium on the site, either alongside or directly atop the track.
A population explosion took place in the 1950s and 1960s, when the spread of automobile ownership, together with the expansion of the Chicago-area economy, the baby boom, and white flight from the city, drove the number of people in Arlington Heights—expanded by a series of annexations—up to 64,884 by 1970. By then virtually all the available land had been taken up, and the formerly isolated depot stop found itself part of a continuous built-up area stretching from Lake Michigan to the Fox River.
Arlington Heights is located at (42.094976, −87.980873).
According to the 2010 census, Arlington Heights has a total area of 16.639 square miles (43.09 km2), of which 16.61 square miles (43.02 km2) (or 99.83%) is land and 0.029 square miles (0.08 km2) (or 0.17%) is water.
Arlington Heights has experienced a recent boom in development of condos, restaurants and other businesses in the Central Business District or downtown area of Arlington Heights, with restaurants experiencing the greatest overall success. Although land and space is now limited in Arlington Heights, business and community development along with community design are key concerns. The Village of Arlington Heights is also instrumental in business, residential and community development. The community is served by many fine hotels.
According to the Village's 2017 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||Arlington International Racecourse (seasonal)||4,500|
|2||Northwest Community Healthcare||3,600|
|3||Arlington Heights High School District #214||1,700|
|7||Alexian Brothers Health System||500|
|10||Village of Arlington Heights||450|
In the moviesEdit
The following movies were partially filmed in Arlington Heights:
- Lucas (1986) (many scenes filmed at the former Arlington High School including the former Grace Gym and Foyer)
- A Nightmare on Elm Street (2010 film) (high school scenes filmed at John Hersey High School)
- The Lucky Ones (2008)
- Normal Life (1996)
- Uncle Nino (2003)
- Bernadette (2018)
- The Founder
From 1964 to 1970, Arlington Heights served as the home to The Cellar. The club was located in an unused warehouse on Davis Street, along the Chicago and Northwestern railroad tracks. Founded by local record store owner Paul Sampson, The Cellar offered live rock and blues bands for its mostly teenage audience to listen and to dance. It hosted a wealth of regional bands and repeat performers, such as The Shadows of Knight, The Mauds, H. P. Lovecraft, and Ted Nugent. It also hosted a significant array of national and international rock bands as well, including The Who, The Byrds, Buffalo Springfield, Cream, and The Spencer Davis Group.
Entertainment venues include the Metropolis Performing Arts Centre in downtown Arlington Heights, which opened in 1999. The Metropolis Performing Arts Centre includes live entertainment as well as arts education. The facility includes a 350-seat theatre, ballroom and classrooms for music and theatre. Music venue Hey Nonny opened in 2018.
Arlington Heights has two stations (Arlington Heights and Arlington Park) on Metra's Union Pacific/Northwest Line, which provides daily rail service between Harvard, Illinois, and Chicago. Other nearby rail service includes the Metra North Central Line. Metra's proposed STAR line, if it were to be funded and built, would likely include a third station on the far south end of Arlington Heights.
Interstate 90 and Illinois Route 53 (northern extension of Interstate 290) run along the south and western edges, respectively, of the city, providing easy access to nearby O'Hare International Airport, the city of Chicago, and other suburbs.
Arlington Heights Road is a main street running north–south through all of central Arlington Heights. Running to the south it passes through Elk Grove Village, and its southern terminus is in Itasca of DuPage County. Running north it passes through Buffalo Grove, and its northern terminus is in Long Grove of Lake County. Northwest Highway (U.S. Route 14) runs northwest–southeast through central Arlington Heights, from Chicago to Crystal Lake of McHenry County. Other major streets/roads include Rand Road (U.S. Route 12), Golf Road (Illinois Route 58), Algonquin Road (Illinois Route 62), Dundee Road (Illinois Route 68), Palatine Road, Central Road, Hintz Road, Euclid Avenue, Dunton Avenue, Campbell Street, White Oak Street, Thomas Street, Olive Street, Oakton Street, Kennicott Avenue, Ridge Avenue, Dryden Avenue and Windsor Drive.
|U.S Census Bureau U.S. Census Bureau|
As of the census of 2000, there were 76,031 people, 30,763 households, and 20,518 families residing in the village. The population density was 7,633.3 per square mile (2,947.2/km2). There were 131,725 housing units at an average density of 11,933.3 per square mile (4,607.5/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 90.56% White, 0.96% African American, 0.08% Native American, 5.98% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.19% from other races, and 1.19% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.46% of the population.
There were 30,763 households, out of which 99.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.4% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.3% were non-families. 29.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.05.
In the village, the population was spread out, with 23.1% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, and 16.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years.
In 2018, the median income for a household in the village was $90,835. The per capita income for the city was $49,049. About 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line.
|Climate data for Arlington Heights, Illinois|
|Record high °F (°C)||62
|Average high °F (°C)||28
|Daily mean °F (°C)||21
|Average low °F (°C)||13
|Record low °F (°C)||−26
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||1.90
Arlington Heights mediaEdit
The Arlington Heights Police Department has employed exactly 139 people every year since 2012. In 2021, 86 of those employees are officers. The 2021 budget of the Arlington Heights Police Department is $28,013,100. This a slight decrease from the biggest of $28,220,179 in 2020.
Primary and secondary schoolsEdit
Public elementary schools and middle schools that serve most of the city are operated by Arlington Heights School District 25. Portions of the city are also served by Prospect Heights School District 23, Wheeling School District 21, Elk Grove School District 59 and Community Consolidated School District 15. Seventeen elementary schools and nine middle schools serve sections of Arlington Heights.
Public high schools serving most of the community are operated by Township High School District 214. There is one public high school in the city, John Hersey High School. Other District 214 high schools serving sections of the city are: Buffalo Grove, Prospect, Rolling Meadows, and Wheeling. Portions of the city are also served by Palatine High School (Palatine, Illinois) in Township High School District 211. During peak enrollment from the 1960s to the 1980s, there were three public high schools in Arlington Heights: Hersey, Arlington High School, and Forest View High School.
Arlington High School was the original high school founded in 1922, but was closed in 1984, and is now the private Christian Liberty Academy. Forest View High School was closed in 1986, but serves as the administration center for the district. Today Arlington Heights high school students attend Rolling Meadows High School, Prospect High School, John Hersey High School and Buffalo Grove High School, with small portions attending Wheeling High School, Elk Grove High School, and Palatine High School (Palatine, Illinois).
There are also several private schools in Arlington Heights, such as St. Viator High School, Our Lady of Wayside School, St. James School, St. Peter Lutheran School and Christian Liberty Academy. Chicago Futabakai Japanese School, which offers day classes for Japanese students as well as weekend supplemental instruction, is located in Arlington Heights, in a former middle school. It moved there from Niles in 1998.
The Arlington Heights Memorial Library is a nationally award-winning public library in the village. According to the Institute of Museum & Library Services' Public Libraries Survey, in 2014, 63.5 percent of Arlington Heights residents (47,713 out of a service area population of 75,101) held library cards, entitling cardholders to borrowing privileges. For seven consecutive years, the library received a 5-star rating in Library Journal's national rating of public libraries, making it one of 21 libraries in the United States to earn five stars for the past seven years.
The library has books, magazines, CDs, DVDs and books on CD in 17 different languages. The Arlington Heights Memorial Library maintains the Arlington Heights Community Information web site. Computers are available for public use, and library card holders can also check out a laptop to use within the library. Wifi is available throughout the library.
The bookmobile stops in 29 Arlington Heights neighborhoods, delivering books, DVDs, and music. Village residents who are temporarily or permanently homebound due to an illness or physical disability may have library items brought to their homes through the Library Visitor Program. Participants may request books, audiobooks, videos, and other materials that will be delivered monthly by a library volunteer. The Library meets other special needs as well.
The library sponsors seven book discussion clubs, and two more at the Arlington Heights Senior Center in addition to a film discussion group. The library also maintains a reading room and computer room at the senior center.
Live homework help is available for students in grades 4–12 on the library's web site through Tutor.com. Ten summer volunteer squads attracted more than 250 students in 7th through 12th grade to learn life skills and teamwork. The literacy office at the library has eight computers with software to improve English skills, conversation programs and adult basic reading books. The library also offers free literacy and ESL classes in cooperation with Township High School District 214.
One Book, One Village is an annual community reading project which features a selected title an author each year, with book discussions, Meet the Author and related programs.
Notable landmarks and establishmentsEdit
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 14, 2020.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- "Arlington Heights Mayor (Andrew Robinson) Promotes Downtown Revival". usmayors.org. Archived from the original on January 13, 2013. Retrieved May 2, 2018.
- "Arlington Heights (village) QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". census.gov. Archived from the original on February 17, 2016. Retrieved May 2, 2018.
- Heinzmann, David (February 23, 2021). "Arlington Park horse racing track is up for sale". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved June 23, 2021.
- Lieser, Jason (June 17, 2021). "Bears Submit Bid for Land in Arlington Heights as Potential New Stadium Site". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved June 23, 2021.
- David, Buisseret. "Arlington Heights, IL". Encyclopedia of Chicago. Archived from the original on October 21, 2008. Retrieved November 12, 2008.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved August 1, 2015.
- "Village of Arlington Heights, Illinois Comprehensive Annual Financial Report". April 25, 2018.
- "Lucas (1986)". Archived from the original on March 16, 2016. Retrieved May 2, 2018 – via www.imdb.com.
- "A Nightmare on Elm Street (2010)". Archived from the original on March 5, 2016. Retrieved May 2, 2018 – via www.imdb.com.
- "The Lucky Ones (2008)". Archived from the original on March 14, 2016. Retrieved May 2, 2018 – via www.imdb.com.
- "Normal Life (1996)". Archived from the original on February 1, 2016. Retrieved May 2, 2018 – via www.imdb.com.
- "Uncle Nino (2003)". Archived from the original on March 6, 2016. Retrieved May 2, 2018 – via www.imdb.com.
- Cullotta, Karen Ann. "Arlington Heights' Frontier Park becomes John Hughes-style movie set". chicagotribune.com. Retrieved May 15, 2019.
- Lind, Jeff, "History of Chicago Rock" Archived January 13, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, Illinois Entertainer (July 1978) (accessed May 18, 2008)
- "Historical Census Data". quickfacts.census.gov. Archived from the original on September 5, 2015. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
- Historical Census Data Archived October 22, 2012, at the Wayback Machine Retrieved on May 29, 2012
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "QuickFacts Arlington Heights village, Illinois". US Census Bureau. US Census Bureau. Retrieved August 16, 2020.
- "Monthly Averages for Arlington Heights, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Archived from the original on August 10, 2014.
- "Correspondent Live – The student news site of John Hersey High School". correspondentlive.com. Archived from the original on February 7, 2018. Retrieved February 10, 2018.
- Village of Arlington Heights (January 1, 2021). "VILLAGE OF ARLINGTON HEIGHTS, ILLINOIS OPERATING BUDGET 2021".
- "School District 25 Archived December 12, 2016, at the Wayback Machine." Arlington Heights. Retrieved on January 20, 2017.
- "Elementary School Districts Archived January 10, 2017, at the Wayback Machine." Arlington Heights. Retrieved on January 20, 2017.
- "Middle School Districts Archived December 12, 2016, at the Wayback Machine." Arlington Heights. Retrieved on January 20, 2017.
- "High School Districts Archived December 12, 2016, at the Wayback Machine." Arlington Heights. Retrieved on January 20, 2017.
- "High School Districts Archived December 12, 2016, at the Wayback Machine."
- Deardorff, Julie and Karen Cullotta Krause. "SCHOOL MOURNS IN ITS OWN WAY THOUGH OUTWARD SIGNS OF GRIEF WERE FEW, A SOMBER FUTABAKAI STUDENT BODY AND FACULTY GRAPPLED WITH THE DEATHS OF AN ADMINISTRATOR AND AN ART TEACHER IN MONDAY'S HELICOPTER CRASH. AS ONE SCHOOL OFFICIAL PUT IT: `IN JAPAN, WE ARE NOT CRYING OUT; IT IS MORE ON THE INSIDE.' Archived February 22, 2013, at the Wayback Machine" Chicago Tribune. May 20, 1998. Metro Northwest Start Page 1. Retrieved on January 10, 2012.
- "Arlington Heights Memorial Library - adding value in your life". www.ahml.info. Archived from the original on February 24, 2018. Retrieved May 2, 2018.
- "PLS Data and Reports". Institute of Museum and Library Services. August 3, 2016. Archived from the original on February 2, 2017. Retrieved January 31, 2017.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Arlington Heights.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Arlington Heights, Illinois.|