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The Sapporo Dome (札幌ドーム, Sapporo Dōmu) is a stadium located in Toyohira-ku, Sapporo, Japan, and is primarily used for baseball and association football. It is the home field of the baseball team Hokkaido Nippon-Ham Fighters and the association football club Hokkaido Consadole Sapporo. It is one of the planned football venues for the 2020 Summer Olympics,[3] was the venue for the opening ceremony of the 2017 Asian Winter Games, and is a planned venue of the 2019 Rugby World Cup.[4] The stadium was previously a venue of the 2002 FIFA World Cup.

Sapporo Dome
Hiroba
Sapporo Dome
Location Sapporo, Japan
Coordinates 43°0′54.62″N 141°24′35.16″E / 43.0151722°N 141.4097667°E / 43.0151722; 141.4097667Coordinates: 43°0′54.62″N 141°24′35.16″E / 43.0151722°N 141.4097667°E / 43.0151722; 141.4097667
Public transit Sapporo Municipal Subway:
Subway SapporoToho.svg Tōhō Line at Fukuzumi
Owner Sapporo City
Operator Sapporo Dome Co.,Ltd.
Capacity 41,484 (football)[1]
40,476 (baseball)
53,796 (max. with temporary seats)[2]
Field size Left Field – 100 m (328.1 ft)
Center Field – 122 m (400.3 ft)
Right Field – 100 m (328.1 ft)
Height of Outfield Fence – 5.75 m (18.9 ft)
Construction
Opened June 3, 2001
Architect Hiroshi Hara
Tenants
Hokkaido Consadole Sapporo (2001–Present)
Hokkaido Nippon-Ham Fighters (2004–Present)

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Sapporo Dome in Winter

The Sapporo Dome opened in 2001 with 41,580 seats. This stadium hosted 3 games during the 2002 FIFA World Cup, Germany vs Saudi Arabia, Argentina vs England and Italy vs Ecuador; all three matches were in the first round.

The Dome hosted the opening ceremonies to the 2007 FIS Nordic World Ski Championships on February 22 and hosted the closing ceremonies of the championships on March 4. It also made history as being the first venue where both indoor and nighttime skiing events took place for the first time on a world championship or Winter Olympic Games level with competitions in the cross country skiing sprints (men's and women's individual, and men's and women's team) and the cross country portion of the 7.5 km sprint event in the nordic combined. In order to generate snow, the stadium used its turf conversion hovering system to facilitate the snow making process for the skiing competitions.[5] The opening ceremony featured Maki Ohguro, a local artist from Sapporo, Japanese drum demonstrations and other performances paying tributes to local customs and traditions.[5] For the championships, seating capacity was reduced to 30,000.[5]

The Dome was used as a super special stage in Rally Japan in both 2008 and 2010.

In late 2009, renovations with the possibility of increasing the capacity up to 53,796 were finished. These renovations also included space for more food outlets, an extra video screen, two extra changing rooms (to accommodate preseason matches in the NFL International Series, which have up to 75 players per team) and further media area as part of new office buildings attached to the stadium. As part of these renovations, the surface area of the arena itself was decreased to allow for more seating.

Retractable surfaceEdit

 
Retractable grass field shown outside the stadium

The Dome switches between two entirely different surfaces: Baseball games are played on an underlying artificial turf field, while football games are held on a grass pitch that slides into and out of the stadium as needed.

Conversion from baseball to football begins with the storage of the baseball field's artificial turf. Once finished, a set of lower bowl bleachers rotate from an angled position for baseball to a parallel position. A set of main bowl seats on one end of the dome then retracts, and the football pitch is slid into the stadium. The lower bowl is then rotated 90 degrees. Conversion from football to baseball occurs in reverse. Due to the retraction of seats, the Stadium has a capacity of 40,476 for baseball games.

Other stadiums that feature sliding pitches include the GelreDome in the Netherlands, Veltins-Arena in Germany and University of Phoenix Stadium in the United States; however, unlike these three facilities, the Sapporo Dome has a fixed roof.

DetailsEdit

 
Baseball configuration

AccessEdit

2002 FIFA World CupEdit

The stadium was one of the venues of the 2002 FIFA World Cup, and held the following matches:

Date Team 1 Result Team 2 Round
1 June 2002   Germany 8–0   Saudi Arabia Group E
3 June 2002   Italy 2–0   Ecuador Group G
7 June 2002   Argentina 0–1   England Group F

See alsoEdit

Other domed stadiums in Japan:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Sapporo Dome". j-league.or.jp. Retrieved 13 November 2011. 
  2. ^ "Sapporo Dome". sapporo-dome.co.jp. Retrieved 13 November 2011. 
  3. ^ "Venue Plan". Tokyo 2020 Bid Committee. Retrieved 11 September 2013. 
  4. ^ "World Rugby approves revised Japan 2019 hosting roadmap". World Rugby. Retrieved 22 October 2015. 
  5. ^ a b c FIS Newsflash Edition 112. January 31, 2007.

External linksEdit