Palatine (//) is a village in Cook County, Illinois, United States, and also has some unincorporated areas in Lake County, Illinois. It is a northwestern residential suburb of Chicago. As of the 2020 census, it had a population of 67,908,
|Village of Palatine|
A Real Home Town
|• Mayor||Jim Schwantz|
|• Total||13.76 sq mi (35.64 km2)|
|• Land||13.60 sq mi (35.21 km2)|
|• Water||0.16 sq mi (0.42 km2)|
|Elevation||741 ft (226 m)|
| • Estimate |
(2020 US Census)
|• Density||4,963.01/sq mi (1,916.29/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
60067, 60074, 60078, 60094, 60095, 60173, 60195
|Area code(s)||847, 224|
|Home value:||$254,600 (2013)|
|Wikimedia Commons||Palatine, Illinois|
url=https://archive.today/20200212060450/http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/1600000US1757225%7C url-status=dead| archive-date=February 12, 2020| title=Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Palatine village, Illinois| publisher=U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder| access-date=March 18, 2013}}</ref> making it the seventh-largest community in Cook County and the 18th-largest in the state of Illinois.
The first European-American to settle in Palatine is generally thought to be George Ela, who built a log cabin in the area now called Deer Grove. Ela was one of the first of a wave of pioneers to migrate to northern Illinois following the Black Hawk War. A road that passes through the western edge of Palatine is called Ela Road in his honor. Palatine is thought to be named after a town in New York state.
The Village of Palatine was founded in 1866. It was built around a station on the new Chicago and North Western Railway. Joel Wood surveyed and laid out the village, earning him the title of Palatine's founder. One of Palatine's original downtown streets is named after Wood.
A shortline railroad, the Palatine, Lake Zurich and Wauconda Railroad, was built in 1911, and began full passenger service to Wauconda, Illinois, in 1912. The line was closed in 1924 after a series of financial misfortunes and the improvement of roads in the area. The PLZ&W provided transportation to Dr. Wilson's Deer Grove Park, just north of Dundee Road in Palatine.
Palatine's first suburb-style subdivision was called Palanois Park, built shortly after World War II. The town has experienced rapid growth since the 1970s, part of Chicago's growing suburban sprawl. Palatine was home to the Cook County Fair from 1914 to 1931. The fairgrounds are now a subdivision, Fairgrounds Park, whose name pays tribute to Palatine's former fairgrounds.
During the early 1990s, Palatine along with neighboring Rolling Meadows and far northern suburb Zion were sued by atheist activist Rob Sherman over its village seal and seal-defaced flag, which had a Christian cross, among other things, inside an outline of an eagle. A 1992 advisory referendum to keep the seal passed, but another referendum to use public funds to defend the seal failed, leading the village to drop the seal. While Rolling Meadows and Zion developed new seals with the crosses removed, Palatine has since been without an official seal or flag, and is Illinois' largest city or village to be so. The French tricolor reflecting the village's sister city relationship with Fontenay-le-Comte, France, has flown at times on the flagpole meant for the village flag outside the village hall.
In 1993, a multiple homicide, the Brown's Chicken massacre, received national attention.
Palatine has been in the process of revitalizing its downtown area since December 1999. This process has spawned a new passenger train station, a nearby parking garage, and several new condominiums, rowhomes, and commercial buildings.
In 2008, Palatine made news by threatening to secede from Cook County over the latter's sales tax hike; as a result of the tax hike, Palatine's sales tax is 9.0%. In 2009, residents of Palatine Township (which includes the village of Palatine) overwhelmingly voted to pass an advisory referendum stating that they would like to secede from Cook County.
According to the 2010 census, Palatine has a total area of 13.763 square miles (35.65 km2), of which 13.62 square miles (35.28 km2) (or 98.96%) is land and 0.143 square miles (0.37 km2) (or 1.04%) is water. Palatine's shape resembles that of the head of an axe.
Palatine is in a wooded marshland where several streams rise around the village. Most of these streams meet up with Salt Creek which rises at Wilke Marsh on the village's east side. The most notable exception is the northeast side, where its streams lie in the Buffalo Creek watershed. A small part of the east and southeast sides lies in the McDonald Creek watershed.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the 2010 census, there were 68,557 people, 26,876 households, and 17,646 families residing in the village. The racial makeup of the village was 76.9% White, 10.3% Asian, 2.7% African American, 0.3% Native American, and 0.03% Pacific Islander. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18.0% of the population. 7.4% identified as some other race, and 2.3% were of two or more races.
There were 26,876 households, out of which 33.2% had any child under the age of 18 living with them, 52.8% were headed by husband-wife couples, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 34.3% were non-families. 27.8% of all households were made up of individuals living alone, and 7.5% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54, and the average family size was 3.16.
In the village, the population was spread out, with 23.9% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 27.3% from 45 to 64, and 10.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.8 years. Of the total population, 49.4% were male and 50.6% were female.
According to the 2011 American Community Survey, the estimated median income for a household in the village was $63,756, and the median income for a family was $74,915. The per capita income for the village was $30,049. About 8.2% of families and 9.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.4% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.
According to Palatine's 2020 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||Community Consolidated School District 15||2,444|
|2||Township High School District 211||2,055|
|3||United States Postal Service||1,900|
|4||Community College District 512||840|
|5||Little City Foundation||735|
|7||Village of Palatine||346|
|8||Intec Group, Inc.||175|
|10||United Parcel Service||155|
Arts and cultureEdit
- Streetfest: Similar to Taste of Chicago, this event includes lines of food vendors down the streets of Downtown Palatine, with music playing and games and other fun activities going on at the same time. This happens at the end of every summer (August) every year and is meant for families and friends to enjoy.
- Fourth of July Celebration: Another tradition of Palatine is the schedule of Fourth of July events that occur every year. From an annual parade, to fireworks which traditionally occur on the third of July, to the carnival that comes into town, Palatine is full of the traditional celebration of every Fourth of July holiday. Events are for members of all ages, and are things that occur every year.
- Oktoberfest A newer tradition, this celebration started in 2008 and is hosted by the Rotary Club of Palatine. Live German music, craft and imported beer, and local food vendors celebrate Palatine's German roots. This is an all-ages celebration, but Family Day on Saturday morning has activities geared toward younger folks. The event begins Friday night on the third weekend in September.
Parks and recreationEdit
The Palatine Park District serves 85,000 residents within the Palatine, Rolling Meadows, Arlington Heights, Inverness, Hoffman Estates and Barrington communities. It is governed by five elected park commissioners who oversee a professional staff.
The Palatine Park District operates swimming pools at Family Aquatic Center, Birchwood, and Eagle, as well as recreational centers at its Community Center, Birchwood, and Falcon Park – which opened in January 2010.
Palatine operates under the Council–manager form of local government. Six councilmen are elected from their respective districts, while the entire village elects the Village Clerk and the Mayor. The council then hires a Village Manager to oversee the town's day-to-day operation. The current mayor is Jim Schwantz.
- Gray M. Sanborn School
- Hunting Ridge School
- Jane Addams School
- Lake Louise School
- Lincoln School
- Marion Jordan School
- Pleasant Hill School
- Stuart R. Paddock School
- Virginia Lake School
- Walter R. Sundling Junior High
- Winston Campus Junior High
- Palatine High School
- William Fremd High School
- District 211 Academy-North
- Saint Theresa (Catholic) (Preschool-8)
- Saint Thomas of Villanova (Catholic) (Preschool-8)
- Immanuel Lutheran (Lutheran) (Preschool-8)
- Quest Academy (Preschool-8)
- Acton Academy (K-12)
- The Chicago Northwest Suburban Chinese School holds its classes at William Fremd High School. The school serves students in grades preschool through 10.
- Michael Bradley, midfielder with the US National Team and Toronto FC; lived in Palatine
- Perry Caravello, actor and comedian, lived in Palatine as a child
- J. Michael Durnil – president of the Simon Youth Foundation, former senior vice president of the Gay and Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation, and former administrator at Roosevelt University
- Mauro Fiore, Academy Award-winning cinematographer; attended Palatine High School
- Gudy Gaskill, mountaineer, driving force behind the creation of the Colorado Trail
- John Gegenhuber, actor
- Belle C. Greene, novelist, spent summers here from 1910 until her death in 1926
- Vicki Gunvalson, cast member of The Real Housewives of Orange County
- Stanley M. Hough, thoroughbred racehorse trainer
- Todd Hundley, catcher with the Mets, Cubs, and Dodgers; attended William Fremd High School
- Liz Johnson, professional bowler and USBC Hall of Famer; moved to Palatine in 2017 (originally from Cheektowaga, New York)
- Wendell E. Jones, educator, businessman, and politician
- Thymme Jones, drummer for Cheer-Accident
- Larry Lujack, radio personality; lived in Palatine while hosting on WLS
- Carol Marin, journalist (NBC 5 Chicago, Chicago Tonight); attended Palatine High School
- Christina Moore, actress (MADtv, Jessie)
- Richard A. Mugalian, lawyer and politician
- Kris Myers, drummer for Umphrey's McGee
- Ted Nugent, guitarist and singer; grew up in Palatine
- Bernard E. Pedersen, businessman and Illinois state legislator
- Frederik Pohl, science-fiction writer and critic
- John Ratcliffe, member of the United States House of Representatives from Texas's 4th congressional district from 2015 to 2020.
- David Saunders, wide receiver and linebacker with several arena football teams
- Jim Schwantz, linebacker with the Chicago Bears, San Francisco 49ers, and Dallas Cowboys; mayor of Palatine
- Mike Tauchman (born 1990), outfielder for the San Francisco Giants of Major League Baseball
- Scott Tolzien, quarterback of the Indianapolis Colts, Green Bay Packers and former quarterback of the Wisconsin Badgers
- Taylor Hill, Victoria's Secret model; born in Palatine.
- Rollin S. Williamson, state politician and judge
- Born of Osiris, Metal band; most of the members attended William Fremd High School
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 14, 2020.
- "USGS detail on Newtown". Retrieved 2007-10-21.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): All Places fully within/partially within Cook County, Illinois". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): All Places within Illinois". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
- Whitney, Richard. Old Maud: The Story of The Palatine, Lake Zurich and Wauconda Railroad. Polo, Illinois: Transportation Trails, 1992. ISBN 0-933449-14-3
- "Atheist Targets Palatine Seal". tribunedigital-chicagotribune. Retrieved 2016-02-16.
- "Palatine`s Cross Heads Into Sunset". tribunedigital-chicagotribune. Retrieved 2016-02-16.
- Village of Palatine. "Downtown Land Use Guide Update. Online: "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-04-18. Retrieved 2007-04-25.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link).
- "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2015-12-25.
- "Village of Palatine Street Map" (PDF). Village of Palatine. Retrieved 2013-03-26.
- United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved November 8, 2013.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 8, 2018.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Palatine village, Illinois". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
- "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2011 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates (DP03): Palatine village, Illinois". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
- Mehring, Paul. "COMPREHENSIVE ANNUAL FINANCIAL REPORT". Village of Palatine. Village of Palatine. Retrieved 14 June 2021.
- Pareti, Tim (24 August 2000). "Downtown Streetfest To Give A Warm Summer Send-off". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
- "Hometown Fest 2012" (PDF). Palatine Jaycees. Retrieved 2012-11-14.
- "Oktoberfest". Palatine Rotary. Retrieved 2018-06-13.
- "About District 15". Community Consolidated School District 15. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
- Township High School District 211 Facilities (PDF) (Map). Township High School District 211. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
- Welcome to the Academy-North Website!
- "Acton Palatine | Homeschool Resource| Northwest Chicago". Schole Ministries.
- "Contact Us." Chicago Northwest Suburban Chinese School. Retrieved on February 24, 2014. "The school is located at the William Fremd High School, 1000 South Quentin Road, Palatine, Illinois 60067"
- "Palatine Chinese school shows its versatility." Chicago Daily Herald. February 6, 2011. Retrieved on February 24, 2014.
- "Lynn Smith II and Michael Durnil". The New York Times. 2015-11-29. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2021-06-17.
- Writer, SHEILA SMITH-H&R Staff. "Decatur native J. Michael Durnil new senior vice president of Gay and Lesibian Alliance Against Defamation". Herald-Review.com. Retrieved 2021-06-17.
- Encarnacion, Lisa (2011-01-11). "Palatine Resident Named CEO of Simon Youth Foundation". TribLocal Palatine. Archived from the original on 2013-12-05. Retrieved 2021-06-17.
- "Gudy Gaskill, 'Mother of the Colorado Trail'". Colorado Trail Foundation. Retrieved 3 January 2018.
- Denovomagazine.com Archived 2011-07-09 at the Wayback Machine
- 'Illinois Blue Book 1979-1980,' Biographical Sketch of Richard A. Mugalian, pg. 71
- 'Illinois Blue Book 1997-1998, Biographical Sketch of Bernard E. Pedersen, pg. 61
- Keeshan, Charles (July 30, 2019). "Trump's intelligence director pick Ratcliffe was born in Mount Prospect, grew up in Palatine". Daily Herald. Retrieved October 1, 2019.
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